Limerick City (UK Parliament constituency)

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Limerick City
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18011922

Limerick City was a United Kingdom Parliament constituency, in Ireland. It returned one MP 1801–1832, two MPs 1832–1885 and one thereafter. It was an original constituency represented in Parliament when the Union of Great Britain and Ireland took effect on 1 January 1801. It ceased to be represented in the United Kingdom Parliament in 1922.

Boundaries[edit]

This was a borough constituency, comprising the parliamentary borough of Limerick in County Limerick. It was south of Clare East but was otherwise surrounded by Limerick East.

Members of Parliament[edit]

One member 1801–1832[edit]

Election Member Party Note
1801, 1 January Henry Deane Grady 1801: Co-opted
1802, 16 July Charles Vereker Tory Succeeded as the 2nd Viscount Gort
1817, 25 July Hon. John Vereker Tory Unseated on petition
1820, 3 July Thomas Spring Rice Whig Declared duly elected
1832 Constituency allocated two seats

Two members 1832–1885[edit]

Election First member First party Second member Second party
1832, 21 December William Roche Repeal Association Sir David Roche, Bt b Repeal Association
1835, 8 January Liberal a Liberal a
1841, 6 July John O'Brien Liberal Repeal Association
1844, 9 July James Kelly Repeal Association
1847, 6 August Repeal Association John O'Connell b Repeal Association
1851, 1 August Henry Fitzalan-Howard Liberal
1852, 15 July Robert Potter d Liberal c Francis William Russell d Liberal
1852 Independent Irish c
1854, 28 October James O'Brien e Liberal
1858, 15 February George Gavin f Independent Irish[1]
1858, 21 May James Spaight Conservative
1859, 5 May George Gavin Liberal
1871, 20 September Isaac Butt Home Rule League
1874, 5 February Richard O'Shaughnessy g Home Rule League
1879, 20 September Daniel Fitzgerald Gabbett Home Rule League
1883, 16 November Edward McMahon Home Rule League
1885 Constituency allocated one seat

Notes:-

  • a Re-elected in 1835 and 1837 as a candidate of a Liberal/Repealer pact.
  • b Resigned.
  • c Elected as a Liberal pledged to form an independent opposition in Parliament. He joined the Independent Irish Party when it was formed after the 1852 election.
  • d Died.
  • e Appointed a Judge of the Irish Court of Queen's Bench.
  • f Unseated on petition and new writ issued.
  • g Appointed Registrar of Petty Sessions Clerk.

One member 1885–1922[edit]

Key to party: N Irish Parliamentary Party, PN Parnellite Nationalist, SF Sinn Féin.

From To Name (Party) Born Died
1885 1888 Henry Joseph Gill (N) 1836
1888 1895 Francis Arthur O'Keefe (N) 1856 1909
1895 1895 John Daly (PN)
1895 1900 Francis Arthur O'Keefe (N) 1856 1909
1900 1918 Michael Joyce (N) 1851 1941
1918 1921 Michael Colivet (SF) May 1884 4 May 1954

Elections[edit]

In 1801–1832 and 1885–1922 the constituency used the first past the post electoral system to fill its one seat. In 1832–1885 the block vote was used to elect two members and first past the post to return one member at by-elections.

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

General Election 1865: Limerick City[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Gavin 1,004 40.1
Liberal Francis William Russell 838 33.5
Irish Conservative James Spaight 658 26.3
Irish Conservative Josh Seaward 4 0.2
Majority 180 7.2
Turnout 1,579 (est) 78.8 (est)
Registered electors 2,005
Liberal hold Swing
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1868: Limerick City[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Gavin 1,026 37.6 −2.5
Liberal Francis William Russell 794 29.1 −4.4
Liberal-Conservative Peter Tait[3] 720 26.4 N/A
Independent Nationalist Richard Pigott 187 6.9 N/A
Majority 74 2.7 −5.5
Turnout 1,364 (est) 67.1 (est) −11.7
Registered electors 2,032
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

Russell's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 20 Sep 1871: Limerick City[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule Isaac Butt Unopposed
Registered electors 2,193
Home Rule gain from Liberal
General Election 1874: Limerick City[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule Isaac Butt 856 30.3 N/A
Home Rule Richard O'Shaughnessy 848 30.0 N/A
Irish Conservative James Spaight 587 20.8 N/A
Home Rule Peter Tait 291 10.3 −16.1
Home Rule Charles Smyth Vereker 242 8.6 N/A
Majority 261 9.2 N/A
Turnout 1,706 (est) 85.1 (est) +18.0
Registered electors 2,004
Home Rule gain from Liberal
Home Rule gain from Liberal

