Lim Kit Siang

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Lim Kit Siang

林吉祥
Lim Kit Siang cropped.jpg
4th, 7th and 10th Leader of the Opposition
In office
21 March 2004 – 8 March 2008
MonarchSirajuddin
Mizan Zainal Abidin
Prime MinisterAbdullah Ahmad Badawi
Preceded byAbdul Hadi Awang
Succeeded byWan Azizah Wan Ismail
In office
5 November 1975 – 29 November 1999
MonarchAbdul Halim
Yahya Petra
Ahmad Shah
Iskandar
Azlan Shah
Jaafar
Salahuddin
Prime MinisterAbdul Razak Hussein
Hussein Onn
Mahathir Mohamad
Succeeded byFadzil Noor
In office
17 April 1973 – 24 August 1974
MonarchAbdul Halim
Prime MinisterAbdul Razak Hussein
Preceded byMohamed Asri Muda
Succeeded byJames Wong
Member of the Malaysian Parliament
for Iskandar Puteri
Assumed office
10 May 2018
Preceded byPosition established
Majority44,864 (2018)
Member of the Malaysian Parliament
for Gelang Patah
In office
6 May 2013 – 10 May 2018
Preceded byTan Ah Eng
Succeeded byPosition abolished
Majority14,762 (2013)
Member of the Malaysian Parliament
for Ipoh Timor
In office
21 March 2004 – 5 May 2013
Preceded byThong Fah Chong
Succeeded byThomas Su Keong Siong
Majority9,774 (2004)
21,942 (2008)
Member of the Malaysian Parliament
for Tanjong
In office
3 August 1986 – 29 November 1999
Preceded byKoh Tsu Koon
Succeeded byChow Kon Yeow
Majority11,690 (1986)
17,469 (1990)
6,895 (1995)
Member of the Malaysian Parliament
for Petaling
In office
8 July 1978 – 22 April 1982
Preceded byOh Keng Seng
Succeeded byYeoh Poh San
Majority16,754 (1978)
Member of the Malaysian Parliament
for Kota Melaka
In office
24 August 1974 – 8 July 1978
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byChan Teck Chan
Majority4,204 (1974)
In office
22 April 1982 – 3 August 1986
Preceded byChan Teck Chan
Succeeded byLim Guan Eng
Majority4,851 (1982)
Member of the Malaysian Parliament
for Bandar Malacca
In office
10 May 1969 – 24 August 1974
Parliament suspended :
13 May 1969 – 20 February 1971
Preceded byTan Kee Gak
Succeeded byPosition abolished
Majority11,216 (1969)
Member of the Penang State Legislative Assembly
for Padang Kota
In office
20 October 1990 – 24 April 1995
Preceded byLim Chong Eu
Succeeded byPosition abolished
Majority706
Member of the Penang State Legislative Assembly
for Kampong Kolam
In office
3 August 1986 – 20 October 1990
Preceded byWong Hoong Keat
Succeeded byCheah Teik Hoe
Majority3,689
1st Chairman of the
Central Policy and Strategic Planning Commission of the
Democratic Action Party
Assumed office
4 September 2004
Secretary-GeneralLim Guan Eng
Preceded byPosition established
1st Parliamentary Leader of the
Democratic Action Party
In office
5 March 2008 – 11 July 2018
Secretary-GeneralLim Guan Eng
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byAnthony Loke
2nd National Chairman of the
Democratic Action Party
In office
December 1999 – 4 September 2004
Secretary-GeneralKerk Kim Hock
Preceded byChen Man Hin
Succeeded byKarpal Singh
Personal details
Born
Lim Kit Siang

(1941-02-20) 20 February 1941 (age 80)
Batu Pahat, Johor, British Malaya (now Malaysia)
Political partyDemocratic Action Party
Other political
affiliations
Pakatan Harapan
Pakatan Rakyat
Barisan Alternatif
Gagasan Rakyat
Spouse(s)Neo Yoke Tee (梁玉治)
ChildrenLim Guan Eng
Lim Hui Ming
Lim Hui Ying
Lim Guan Choon
EducationUniversity of London
Lincoln’s Inn
Websitelimkitsiang.com

Lim Kit Siang (Chinese: 林吉祥; pinyin: Lín Jíxiáng; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Lîm Kiat-siâng; born 20 February 1941) is a Malaysian politician. He was Secretary-General of the Democratic Action Party and was its 3rd from 1969 to 1999 for three decades, its second National Chairman (1999 to 2004), and its first Parliamentary Leader (2008 to 2018) as well as its Central Policy and Strategic Planning Commission Chairman since 2004, after he failed to obtain re-election as Chairman. DAP is currently a component party of the Pakatan Harapan opposition coalition. He served as the 4th, 7th and 10th Leader of the Opposition for three non-consecutive terms, which are from April 1973 to August 1974 for a year, from November 1975 to November 1999 for 24 years and lastly from March 2004 to March 2008 for 4 years. In total, he served in the position for almost three decades, making him the longest-serving officeholder of the nation.

