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Limax maximus MHNT.jpg
Limax maximus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia
clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
clade Eupulmonata
clade Stylommatophora
informal group Sigmurethra
clade limacoid clade
Superfamily: Limacoidea
Family: Limacidae
Subfamily: Limacinae
Genus: Limax

at least 33, see text

Limax is a genus of air-breathing land slugs in the terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusk family Limacidae.

The generic name Limax literally means "slug".

Some species, such as the leopard slug (L. maximus) and the tawny garden slug (L. flavus), are considered serious garden pests.[2]

The genus Limax sensu stricto is probably monophyletic.[3]


This genus is native to Europe, but at least one species (L. maximus) has been introduced into North America.


The genus Limax includes at least 33 species:[4]

Subgenus Limacus[edit]



  1. ^ Linnaeus C. 1758. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. pp. [1-4], 1-824. Holmiae. (Salvius).
  2. ^ Ebeling. W. Chapter 12: Miscellaneous Pests. Urban Entomology. Department of Entomology. UC Riverside. 2002.
  3. ^ Klee, B. 2006 Towards a phylogeny of Limax (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora). Archived 2008-11-21 at the Wayback Machine. The Malacologist. Molluscan Forum 2006.
  4. ^ Species in genus Limax. AnimalBase. Accessed 5 May 2009.
  5. ^ Falkner, G. (2008). Limax (Limax) brandstetteri n. sp. – ein neuer Hochgebirgsschnegel aus den Abruzzen (Gastropoda: Limacidae). Limax (Limax) brandstetteri n. sp. – a new high mountain slug from the Abruzzi Mountains (Gastropoda: Limacidae). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde A, Neue Serie. 1: 133-142.
  6. ^ a b Nitz, B., et al. (2009). Towards a new standard in slug species descriptions: the case of Limax sarnensis Heim & Nitz n. sp. (Pulmonata: Limacidae) from the Western Central Alps. Journal of Molluscan Studies 75(3): 279-294. doi:10.1093/mollus/eyp030.