Lillooet (electoral district)

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The Lillooet electoral district was a riding (provincial constituency) in the Canadian province of British Columbia, centred on the town of the same name and with various boundaries. Originally with two members, the constituency was split into Lillooet West and Lillooet East in the 1894, 1898, and 1900 elections, with Lillooet West being recomprised as one riding (with only one member) in the 1903 election.

Political geography[edit]

The riding was one of the first created in British Columbia, and at the time the town of Lillooet was one of the largest in the province (it is now one of the smallest). It was originally a two-member riding. It was an essentially rural riding, spanning the southern Cariboo and the mountain country west of Lillooet and the northern part of the Fraser Canyon. It was succeeded by the Yale-Lillooet riding, which has been succeeded by Fraser-Nicola.

Members of the Legislative Assembly[edit]

Election results[edit]

Note: Winners of each election are in bold.

1st British Columbia election, 1871
Party Candidate Votes % ± Expenditures
  Independent Thomas Basil Humphreys1 45 44.12% unknown
  Independent Andrew Thomas Jamieson 36 35.29% unknown
  Independent William Saul 21 20.59% unknown
Total valid votes 102 100.00%
Total rejected ballots
Turnout 79.69%
1 Often spelled "Humphries" in many contemporary histories.
British Columbia byelection: Lillooet, November 27, 1871 2
Party Candidate Votes % ± Expenditures
  Independent William Chadwick (2)3 (6.06%) unknown
  Independent Edward Kelly (1)3 (3.03%) unknown
  Independent William Saul (30)3 (90.91%) unknown
Total valid votes (33) (100.00%)
Total rejected ballots
Turnout %
2 To fill the seat-vacancy caused by the death of A.T. Jamieson 31 October 1872.
3 Incomplete returns. Numbers cited are from Cariboo Sentinel 28 December 1872.
British Columbia byelection: Lillooet, November 17, 1874 4
Party Candidate Votes % ± Expenditures
  Independent William M. Brown 51 32.90% unknown
  Independent Thomas Basil Humphreys 56 36.13% unknown
  Independent William Saul 48 30.97% unknown
Total valid votes 155 100.00%
Total rejected ballots
Turnout %
4 Resignations 26 September 1874 of T.B. Humphreys and W. Saul over a "dispute between the two gentlemen as to which represents the popular feeling of the district" (Victoria Colonist, September 29, 1874).


British Columbia general election, 1875
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Reform caucus William M. Brown 53 26.37 Green tickY
Reform caucus William Morrison 48 23.88 Green tickY
Government William Saul 46 22.88
Reform caucus John Martley 5 33 16.42
Reform caucus George Dunne 21 10.45
Total valid votes 201 100.00
Turnout 85.90
5 Captain Martley homesteaded at Pavilion around 1861/62. Ernest Crawford Carson and Robert Henry Carson, his neighbours, became MLAs and cabinet ministers in the 1930s in Lillooet and Kamloops respectively.
3rd British Columbia election, 1878
Party Candidate Votes % ± Expenditures
Opposition William M. Brown 78 32.37% unknown
Government John Martley 39 16.18% unknown
Government William Morrison 47 19.50% unknown
Opposition William Saul 48 23.88% unknown
Total valid votes 241 100.00%
Total rejected ballots
Turnout 78.01%
4th British Columbia election, 1882
Party Candidate Votes % ± Expenditures
Opposition Edward Allen 55 23.21% unknown
Government William M. Brown 28 11.81% unknown
Opposition Alexander Edmund Batson Davie 69 29.11% unknown
Government Charles Nelson McLellan 40 16.88% unknown
Opposition William Morrison 45 18.99% unknown
Total valid votes 237 100.00%
Total rejected ballots
Turnout 63.37%
British Columbia byelection: Lillooet, March 13, 1883 2
Party Candidate Votes % ± Expenditures
Government Alexander Edmund Batson Davie Acclaimed -.- % unknown
Total valid votes n/a -.- %
Total rejected ballots
Turnout %
2 Byelection caused by resignation of A.E.B. Davie upon his appointment to the Executive Council January 29, 1883. Date given is day of return of writs, as polling day was not necessary.


