Liloan, Cebu

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Bagacay Point Lighthouse
Bagacay Point Lighthouse
Nickname(s): The Light of the North
Motto: Abante Lilo-an!
Map of Cebu Province with Liloan highlighted
Map of Cebu Province with Liloan highlighted
Liloan is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°24′N 123°59′E / 10.4°N 123.98°E / 10.4; 123.98Coordinates: 10°24′N 123°59′E / 10.4°N 123.98°E / 10.4; 123.98
Country Philippines
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Province Cebu Province
District 5th District of Cebu
Founded 1845
Barangay 14 (see § Barangays)
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Vincent Frasco (UNA)
 • Vice mayor Lucelito Pilapil
 • Town Council
 • Total 45.92 km2 (17.73 sq mi)
Population (2010 census)[3]
 • Total 100,500
 • Density 2,200/km2 (5,700/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6002
IDD:area code +63 (0)32
Income class 1st class, partly urban
PSGC 072227000

Liloan (also Lilo‑an) is a first income class municipality in the province of Cebu Province, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 100,500.[3]

Liloan lies within Metro Cebu.


Liloan comprises 14 barangays:[2]

  • Cabadiangan
  • Calero
  • Catarman
  • Cotcot
  • Jubay
  • Lataban
  • Mulao
  • Poblacion
  • San Roque
  • San Vicente
  • Santa Cruz
  • Tabla
  • Tayud
  • Yati


Along its coastline, there is spot called Silot, where a whirlpool is created by the ebbs and flows of the waters from the bay. This phenomenon is called lilo in Cebuano. Because of this, the town was known as Liloan, meaning "a place where there is a lilo".

Some time in the 1970s, a newspaper article stated that the "pueblo de Lilo‑an" was separated from the municipality of Mandaue (now Mandaue City), and was created a new municipality in 1840. However, in his "Breve reseña de lo que fue y de lo que es la Diócesis de Cebú en las Islas Filipinas," Redondo 1886 states that Lilo‑an was created as a parish in 1845 (in 1995, Lilo‑an celebrated its sesquicentennial - 150th – anniversary.)

The creation of the municipality of Lilo‑an could have been at the same time the parish was established, but not earlier than its being a parish. As recorded, the first priest of Lilo‑an served in 1845. The term of the first mayor was from 1845–1846.

During the war years (World War II), Lilo‑an had three mayors at one time. The elected mayor was Catalino Noval. The Japanese Occupation Forces appointed another, Pascual Delgado. Not to be outdone, the Guerilla Forces also designated another, Jose Cañete.

History of the name of Barangay YATI

“If you don't know history, then you don't know anything. You are a leaf that doesn't know it is part of a tree.” - Michael Crichton

Many Yatianons are wondering where did the name Yati came from. Old folks are telling us that it came from a big tree called Yati which was abundant in the area during the late 1900 and early 2000. But why is it called a Yati tree?

That question has hounded me since I was in elementary school. Mathew 7:7 says, "Ask and it will be given to you; seek and you will find; knock and the door will be opened to you.”

I have been asking that question and seeking to find the answer on what is story behind the name “Yati” or why the tree was called “Yati”. I asked a lot of old folks who has lived in the barangay. But for almost 50 years, nobody can give me a categorical answer.

Never did I know that I can find the answer in a faraway place.

It was in 2009 that I had the chance to conduct a Teambuilding Seminar/Workshop for a Cebu based export company, Interior Basics Export Corporation in Cagayan de Oro. Aside from water rafting which is a must activity when you go to Cagayan de Oro, the team numbering 35 plan an adventure activity at Mapawa Nature Park, an eco tourism park which is owned and managed by the family of former Vice President Emmanuel N. Pelaez Sr. It is located at Sitio Mapawa, Brgy., Cugman, Cagayan de Oro City. The park is a 2500 hectare conservation area.

When we arrived in the Mahawa Park in the morning, our first activity was trekking. It was an awesome experience looking at the huge trees especially if you are a nature lover. The park hosts more than 200 tree species, where you can have a photo shoot under a 250-year old White Lawaan Tree or a 400-year old Dao tree.

