Lin Xu (simplified Chinese: 林旭; traditional Chinese: 林 旭; 1875– 1898) was born in 侯官 （known today as Fuzhou）, Fujian. He was a scholar, song writer, poet, reformer, and disciple of Kang Youwei (Chinese: 康有為) during the Qing Dynasty. In 1893, he took the imperial court examination given locally and passed as First Degree Scholar (举人). In 1895, Emperor GuangXu appointed him as an imperial court official. On April of 1898, in response to the foreign invasion of China, and internal political turmoil of the imperial court controlled by de facto ruler Empress Dowager Cixi, he co-founded the State Protection Association (保国会) which ardently opposed colonization of China by European countries, but supported a radical social, educational and political reform to create a strong, independent, internationalist country. As one of the "Six Gentlemen" (戊戌六君子) who partook in the Hundred Days Reform, he embraced western style government, and advocated to change the absolute monarchy to constitutional monarchy with democracy. On September 21st of 1898, conservative Empress Cixi, who thought the reform as a foreign plot to overthrow her sovereignty, forced the dispersion of the association, denounced the reform, and put him in jail. On September 28th of the same year, at age 23, he was executed by Empress Cixi after the unsuccessful Hundred Days Reform. The execution took place by Xuanwumen 宣武门 (literally the gate of military might), a gate outside of the Beijing's former city hall. Lin Xu's well known work which survived today include Wan Cui Xuan Anthology of Poetry (晚翠轩集).
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