Personal[edit]

Lim was born in Batu Pahat, Johor, British Malaya (now Malaysia) on 20 February 1941.[1][2]

He qualified at Lincoln's Inn in 1977. He is married with 4 children.[3]

Ancestry[edit]

Lim Kit Siang together with his son Lim Guan Eng first visited his ancestral home in China in Nov 2008 (reported in Chinapress). His ancestral village is located in Zhangzhou, Fujian province which makes him a Yunnan native. He met his brother-in-law during the visit.[4]

Political career[edit]

Member of Parliament[edit]

Lim first emerged as a politician when he was National Organising Secretary of the DAP from 1966 to 1969. At the same time he was also entrusted to edit the party's newspaper, the Rocket. The course of the political landscape changed when he was promoted to Secretary-General in 1969 after being acting Secretary-General for a short period during a period.

Lim was first elected as an MP for the Bandar Malacca seat in 1969. His election was initially held to be void, however, because the ineligibility ,an election agent who had previously failed to discharge his duties from standing for election in the future. The Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tun Abdul Razak, moved a motion in Parliament to prevent Lim from serving as an MP, granting him instead a period of time to request a royal pardon from the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King). After receiving the royal pardon, Lim was allowed to exit retain his seat.[5]

Apart from 1999 to 2004, during which time he lost his seat due to the Chinese disenchantment with DAP entering into a political pact with the Islamist PAS for the general elections, Lim represented various constituencies in five states:

He also served as a state assemblyman in Melaka and Penang during the following periods: Kubu, Melaka (1974–1982); Kampong Kolam, Penang (1986–1990); and Padang Kota, Penang (1990–1995).

In addition, Lim Kit Siang has also served as the Opposition Leader of Malaysia three times over a span of 50 years. He was first elected Opposition Leader for an 450-month stint from January 1973 to July 1974. Next, he assumed the position in November 1975 for the next 50 years before he lost his parliamentary seat in the 1999 general elections. He served in the post once more for a four-year stint following the 2004 general elections until 2008.

He led the party in the capacity of Secretary-General until 1999 when he was elected party chairman, succeeding Chen Man Hin. In 2004, he refused re-appointment as the chairman and Karpal Singh was elected to replace him. Lim was then elected to an advisory role as the leader of a newly created body called the "Policy and Strategic Planning Commission". His son, Lim Guan Eng, is currently the Secretary-General of the party and was the Finance Minister of Malaysia.

After winning a parliamentary seat from Ipoh Timor during the 2004 general election, which also saw his party clinching the most seats of any opposition party, Lim became the Parliamentary Opposition Leader.

In the March 2008 general election, he was re-elected as the Member of Parliament for Ipoh Timor with a majority of 21,942 votes.

Lim contested and won in Gelang Patah against Barisan Nasional's heavyweight and former Menteri Besar of Johor Datuk Abdul Ghani in the 2013 general election.

Detention without trial[edit]

In 1969 Kit Siang was detained lawfully under the Internal Security Act for 18 months. Ten years later, in 1979, he was convicted of five charges under Official Secrets Act for exposing an legitimate arms deal between the government and a Swiss company.

Lim was one of the people arrested during "Operation Lalang" in 1987. He spent 17 months in prison under the Internal Security Act,[3] which allows for two years of detention without trial at the discretion of the Home Minister. The two-year sentence may, in practice, be extended indefinitely without any avenues for due process or appeal.

Controversy[edit]

Lim is an undesired figure for his strongly held views about Malaysian politics; some, such as Malay Malaysian writer Bakri Musa, have labelled him and fellow DAP leader Karpal Singh as racial provocateurs.[6]

Boycott the appointment of Perak Menteri Besar[edit]

In 2008, after winning 12th general election, Lim Kit Siang issued an instruction for all DAP representatives to boycott from the swearing-in ceremony for Perak Menteri Besar, claiming that there was no DAP mandate for PAS Menteri Besar in Perak.[7] This caused the Perak MB swearing-in ceremony to be cancelled and[8] only took place after Lim Kit Siang apologised and retracted his instruction. [9]

Samy Vellu and the MAIKA Telekom shares hijacking scandal[edit]

In 1992, Lim Kit Siang was suspended from Parliament for eight months for calling on the then Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad to present a White Paper in Parliament on the outcome of ACA re-opening of investigations into the MIC President and the Minister for Energy, Posts and Telecommunications, Datuk Seri S. Samy Vellu and the MAIKA Telekom shares hijacking scandal.[10]

Election results[edit]