Then I saw plenty of “Yati” trees along the unpaved road. I told our guide that our barangay is named after this tree. Before mentioning the name of our barangay, he mentioned that the tree is teakwood. I asked him what is the local name of the tree but he can’t answer me. Then I told him that we call it in our place the “Yati” tree. He then answered, it is probably called “Yati” because “the lumber of the tree is very sturdy and resistant to water borne pests. In the olden times when fiberglass was not yet available, teakwood lumber is the top choice in making YACHTS”.

So the word “Yati” come from the word “YACHT”. Yachts are made from teakwood tree which was abundant in our barangay in the olden times.

Now the trivia of the name of our barangay is revealed.

Eng’r Nicolas M. Baguio, Jr. MBM President, Britech College-Liloan Branch


Population census of Liloan
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 42,587 —    
1995 50,973 +3.43%
2000 64,970 +5.34%
2007 92,606 +5.01%
2010 100,500 +3.02%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][4]



One of the best known landmarks in Lilo‑an is its historic lighthouse at Bagacay Point. The original lighthouse was built in 1857 by the Spanish. The current tower was constructed in 1904 by order of William Howard Taft,[5] the first Governor-General of the Philippines and later the President of the United States. The tower is 22 metres (72 ft) tall and remains in active use today, using solar energy.[6] The lighthouse was declared a National Historical Landmark[7] on August 13, 2004 by the National Historical Commission of the Philippines (formerly known as National Historical Institute).

Liloan Church (San Fernando Rey Parish Church)[edit]

The San Fernando Rey Parish Church

The designer of the church in Liloan is viewed by some as visionary. Despite Liloan having only 5,000 citizens, when the church was constructed in 1847, this local church was even larger than that of Mandaue, Cebu's second largest city.

One unusual detail about the church in Liloan is that it faces the mountains to the west, whereas most churches face the sea to the east. Some have theorized that this is because Mass is often performed in the morning; and the church is thus shielded from the morning sun, making it less hot and uncomfortable. Others have speculated that the church's direction has a symbolic significance related to church rites.

Titay's Liloan Rosquillos and Delicacies[edit]

A biscuit and pastry manufacturing company has been a regular stopover of tourists and locals travelling north of Cebu. The company was founded in 1907 and has withstood the taste of the times. It started with just rosquillos and tablea[a] making. It later expanded to an array of homemade delicacies including torta, mamon, monay, otap, CPA (chicken pork adobo) and bao-bao and more.

Rosquillos Festival[edit]

Celebrated every last week of May in honor of patron saint San Fernando Rey.

The making of these little ringlet cookies dates back to April 3, 1907, when the then 21-year-old Margarita "Titay" Frasco was tinkering in her kitchen with her baking ingredients and made her new culinary creation.

Kneading the dough manually and using a wooden eggbeater, some baking tins and a clay oven, little did the 21-year-old know that she was starting a product that would put her little town in the national and international map of gastronomic delight.

The market for her unnamed cookie started with her neighbors and passers-by who were offered the snack as a freebie for every purchase of a bottle of soda. It was Sergio Osmeña (then Cebu governor, who later became Philippine president), who gave it the name "rosquillos" after the Spanish word rosca. As years passed, people going to northern Cebu have made it a habit to drop by the store to buy the rosquillos. Those who couldn't visit Cebu would ask friends in Cebu to buy some for them.

Rosquillos have become a household name, a product that is aptly celebrated in a festival that Liloan could call its very own.


Liloan is home to a number of ceramics manufacturers. Their shops sell a variety of ceramic items: from ordinary plant pots, to bricks and exotic jars.


  1. ^ pure cacao beans that are dried, roasted, ground and then formed into tablets


  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Cebu". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  4. ^ "Population and Annual Growth Rates by Province, City and Municipality: Central Visayas: 1995, 2000 and 2007" (PDF). National Statistics Office. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 June 2011. 
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^


  • Sendino y Redondo, Felipe (1886). Breve reseña de lo que fue y de lo que es la Diócesis de Cebú en las Islas Filipinas (in Spanish). Manila: Colegio de Sto. Tomas. 

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