British Columbia general election, 1886
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Reform caucus William M. Brown 65 21.03 Green tickY
Reform caucus Alexander Edmund Batson Davie 93 30.10 Green tickY
Unknown William Livingstone 45 14.56
Opposition William Saul 49 15.86
Total valid votes 309 100.00
Turnout 77.25
6th British Columbia election, 1890
Party Candidate Votes % ± Expenditures
Government William Morrison 60 22.39% unknown
Government Alfred Wellington Smith 89 33.21% unknown
Opposition David Alexander Stoddart 119 44.40% unknown
Total valid votes 268 100.00%
Total rejected ballots
Turnout 55.37%

7th General Election 1894

split to two ridings:

8th General Election 1898

9th General Election 1900

10th British Columbia election, 1903
Party Candidate Votes % ± Expenditures
Conservative Archibald McDonald Accl. --% unknown
Total valid votes -- --%
Total rejected ballots
Turnout %
11th British Columbia election, 1907
Party Candidate Votes % ± Expenditures
  Liberal Mark Robert Eagleson 123 51.68% unknown
Conservative Archibald McDonald 115 48.32% unknown
Total valid votes 238 100.00%
Total rejected ballots
Turnout 60.10%
12th British Columbia election, 1909
Party Candidate Votes % ± Expenditures
  Liberal Mark Robert Eagleson 117 41.20% unknown
Conservative Archibald McDonald 167 58.80% unknown
Total valid votes 284 100.00%
Total rejected ballots
Turnout 79.11%
13th British Columbia election, 1912
Party Candidate Votes % ± Expenditures
  Liberal Stuart Alexander Henderson 82 28.83% unknown
Conservative Archibald McDonald 200 71.17% unknown
Total valid votes 281 100.00%
Total rejected ballots
Turnout 71.98%
14th British Columbia election, 1916
Party Candidate Votes % ± Expenditures
  Liberal John Bates Bryson 269 47.61% unknown
Conservative Archibald McDonald 296 52.39% unknown
Total valid votes 565 100.00%
Total rejected ballots
Turnout 66.27%
British Columbia general election, 1920
Party Candidate Votes %
Conservative Archibald McDonald 339 47.48
Liberal John Bates Bryson 213 21.83
Soldier–Farmer Ernest Crawford Carson 6 162 22.69
Total valid votes 714 100.00
Turnout 76.94
6 Brother of Robert Henry Carson, Liberal MLA for Kamloops. Both became cabinet ministers in their respective governments. Their father Robert Carson left Scotland at an early age, came west via the Oregon Trail came north for the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush, then wound up homesteading in 1863 on Pavilion Mountain in the wake of the gold rush, founding one of BC's earliest ranches.
16th British Columbia election, 1924
Party Candidate Votes % ± Expenditures
  Liberal Albert Edward Munn 626 42.56% unknown
Provincial Norman Joseph Paul 522 35.49% unknown
Conservative Archibald McDonald 323 21.96% unknown
Total valid votes 1,471 100.00%
Total rejected ballots
Turnout 56.43%
17th British Columbia election, 1928
Party Candidate Votes % ± Expenditures
Conservative Ernest Crawford Carson 1,237 54.61% unknown
  Liberal Albert Edward Munn 1,028 45.39% unknown
Total valid votes 2,265 100.00%
Total rejected ballots 56
Turnout 80.28%
18th British Columbia election, 1933
Party Candidate Votes % ± Expenditures
Non-Partisan Independent Group Ernest Crawford Carson 705 33.51% unknown
  Liberal George Matheson Murray7 927 44.06% unknown
  Co-operative Commonwealth Fed. John Morrison Smith 472 22.43% unknown
Total valid votes 2,104 100.00%
Total rejected ballots 96
Turnout 66.29%
7 Publisher of Bridge River-Lillooet News and husband of Margaret Lally "Ma" Murray.
19th British Columbia election, 1937
Party Candidate Votes % ± Expenditures
  Co-operative Commonwealth Fed. Robert Purvis Armstrong 855 28.92% unknown
Conservative Ernest Crawford Carson 925 31.29% unknown
  Liberal George Matheson Murray 1,176 39.78% unknown
Total valid votes 2956 100.00%
Total rejected ballots 57
Turnout 76.12%
20th British Columbia election, 1941
Party Candidate Votes % ± Expenditures
  Co-operative Commonwealth Fed. Harry Grenfell Archibald 841 31.75% unknown
Conservative Ernest Crawford Carson 1,017 38.39% unknown
  Liberal George Matheson Murray 791 29.86% unknown
Total valid votes 2,649 100.00%
Total rejected ballots 29
Turnout 67.02%
British Columbia general election, 1945
Party Candidate Votes %
Coalition Ernest Crawford Carson 1,143 51.42
Social Credit Alliance John Fossmark Jacobsen 296 8.82
Progressive Liberal George Matheson Murray 61 2.74
Co-operative Commonwealth Charles Radcliffe 823 37.02
Total valid votes 2,223 100.00
Total rejected ballots 21
Turnout 63.19
22nd British Columbia election, 1949
Party Candidate Votes % ± Expenditures
Coalition Ernest Crawford Carson 2,339 62.83% unknown
Social Credit Alliance George Willis Lyons 1,180 31.69% unknown
  Independent William Wallace O'Keefe 204 5.48% unknown
Total valid votes 3,723 100.00%
Total rejected ballots 125
Turnout 77.94%
23rd British Columbia election, 19528
Party Candidate Votes
1st count
% Votes
final count
% ±%
  Progressive Conservative Ernest Crawford Carson 1,301 35.68% 1,847 56.60% unknown
  Co-operative Commonwealth Fed. Gordon Hudson Dowding 1,074 29.46% 1,416 43.40% unknown
  Independent James Coleman Finch 96 2.63% - -% unknown
  Liberal William Henry Okell 725 19.88% - -% unknown
Social Credit League Donald Frederick Robinson 450 12.34%
Total valid votes 3,646 % 3,263 100.00%
Total rejected ballots 254
Turnout 77.94%
8 Preferential ballot; final count is between top two candidates from first count; intermediary counts (of 4) not shown
24th British Columbia election, 1953 9
Party Candidate Votes
1st count
% Votes
final count
% ±%
  Progressive Conservative Herbert Ashby 452 11.32 % - -% unknown
  Co-operative Commonwealth Fed. Gordon Hudson Dowding 1,372 34.37% 1,694 48.07% unknown
  Liberal Gordon Gibson, Sr. 1,103 27.63% 1,830 51.93% unknown
Social Credit Frank Conrad Olafsen 1,065 26.68%
Total valid votes 3,992 100.00% 3,524 %
Total rejected ballots 170
Total Registered Voters 5,933 (1952 list)
Turnout 70.15%
9 Preferential ballot; final count is between top two candidates from first count; intermediary counts (of 3) not shown

