Liloan, Cebu

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Municipality of Liloan
From Suba bridge
From Suba bridge
Map of Cebu with Liloan highlighted
Map of Cebu with Liloan highlighted
Liloan is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°25′N 123°58′E / 10.42°N 123.97°E / 10.42; 123.97Coordinates: 10°25′N 123°58′E / 10.42°N 123.97°E / 10.42; 123.97
Country Philippines
RegionCentral Visayas (Region VII)
District5th District of Cebu
Barangays14 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorMa. Esperanza Christina C. Frasco
 • Vice MayorThelma L. Jordan
 • CongressmanVincent Franco D. Frasco
 • Electorate72,620 voters (2019)
 • Total45.92 km2 (17.73 sq mi)
76 m (249 ft)
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total118,753
 • Density2,600/km2 (6,700/sq mi)
 • Income class1st municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence14.66% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue (₱)226,110,226.09 (2016)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)32
Climate typetropical climate
Native languagesCebuano

Liloan, officially the Municipality of Liloan, (Cebuano: Lungsod sa Liloan; Tagalog: Bayan ng Liloan), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 118,753 people.[3] Liloan lies within Metro Cebu.

Liloan is bordered on the north by the town of Compostela, to the west by Cebu City, on the east by the Camotes Sea, and on the south by the town of Consolacion.


Along its coastline, there is spot called Silot, where a whirlpool is created by the ebbs and flows of the waters from the bay. This phenomenon is called lilo in Cebuano. Because of this, the town was known as Liloan, meaning "a place where there is a lilo".

Some time in the 1970s, a newspaper article stated that the "pueblo de Lilo‑an" was separated from the municipality of Mandaue (now Mandaue City), and was created a new municipality in 1840. However, in his "Breve reseña de lo que fue y de lo que es la Diócesis de Cebú en las Islas Filipinas," Redondo (1886) states that Lilo‑an was created as a parish in 1845 (in 1995, Lilo‑an celebrated its sesquicentennial - 150th – anniversary.)

The creation of the municipality of Lilo‑an could have been at the same time the parish was established, but not earlier than its being a parish. As recorded, the first priest of Lilo‑an served in 1845. The term of the first mayor was from 1845–1846.

During the war years (World War II), Lilo‑an had three mayors at one time. The elected mayor was Catalino Noval. The Japanese Occupation Forces appointed another, Pascual Delgado. Not to be outdone, the Guerilla Forces also designated another, Jose Cañete.


Liloan comprises 14 barangays:

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[5]
072227001 Cabadiangan 1.7% 1,982 1,790 1.96%
072227002 Calero 4.5% 5,315 4,513 3.16%
072227003 Catarman 13.3% 15,829 14,839 1.24%
072227004 Cotcot 5.7% 6,796 5,185 5.29%
072227005 Jubay 10.0% 11,931 8,819 5.92%
072227006 Lataban 1.9% 2,245 1,863 3.62%
072227007 Mulao 0.9% 1,067 952 2.20%
072227008 Poblacion 12.7% 15,041 13,371 2.27%
072227009 San Roque 1.3% 1,521 1,331 2.57%
072227010 San Vicente 8.6% 10,219 8,665 3.19%
072227011 Santa Cruz 1.9% 2,203 1,899 2.87%
072227012 Tabla 1.2% 1,423 1,189 3.48%
072227013 Tayud 13.3% 15,814 13,616 2.89%
072227014 Yati 23.0% 27,367 22,468 3.83%
Total 118,753 100,500 3.23%


Population census of Liloan
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 10,024—    
1918 19,842+4.66%
1939 13,662−1.76%
1948 12,292−1.17%
1960 16,424+2.44%
1970 22,495+3.19%
1975 26,492+3.33%
1980 30,196+2.65%
1990 42,587+3.50%
1995 50,973+3.43%
2000 64,970+5.34%
2007 92,606+5.01%
2010 100,500+3.02%
2015 118,753+3.23%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][5][6][7]



One of the best known landmarks in Lilo‑an is its historic lighthouse at Bagacay Point. The original lighthouse was built in 1857 by the Spanish. The current tower was constructed in 1904 by order of William Howard Taft,[8] the first Governor-General of the Philippines and later the President of the United States. The tower is 22 metres (72 ft) tall and remains in active use today, using solar energy.[9] The lighthouse was declared a National Historical Landmark in 2004 by the National Historical Commission of the Philippines (formerly known as National Historical Institute).[10]

Liloan Church (San Fernando Rey Parish Church)[edit]

The San Fernando Rey Parish Church

The designer of the church in Liloan is viewed by some as visionary. Despite Liloan having only 5,000 citizens, when the church was constructed in 1847, this local church was even larger than that of Mandaue, Cebu's second largest city.

One unusual detail about the church in Liloan is that it faces the mountains to the west, whereas most churches face the sea to the east. Some have theorized that this is because Mass is often performed in the morning; and the church is thus shielded from the morning sun, making it less hot and uncomfortable. Others have speculated that the church's direction has a symbolic significance related to church rites.

Titay's Rosquillos and Delicacies[edit]

The making of these little ringlet cookies dates back to 1907, when 21-year-old Margarita "Titay" (single, unmarried) was tinkering in her kitchen with her baking ingredients and made her new culinary creation. Kneading the dough manually and using a wooden eggbeater, some baking tins and a clay oven, she started a product that would put her little town in the national and international map of gastronomic delight.

The market for her unnamed cookie started with her neighbors and passers-by who were offered the snack with a bottle of soda. It was Sergio Osmeña (then Cebu governor, who later became Philippine president), who gave it the name "rosquillos" after the Spanish word rosca.

The biscuits have been a regular stopover of tourists and locals travelling north of Cebu. The company has withstood the taste of time. It started with just rosquillos and tablea making.[a] It later expanded to an array of homemade delicacies including torta, mamon, monay, otap, CPA (chicken pork adobo), bao-bao and more.

Rosquillos Festival

Celebrated every last week of May in honor of the town's patron saint, St. Ferdinand III. Rosquillos have become a household name, a product that is aptly celebrated in a festival that Liloan could call its very own.


Liloan is home to a number of ceramics manufacturers. Their shops sell a variety of ceramic items: from ordinary plant pots, to bricks and exotic jars.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ pure cacao beans that are dried, roasted, ground and then formed into tablets


  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Province: Cebu". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  5. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  6. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  7. ^ "Province of Cebu". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  8. ^ Philippines' Light to Get Makeover
  9. ^ Bagacay Point Light
  10. ^ Declaring of Bagacay Point Lighthouse in Liloan, Cebu a National Historical Landmark


  • Gonzales, Glenda R. (December 2004). "Metro Cebu: A Metropolitan Area in Need of Coordinative Body" (PDF). DISCUSSION PAPER. 2004-49. PIDS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 March 2016. Retrieved 16 February 2016.
  • Sendino y Redondo, Felipe (1886). Breve reseña de lo que fue y de lo que es la Diócesis de Cebú en las Islas Filipinas (in Spanish). Manila: Colegio de Santo Tomas.

External links[edit]