Lim Chong Eu
|Yang Amat Berbahagia Tun Dato' Seri Dr.|
Lim Chong Eu
|2nd Chief Minister of Penang|
19 May 1969 – 25 October 1990
|Preceded by||Wong Pow Nee|
|Succeeded by||Koh Tsu Koon|
|2nd President of Malayan Chinese Association (MCA)|
March 1958 – July 1959
|Preceded by||Tan Cheng Lock|
|Succeeded by||Cheah Toon Lok (acting) |
Tan Siew Sin
|2nd President of Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia (Gerakan)|
|Preceded by||Syed Hussein Alatas|
|Succeeded by||Lim Keng Yaik|
|Born||Lim Chong Eu|
28 May 1919
Penang, Straits Settlements
|Died||24 November 2010 (aged 91)|
Tanjung Bungah, Penang, Malaysia
|Political party||Gerakan (1968–1990) |
United Democratic Party (1962–1968)
Radical Party (1951–1952)
|Residence||Tanjung Bungah, Malaysia|
|Occupation||Medical doctor |
Tun Dato' Seri Dr. Lim Chong Eu (simplified Chinese: 林苍祐; traditional Chinese: 林蒼祐; pinyin: Lín Cāng Yòu; 28 May 1919 – 24 November 2010) was a Malaysian politician who served as the second Chief Minister of Penang for a record 21 years. He was also the founding president of Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia (Gerakan). He was termed the "Architect of Modern Penang".
Lim was born in 1919 in Penang. He attended school at the Penang Free School, where he was the King's Scholar in 1937. He later obtained a degree in medicine and surgery from the University of Edinburgh, Scotland in 1944.
In 1951, he was appointed to the Penang Local Council and in 1955, was appointed a member of the Federal Legislature.
During the one-year period when the MCA was under Lim, the party came under tremendous pressure from within and outside. After his victory, he called an extraordinary general meeting to amend the Constitution to consolidate the power of the Central Committee. This was met with strong resistance by Tun Tan Siew Sin and his supporters. Although the proposal was passed with a single-vote majority, the move left the Party split.
At the same time, the MCA under Lim also had severe political differences with the then Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman. The crisis worsened on the eve of the 1959 general elections when Lim demanded 40 parliamentary seats and also wanted to make Chinese an official language. The Tunku increased the seats allocated to MCA from 28 to 31 but this was rejected and their relationship worsened.
Tunku Abdul Rahman rejected Lim's demands, prompting Lim to resign as president of MCA and he left for England for a vacation. Dr Cheah Toon Lock then became the Acting President of MCA. Lim returned to Malaya after a few years and formed a new party, the United Democratic Party, in 1962.
He was one of the founding members of the Opposition Party Gerakan before the 1969 General Election. The formation of the Gerakan party threw the Chinese Malaysian aggregate into a dilemma, weakened their political strength and above all, eroded the political representation of the MCA as the only party for the Chinese community. Gerakan joined the ruling Barisan Nasional after winning the Penang State Government in 1969.
Chief Minister of Penang
Lim served as Chief Minister of Penang from 1969 to 1990. The iconic projects that emerged during Lim's rule included the 66-storey KOMTAR administrative tower and commercial complex, and the 13.5 km Penang Bridge. When it was topped-off, KOMTAR was for some time the tallest building in Asia, and the Penang Bridge one of the longest in the world. Lim is best known for overseeing the emergence of Penang's Free Trade Zone (FTZ) – later renamed Free Industrial Zone – which evolved into one of Asia's most powerful electronics hubs.
In the Malaysian General Elections of October 1990, a crisis occurred when Lim, serving as the chief minister, lost his state seat and Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia (Gerakan) had fewer seats than UMNO in the Penang State Assembly. A crisis was averted when Tun Dr Lim Keng Yaik, the then president of Gerakan, was able to convince the then Prime Minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad to allow an ethnic Chinese to continue on in the role of the Chief Minister.
Retirement and death
Lim had retired from politics and was concentrating on business. He was at the time chairman and advisor for several large corporations. In 2007, Lim was named founding chancellor of Wawasan Open University.
In late October 2010, he was admitted to the Penang Hospital after suffering a stroke. He later died on Wednesday, 24 November 2010 at his home in Hillside, Tanjung Bungah at about 9 pm. On Thursday, 25 November 2010, he was given a state funeral. The Penang state flag was flown at half-mast from 25 to 28 November for 4 days as a mark of respect. His body was cremated at Batu Gantung Crematorium on Sunday, 28 November 2010.
Honour of Malaysia
Places named after him
- Channel News Asia
- "Party History". Malaysian Chinese Association. Archived from the original on 6 April 2015.
- Chong Eu made founding chancellor of Wawasan University Archived 21 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine., The Star, 6 May 2007.
- Former Penang Chief Minister Chong Eu dies Archived 27 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine., The Star, 24 November 2010
- "Senarai Penuh Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat Persekutuan Tahun 1991" (PDF).
- Penang has renamed a highway as Tun Dr Lim Chong Eu expressway The Star, 26 November 2010
- Expressway renamed to honour Chong Eu The Star, 7 December 2010
Tan Cheng Lock
| Malayan Chinese Association (MCA) President
March 1958 – July 1959
Cheah Toon Lok (Acting)
Tan Siew Sin
Syed Hussein Alatas
| President of Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia (Gerakan)
1969 – 1980
Lim Keng Yaik
Wong Pow Nee
| Chief Ministers of Penang
Koh Tsu Koon
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