Lincoln County, Georgia

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Lincoln County
Lincoln County Courthouse in Lincolnton
Map of Georgia highlighting Lincoln County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 33°47′N 82°27′W / 33.79°N 82.45°W / 33.79; -82.45
Country United States
State Georgia
FoundedFebruary 20, 1796; 226 years ago (1796-02-20)
Named forBenjamin Lincoln
SeatLincolnton
Largest cityLincolnton
Area
 • Total257 sq mi (670 km2)
 • Land210 sq mi (500 km2)
 • Water47 sq mi (120 km2)  18.2%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
7,915
 • Density38/sq mi (15/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district10th
Websitewww.lincolncountyga.com

Lincoln County is a county located in the east central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,996.[1] The county seat is Lincolnton.[2] The county was created on February 20, 1796.

Lincoln County is included in the Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC Metropolitan Statistical Area, the Savannah River forming its northeastern border. Located above the fall line, it is part of the Central Savannah River Area (CSRA) and a member of the CSRA Regional Development Center.

History[edit]

On February 20, 1796, Lincoln County was established as the twenty-fourth county in the state of Georgia. Before then, its territory was part of Wilkes County, now on its western side. The new county was named after General Benjamin Lincoln (1733-1810), a Revolutionary War hero notable for receiving Gen. Cornwallis's sword at Yorktown, Virginia.

On January 22, 1852, the legislature changed the location of the line between Wilkes County and Lincoln County, although there is no extant record as to why the legislature made the change.[citation needed]

From before the American Revolutionary War until the 1950s, Lincoln County was primarily a farming and agricultural area. The development and creation of Clarks Hill Dam created a large reservoir that covered portions of Lincoln and nearby counties. Developers have created many residential neighborhoods and subdivisions in areas near the lake.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 257 square miles (670 km2), of which 210 square miles (540 km2) is land and 47 square miles (120 km2) (18.2%) is water.[3] The county is located in the Piedmont region of the state just above the fall line of the eastern United States.

The bulk of Lincoln County, from just south of Lincolnton heading north, is located in the Upper Savannah River sub-basin of the Savannah River basin, with the exception of a tiny sliver of the northernmost section of the county, which is located in the Broad River sub-basin of the larger Savannah River basin. The southern portion of the county is located in the Little River sub-basin of the same Savannah River basin.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18004,766
18104,555−4.4%
18206,45841.8%
18306,145−4.8%
18405,895−4.1%
18505,9981.7%
18605,466−8.9%
18705,413−1.0%
18806,41218.5%
18906,146−4.1%
19007,15616.4%
19108,71421.8%
19209,73911.8%
19307,847−19.4%
19407,042−10.3%
19506,462−8.2%
19605,906−8.6%
19705,895−0.2%
19806,71613.9%
19907,44210.8%
20008,34812.2%
20107,996−4.2%
2018 (est.)7,915[5]−1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 8,348 people, 3,251 households, and 2,379 families living in the county. The population density was 40 people per square mile (15/km2). There were 4,514 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile (8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 64.25% White, 34.37% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.24% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. 0.97% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,251 households, out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.20% were married couples living together, 15.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.80% were non-families. 23.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.40% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 26.30% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,952, and the median income for a family was $36,657. Males had a median income of $27,165 versus $21,338 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,351. About 12.40% of families and 15.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.60% of those under age 18 and 15.90% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 7,996 people, 3,281 households, and 2,252 families living in the county.[11] The population density was 38.0 inhabitants per square mile (14.7/km2). There were 4,786 housing units at an average density of 22.7 per square mile (8.8/km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 65.7% white, 32.1% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.4% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.2% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 24.8% were American, 8.4% were English, and 6.3% were German.[13]

Of the 3,281 households, 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.4% were non-families, and 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age was 45.0 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $36,399 and the median income for a family was $43,872. Males had a median income of $38,200 versus $24,577 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,627. About 23.2% of families and 26.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.2% of those under age 18 and 28.5% of those age 65 or over.[14]

2020 census[edit]

Lincoln County Racial Composition[15]
Race Num. Perc.
White 5,196 67.57%
Black or African American 2,116 27.52%
Native American 18 0.23%
Asian 20 0.26%
Pacific Islander 3 0.04%
Other/Mixed 245 3.19%
Hispanic or Latino 92 1.2%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 7,690 people, 3,475 households, and 2,142 families residing in the county.

Recreation and historical sites[edit]

Since the creation of Clarks Hill Lake, recreation has contributed to Lincoln County's growth. It is a main destination for tourists, providing fishing, boating, and other water sport opportunities for visitors and nearby residents.

Toward the eastern part of Lincoln County, just before the South Carolina line, is Elijah Clarke State Park. This park is roughly 447 acres (1.81 km2). In May of every year, Elijah Clarke holds a bluegrass festival which has become a major attraction in the last 20 years. Several well-known bluegrass musicians play at this event each year, including Lincoln County natives, The Lewis Family. Also held annually at Elijah Clarke is an Arts and Crafts Festival and a Log Cabin Christmas.

There are many historic places to visit in Lincoln County. They include:

Economy[edit]

Economic growth has been associated with development of the J. Strom Thurmond Dam and Clarks Hill Lake. In Lincoln County, logging is a multimillion-dollar industry. More than 20 logging businesses produce most of the jobs for Lincoln County residents. The county has attracted new companies, such as Hero Metal, LLC; Top Grill, LLC; and Charles Owen, Inc.[citation needed]

Communities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Politics[edit]

United States presidential election results for Lincoln County, Georgia[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 3,173 68.37% 1,432 30.86% 36 0.78%
2016 2,759 67.26% 1,273 31.03% 70 1.71%
2012 2,807 63.36% 1,586 35.80% 37 0.84%
2008 2,731 61.73% 1,650 37.30% 43 0.97%
2004 2,309 63.12% 1,337 36.55% 12 0.33%
2000 1,807 58.23% 1,275 41.09% 21 0.68%
1996 1,391 47.33% 1,334 45.39% 214 7.28%
1992 1,149 38.84% 1,327 44.86% 482 16.29%
1988 1,417 60.97% 893 38.43% 14 0.60%
1984 1,357 54.89% 1,115 45.11% 0 0.00%
1980 806 33.03% 1,617 66.27% 17 0.70%
1976 576 26.68% 1,583 73.32% 0 0.00%
1972 1,246 78.56% 340 21.44% 0 0.00%
1968 408 18.64% 491 22.43% 1,290 58.93%
1964 943 72.76% 353 27.24% 0 0.00%
1960 197 22.75% 669 77.25% 0 0.00%
1956 155 18.21% 696 81.79% 0 0.00%
1952 327 33.68% 644 66.32% 0 0.00%
1948 32 4.39% 99 13.58% 598 82.03%
1944 165 27.09% 444 72.91% 0 0.00%
1940 67 12.45% 466 86.62% 5 0.93%
1936 88 13.21% 561 84.23% 17 2.55%
1932 3 0.45% 660 99.40% 1 0.15%
1928 413 48.14% 445 51.86% 0 0.00%
1924 121 9.57% 847 67.01% 296 23.42%
1920 3 0.59% 509 99.41% 0 0.00%
1916 56 14.21% 333 84.52% 5 1.27%
1912 27 9.28% 264 90.72% 0 0.00%


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  4. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved November 19, 2015.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 31, 2019.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  15. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 9, 2021.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 21, 2018.

Further reading[edit]

  • Perryman, Clinton J. History of Lincoln County, Georgia, Tignall, GA: 1985

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°47′N 82°27′W / 33.79°N 82.45°W / 33.79; -82.45