Lima River

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Lima River
Limia River, Rio Lima
Rio Lima 2.JPG
Lima Bridge on Lima River in Ponte de Lima, Portugal
Lima River is located in Portugal
Lima River
Location of river mouth in Portugal
CountryPortugal, Spain
CountyNorte Region, Portugal
Physical characteristics
 • locationNorte Region, Portugal
 • location
Viana do Castelo, Norte Region, Portugal
 • coordinates
41°40′57″N 8°50′13″W / 41.6824°N 8.8369°W / 41.6824; -8.8369Coordinates: 41°40′57″N 8°50′13″W / 41.6824°N 8.8369°W / 41.6824; -8.8369

The Lima River (Portuguese name; known as Limia in Spanish and Galician) runs west from the autonomous community of Galicia in Spain to Portugal, where it enters the Atlantic Ocean at Viana do Castelo, covering 108 kilometres (67 mi).

Etymology and history[edit]

The Romans identified the Lima (called Limaeas) with the mythical Lethe and also said that some Celtiberians called it the Belion.[1] Brutus Callaicus became the first Roman to cross the river, carrying his standard with him to convince his frightened soldiers to follow.[2][3][4]


A bridge across the Limia at Boado, Ourense, Spain

The source of the Lima is Talariño Mountain at 975 metres (3,199 ft) above sea level, close to the village of Paradiña in the Sarreaus municipality (Ourense, Spain). In Spain, it extends for 41 kilometres (25 mi) and is known by regional names such as Alariño, Freixo and Mourenzo; however, the official term in Galicia is Limia.[citation needed]

It crosses the border into Portugal through the reservoir created by the Alto Lindoso Dam (Portuguese: Barragem do Alto Lindoso) close to Lindoso village, just west of the border between the two countries.[5] The dam includes a hydro-electric plant,[6] and creates a large reservoir on the Spanish side of the border. The reservoir flooded several villages in the Spanish municipality of Lobios, including Aceredo and Buscalque, O Bao, A Reloeira and Lantemil,[7] in 1992, but after a prolonged drought over the Spanish winter of 2021/2022, the "ghost village" of Aceredo had emerged and was again on dry land by February 2022.[8][9]

The river runs through the municipalities of Ponte da Barca and Ponte de Lima, before reaching the Atlantic Ocean at Viana do Castelo.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Strabo. "Geography Book III, Chapter 3". LacusCurtius. University of Chicago. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  2. ^ Appian, The Spanish War 15.72
  3. ^ Florus, Epitome, Book 1, 33.12
  4. ^ Livy, Periochae 10.55
  5. ^ "AltoLindosoficha". cnpgb21. Retrieved 21 February 2022.
  6. ^ "Alto Lindoso Hydroelectric Power Plant Portugal". Global Energy Observatory. 28 July 2012. Retrieved 21 February 2022.
  7. ^ Pontevedra, Silvia R. (14 December 2012). "Memoria de un pueblo ahogado". El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 21 February 2022.
  8. ^ "Ghost village emerges in Spain as drought empties reservoir". The Guardian. 12 February 2022. Retrieved 21 February 2022.
  9. ^ "Week in pictures: 12–18 February 2022". BBC News. 21 February 2022. Retrieved 19 February 2022.