Limonka (newspaper)

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Type newspaper
Format Broadsheet
Owner(s) National Bolshevik Party
Editor Eduard Limonov
Aleksey Volynets
Founded 1994
Headquarters Moscow, Russia
Circulation 10.000
Website Limonka

Limonka - newspaper of direct action (Russian: Лимонка - газета прямого действия) is a Moscow-based newspaper. Limonka is the official organ of the National Bolshevik Party. The name is a play of words on the party's founder surname Limonov and idiomatic Russian for grenade.


Members of the National Bolshevik party at a protest rally in Moscow with a copy of the Limonka newspaper. Photo by Mikhail Evstafiev.

Limonka was founded by Eduard Limonov and it was first published in 1994. On July 26, 2002 it was banned by The Khamovnichesky Court of Moscow for "promoting extremism and calling on overthrowing the constitutional order".[1] Federal Agency on Press accused the newspaper of abuse of freedom of the press and violation of Article 4 of the Law "On Mass Media", pointing out that the publications in Limonka are aimed at inciting of social intolerance and discord and contain calls for the forcible seizure of power and propaganda of war.

Oleg Mironov, Ombudsman in Russia, in his report for 2002, substantiated the liquidation of the newspapers Limonka and Russian Host as "a series of steps to curb the propaganda of ethnic hatred". [2]

Since then, Limonka was printed under title General Line (Russian: Генеральная линия). After banned of the newspaper General Line in 2006, Limonka was published as On the edge (Russian: На краю), and for a 2007 as Trudodni (Russian: Трудодни). Number 319 for July, 2007 came out under the logo of Other Russia.

In all cases the title Limonka was printed in large letters under new titles (General Line, On the edge, Trudodni) in a smaller font, along with the note that the paper hasn't come out since September 20, 2002 (but retained continuous numbering of newspaper Limonka).

Starting from the number 327 the newspaper cased printing paper version and began to spread in the network in the form of pdf files.


"Limonka" is stylized into punk zine.[3][4] The newspaper contains articles on radical politics, counterculture[5] and "acute" social issues. The newspaper also publishes reports from street protests and direct actions.


  • Поколение Лимонки (Generation of Limonka), Ultra.Kultura, 2005[6] - book of short stories by a young Russian authors published in Limonka
  • Окопная правда Чеченской войны (Truth of the trenches of Chechen War), Yauza-Press, Moscow, 2007[7] - collection of articles about War in Chechnya that were published in the newspaper Limonka
  • Лимонка в тюрьму (Limonka to a prison), Centrpoligraf, Moscow, 2012[8][9] - memories of national-bolsheviks - political prisoners




See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Fabrizio Fenghi, Making post-Soviet counterpublics: the aesthetics of Limonka and the National-Bolshevik Party[10]


  1. ^ Лимонка №205.
  2. ^ Report of the Ombudsman for Human Rights in the Russian Federation On the Activities of the Ombudsman for Human Rights in the Russian Federation Oleg Mironov in 2002 // Rossiyskaya Gazeta N 140, 15.07.2003; N 141, 16.07.2003; N 142, 17.07.2003; N 143, 18.07.2003; N 146, 23.07.2003; N 147, 24.07.2003; N 148, 25.07.2003; N 151, 30.07.2003; N 154, 05.08.2003; N 156, 07.08.2003
  3. ^ Punk and national-bolshevism Archived 2013-10-23 at the Wayback Machine..
  4. ^ Limonov, la légende d'un joueur.
  5. ^ Феномен национал-большевистского движения: идеологический, социальный и культурный аспекты.
  6. ^ Поколение Лимонки Archived 2014-10-25 at the Wayback Machine..
  7. ^ Окопная правда Чеченской войны.
  8. ^ Захар Прилепин представляет «Лимонка» в тюрьму.
  9. ^ Лимонка в тюрьму.
  10. ^ Making post-Soviet counterpublics: the aesthetics of Limonka and the National-Bolshevik Party

External links[edit]