Lilium pardalinum

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Lilium pardalinum
Lilium pardalinum.jpg
Not evaluated (IUCN 2.3)
Scientific classification
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L. pardalinum
Binomial name
Lilium pardalinum
Synonyms[1]
Synonymy
  • Lilium roezlii Regel
  • Lilium harrisianum Beane & Vollmer
  • Lilium pitkinense Beane & Vollmer (syn of subsp pitkinense)
  • Lilium shastense (Eastw.) Beane (syn of subsp shastense)
  • Lilium nevadense Eastw. (syn of subsp shastense)
  • Lilium vollmeri Eastw. (syn of subsp vollmeri)
  • Lilium wigginsii Beane & Vollmer (syn of subsp wigginsii)
Lilium pardalinum seeds

Lilium pardalinum, also known as the leopard lily or panther lily, is a flowering bulbous perennial plant in the lily family, native to Oregon, California, and Baja California.[1] It usually grows in damp areas. Its range includes California chaparral and woodlands habitats and the Sierra Nevada.[2][3]

Typically L. pardalinum grows to about 2 metres (6.6 ft) high; the tallest and most vigorous plants can reach up to 2.5 metres (8.2 ft). The bulbs are small, and many are usually clustered together on a rhizomatous stock. The flowers are Turk's-cap shaped, red-orange, with numerous brown spots, usually flowering in July.

Subspecies[1][4][5]
  • Lilium pardalinum subsp. pardalinum Kellogg -- leopard lily - southern California, Baja California
  • Lilium pardalinum subsp. pitkinense (Beane & Vollmer) Skinner -- Pitkin Marsh lily - northwestern California
  • Lilium pardalinum subsp. shastense (Eastw.) Skinner -- Shasta lily - Oregon, northern California
  • Lilium pardalinum subsp. vollmeri (Eastw.) Skinner -- Vollmer's lily - southwestern Oregon, northwestern California
  • Lilium pardalinum subsp. wigginsii (Beane & Vollmer) Skinner -- Wiggins' lily - southwestern Oregon, northwestern California

The subspecies Pitkin Marsh lily, Lilium pardalinum subsp. pitkinense, is federally listed as an endangered species.

Cultivation[edit]

L. pardalinum is cultivated by specialty plant nurseries as an ornamental plant, for use in native plant gardens and wildlife gardening; as well as providing height and colour in the flower border and for cut flowers. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. [6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Jepson . accessed 12.1.2011
  3. ^ Calflora taxon report Lilium pardalinum Kellogg California Tiger Lily, leopard lily, tiger lily
  4. ^ ITIS Standard Report Page: Lilium pardalinum
  5. ^ USDA
  6. ^ "Lilium pardalinum". www.rhs.org. Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 23 January 2021.

External links[edit]