Limacia clavigera

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Limacia clavigera
Limacia clavigera-JR01.jpg
Limacia clavigera grazing on Membranipora membranacea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia
clade Euthyneura
clade Nudipleura
clade Nudibranchia
clade Euctenidiacea
clade Doridacea
Superfamily: Polyceroidea
Family: Polyceridae
Subfamily: Triophinae
Tribe: Limaciini
Genus: Limacia
Species: L. clavigera
Binomial name
Limacia clavigera
(O. F. Müller, 1776)[1]
  • Doris clavigera O. F. Müller, 1776 (original combination)
  • Euplocamus plumosus Thompson, 1840
  • Tergipes pulcher Johnston, 1834
  • Triopa lucida Stimpson 1855

Limacia clavigera, sometimes known by the common name orange-clubbed sea slug, is a sea slug, a species of dorid nudibranch. It is a marine gastropod mollusc in the family Polyceridae.[2]


Limacia clavigera is commonly found on the lower shore and in sublittoral algae belts along the Atlantic coast of Europe, including the British Isles, and from Norway to the Mediterranean.[3] It has also been reported along the South African coast from Saldanha Bay to Port Alfred.[4] This disjunct distribution is probably an indication of several related species being included under one name. Some of these South African animals are referable to Limacia lucida.[5] It has been found from the intertidal zone to depths of at least 20 m.[6]


Limacia clavigera is a small (up to 20 mm), white-bodied dorid with numerous orange-tipped projections on its body and scattered, raised, orange spots on its notum. Its gills and perfoliate rhinophores are orange-tipped.[3]


This species feeds on the encrusting bryozoan Electra pilosa as well as Membranipora membranacea and is often seen on encrusted red algae or kelp. Its egg ribbon is a flat broad spiral of several coils.


  1. ^ Müller Otto Frederik. 1776. Zoologiae Danicae. Prodromus seu animalium Daniae et Norvegiae ingenarum characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium, xxxii + 282 pp.
  2. ^ Rosenberg, G.; Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S. (2015). Limacia clavigera (O. F. Müller, 1776). In: MolluscaBase (2015). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at on 2015-12-23
  3. ^ a b Picton, B.E. & Morrow, C.C. (2015). Limacia clavigera (O F Müller, 1776). [In] Encyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland. Accessed on 2015-3-30
  4. ^ Gosliner, T.M. 1987. Nudibranchs of Southern Africa ISBN 0-930118-13-8
  5. ^ Caballer Gutiérrez, M., Almón Pazos, B., Pérez Dieste, J., (2015) The sea slug genus Limacia Müller, 1781 (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Heterobranchia) in Europe. Cahiers de Biologie Marine 57:35-42.
  6. ^ Ballesteros, M, Madrenas, E., Pontes, M., et al., (2012-2015). Limacia clavigera in OPK-Opisthobranquis, Published 15/05/2012, Accessed: 30/03/2015.
  • Thompson W., 1840: Contributions towards a knowledge of the Mollusca Nudibranchia and Mollusca Tunicata of Ireland, with descriptions of some apparently new species of Invertebrata Annals and Magazine of Natural History 5 (29): 84-102
  • Stimpson W., 1855b: Descriptions of some new marine invertebrata; Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia 7 (10): 385-395
  • Picton B.E. & Morrow C.C., 1994: A Field Guide to the Nudibranchs of the British Isles. Immel Publishing LtId., London.
  • Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca. in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 180–213.

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