Limbang

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Limbang
Limbang is located in Borneo
Limbang
Limbang
Coordinates: 4°45′33″N 115°00′24″E / 4.75917°N 115.00667°E / 4.75917; 115.00667Coordinates: 4°45′33″N 115°00′24″E / 4.75917°N 115.00667°E / 4.75917; 115.00667
Country  Malaysia
State  Sarawak
Population (2000)
 • Total 42,600

Limbang is a border town and the capital of Limbang District in the Limbang Division of northern Sarawak, East Malaysia, on the island of Borneo. The division has an area of 3,978.1 square kilometres, and a population (year 2000 census) of 42,600.

Limbang is located on the banks of the Limbang River (Sungai Limbang in Malay), between the two halves of Brunei. It is a 30-minute speedboat ride or at least a two-hour drive (depending on how busy the Customs/Immigration Checkpoint is) to Bandar Seri Begawan, the capital of Brunei.

History

The Limbang District, which today is part of Sarawak, was originally part of the Sultanate of Brunei following the founding of the Bruneian Empire and remained so until the reign of Sultan Hashim. However, it was only after the signing of the Treaty of Protection of 1888 that Brunei lost control over the territory,taken by forced. This treaty eventually did not save Brunei from foreign intervention because the British did not prevent Charles Brooke from seizing Limbang in 1890. In 1901 and 1902, Brooke and Hewett asked Sultan Hashim to cede Belait and Tutong to them but Sultan Hashim refused and said, “What would happen to me, my chiefs and my descendants? I should be left like a tree, stripped of branches and twigs”.[citation needed]

“the loss of Limbang had crippled him (Sultan Hashim), like the loss of a limb”, Malcolm McArthur, 1904.

Demographics

Ethnicity of Limbang

Population of Limbang

Malay/Kedayan 14,259
Iban 13,844
Bisaya 5,967
Lun Bawang/Kelabit 2,466
Bidayuh 400
Melanau 300
Penan 138
Tabun 158
Chinese 7,300
Others 200
Non-Malaysian Citizen 1,200
Total 49,062

Economy developments

Limbang economic importance was realised from the 15th century until now. When Limbang was still under the rule of Brunei, Limbang was considered as the "Rice Bowl" of Brunei as Limbang was a major producer and supplier of sago and rice to Brunei. Its economic importance was also one of the reason why Limbang was seized by Rajah Charles Brooke of Sarawak.

Education

Primary School

  • SJK (C) Chung Hwa Limbang
  • SK Limbang
  • SK Melayu Pusat
  • SK Kampung Pahlawan
  • SK St. Edmund
  • SK Menuang
  • SK Batu Danau
  • SK Pengkalan Jawa
  • SK Tedungan
  • SK Bukit Luba
  • SK Tanjong
  • SK Meritam
  • SK Ukong
  • SK Nanga Medamit
  • SK Long Napir
  • SK Kuala Mendalam
  • SK Nanga Merit
  • SK Kubong
  • SK RC Kubong
  • SK Gadong

Secondary School

  • SMK Seri Patiambun Limbang
  • SMK Medamit
  • SMK Limbang
  • SMK Kubong
  • SMK(A) Limbang

Transport

Air

Limbang is served by the Limbang Airport.

Road

Owing to its geographical location, Limbang is completely cut off from the rest of Sarawak's road network. It however has good road links to both parts of Brunei located to the east and west of the district. There is also a good local network of roads in the district.

There are two road border crossing checkpoints in Limbang district, both into Brunei.

  • Tedungan: Located 43 km west of Limbang, it is the road crossing into the main part of Brunei from Limbang. The Brunei checkpoint is called Kuala Lurah.
  • Pandaruan: This checkpoint is located 15 km east of Limbang on the Pandaruan River which forms the border between Sarawak and Brunei's Temburong district. The crossing used to have to be done by ferry. The checkpoint on the Brunei side is called Puni and operates out of a wooden building located 500 m from the ferry landing point. Pandaruan Bridge open on 8 December 2013 eliminating the need to cross the river by ferry.

As the only road connection to outside the district is through Brunei, one must have a passport to travel into or out of Limbang.

Notable places

Limbang Regional Museum

The Limbang Regional Museum is located in a fort built by Rajah Charles Brooke in 1897. It is located in the area annexed to Sarawak by the White Rajah in 1890.

Taman Tasik Bukit Mas

Taman Tasik Bukit Mas (literal translation: Gold Hill Lake Park) is a recreational park set in Limbang's iconic feature Bukit Mas. The park is a favourable place for Limbang residents to spend their evening, doing recreational activities. Various facilities had been set up in the park, such as children's playground, lake, barbecue site, suspension bridge and toilet.

Limbang Plaza

Located in the town centre, and often dubbed as the definite centre of Limbang, is Limbang Plaza. This building mainly consists of three components: Purnama Hotel, a shopping mall and various government offices (located right on the top of the mall). It's also good for other business and pleasures.

Currently the mall have about 50 shopping outlets, with a local supermarket chain, Queen as the main tenant. Apart from these, the Limbang Plaza shopping mall is also a place to the famous food outlet, KFC and former tenant Pizza Hut (closed in 2007)

Pasar Tamu

"Pasar Tamu" is a local gathering where village folks came to the town of Limbang to sell their goods. Usually it is held on Friday every week, but preparations can be seen on Thursday.

The market has attracted not only local residents, but also Bruneians.

Notable Residents

References


External links