Lincoln, California

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Lincoln, California
City of Lincoln
Woman's Club of Lincoln (California), entrance.jpg
Downtown Lincoln, California (cropped).JPEG
Woman's Club of Lincoln (left) and Downtown (right)
Location of Lincoln in Placer County, California
Location of Lincoln in Placer County, California
Lincoln, California is located in the United States
Lincoln, California
Lincoln, California
Location in the United States of America
Coordinates: 38°53′14″N 121°17′46″W / 38.88722°N 121.29611°W / 38.88722; -121.29611Coordinates: 38°53′14″N 121°17′46″W / 38.88722°N 121.29611°W / 38.88722; -121.29611
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountyPlacer
IncorporatedAugust 7, 1890[1]
Government
 • TypeCouncil–manager[2]
 • MayorDan Karleskint[2]
 • State senatorBrian Dahle (R)[3]
 • AssemblymemberKevin Kiley (R)[3]
 • U. S. rep.Tom McClintock (R)[4]
Area
 • Total23.55 sq mi (61.00 km2)
 • Land23.51 sq mi (60.89 km2)
 • Water0.04 sq mi (0.11 km2)  0.12%
Elevation167 ft (51 m)
Population
 • Total42,819
 • Estimate 
(2019)[8]
48,275
 • Density2,053.38/sq mi (792.81/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
95648
Area code916, 279
FIPS code06-41474
GNIS feature ID277539
Websitewww.lincolnca.gov

Lincoln is a city in Placer County, California, United States, part of the Sacramento metropolitan area. Located in an area of rapid suburban development, it grew 282.1 percent between 2000 and 2010, making it the fastest-growing city over 10,000 people in the U.S.[9] Its 2019 population was estimated to be 48,275.[10]

Lincoln is part of the Sacramento-Roseville Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The original townsite was surveyed and laid out in 1859 by Theodore Judah along the proposed line of the California Central Railroad. The name "Lincoln" was conferred in honor of Charles Lincoln Wilson, one of the organizers, a fundraiser, and management contractor of the California Central Railroad (CCRR). The CCRR was planned as a rail link between the cities of Marysville and Sacramento via a connection to the Sacramento Valley Railroad in Folsom. Grading from Folsom to Marysville commenced in 1858 and was completed to Grider's Ranch (Roseville) by 1859.

November 1859 advertisement announcing founding sale of town lots, by Charles Lincoln Wilson, in the new town of Lincoln on the California Central Railroad

At Auburn Ravine, where the line makes an elbow and turns northward toward Marysville, a new railroad town Lincoln was located by Judah with town lots on sale from Wilson.[11] At an auction in Sacramento on November 23, 1859, over $4,000 was raised from the sales of lots in Lincoln, ranging from $20 to $400 for each lot.[12] With the grading on the first division of the road from Folsom completed eighteen miles to Lincoln, track laying began at Folsom on December 30, 1859.[13] With the help of the Chinese laborers, the company was able to complete the railroad to Lincoln on October 14, 1861.[14][15] The completion of the railroad "changed the appearance of the locality, and breathed into the town the breath of life", birthing probably the first platted railroad town in California.[16]

At this point, due to a lack of funds, further construction on the California Central was temporarily halted and Lincoln experienced a small-scale boom as the northern terminus of this new road. Within a few years, however, more investors were found and the line was extended to Wheatland, in Yuba County, bringing an end to this early stage of Lincoln's development.

When most of its population and business moved on with the railroad, the town settled into a lull until the early 1870s, when rich clay deposits of the Ione Formation were discovered nearby. This led to the establishment of Gladding, McBean & Co., the pottery for which Lincoln is famous, ushering in a new era of prosperity and growth.

Lincoln remained a sleepy town until the mid-1990s, when the suburbs of Sacramento started expanding beyond nearby Roseville. The city is now experiencing a new period of growth. As of the 2010 census, the population was 42,819, for a growth rate of 282.1% since 2000, making Lincoln the fastest-growing city in the United States over that decade.[9]

In June 2004, Lincoln gained additional notoriety when it opened the first casino in the greater Sacramento Metropolitan Area, Thunder Valley Casino Resort.

In 2006, Lincoln was named an All-America City by the National Civic League. It was the only California city to be named an All-America City that year and only one of 10 cities to receive the prestigious award.

Geography[edit]

Lincoln is located at 38°53′14″N 121°17′46″W / 38.88722°N 121.29611°W / 38.88722; -121.29611 (38.887121, -121.295973).[17]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.1 square miles (52 km2), of which 0.02 square miles (0.052 km2), or 0.12%, is water.

Climate[edit]

Lincoln has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csa) that is characterized by cool, wet winters and hot, dry summers. The "wet season" is generally October through April. Lincoln averages nearly 250 sunny days per year. During summer, days can become quite hot with an average high of 94 °F (34 °C) in July. Some days have even hit 104 °F (40 °C) and these conditions have been known to last several weeks. The cooling effect of the delta breeze from the Bay Area helps bring night temperatures down to comfortable levels. Spring and fall months are quite short transitional periods with mild temperatures. During winter months, temperatures are quite chilly with an average low of 39 °F (4 °C) in January. Some nights have reported below-freezing temperatures, though this is uncommon. Lincoln receives a little over 20.45 inches (519 mm) of precipitation a year. Snowfall is extremely rare in Lincoln but it does happen from time to time.

