Limits of the Five Patriarchates

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The Limits of the Five Patriarchates in minuscule 543

The Limits of the Five Patriarchates is a Greek text describing the five patriarchates of Christianity in the Middle Ages. It is found appended to some manuscripts of the New Testament. The text's sequence and validity of patriarchates is different from the traditional Pentarchy established by ecumenical councils,[1] with Jerusalem moved to fifth. The order of the other four is unchanged: Rome, Constantinople, Alexandria, and Antioch.

The document probably was written in Calabria, in the 9th or 10th century. It is found in some manuscripts of the New Testament: 69, 211, and 543 (in 543 one page of it is lost).[2][3] In minuscule 543 this document is titled "Γνωσις και επιγνωσις των πατριαρχων θρονων" (Knowledge and Cognition of the Patriarchate Sees).[4]


  • The fourth See of Alexandria, of Mark apostle and evangelist, son of Peter the apostle, who took control over Ethiopia until Africa and Tripoli and over all country of Egypt the limits of Palestine, the south container.
  • The fifth See of Antioch of Peter, containing the area until to the East, the way of seven months, until to the Georgia and Armenia and Azerbaijan, and until to the internal desert of Persians, Medes, Chaldeans, until the Arab leadership, and Parthia and Mesopotamia Elamiton, and from the wind of sun rising, where the sun rises.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ L'idea di pentarchia nella cristianità
  2. ^ Jacob Geerlings, Codex 543, University of Michigan 15 (gregory 543; von Soden ε 257), in Six Collations, p. 27.
  3. ^ Harris, J. Rendel (1877). The Origin of the Leicester Codex of the New Testament. London: C. J. Clay & Sons. pp. 63–66.
  4. ^ Frederick Henry Ambrose Scrivener, Adversaria Critica Sacra: With a Short Explanatory Introduction (Cambridge, 1893), p. XX.
  5. ^ J. Rendel Harris, The Origin of the Leicester Codex of the New Testament (London, 1887), pp. 64–65.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]