Limerick City (UK Parliament constituency)

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For the current constituency, see Limerick City (Dáil Éireann constituency).
Limerick City
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons

Limerick City was a United Kingdom Parliament constituency, in Ireland. It returned one MP 1801–1832, two MPs 1832–1885 and one thereafter. It was an original constituency represented in Parliament when the Union of Great Britain and Ireland took effect on 1 January 1801. It ceased to be represented in the United Kingdom Parliament in 1922.


This was a borough constituency, comprising the parliamentary borough of Limerick in County Limerick. It was south of Clare East but was otherwise surrounded by Limerick East.

Members of Parliament[edit]

One member 1801–1832[edit]

Election Member Party Note
1801, 1 January Henry Deane Grady 1801: Co-opted
1802, 16 July Charles Vereker Tory Succeeded as the 2nd Viscount Gort
1817, 25 July Hon. John Vereker Tory Unseated on petition
1820, 3 July Thomas Spring Rice Whig Declared duly elected
1832 Constituency allocated two seats

Two members 1832–1885[edit]

Election First member First party Second member Second party
1832, 21 December William Roche Repeal Association Sir David Vandeleur Roche, Bt b Repeal Association
1835, 8 January Liberal a Liberal a
1841, 6 July John O'Brien Liberal Repeal Association
1844, 9 July James Kelly Repeal Association
1847, 6 August Repeal Association John O'Connell b Repeal Association
1851, 1 August Earl of Arundel and Surrey Liberal
1852, 15 July Robert Potter d Liberal c Francis William Russell d Liberal
1852 Independent Irish c
1854, 28 October James O'Brien e Liberal
1858, 15 February George Gavin f Liberal
1858, 21 May James Spaight Conservative
1859, 5 May George Gavin Liberal
1871, 20 September Isaac Butt Home Rule League
1874, 5 February Richard O'Shaughnessy g Home Rule League
1879, 20 September Daniel Fitzgerald Gabbett Home Rule League
1883, 16 November Edward McMahon Home Rule League
1885 Constituency allocated one seat


  • a Re-elected in 1835 and 1837 as a candidate of a Liberal/Repealer pact.
  • b Resigned.
  • c Elected as a Liberal pledged to form an independent opposition in Parliament. He joined the Independent Irish Party when it was formed after the 1852 election.
  • d Died.
  • e Appointed a Judge of the Irish Court of Queen's Bench.
  • f Unseated on petition and new writ issued.
  • g Appointed Registrar of Petty Sessions Clerk.

One member 1885–1922[edit]

Key to party: N Irish Parliamentary Party, PN Parnellite Nationalist, SF Sinn Féin.

From To Name (Party) Born Died
1885 1888 Henry Joseph Gill (N) 1836
1888 1895 Francis Arthur O'Keefe (N) 1856 1909
1895 1895 John Daly (PN)
1895 1900 Francis Arthur O'Keefe (N) 1856 1909
1900 1918 Michael Joyce (N) 1851 1941
1918 1921 Michael Colivet (SF) May 1884 4 May 1954


In 1801–1832 and 1885–1922 the constituency used the first past the post electoral system to fill its one seat. In 1832–1885 the block vote was used to elect two members and first past the post to return one member at by-elections.

  • 1895 John Daly, serving a term of life imprisonment, was elected unopposed after the Official Nationalist candidate (O'Keefe) withdrew in his favour. As a convicted felon, Daly was not eligible to sit in the House of Commons, and the election was declared void.
  • 1918 general election (1 seat); polling 14 December, result declared 28 December
  • 17,121 electors
  • Michael Patrick Colivet (SF): Unopposed

See also[edit]