Limnocharis flava

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Yellow Velvetleaf
Yellow Burr Head
Kèo nèo or cù nèo
黄花蔺 huang hua lin
Limnocharis flava HabitusFlower BotGardBln0906.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Alismatales
Family: Alismataceae
Genus: Limnocharis
Species: L. flava
Binomial name
Limnocharis flava
(L.) Buchenau
  • Alisma flavum L.
  • Damasonium flavum (L.) Mill.
  • Limnocharis emarginata Humb. & Bonpl.
  • Limnocharis flava var. indica Buchenau
  • Limnocharis plumieri Rich.

Limnocharis flava (English: yellow sawah lettuce, yellow burr head or yellow velvetleaf, Indonesian: genjer, Javanese: gènjèr, Lao phak khan chong, Tagalog: cebolla de chucho, Thai: ตาลปัตรฤาษี, khmer: ត្រកៀតប៉ោង, Vietnamese: kèo nèo or cù nèo) is a species of aquatic flowering plant which is native to Mexico, Central America, South America, Cuba, Haiti and the Dominican Republic but widely naturalized in southern and southeastern Asia (India, Sri Lanka, Assam, Cambodia, Burma, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia and southern China (Guangdong, Yunnan)).[2][3]

Limnocharis flava is roughly 50 cm tall. growing in clumps. Its triangular-shaped leaves and hollow stems are glabrous. Its inflorescences have a very characteristic shape, producing three-lobed yellow flowers about 1.5 cm in diameter. The fruits are spherical. Although it is not a floating plant, its seeds are carried away by currents.[4][5]

Yellow velvetleaf grows generally wherever there is not very deep stagnant fresh water, in swampy areas. It sometimes invades rice fields where it can become a weed. As an invasive species it has become a pest in some wetlands in other parts of the world.[3][6]

As food[edit]

Traditionally this plant is an important vegetable in parts of Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam,[7] Laos, Isan (Thailand)[8] and parts of India, where the central flower stalk and the leaves are used in soups, curries, salads and stir-fries.[9] The immature flower buds are also eaten. Owing to its flat taste, in some areas it is considered "poor people's food" or emergency food, eaten whenever there is not much else left. This characteristic was put into song by Muhammad Arief, in the 1940s hit Genjer-genjer in the Banyuwangi language in Java.[10]

In Thailand it is also known as phak khan chong. In Isan the Limnocharis flava leaf is eaten raw with nam phrik. It is known as phak phaai (ผักพาย) with a long "ā" sound, not to be confused with phak phai (ผักไผ่), the leaves of Persicaria odorata, another type of edible leaf.[11]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The Plant List
  2. ^ "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew". Retrieved 2017-01-30. 
  3. ^ a b "Limnocharis flava in Flora of China @". Retrieved 2017-01-30. 
  4. ^ (, Synergy International Limited. "issg Database: EcologieLimnocharis flava". Retrieved 2017-01-30. 
  5. ^ Buchenau, Franz Georg Philipp. 1868. Abhandlungen herausgegeben vom Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereine zu Bremen 2: 2,4. Limnocharis flava
  6. ^ Environmental Pests- Australia
  7. ^ Ogle, B. M.; Dao, H. T.; Mulokozi, G.; Hambraeus, L. (2001-11-01). "Micronutrient composition and nutritional importance of gathered vegetables in Vietnam". International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition. 52 (6): 485–499. ISSN 0963-7486. PMID 11570015. 
  8. ^ Thailand Illustrated - Healthy Food
  9. ^ 2, Sammy on January; Said, 2015 at 8:37 Am (2010-05-21). "Stir-Fried Genjer (Limnocharis Flava)". Enjoy The Food. Retrieved 2017-01-30. 
  10. ^ "YouTube". Retrieved 2017-01-30. 
  11. ^ "Thai_index_new". Retrieved 2017-01-30. 

External links[edit]