Butt's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 23 May 1879: Limerick City[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule Daniel Fitzgerald Gabbett 860 56.7 −22.5
Irish Conservative James Spaight 658 43.3 +22.5
Majority 202 13.3 +4.1
Turnout 1,518 78.7 −6.4
Registered electors 1,930
Home Rule hold Swing −22.5

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1880: Limerick City[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule Richard O'Shaughnessy 1,109 40.8 +10.8
Home Rule Daniel Fitzgerald Gabbett 989 36.4 +6.1
Irish Conservative James Spaight 620 22.8 +2.0
Majority 369 13.6 +4.4
Turnout 1,729 (est) 89.4 (est) +4.3
Registered electors 1,934
Home Rule hold Swing +4.9
Home Rule hold Swing +3.6

O'Shaughnessy resigned after being appointed a registrar of petty sessions clerk, causing a by-election.

By-election, 16 Nov 1883: Limerick City[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary Edward McMahon 922 66.1 −11.1
Irish Conservative James Spaight 473 33.9 +11.1
Majority 449 32.2 +18.6
Turnout 1,395 71.0 −18.4 (est)
Registered electors 1,964
Irish Parliamentary hold Swing +11.1

For the 1885 election, the seat was reduced to one MP.

General Election 1885: Limerick City[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary Henry Joseph Gill 3,098 83.0 +5.8
Irish Conservative James Spaight 635 17.0 −5.8
Majority 2,463 66.0 +52.4
Turnout 3,733 62.1 −27.3 (est)
Registered electors 6,010
Irish Parliamentary hold Swing +5.8
General Election 1886: Limerick City[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary Henry Joseph Gill Unopposed
Irish Parliamentary hold
By-election 1888: Limerick City[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary Francis Arthur O'Keefe Unopposed
Irish Parliamentary hold

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Limerick City[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish National Federation Francis Arthur O'Keefe 1,878 55.8 N/A
Irish National League Pat O'Brien 1,490 44.2 N/A
Majority 388 11.5 N/A
Turnout 3,368 66.2 N/A
Registered electors 5,084
Irish National Federation gain from Irish Parliamentary Swing N/A
General Election 1895: Limerick City[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish National League John Daly Unopposed
Irish National League gain from Irish National Federation

Daly, who was serving a term of life imprisonment, was elected unopposed after the Official Nationalist candidate (O'Keefe) withdrew in his favour. As a convicted felon, Daly was not eligible to sit in the House of Commons, and the election was declared void.

By-election, 1895: Limerick City[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish National Federation Francis Arthur O'Keefe 1,851 51.2 N/A
Irish National League Joseph Nolan 1,764 48.8 N/A
Majority 87 2.4 N/A
Turnout 3,615 66.9 N/A
Registered electors 5,407
Irish National Federation gain from Irish National League Swing N/A

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Limerick City[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary Michael Joyce 2,521 84.2 N/A
Irish Unionist Francis Edgar Kearney 474 15.8 N/A
Majority 2,047 11.5 N/A
Turnout 2,995 68.3 N/A
Registered electors 5,297
Irish Parliamentary hold Swing N/A
General Election 1906: Limerick City[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary Michael Joyce Unopposed
Irish Parliamentary hold

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Limerick City[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary Michael Joyce 2,137 68.7 N/A
All-for-Ireland John Rice 973 31.3 N/A
Majority 1,164 37.4 N/A
Turnout 3,110 66.4 N/A
Registered electors 4,686
Irish Parliamentary hold Swing N/A
General Election December 1910: Limerick City[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary Michael Joyce 2,452 78.2 +9.5
All-for-Ireland John Rice 682 21.8 −9.5
Majority 1,770 56.5 +19.1
Turnout 3,134 66.9 +0.5
Registered electors 4,686
Irish Parliamentary hold Swing +9.5
General Election 1918: Limerick City[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Sinn Féin Michael Colivet Unopposed
Sinn Féin gain from Irish Parliamentary


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gavin and Ball". Kilkenny Journal, and Leinster Commercial and Literary Advertiser. County Kilkenny, Republic of Ireland. 24 January 1858. p. 4. Retrieved 25 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Walker, B.M., ed. (1978). Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801-1922. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0901714127. 
  3. ^ "Limerick City". The Irishman. 28 November 1868. p. 4. Retrieved 25 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).