Lincoln County, Maine

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Lincoln County, Maine
Pownalborough Courthouse.jpg
Pownalborough Courthouse in Dresden.
Flag of Lincoln County, Maine
Flag
Map of Maine highlighting Lincoln County
Location in the U.S. state of Maine
Map of the United States highlighting Maine
Maine's location in the U.S.
Founded 1760
Named for Lincoln, England
Seat Wiscasset
Largest town Waldoboro
Area
 • Total 700 sq mi (1,813 km2)
 • Land 456 sq mi (1,181 km2)
 • Water 244 sq mi (632 km2), 35%
Population (est.)
 • (2010) 34,216
 • Density 76/sq mi (29/km2)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/−4
Website www.lincolncountymaine.me

Lincoln County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maine. As of the 2010 census, the population was 34,457.[1] Its seat is Wiscasset.[2] The county was founded in 1760 from a portion of York County, Massachusetts and named after the English city Lincoln,[3] the birthplace of Massachusetts Bay Provincial Governor Thomas Pownall.[4]

At its founding, Lincoln County accounted for three-fifths of the state's land, and stretched east to Nova Scotia. Thirteen counties were cut out of this land including Sagadahoc County to the west.[5] The county flag is a traditional New England flag, adopted in 1977.[6]

Geography[edit]

Boothbay Harbor

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 700 square miles (1,800 km2), of which 456 square miles (1,180 km2) is land and 244 square miles (630 km2) (35%) is water.[7] It is the third-smallest county in Maine by area.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
179029,733
180030,2251.7%
181042,99242.2%
182053,18923.7%
183057,1927.5%
184063,51711.1%
185074,87517.9%
186027,860−62.8%
187025,597−8.1%
188024,821−3.0%
189021,996−11.4%
190019,669−10.6%
191018,216−7.4%
192015,976−12.3%
193015,498−3.0%
194016,2945.1%
195018,00410.5%
196018,4972.7%
197020,53711.0%
198025,69125.1%
199030,35718.2%
200033,61610.7%
201034,4572.5%
Est. 201634,216[8]−0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790–1960[10] 1900–1990[11]
1990–2000[12] 2010–2016[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 census, there were 14,158 households, and 9,542 families residing in the county. The population density was 74 people per square mile (28/km²). There were 20,849 housing units at an average density of 46 per square mile (18/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.46% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.10% from other races, and 0.61% from two or more races. 0.46% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.3% were of English, 15.4% United States or American, 11.2% Irish, 9.0% German and 7.3% French ancestry. Most of those claiming to be of "American" ancestry are actually of English descent, but have family that has been in the country for so long, in many cases since the early seventeenth century that they choose to identify simply as "American".[13][14][15][16][17] 97.7% spoke English and 1.0% French as their first language.

There were 14,158 households out of which 28.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.10% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.60% were non-families. 26.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.70% under the age of 18, 5.50% from 18 to 24, 25.60% from 25 to 44, 28.10% from 45 to 64, and 18.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 95.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,686, and the median income for a family was $45,427. Males had a median income of $31,209 versus $23,161 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,760. About 6.60% of families and 10.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.80% of those under age 18 and 9.50% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 34,457 people, 15,149 households, and 9,749 families residing in the county.[18] The population density was 75.6 inhabitants per square mile (29.2/km2). There were 23,493 housing units at an average density of 51.5 per square mile (19.9/km2).[19] The racial makeup of the county was 97.6% white, 0.5% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.1% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.8% of the population.[18] In terms of ancestry, 30.4% were English, 17.7% were Irish, 13.4% were German, 8.6% were Scottish, and 8.5% were American.[20]

Of the 15,149 households, 24.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.6% were non-families, and 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.72. The median age was 48.1 years.[18]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,678 and the median income for a family was $58,028. Males had a median income of $40,816 versus $31,473 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,003. About 7.7% of families and 10.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.2% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over.[21]