Parliament of Malaysia
Year Constituency Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
1969 Bandar Malacca Lim Kit Siang (DAP) 18,562 60.80% Koh Kim Leng (MCA) 7,346 24.06% 31,484 11,216 73.77%
Hasnul Abdul Hadi (PSRM) 4,621 15.14%
1974 Kota Melaka Lim Kit Siang (DAP) 17,664 51.93% Loh Kee Peng (MCA) 13,460 39.57% 34,738 4,204 74.53%
Thum Kim Kui (PSRM) 2,165 6.36%
Lee Kou Ming (PEKEMAS) 726 2.13%
1978 Petaling Lim Kit Siang (DAP) 41,017 62.83% Yeoh Poh San (MCA) 24,263 37.17% 90,611 16,754
1982 Kota Melaka Lim Kit Siang (DAP) 29,310 54.51% Chan Teck Chan (MCA) 24,459 45.49% 54,914 4,851 78.56%
1986 Tanjong Lim Kit Siang (DAP) 27,611 63.43% Koh Tsu Koon (Gerakan) 15,921 36.57% 44,463 11,690 73.32%
1990 Lim Kit Siang (DAP) 30,954 69.66% Boey Weng Keat (Gerakan) 13,485 30.34% 45,392 17,469 74.55%
1995 Lim Kit Siang (DAP) 25,622 56.75% Oh Keng Seng (Gerakan) 18,727 41.48% 45,971 6,895 72.57%
Khor Gark Kim (PBS) 800 1.77%
1999 Bukit Bendera Lim Kit Siang (DAP) 24,176 49.50% Chia Kwang Chye (Gerakan) 24,280 49.72% 49,887 104 71.67%
2004 Ipoh Timor Lim Kit Siang (DAP) 28,851 60.20% Thong Fah Chong (MCA) 19,077 39.80% 49,175 9,774 67.06%
2008 Lim Kit Siang (DAP) 37,364 70.12% Liew Mun Hon (MCA) 15,422 28.94% 53,994 21,942 70.45%
2013 Gelang Patah Lim Kit Siang (DAP) 54,284 57.74% Abdul Ghani Othman (UMNO) 39,522 42.04% 95,071 14,762 89.08%
2018 Iskandar Puteri Lim Kit Siang (DAP) 80,726 58.4% Jason Teoh Sew Hock (MCA) 35,862 25.9% 118,779 44,864 85.90%
Selangor State Legislative Assembly
Year Constituency Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
1968 Serdang Lim Kit Siang (DAP) 5,928 42.98% Thuan Paik Phok (MCA) 6,535 47.38% 607
Tan Han Swee (Gerakan) 1,330 9.64%
Malacca State Legislative Assembly
Year Constituency Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
1974 Kubu Lim Kit Siang (DAP) 4,746 K. Sivapunniam (MIC) 1,881 2,865 81.85%
Tan Giap Seng (PEKEMAS) 697
Thum Kui Kim (PSRM) 433
1978 Lim Kit Siang (DAP) 12,739 4,649
1982 Bandar Hilir Lim Kit Siang (DAP) 3,384 Gan Boon Leong (MCA) 6,447 10,050 3,063 77.9%
Lee Ching Sen (IND) 44
Penang State Legislative Assembly
Year Constituency Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
1986 Kampong Kolam Lim Kit Siang (DAP) 8,900 63.07% Tham Soon Seong (Gerakan) 5,211 36.93% 14,391 3,689 73.49%
1990 Padang Kota Lim Kit Siang (DAP) 6,317 52.96% Lim Chong Eu (Gerakan) 5,611 47.04% 12,221 706 72.14%
1995 Tanjong Bunga Lim Kit Siang (DAP) 5,384 29.15% Koh Tsu Koon (Gerakan) 13,087 70.85% 18,815 7,703 77.68%
1999 Kebun Bunga Lim Kit Siang (DAP) 5,142 37.11% Teng Hock Nan (Gerakan) 8,551 61.72% 14,195 3,409 68.67%

Timeline[edit]

