Lin Qiaozhi

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Lin Qiaozhi
Born (1901-12-23)December 23, 1901
Xiamen, Fujian, China
Died April 22, 1984(1984-04-22) (aged 82)
Beijing, China
Education Fukien Provincial Female Normal School
Yenching University
Peking Union Medical College
Medical career
Institutions Peking Union Medical College Hospital
Beijing Obstetrics & Gynecology Hospital
Specialism Obstetrics and Gynecology

Lin Qiaozhi or Kha-Ti Lim (Chinese: 林巧稚; pinyin: Lín Qiǎozhì; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Lîm Khá-tī; Dec. 23, 1901 – Apr. 22, 1983) was a Chinese obstetrician and gynecologist. In 1948, she returned to Union Hospital and worked there till her death. She did research in the fields of fetal breathing, female pelvic diseases, gynecologic oncology and neonatal hemolytic disorders.[1][2][3] She revolutionized modern Chinese gynecology and oncology. As an obstetrician, she delivered over 50,000 babies in her career. She never married or had children of her own, but always wrote "Lin Qiaozhi's Baby" on the newborns' name tags. She died in Beijing on April 23, 1983.[4]

Lin was selected as the deputy to the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th National People's Congress. Meanwhile, she was the member of the 3rd, 4th and 5th Standing Committee.[5]

Early life and education[edit]

Lin born at Gulangyu on December 1901. She came from a Westernized and Christian background, which shared with PUMC, hence she had a desire to be enrolled at the latter. She arrived in Shanghai to take the Pre-Medical Entrance Test of the college in 1921. Conducting the aid of a fainted damsel interrupted completing her paper. Still, the college admired her selflessness and admitted eventually her as a special case.[6]

Lin won the Walter A. Hawley scholarship (Chinese: 文海奖学金) to the PUMC as the most excellent graduate in 1929,[7] which was considerable and might amount to the annual salary of an assistant resident.[8]

Career[edit]

Lin became the first native female physician hired as an assistant resident in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, PUMC hospital.

Lin took advanced training in London and Manchester in 1932, she went to Vienna in the next year as a visiting scholar. In 1939, Lin went to Chicago University Medical School to continue her research. Meantime, Lin focused on the placenta praevia and placental abruption.[9]

Upon return to PUMC, Lin became the first native female to be appointed director of a hospital department of obstetrics and gynecology. Since the Pacific War broken out, the Hospital was closed by the Japanese military, Lin initiated personal practice at her residence, 10 Dongtangzi Hutong,[10] where she finished a total of 8,887 medical records.[11]

Lin's attitude towards the patients[edit]

Lin used to told her students and residents that only if a physician watched by his/her patient's bed, he/she will feel esteemed by his/her patient, while the patient feel the care and concern from the physician.

The object of the physician is a real living human...the medical treatment aimed at mending rather than fixing, it is important to get close to the patients on a face to face basis rather than merely to be a skilful mechanic.

(医生的对象是活生生的人……看病不是修理机器,医生不能做纯技术专家,要到病人那里做面对面的工作)[12]

Lin's attitude towards the pregnant women[edit]

When a pregnant woman has contractions, Lin always comforts her. She prefers putting her ear against her abdomen gently to using a stethoscope to catch the fetus's heart beating. It was believed to be a way dispelling her fear or narrowing the gap.[13]

Lin trusted that "better to be early than late" for the antenatal check-up.[12] [14] In the 1970s, there was once a pregnant woman delayed her first antenatal check-up to the 7th mouth. She was anger at that and regarded it as a shame for a obstetrician and gynecologist, since she blamed the thing on her negligent manner.[14]

Death and posthumous recognition[edit]

The statue of Kha-Ti Lim

Lin suffered from several diseases later in life. She died on April 22, 1984 at the PUMC Hospital.[citation needed] She donated her body for anatomical teaching. Later, her ashes were scattered over the sea. She left money to be used for a kindergarten and to endow a fund to award a young resident.[14]

On the seventh anniversary of Lin's death in 1990, China Post issued a commemorative stamp to honour her.[15]

Personal life[edit]

Lin never married. To some extent it might be attributed to the hospital authority used to believed that career and marriage are mutually exclusive for a young doctor. She lived at Waijiaobu Road, No.59 with her niece Lin Xinkeng (Chinese: 林心鏗), and the latter's husband Zhou Huakang (Chinese: 周華康) until she died.

Lin lived mostly on coffee, even Zhou Enlai once gave her some as a gift.[16]

Lin and Peng Zhen's family had an amicable relationship.

Scientific papers[edit]

The effect of respiration stimulants in the newborn infant, Am. J. Obst. & Gynec., 50: 146–153, 1945

Notable students[edit]

Family[edit]

Lin's father spent his most young period in Singapore, then he returned Xiamen and became an English teacher.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lin Qiaozhi, Lin Qiaozhi, Guardian Angel of Mothers and Babies Archived 2007-12-12 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Madame Dr.Lin Qiaozhi; China's Pioneer Gynecologist
  3. ^ Lin Qiaozhi, By Person
  4. ^ Johns, Grace Foote (1996). "Lin Ch'iao-chih". In Shearer, Benjamin F.; Shearer, Barbara S. Notable Women in the Life Sciences: A Biographical Dictionary. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. pp. 68–74. ISBN 0313293023. 
  5. ^ "首任院长、妇产科专家林巧稚". 
  6. ^ "医术精湛 行为世范 白衣天使新女性 医德高尚 大爱无疆 万婴之母林巧稚 (in Chinese)". China Science & Technology Education No.4: 76. 2013. 
  7. ^ "林巧稚 (in Chinese)". 
  8. ^ Peking Union Medical College (协和医事 in Chinese). SDX Joint Publishing Company. 2016. p. 90. ISBN 9787108057402. 
  9. ^ Beijing Chorographies: Health & Hygiene Chorograph. Beijing Press. 2003. p. 455. ISBN 7200049352. 
  10. ^ Xiamen Chorographies, Vol 5. Fangzhi Press. 2004. ISBN 7-80192-026-0. 
  11. ^ "若道中华果国亡 看抗战中的医者身影 (in Chinese)". 
  12. ^ a b Beijing Chorographies: Health & Hygiene Chorograph. Beijing Press. 2003. p. 518. ISBN 7200049352. 
  13. ^ 医道 (in Chinese). Pecking Union Medical College Press. 2012. p. 276. ISBN 9787811366761. 
  14. ^ a b c "纪念我国妇产科学的开拓者——为林巧稚大夫诞辰100周年而作". Chinese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology (中华妇产科学杂志) No.12. 36: 710. 2001. 
  15. ^ "林巧稚:中国现代妇科之“母” (in Chinese)". China Health Industry (中国卫生产业) No.11. 6: 31. 2009. 
  16. ^ "周恩来与“东方圣母”林巧稚 (in Chinese)". 

External links[edit]