Fruit of the Loom

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Fruit of the Loom, Inc.
IndustryRetail
FoundedJune 23, 1851; 167 years ago (1851-06-23)
Warwick, Rhode Island, U.S.
FounderRobert Knight
HeadquartersBowling Green, Kentucky, United States
Area served
Worldwide
ProductsClothing, Underwear
ParentBerkshire Hathaway (since 2002)
SubsidiariesRussell Brands
Websitewww.fruit.com

Fruit of the Loom is an American company that manufactures clothing, particularly underwear. The company's world headquarters is in Bowling Green, Kentucky. Since 2002 it has been a subsidiary of Berkshire Hathaway.

Company profile[edit]

Fruit of the Loom headquarters building in Bowling Green, Kentucky

Fruit of the Loom is one of the largest manufacturers and marketers of men’s and boys’ underwear, women's and girls' underwear, printable T-shirts and fleece for the activewear industry, casualwear, women's jeanswear and childrenswear. The company employs more than 32,400 people worldwide.

Fruit of the Loom also controls another long-known underwear brand, B.V.D. (Bradley, Voorhees, and Day). Other brands also manufactured and sold by the company are Funpals/FunGals, Screen Stars and Underoos. Brands once owned or marketed by Fruit of the Loom include Gitano, Munsingwear, Salem Sportswear, and Pro Player, which once had the naming rights to what is now Hard Rock Stadium (originally Joe Robbie Stadium) in Miami Gardens, Florida, from 1996 to 2005, despite bankruptcy by the parent company in 1999.[citation needed]

The company’s familiar logo comprising a red apple, leaves, green grapes, currants, and purple grapes forms a widely recognizable trademark. The company is a vertically integrated manufacturer. Fruit of the Loom acquired Russell. Brands include Russell Athletic, Brooks Running and Spalding among other names in athletic wear.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Rhode Island beginnings[edit]

1921 newspaper ad for Fruit of the Loom muslin fabric

The Fruit of the Loom brand dates back to 1851 in Rhode Island[1][2] when Robert Knight, a textile mill owner, visited his friend, Rufus Skeel.

Skeel owned a small shop in Providence that sold cloth from Knight's mill. Skeel's daughter painted images of apples and applied them to the bolts of cloth. The ones with the apple emblems proved most popular. Knight thought the labels would be the perfect symbol for his trade name, Fruit of the Loom – an expression referring to clothes, paralleling the phrase "fruit of the womb" meaning "children", which can be traced back to use in the Bible (Psalm 127:3).[3]

In 1871, just one year after the first trademark laws were passed by Congress, Knight received trademark number 418 for the brand "Fruit of the Loom". Much of its athletic outerwear was sold under the "Pro Player" label, a now defunct division.

20th century[edit]

The company was part of Northwest Industries, Inc., until NWI was purchased by William F. Farley in 1985 and renamed Farley Industries, Inc.[4]

Farley served as president, CEO, and majority shareholder for 15 years. Fruit of the Loom's sales revenue rose from approximately $500 million at the time of NWI's purchase to roughly $2.5 billion nearly 15 years later. Debt financing proved difficult to manage even as sales revenue quintupled.[citation needed] On March 23, 1987, it sold its subsidiary General Battery to Exide Corporation.[5]

The 1990s saw widespread downsizing of the American textile industry overall in the wake of North American Free Trade Agreement and General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade.[6] In 1995 Chairman Farley announced that the company would close six plants in the Southeastern United States, and cut back operations at two others.[6] Operations were moved to cheaper plants abroad. 3,200 workers, or about 12 percent of its American work force, were laid off.[6] Farley also announced that company earnings fell 22 percent, despite a 10 percent increase in sales.[6]

