Striped marsh frog

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Striped marsh frog
Limnodynastes peronii.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Myobatrachidae
Genus: Limnodynastes
Species: L. peronii
Binomial name
Limnodynastes peronii
Duméril and Bibron, 1841
Limnodynastes peronii distribution.PNG
Striped marsh frog range
Synonyms

Cystignathus peronii (Dumeril & Bibron 1841) Limnodynastes krefftii Gunther 1863
Limnodynastes lineatus De Vis 1884

The striped marsh frog or brown-striped frog (Limnodynastes peronii) is a predominantly aquatic frog native to coastal Eastern Australia. It is a common species in urban habitats.

Taxonomy[edit]

The striped marsh frog was described by French naturalists André Marie Constant Duméril and Gabriel Bibron in 1841.

Description[edit]

Females may reach a length of 75 millimetres (3.0 in) and males 70 millimetres (2.8 in).[1] They are a shade of brown on the dorsal surface. This colour can be light or dark; they can also be a red-brown on the dorsal surface. There are distinct darker stripes running down the frogs back (giving this species it name), there is normally a paler mid-dorsal stripe running down the back. There is a black "mask" that runs from the nostril, through the eye and down to the shoulder. This "mask" is followed by a thick light golden line that runs underneath the "mask" and terminates at the end of the mouth. Breeding males develop thick arms, these are used in "wrestling" matches with other frogs, the throat of males is yellow in colour. The belly is white.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

It is distributed from the southern parts of the Cape York Peninsula in North Queensland, through all of coastal New South Wales, Southern Victoria to southeastern South Australia and Northern Tasmania.[2] Although this species is very common in coastal NSW, it is not common in Tasmania and listed as rare.

Ecology and behaviour[edit]

Striped marsh frog with spawn

This species is the most frequently encountered frog on the east coast. They are normally the first frog to colonise a garden frog pond and are often victims of backyard swimming pools. They will inhabit ponds, roadside ditches, creeks, dams, flooded areas and any other available water body. They are tolerant of polluted water. Males call while floating in water from a hidden area in vegetation. They make a "tok" or "whuck" call,[2] similar to a hen clucking, during all months of the year (particularly spring-autumn). This call is familiar to anyone in Sydney who has a garden pond.

The breeding season is from late winter to early spring.[2] Eggs are laid in a foamy nest and tadpoles can take 8–12 months to develop. Pale brown, they can be up to 6.5 cm long.[2]

As a pet[edit]

It is kept as a pet,[3] in Australia this animal may be kept in captivity with the appropriate permit.

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wildlife of Greater Brisbane. Brisbane: Queensland Museum. 2007. p. 222. ISBN 978-0-9775943-1-3. 
  2. ^ a b c d Tyler, Michael (2011). Field Guide to the Frogs of Australia: (Revised ed.). Csiro Publishing. p. 86. ISBN 0643103988. 
  3. ^ Mark Davidson. 2005. Australian Reptile Keeper Publications. ISBN 0-9758200-0-1