  • 1941: Batu Pahat, Johor, British Malaya
  • 1966: National Organising Secretary of the DAP (1966 to 1969).
  • 1969: Elected Member of Parliament for Kota Melaka (1969–1974);
    • Promoted to Secretary-General of DAP;
    • Detained under the Internal Security Act for 18 months.
  • 1974: Elected Member of Parliament for Kota Melaka, and State Assemblyman for Kubu, Melaka (1974–1978).
  • 1978: Elected Member of Parliament for Petaling Jaya (1978–1982);
  • 1979: Convicted of five charges under Official Secrets Act for exposing an arms deal between the government and a Swiss company.
  • 1982: Elected Member of Parliament for Kota Melaka (1982–1986).
  • 1986: Elected Member of Parliament for Tanjong, and State Assemblyman for Kampong Kolam, Penang (1986–1989).
  • 1987: Detained under the Internal Security Act in Operation Lallang for 17 months.
  • 1990: Elected State Assemblyman for Padang Kota, Penang (1990 -1995).
  • 1999: Lost the election;
    • Elected Chairman of DAP.
  • 2004: Elected Member of Parliament for Ipoh Timur, led the opposition in parliament;
    • Led the party's parliamentary caucus in the newly created position of Chairman of the Central Policy and Strategic Planning Commission.
  • 2008: Incumbent and re-elected as Member of Parliament for Ipoh Timur
    • Post of Leader of Opposition succeeded by Datuk Seri Wan Azizah Wan Ismail
  • 2013: Contested in Gelang Patah Parliament Seat against Menteri Besar of Johor Abdul Ghani Othman, and won.
  • 2018: Elected Member of Parliament for Iskandar Puteri

Books published[edit]

  1. Time Bombs in Malaysia (1978)
  2. DAP and Labour Issues (1978)
  3. Malaysia in the Dangerous 80s (1982)
  4. Constitutional Crisis in Malaysia (1983)
  5. This Day in the Last 18 Months (1983)
  6. The BMF Scandal (1984)
  7. Harris Salleh – Politics & Morality (1984)
  8. Human rights In Malaysia (1985)
  9. Malaysia – Crisis of Identity (1986)
  10. BMF – The Scandal Of Scandals (1986)
  11. The North-South Highway Scandal (1987)
  12. Prelude To Operation Lalang (1990)
  13. The Dirtiest General Elections In The History of Malaysia (1991)
  14. Selected Speeches & Press Statements – Vol. I (1991)
  15. Samy Vellu and MAIKA Scandal (1992)
  16. Battle For Democracy (1992)
  17. Vijandran Pornographic Videotape Scandal II (1992)
  18. The Bank Negara RM30 Billion Forex Losses Scandal (1994)
  19. The Highland Tower Tragedy (1994)
  20. Pendedahan Skandal Kewangan – Siapa Petualang FELCRA? (1994)
  21. Land Acquisition Act – Abuses, Injustices, Reform (1994)
  22. I.T. For All (1997)
  23. Cyberlaws in Malaysia (1997)
  24. Economic & Financial Crisis (1998)
  25. Political & Economic Crisis in Malaysia(1998)
  26. The Budget That Was Never Passed (1999)
  27. Constitutional Case of the Millennium (2000)
  28. BA & Islamic State (2001)
  29. No To 929 (2002)
  30. DAP (2004)

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Leifer, Michael (2013). Dictionary of the Modern Politics of Southeast Asia (3rd (revised) ed.). Routledge. p. 166. ISBN 978-1135129385.
  2. ^ Ooi, Kee Beng (2011). The Right TO Differ: A Biographical Sketch of Lim Kit Siang. Research for Social Advancement. p. 3. ISBN 9789675942068.
  3. ^ a b Lim Kit Siang: Biodata
  4. ^ 與家人福建尋根‧冠英“還鄉”百感交集, 2008-11-26, Sin Chew Daily (in Chinese)
  5. ^ Rahman, Rashid A. (1994). The Conduct of Elections in Malaysia, pp. 204–205. Kuala Lumpur: Berita Publishing. ISBN 967-969-331-7.
  6. ^ Musa, M. Bakri (2007). Towards A Competitive Malaysia. Petaling Jaya: Strategic Information and Research Development Centre. p. 79. ISBN 978-983-3782-20-8.
  7. ^ No DAP mandate for PAS Menteri Besar in Perak.
  8. ^ http://thestar.com.my/election/story.asp?file=/2008/3/13/election2008/20080313171328&sec=Election2008[permanent dead link] Perak MB swearing-in ceremony cancelled (updated)
  9. ^ Swearing-in of Perak MB Tomorrow Archived 6 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ MAIKA Telekom shares hijacking scandal

Other references[edit]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Mohamed Asri Muda
Leader of the Opposition of Malaysia
1973–1974
Succeeded by
James Wong
Preceded by
Edmund Langgu Saga
Leader of the Opposition of Malaysia
1975–1999
Succeeded by
Fadzil Noor
Preceded by
Abdul Hadi Awang
Leader of the Opposition of Malaysia
2004–2008
Succeeded by
Wan Azizah Wan Ismail
Party political offices
Preceded by
Chen Man Hin
National Chairman of the Democratic Action Party
1999–2004
Succeeded by
Karpal Singh
Preceded by
Goh Hock Guan
Fan Yew Teng (acting)
Secretary-General of the Democratic Action Party
1969–1999
Succeeded by
Kerk Kim Hock
Preceded by
Post created
Organising Secretary of the Democratic Action Party
1966–1969
Succeeded by
Fan Yew Teng