Fruit of the Loom filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in 1999 shortly after posting a net loss of $576.2 million.[7] Its 66 million shares of outstanding common stock dropped in value from about $44 per share in early 1997 to just more than $1 by spring 2000. Reasons for the bankruptcy are varied. A large debt load which was assumed in the 1980s, a common practice at the time, did not help. William F. "Bill" Farley, the company's former chairman, CEO and COO, was ousted prior to the bankruptcy filing in late 1999, after having piloted the company into massive debt and unproductive business ventures, including structuring the company into an off-shore entity in the Cayman Islands to avoid taxes.[citation needed]

21st century[edit]

The company was bought from bankruptcy by Berkshire Hathaway Corporation, controlled by investor Warren Buffett, who wanted the valuable brand. He agreed in January 2002 to purchase the company for approximately $835 million in cash. The deal was concluded on April 29, 2002. A condition of the purchase required that former COO and then interim CEO John Holland remain available to be the CEO for the company.[8]

The company purchased Russell Corporation, effectively taking the former competitor private, in a deal valued at $598.3 million that was completed August 1, 2006.[9]

The company announced the purchase of VF Corporation's intimate apparel company named Vanity Fair Intimates for $350 million in cash on January 23, 2007.[10] This company was renamed Vanity Fair Brands and is operated as a wholly owned subsidiary.[11]

In 2010, Rick Medlin was named president and CEO of Fruit of the Loom. Longtime CEO John Holland became the company's chairman.[12] In 2014, the company closed its Jamestown, Kentucky, plant, which had once been the second manufacturing plant in the state, and laid off all 600 employees.[13] The company acknowledged it was moving the plant's operations to Honduras to reduce production costs.[14]

In December 2016, Melissa Burgess Taylor was named chairman and CEO of Fruit of the Loom by Buffett after the death of Rick Medlin.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fruit of the Loom". fotlinc.com. Retrieved June 10, 2016.
  2. ^ Rhodes, Margaret (March 24, 2014). "Why Fruit Of The Loom Is Designing More Than Just Undies". Fast Co Design. Retrieved June 10, 2016.
  3. ^ ['Lo, children are an heritage of the Lord : and the fruit of the womb is his reward. ' Psalms 127:3 https://www.bible.com/bible/1/PSA.127.3 "Psalm 127:3"] Check |url= value (help). YouVersion. YouVersion. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  4. ^ Northwest Industries Inc., The Electronic Encyclopedia of Chicago, 2005, Chicago Historical Society; accessed April 6, 2018.
  5. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1987/03/24/business/company-news-fruit-of-the-loom.html company-news-fruit-of-the-loom.html
  6. ^ a b c d Feder, Barnaby (31 October 1995). "Fruit of the Loom to Close Six U.S. Plants". The New York Times. p. D6. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  7. ^ "Fruit of the Loom Files for Chapter 11". Los Angeles Times. December 30, 1999. Retrieved June 10, 2016.
  8. ^ Buffett, Warren (February 28, 2002). "Chairman's letter". Berkshire Hathaway. Retrieved January 23, 2007.
  9. ^ "Berkshire agrees to buy Russell for $598.3M in cash". MarketWatch. April 17, 2006. Retrieved June 10, 2016.
  10. ^ "VF Corp. sells intimate apparel unit to Fruit of the Loom". MarketWatch. January 23, 2007. Retrieved January 23, 2007.
  11. ^ "Perceva offers to buy Berkshire Hathaway's lingerie brands".
  12. ^ Maze, Brent (August 10, 2010). "New CEO to lead Fruit". AlexCityOutlook.com. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
  13. ^ Estep, Bill (March 21, 2015). "Jobs gone, Fruit of the Loom's unpaid property tax bill remains in Russell County". Lexington Herald Leader. Retrieved September 20, 2016.
  14. ^ Beam, Adam (April 3, 2014). "Fruit of the Loom to close U.S. plant, move jobs to Honduras". St. Louis Post Dispatch. Associated Press. Retrieved September 20, 2016.
  15. ^ "Fruit of The Loom News". fotlinc.com. Retrieved 2018-03-13.

External links[edit]