analysis of preferential ballot - preferential ballot - 1st, 2nd, 3rd choices, respectively:

  • Ashby, Herbert PC 452 - -
  • Gordon Hudson CCF 1,372 1,420 1,694
  • GIBSON, James Gordon LIB. 1,103 1,335 1,830
  • Olafson, Frank Conrad SC 1,065 1,138 -
25th British Columbia election, 1956
Party Candidate Votes % ± Expenditures
  Co-operative Commonwealth Fed. Austin Kenneth Greenway 907 23.13 unknown
Social Credit Donald Frederick Robinson 2,055 52.41% unknown
  Liberal James Smith 959 24.46% unknown
Total valid votes 3921 100.00%
Total rejected ballots 58
Turnout 72.97%
26th British Columbia election, 1960
Party Candidate Votes % ± Expenditures
  Progressive Conservative George M. Behrner 336 7.84% unknown
  Liberal Cyril Clyde Keyes 923 21.54% unknown
  Co-operative Commonwealth Fed. John Kendrick Macey 1,331 31.06% unknown
Social Credit Donald Frederick Robinson 1,695 39.56% unknown
Total valid votes 4,285 100.00%
Total rejected ballots 282
Turnout 66.77%
27th British Columbia election, 1963
Party Candidate Votes % ± Expenditures
  Liberal Henry Greer Castillou 977 23.15% unknown
  Progressive Conservative Thomas William Meagher 702 16.64% unknown
Social Credit Donald Frederick Robinson 1,425 33.77% unknown
New Democratic Clare Skatfeld 1331 31.06% unknown
Total valid votes 4,220 100.00%
Total rejected ballots 53
Turnout 65.33%

In the 28th General Election in 1966, parts of the former riding of Lillooet became incorporated into the new riding of Yale-Lillooet, which has since been replaced by Fraser-Nicola

Sources[edit]

Elections BC website - historical election data