Climate data for Lincoln, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 75
(24)
78
(26)
86
(30)
98
(37)
107
(42)
110
(43)
115
(46)
110
(43)
111
(44)
102
(39)
87
(31)
76
(24)
115
(46)
Average high °F (°C) 53
(12)
60
(16)
64
(18)
71
(22)
80
(27)
88
(31)
94
(34)
92
(33)
87
(31)
77
(25)
63
(17)
54
(12)
74
(23)
Daily mean °F (°C) 46
(8)
51
(11)
54
(12)
60
(16)
66
(19)
73
(23)
78
(26)
76
(24)
73
(23)
65
(18)
54
(12)
47
(8)
62
(17)
Average low °F (°C) 39
(4)
42
(6)
44
(7)
48
(9)
53
(12)
58
(14)
61
(16)
61
(16)
58
(14)
52
(11)
44
(7)
39
(4)
50
(10)
Record low °F (°C) 21
(−6)
23
(−5)
27
(−3)
33
(1)
36
(2)
43
(6)
48
(9)
46
(8)
41
(5)
31
(−1)
27
(−3)
16
(−9)
16
(−9)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.98
(101)
3.46
(88)
3.07
(78)
1.58
(40)
0.58
(15)
0.12
(3.0)
0.04
(1.0)
0.06
(1.5)
0.35
(8.9)
1.08
(27)
2.80
(71)
3.33
(85)
20.45
(519.4)
Average precipitation days 9 8 9 5 3 1 1 1 1 3 7 9 57
Source: http://www.myforecast.com/bin/climate.m?city=11897&zip_code=95648&metric=false

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880275
1890961249.5%
19001,06110.4%
19101,40232.1%
19201,325−5.5%
19302,09458.0%
19402,044−2.4%
19502,41017.9%
19603,19732.7%
19703,176−0.7%
19804,13230.1%
19907,24875.4%
200011,20554.6%
201042,819282.1%
202049,75716.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[18]

2010[edit]

At the 2010 census Lincoln had a population of 42,819. The population density was 2,127.1 inhabitants per square mile (821.3/km2). The racial makeup of Lincoln was 34,087 (79.6%) White, 629 (1.5%) African American, 399 (0.9%) Native American, 2,663 (6.2%) Asian, 115 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 3,125 (7.3%) from other races, and 1,801 (4.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7,597 persons (17.7%).[19]

The census reported that 42,704 people (99.7% of the population) lived in households, 30 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 85 (0.2%) were institutionalized.

There were 16,479 households, 5,190 (31.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 10,365 (62.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,202 (7.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 586 (3.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 775 (4.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 110 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 3,518 households (21.3%) were one person and 2,128 (12.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.59. There were 12,153 families (73.7% of households); the average family size was 3.01.

The age distribution was 10,382 people (24.2%) under the age of 18, 2,360 people (5.5%) aged 18 to 24, 10,862 people (25.4%) aged 25 to 44, 9,166 people (21.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 10,049 people (23.5%) who were 65 or older. The median age was 40.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.

There were 17,457 housing units at an average density of 867.2 per square mile, of the occupied units 13,115 (79.6%) were owner-occupied and 3,364 (20.4%) were rented. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.5%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.7%. 32,473 people (75.8% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 10,231 people (23.9%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

At the 2000 census there were 11,205 people in 3,874 households, including 3,033 families, in the city. The population density was 612.6 inhabitants per square mile (236.5/km2). There were 4,146 housing units at an average density of 226.7 per square mile (87.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 79.64% White, 0.44% African American, 1.26% Native American, 1.08% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 13.47% from other races, and 3.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25.98%.[20]

Of the 3,874 households 40.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.5% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.7% were non-families. Of all households 17.2% were one person and 6.8% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.20.

The age distribution was 30.0% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% 65 or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $45,547, and the median family income was $51,166. Males had a median income of $38,460 versus $25,603 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,447. About 10.3% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.0% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on February 21, 2013. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  2. ^ a b "City Council". City of Lincoln, California. Retrieved September 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved December 3, 2014.
  4. ^ "California's 4th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
  5. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  6. ^ "Lincoln". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
  7. ^ "Lincoln (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 8, 2015. Retrieved January 7, 2015.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  9. ^ a b "Population Distribution and Change: 2000 to 2010" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. March 2011. Retrieved June 13, 2011.
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  11. ^ "The California Central Railroad". cdnc.ucr.edu. San Joaquin Republican, Volume IX, Number 279. 24 November 1859.
  12. ^ "The new town of Lincoln". cdnc.ucr.edu. Daily National Gazette, Volume 2, Number 18. 26 November 1859. The new town of Lincoln, located at Auburn Ravine on Mr. S. R. Wymans Ranch, bids fair to become a town of some note. It will be the depot for the California Central Railroad; and will be the nearest point to the Railroad from Nevada and Sierra counties.
  13. ^ "LAYING THE TRACK". Sacramento Daily Union, Volume 18, Number 2734. 31 December 1859.
  14. ^ "Board of Directors: California Central Railroad". cdnc.ucr.edu. Sacramento Daily Union, Volume 15, Number 2252. 15 June 1858. Retrieved 21 June 2021. The experiment bids fair to demonstrate that Chinese laborers can be profitably employed in grading railroads in California.
  15. ^ "Railroad Matters". cdnc.ucr.edu. Weekly Butte Record, Volume 8, Number 50. 19 October 1861. Retrieved 1 July 2021. On Monday last [14 October 1861] a regular train of passenger cars commenced running on the California Central Railroad, between Folsom and Lincoln.
  16. ^ "LINCOLN. — The town of Lincoln, at Auburn Ravine, Placer county". cdnc.ucr.edu. Sacramento Daily Union, Volume 22, Number 3308. 4 November 1861. Retrieved 1 July 2021. The town does not take its name from the present President of the United States, but from its founder, whose middle name is Lincoln. ... The completion of the railroad and the daily arrival of the locomotive has changed the appearance of the locality, and breathed into the town the breath of life.
  17. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  18. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  19. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Lincoln city". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  20. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

External links[edit]