Limonlu, Mersin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Limonlu
(Lamas)
Town
Limonlu Mersin Province.jpg
Limonlu is located in Turkey
Limonlu
Limonlu
Location in Turkey
Coordinates: 36°33′N 34°14′E / 36.550°N 34.233°E / 36.550; 34.233Coordinates: 36°33′N 34°14′E / 36.550°N 34.233°E / 36.550; 34.233
Country  Turkey
Province Mersin Province
District Erdemli
Elevation 5 m (16 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 3,475
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 33770
Area code(s) 0324
Licence plate 33

Limonlu (ancient: Antiochia Lamotidos; Byzantine: Lamousia; Arabic: Lāmis; Armenian: Lamos) is small town in Mersin Province, Turkey (Popularly called Lamas).

Geography[edit]

Limonlu is a coastal town at 36°33′N 34°14′E / 36.550°N 34.233°E / 36.550; 34.233 It is by the river Limonlu. It is a part of Erdemli district of Mersin Province. Highway distances to selected localities are as follows: 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) to Erdemli 38 kilometres (24 mi) to Silifke (another district center in Mersin Province) and 45 kilometres (28 mi) to Mersin. The settled (winter) population was 3475 as of 2012.[1]

History[edit]

In antiquity the Limonlu River was the boundary between Cilicia Pedias and Cilicia Trachea, making Limonlu an important border town. In the 10th century A.D. it was a Greek frontier post where prisoners of war were exchanged with the Arabs who controlled Cilicia Pedias. The Byzantine Emperor Manuel I Komnenos captured the town from the Armenians in 1158, but lost it shortly thereafter to the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia.[2] In the 1160s Vasak, the brother of the Armenian Baron of Papeŕōn (Çandır Castle), is listed in the Chronicle of Smbat as the lord of Lamas Castle.[3] The Armenians maintained possession of this strategic site until the 14th-century invasion of the Karamanids. The Ottomans captured the town and its fortress in the late 15th century.

The ruins of the castle are 1 kilometer (0.62 mi) north of the town and consist of a very symmetrical oval wall and at least five towers. At the west end a large fortified wall with a square bastion is placed inside the circuit wall. Most of the fort’s masonry consists of spolia taken from the nearby late antique city and necropolis. Because of its peculiar plan, masonry, and techniques of construction, it is highly likely that this is a Byzantine castle.[3]

Economy[edit]

Like most Mediterranean coastal towns, Limonlu produces fresh vegetables and fruits. The town has specialized in citrus production and in fact the name of the town means with lemon. But lately, tourism has almost replaced agriculture as being the most important economic activity. In 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) Limonlu coastal band, there are many summer houses owned by city dwellers (Turkish: yazlık site). The coastal band is also used for tent camps. Most of the town houses on the other hand, are rented as summer boarding houses.[4]

University[edit]

Middle East Technical University in Ankara has a campus just east of Limonlu (called Mersin–Erdemli campus) used by the Institute/Graduate School of Marine Sciences (Turkish: Deniz Bilimleri Enstitüsü) since 1975.[5]

Notable native[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ TurksatArchived September 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Arik, Osman; Çalışkan, Mehmet; Aydın, Ayşe; Aydınoğlu, Ümit; Kerem, Filiz, eds. (2009) [2007]. Mersin: Ören Yerleri, Kaleleri, Müzeleri [Mersin: Oren Places, Castles, Museums] (in Turkish). Prepared by Filiz Kerem; Photographs by Selami Türk; Graphic design by Tanrtim Sanatlari (First ed.). Istanbul: Ekin Grubu (2007, first edition); İl Özel İdaresi (2009 edition). ISBN 978-605-4196-07-4. OCLC 805652523. ISBN (invalid as printed in first edition) 975-585-787-9. Archived from the original on June 4, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b Edwards, Robert W. (1987). The Fortifications of Armenian Cilicia: Dumbarton Oaks Studies XXIII. Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks, Trustees for Harvard University. pp. 174–176, 284, pls.135a–136a. ISBN 0-88402-163-7. 
  4. ^ Mayor’s page (Turkish)
  5. ^ Marine Sciences Institute page (Turkish)
  6. ^ Composer database