Modernization of gynecology and obstetrics in China
Lin Qiaozhi (Chinese: 林巧稚; pinyin: Lín Qiǎozhì; Dec. 23, 1901 – Apr. 23, 1983) was a Chinese physician, born in Gulangyu on December 23, 1901. She attended medical school at Beijing's Union Medical College, and later took advanced training in London and Manchester. In 1929, she became the first female resident physician in Union Hospital's Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. In 1939, Lin went to the United States to study at Chicago Medical College. In 1948, she returned to Union Hospital and worked there till her death. She did research in the fields of fetal breathing, female pelvic diseases, gynecologic oncology and neonatalhemolytic disorders. She revolutionized modern Chinese gynecology and oncology. As an obstetrician, she delivered over 50,000 babies in her career. She never married or had children of her own, but always wrote "Lin Qiaozhi's Baby" on the newborns' name tags. She died in Beijing on April 23, 1983.
^Johns, Grace Foote (1996). "Lin Ch'iao-chih". In Shearer, Benjamin F.; Shearer, Barbara S. Notable Women in the Life Sciences: A Biographical Dictionary. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. pp. 68–74. ISBN0313293023.