Lilium pardalinum

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Lilium pardalinum
Lilium pardalinum.jpg
Not evaluated (IUCN 2.3)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae
Genus: Lilium
Species: L. pardalinum
Binomial name
Lilium pardalinum
Lilium pardalinum seeds

Lilium pardalinum, also known as the leopard lily or panther lily, is a flowering bulbous perennial plant in the lily family, native to Oregon, California, and Baja California.[1] It usually grows in damp areas. Its range includes California chaparral and woodlands habitats and the Sierra Nevada. [2][3]

Typically L. pardalinum grows to about 2 metres (6.6 ft) high; the tallest and most vigorous plants can reach up to 2.5 metres (8.2 ft). The bulbs are small, and many are usually clustered together on a rhizomatous stock. The flowers are Turk's-cap shaped, red-orange, with numerous brown spots, usually flowering in July.

  • Lilium pardalinum subsp. pardalinum Kellogg -- leopard lily - southern California, Baja California
  • Lilium pardalinum subsp. pitkinense (Beane & Vollmer) Skinner -- Pitkin Marsh lily - northwestern California
  • Lilium pardalinum subsp. shastense (Eastw.) Skinner -- Shasta lily - Oregon, northern California
  • Lilium pardalinum subsp. vollmeri (Eastw.) Skinner -- Vollmer's lily - southwestern Oregon, northwestern California
  • Lilium pardalinum subsp. wigginsii (Beane & Vollmer) Skinner -- Wiggins' lily - southwestern Oregon, northwestern California

The subspecies Pitkin Marsh lily, Lilium pardalinum subsp. pitkinense, is federally listed as an endangered species.


L. pardalinum is cultivated by specialty plant nurseries as an ornamental plant, for use in native plant gardens and wildlife gardening; as well as providing height and colour in the flower border and for cut flowers.


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