Lilly Ledbetter gives remarks at the Department of Labor's Worker Voice Summit on June 15, 2016.
April 14, 1938
|Occupation||Overnight supervisor at Goodyear|
|Known for||Ledbetter v. Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co.|
Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009
Charles Ledbetter (m. 1956–2008)(his death)
Lilly Ledbetter (born Lilly McDaniel; April 14, 1938) was the plaintiff in the American employment discrimination case Ledbetter v. Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. Congress passed a fair pay act in her name, the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009. She has since become a women's equality activist, public speaker, and author. In 2011, Ledbetter was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame.
Ledbetter was born Lilly McDaniel in Jacksonville, Alabama and graduated from Jacksonville High School in 1956. Her father J. C. McDaniel was a mechanic at the Anniston Army Depot. After graduating from high school, Lilly McDaniel married Charles Ledbetter and had two children, Vicky and Phillip. She remained married until Charles's death in December 2008. In 1968, Lilly Ledbetter passed the H&R Block tax preparation exam and became an associate with H&R Block. Around the mid-1970s, Ledbetter later became an office manager at an accounting firm in Gadsden and a gynecologist's office. Lilly Ledbetter worked at Jacksonville State University in Jacksonville, Alabama, as the Assistant Director-Financial Aid from May 1974 to December 1975.
Ledbetter v. Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co.
In 1979, Lilly Ledbetter was hired by Goodyear, working as a supervisor. After working for Goodyear for nineteen years, Ledbetter received an anonymous note revealing that she was making thousands less per year than the men in her position. Only as she neared retirement did she learn she was being paid significantly less than male colleagues with similar seniority and experience. This letter led her to file a sex discrimination case against Goodyear. She sued the company for paying her significantly less than her male counterparts. The lawsuit eventually reached the Supreme Court, which denied her claim because she did not file suit 180 days from the date of the discriminatory policy that led to her reduced paycheck, though the paycheck itself was issued during the 180-day period. The Supreme Court did not reach the issue of whether a plaintiff's late discovery of a discriminatory action would excuse a failure to file within the 180-day period because her attorneys conceded it would have made no difference in her case. In dissent, United States Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg wrote:
Lilly Ledbetter was a supervisor at Goodyear Tire and Rubber’s plant in Gadsden, Alabama, from 1979 until her retirement in 1998. For most of those years, she worked as an area manager, a position largely occupied by men. Initially, Ledbetter’s salary was in line with the salaries of men performing substantially similar work. Over time, however, her pay slipped in comparison to the pay of male area managers with equal or less seniority. By the end of 1997, Ledbetter was the only woman working as an area manager and the pay discrepancy between Ledbetter and her 15 male counterparts was stark: Ledbetter was paid $3,727 per month; the lowest paid male area manager received $4,286 per month, the highest paid, $5,236.
She successfully sued Goodyear but the judgment was reversed on appeal by the Eleventh Circuit, with the Supreme Court affirming that decision in 2007, as her suit had not been filed within 180 days of the discriminatory action that resulted in her diminished paycheck. In response, Congress later passed legislation that restarted the 180-day clock every time a discriminatory paycheck was issued. This new piece of legislation was called the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009.
Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009
Subsequently, the 111th United States Congress passed the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act in 2009 to loosen the timeliness requirements for the filing of a discrimination suit so long as any act of discrimination, including receipt of a paycheck that reflects a past act of discrimination, occurs within the 180-day period of limitations. The act sought to reverse the Supreme Court's ruling in Ledbetter v. Goodyear, which restricted the time period for filing pay discrimination claims, making it more difficult for workers to file a complaint. Under this bill, every discriminatory paycheck or other compensation can be filed, unrestricted from a time period for filing a claim of pay discrimination.
Passage of the act did not result in Ledbetter receiving a settlement from Goodyear. Although Lilly will never receive restitution from Goodyear, she said, "I'll be happy if the last thing they say about me after I die is that I made a difference."
The Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act was President Barack Obama’s first official piece of legislation as president. He said: “When I came into office, we passed something called the Lilly Ledbetter Act, named after a good friend of mine, Lilly Ledbetter, who had worked for years and found out long into her work that she had been getting paid all these years less than men, substantially. She brought suit. They said, well, it’s too late to file suit because you should have filed suit right when it started happening. She said, I just found out. They said, it doesn’t matter. So we changed that law to allow somebody like Lilly, when they find out, to finally be able to go ahead and file suit.”
By 2011, over 350 cases had already cited the Ledbetter decision since it was handed down in 2009.
On August 26, 2008 (Women's Equality Day), Lilly Ledbetter spoke at the Democratic National Convention in Denver, Colorado, on the topic of pay equity. She said, "This cause, which bears my name, is bigger than me. It's as big as all of you. This fight, which began as my own, is now our fight—a fight for the fundamental American values that make our country great." Ledbetter also declared that "what we lose can't just be measured in dollars."
In February 2012, Ledbetter released Grace and Grit: My Fight for Equal Pay and Fairness at Goodyear and Beyond, a memoir detailing her struggle for equal pay. Her book chronicles her life from her humble beginnings in Alabama to the passage of the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act, signed by President Obama in 2009. Grace and Grit is the first time she shared her life story and journey leading to her national struggle for fair pay.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lilly Ledbetter.|
- "Personal Biography of Lilly Ledbetter". Retrieved 2009-02-24.
- Baker, Barbara A. (2011). "Lilly Ledbetter". Encyclopedia of Alabama. Alabama Humanities Foundation. Retrieved March 9, 2013.
- National Women's Hall of Fame, Lilly Ledbetter
- Ledbetter and Isom, Grace and Grit, pp. 226-227.
- Ledbetter and Isom, Grace and Grit, pp. 50-52.
- Ledbetter and Isom, Grace and Grit, pp. 59-60.
- "Lilly Ledbetter". www.lillyledbetter.com. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
- Pickert, Kate (Jan 29, 2009). "Lilly Ledbetter". TIME.
- "Interview with Stephen Colbert". Oct 31, 2012. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
- LEDBETTER v. GOODYEAR TIRE & RUBBER CO., No. 05-1074, decided May 2007.
- Lindsay Peterson (Oct 22, 2009). "Equal pay crusader says she'll always be 'second-class citizen'". Tampa Tribune. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
- Brown, Heidi (2009-04-28). "Equal Payback For Lilly Ledbetter". Forbes.
- Kessler, Glenn (2015-05-14). "Lilly Ledbetter, Barack Obama and the famous 'anonymous note'". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
- "Transcript of Lily Ledbetter @ the DNC". Retrieved 2009-06-21.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-09-06. Retrieved 2012-09-05.
- "Lilly Ledbetter DNC speech (text, video)". POLITICO. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
- "Ledbetter, Baldwin, Longoria to address Dem convention". Retrieved 2012-08-29.
- Grace and Grit: My Fight for Equal Pay and Fairness at Goodyear and Beyond by Lilly Ledbetter and Lanier Scott Isom (Crown Archetype, 2012)
- Documentary: A Call to Act: Ledbetter v. Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co.
- Lilly Ledbetter
- Video produced by Makers: Women Who Make America
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- English Wikisource has original text related to this article: Lilly Ledbetter on the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009