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Limenitis reducta01.jpg
Southern white admiral (L. reducta)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Tribe: Limenitidini
Genus: Limenitis
Fabricius, 1807

25, see text

Limenitis is a genus of brush-footed butterflies, commonly called the admirals. The sister butterflies (Adelpha) and commander butterflies (Moduza) are sometimes included here.

The name Limenitis is New Latin "of harbours", from Ancient Greek Λιμενιτις (from λιμήν, a harbour, haven).[1]


Listed alphabetically within groups:[2]

Species group Basilarchia (North America):

Image Scientific name Common name Distribution
Limenitis archippus Cramer.jpg Limenitis archippus (Cramer, [1776]) viceroy the Northwest Territories along the eastern edges of the Cascade Range and Sierra Nevada mountains, southwards into central Mexico
White Admiral, dorsal.jpg Limenitis arthemis (Drury, [1773]) (American) white admiral or red-spotted purple North american ranging from New England and southern Great Lakes area all the way to various parts of Canada
Lorquinsadmiral2.jpg Limenitis lorquini Boisduval, 1852 Lorquin's admiral across the Upper Sonoran to the Canadian Zone, east to western Montana and Idaho.
Limenitis weidemeyerii dorsal.jpg Limenitis weidemeyerii Edwards, 1861 Weidemeyer's admiral western Canada, the northern Great Plains (an outlying population), and the Western United States, from the Rocky Mountains westward to the Sierra Nevada and California.

Species group Helmanni (eastern Asia):

Image Scientific name Common name Distribution
Limenitis doerriesi Staudinger, 1892 Amur (Khabarovsk), Ussuri, Northeast China, Korea
Limenitis rileyi Tytler, 1940 East Palearctic
Limenitis staudingeri Ribbe, 1898 East Palearctic
Limenitis helmanni Lederer, 1853 Eastern Kazakhstan, West Siberia, Transbaikalia, Amur, Ussuri, China, Korea

Unnamed species group (South-East Asia):

Image Scientific name Common name Distribution
Limenitis rileyi Tytler, 1940 Tiger-mimic Admiral Arunachal Pradesh, India
Limenitis staudingeri Ribbe, 1898 Seram,Indonesia

Ungrouped (Asia):

Image Scientific name Common name Distribution
Butterflies from China, Japan, and Corea (PL. XVI) BHL45490862.jpg Limenitis albomaculata Leech, 1891 China, N.Sichuan
Limenitis amphyssa Ménétriés, 1859 Amur, Ussuri, Korea, Central China
Limenitis calidosa Moore, 1858 Ceylon
White admiral (Limenitis camilla).jpg Limenitis camilla (Linnaeus, 1764) (Eurasian) white admiral southern Britain and much of Europe; Eastern Asia, from Amur River extending as far east as Japan.
Butterflies from China, Japan, and Corea (PL. XVI) BHL45490862.jpg Limenitis ciocolatina Poujade, 1885 Sichuan, China
Limenitis cleophas Oberthür, 1893 China
Limenitis dubernardi Oberthür, 1903 Tibet, China
Limenitis elwesi Oberthür, 1884 N.W.Yunnan, China
Limenitis glorifica1.jpg Limenitis glorifica Fruhstorfer, 1909 Honshu white admiral island of Honshu, in Japan
Limenitis imitata (Butler, 1883)
Limenitis lepechini Erschoff, 1874 Samarkand, Uzbekistan, Tadzhikistan
Limenitis moltrechti Kardakov, 1928 Amur, Ussuri, Korea, Kyuojo, Kanhoku
Limenitis populi L..jpg Limenitis populi (Linnaeu], 1758) poplar admiral widespread in continental Europe and many areas in Asia
Limenitis reducta (9563868231).jpg Limenitis reducta Staudinger, 1901 southern white admiral central and southern Europe (northern Spain, southern and eastern France, Italy, the Balkans, and the Alps),[16] in Western Asia, in Syria, the Caucasus and Iran.
Butterflies from China, Japan, and Corea (19142198000).jpg Limenitis sydyi Lederer, 1853 Lower Bukhtarma R., E. Kazakhstan; West Altai in Russia; Eastern Transbaikalia, Amur, Ussuri, China, Korea.
Limenitis trivena Moore, 1864 Indian white admiral tropical and subtropical Asia.


  1. ^ The Century Dictionary by The Century Company. Available online at[permanent dead link].
  2. ^ "Limenitis Fabricius, 1807" at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms

Further reading[edit]

  • Glassberg, Jeffrey Butterflies through Binoculars: The West (2001)
  • Guppy, Crispin S. and Shepard, Jon H. Butterflies of British Columbia (2001)
  • James, David G. and Nunnallee, David Life Histories of Cascadia Butterflies (2011)
  • Pelham, Jonathan Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada (2008)
  • Pyle, Robert Michael The Butterflies of Cascadia (2002)

External links[edit]