Lilly Engström (1843–1921) was a Swedish women's rights activist and civil servant. In 1890, she became the first female member of a Board of education in Sweden, after a reform the year prior, in which women were allowed to serve on governmental boards.
Engström graduated from the Högre lärarinneseminariet in 1864 and was a teacher at the Statens normalskola för flickor in 1864–1907. She was a member of the board of the Fredrika-Bremer-Förbundet in 1884–1920, of the Svenska lärarinnors pensionsförening (Retirement fund for female teachers) in 1873–1920, engaged in the women suffrage movement and regarded as a pioneer of the Pedagogiska sällskapet (Pedagogic Society).
In 1889, a law reform allowed for women to become civil servants, and the following year, Engström became the first female civil servant in Sweden when she became a member of the state school education board of the Hedvig Eleonora parish in Stockholm.
- Engström, Karolina Augusta (Lilly) i Nordisk familjebok (andra upplagans supplement, 1923)
- Engström, släkter, urn:sbl:16166, Svenskt biografiskt lexikon (art av BENGT HILDEBRAND.), hämtad 2015-05-04.