Limpopo Provincial Legislature
|Party-list proportional representation|
|7 May 2014|
The Limpopo Provincial Legislature, previously known as the Northern Transvaal Provincial Legislature and Northern Province Provincial Legislature, is the primary legislative body of the South African province of Limpopo.
It is unicameral in its composition, and elects the premier and the provincial cabinet from among the members of the leading party or coalition in the parliament.
The First legislature was inaugurated in May 1994 as the Northern Transvaal Provincial Legislature. It was renamed in 1995 to the Northern Province Provincial Legislature. The name was officially changed to the Limpopo Provincial Legislature in 2003.
The Fifth Legislature was elected on 7 May 2014 in South Africa's 2014 general election. A majority of the members belong to the African National Congress.
The Limpopo Legislature appoints the Premier of Limpopo, the head of Limpopo's provincial executive. The legislature can force the Premier to resign by passing a motion of no confidence. Although the Executive Council is selected by the Premier, the legislature may pass a motion of no confidence to force the Premier to restructure the Council. The legislature also appoints Limpopo's delegates to the National Council of Provinces, allocating delegates to parties in proportion to the number of seats each party holds in the legislature.
The legislature has the power to pass legislation in various fields stipulated in the national constitution; in some fields the legislative power is shared with the national parliament, while in others it is solely reserved to the province alone. The fields include health, education (except universities), agriculture, housing, environmental protection, and development planning.
The legislature oversees the administration of the Limpopo provincial government, and the Premier and the members of the Executive Council are required to report to the legislature on the performance of their responsibilities. The legislature also regulates the finances of the provincial government by way of the appropriation bills which determine the provincial budget.
The Provincial Legislature consists of 49 members, who are elected through a system of party list proportional representation with closed lists. In other words, each voter casts a vote for one political party, and seats in the legislature are allocated to the parties in proportion to the number of votes received. The seats are then filled by members in accordance with lists submitted by the parties before the election.
The Legislature is elected for a term of five years, unless it is dissolved early. This may occur if the legislature votes to dissolve and it is at least three years since the last election, or if the Premiership falls vacant and the legislature fails to elect a new Premier within ninety days. By convention all nine provincial legislatures and the National Assembly are elected on the same day.
The most recent election was held on 7 May 2014. The following table summarises the results.
|Congress of the People||12,573||0.86||1|
The Speaker is the political head and presiding officer of the legislature. The Speaker is assisted by a Deputy Speaker. The current Speaker is Polly Boshielo. She was inaugurated on 13 October 2015 after the previous Speaker, Merriam Ramadwa, resigned. The Deputy Speaker is Lehlogonolo Masoga. They are both members of the African National Congress.
- Polly Boshielo sworn in as new provincial speaker. 15 October 2015. Retrieved on 8 January 2019.
- Limpopo’s Dickson Masemola runs out of lives. Retrieved on 8 January 2019.
- Mdaka Lim’s new chief whip. Retrieved on 8 January 2019.
- Legislature welcomes Polly Boshielo as the Speaker. Retrieved on 16 February 2019.
- New Speaker elected. Retrieved on 16 February 2019.
- Ramadwa resigns as provincial speaker. Retrieved on 16 February 2019.