Politics[edit]

Voter registration[edit]

Voter registration and party enrollment as of June 2014[22]
Unenrolled 9,345 35.44%
Republican 8,636 32.75%
Democratic 7,328 27.79%
Green Independent 1,055 4.00%
Total 26,364 100%
Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[23]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 45.2% 9,727 47.6% 10,241 7.1% 1,535
2012 42.9% 8,899 54.5% 11,315 2.6% 543
2008 43.0% 9,287 55.1% 11,886 1.9% 411
2004 46.8% 10,370 51.3% 11,351 1.9% 421
2000 48.1% 9,457 43.9% 8,634 8.0% 1,580
1996 35.1% 6,372 44.7% 8,130 20.2% 3,671
1992 33.7% 6,405 35.3% 6,714 31.1% 5,917
1988 61.8% 9,837 37.3% 5,939 0.9% 144
1984 67.7% 10,312 32.0% 4,869 0.4% 55
1980 52.1% 7,434 33.5% 4,776 14.4% 2,049
1976 59.0% 7,554 37.7% 4,818 3.3% 425
1972 72.3% 7,580 27.7% 2,903 0.0% 4
1968 61.1% 5,659 36.5% 3,380 2.4% 222
1964 43.8% 3,984 56.1% 5,099 0.1% 11
1960 76.4% 7,562 23.6% 2,337 0.0% 0
1956 86.1% 7,191 13.9% 1,164 0.0% 0
1952 83.8% 6,766 16.1% 1,299 0.1% 9
1948 80.5% 4,743 18.6% 1,095 1.0% 56
1944 70.0% 4,919 29.9% 2,102 0.1% 9
1940 68.4% 5,244 31.5% 2,415 0.1% 5
1936 72.6% 5,252 25.6% 1,850 1.8% 130
1932 63.8% 4,666 35.6% 2,602 0.6% 41
1928 78.9% 4,470 20.8% 1,181 0.3% 18
1924 77.4% 3,311 20.5% 878 2.1% 91
1920 73.6% 3,668 25.2% 1,256 1.2% 59
1916 50.0% 1,781 48.2% 1,718 1.8% 65
1912 12.3% 457 43.9% 1,633 43.8% 1,631
1908 56.4% 1,693 39.9% 1,196 3.7% 111

Communities[edit]

The Damariscotta River near the Whaleback Shell Midden State Historic Site

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated villages[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved August 19, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "north by east". Down East: The Magazine of Maine: 19. June 2008. 
  4. ^ "Lincoln County Maine". lincolncountymaine. Retrieved 2018-08-25. 
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-09-26. Retrieved 2010-02-11. 
  6. ^ The Flag of New England Page Archived 2007-04-01 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 9, 2014. Retrieved September 7, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 7, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2014. 
  13. ^ Sharing the Dream: White Males in a Multicultural America By Dominic J. Pulera.
  14. ^ Reynolds Farley, 'The New Census Question about Ancestry: What Did It Tell Us?', Demography, Vol. 28, No. 3 (August 1991), pp. 414, 421.
  15. ^ Stanley Lieberson and Lawrence Santi, 'The Use of Nativity Data to Estimate Ethnic Characteristics and Patterns', Social Science Research, Vol. 14, No. 1 (1985), pp. 44–6.
  16. ^ Stanley Lieberson and Mary C. Waters, 'Ethnic Groups in Flux: The Changing Ethnic Responses of American Whites', Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 487, No. 79 (September 1986), pp. 82–86.
  17. ^ Mary C. Waters, Ethnic Options: Choosing Identities in America (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990), p. 36.
  18. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-21. 
  19. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-21. 
  20. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-21. 
  21. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-21. 
  22. ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of June 10, 2014" (PDF). Maine Bureau of Corporations. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 30, 2014. 
  23. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-08-25. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°00′N 69°32′W / 44.00°N 69.53°W / 44.00; -69.53