Lincoln County, Missouri

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Lincoln County, Missouri
Lincoln County MO Courthouse 20141022 A.jpg
Lincoln County Courthouse in Troy
Map of Missouri highlighting Lincoln County
Location in the U.S. state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Founded December 14, 1818
Named for Benjamin Lincoln
Seat Troy
Largest city Troy
Area
 • Total 640 sq mi (1,658 km2)
 • Land 627 sq mi (1,624 km2)
 • Water 14 sq mi (36 km2), 2.2%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 54,696
 • Density 84/sq mi (32/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.lcmo.us
An old barn in rural Lincoln County

Lincoln County is a county in the eastern part of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 52,566.[1] Its county seat is Troy.[2] The county was founded December 14, 1818, and named for Major General Benjamin Lincoln of the American Revolutionary War.[3]

Lincoln County is part of the St. Louis, MO-IL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

According to Goodspeed's History of Lincoln County, Missouri (1888), Lincoln County was named by Major Christopher Clark, the first permanent white settler, when he addressed the Territorial Legislature saying, "I was born, sir, in Link-Horn County, N.C., I lived for many years in Link-Horn County in old Kain-tuck. I wish to die in Link-Horn County, in Missouri; and I move, therefore, that the blank in the bill be filled with the name Link-Horn." The motion was carried unanimously and the clerk, not adopting the frontier parlance of the Major, wrote "Lincoln" in the blank space of the bill. Others say it was named for Major General Benjamin Lincoln who served in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War.

Notable residents[edit]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 640 square miles (1,700 km2), of which 627 square miles (1,620 km2) is land and 14 square miles (36 km2) (2.2%) is water.[4] The county's eastern border with Illinois is formed by the Mississippi River.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 1,662
1830 4,059 144.2%
1840 7,449 83.5%
1850 9,421 26.5%
1860 14,210 50.8%
1870 15,960 12.3%
1880 17,426 9.2%
1890 18,346 5.3%
1900 18,352 0.0%
1910 17,003 −7.4%
1920 15,956 −6.2%
1930 13,929 −12.7%
1940 14,395 3.3%
1950 13,478 −6.4%
1960 14,783 9.7%
1970 18,041 22.0%
1980 22,193 23.0%
1990 28,892 30.2%
2000 38,944 34.8%
2010 52,566 35.0%
Est. 2016 55,267 [5] 5.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2015[1]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 38,944 people, 13,851 households, and 10,554 families residing in the county. The population density was 62 people per square mile (24/km²). There were 15,511 housing units at an average density of 25 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.13% White, 1.74% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, and 1.14% from two or more races. Approximately 1.14% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 37.7% were of German, 17.0% American, 10.9% Irish and 7.4% English ancestry.

There were 13,851 households out of which 40.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.50% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.80% were non-families. 19.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the county, the population was spread out with 30.00% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 30.20% from 25 to 44, 21.00% from 45 to 64, and 10.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 98.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,592, and the median income for a family was $47,747. Males had a median income of $35,564 versus $23,270 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,149. About 6.20% of families and 8.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.60% of those under age 18 and 9.00% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

  • Silex R-I School DistrictSilex
    • Silex Elementary School (K-06)
    • Silex High School (07-12)
  • Elsberry R-II School DistrictElsberry
    • Clarence Cannon Elementary School (PK-04)
    • Ida Cannon Middle School (05-08)
    • Elsberry High School (09-12)
  • Troy R-III School DistrictTroy
    • Early Childhood Education Center (Pre-K & PAT)
    • Boone Elementary School (K-05)
    • Claude Brown Elementary School (K-05)
    • Cuivre Park Elementary School (K-05)
    • Hawk Point Elementary School (K-05)
    • Lincoln Elementary School (K-05)
    • Main Street Elementary School (K-05)
    • William R. Cappel Elementary School (K-05)
    • Troy Middle School (06-08)
    • Troy South Middle School (06-08)
    • Ninth Grade Center (09)
    • Troy Buchanan High School (10-12)
    • New Horizons High School (10-12)
  • Winfield R-IV School DistrictWinfield
    • Winfield Elementary School (PK-02)
    • Winfield Intermediate School (03-05)
    • Winfield Middle School (06-08)
    • Winfield High School (09-12)

Private schools[edit]

Public libraries[edit]

  • Powell Memorial Library[11]

Politics[edit]

Local[edit]

The Democratic Party mostly controls politics at the local level in Lincoln County. Democrats hold all but six of the elected positions in the county.

Lincoln County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Kevin L. Bishop Republican
Circuit Clerk Grace Sinclair Democratic
County Clerk Crystal Hall Democratic
Collector Jerry Fox Democratic
Commissioner
(Presiding)
Daniel H. Colbert Republican
Commissioner
(District 1)
Mike Mueller Republican
Commissioner
(District 2)
Matt Bass Republican
Coroner Kelly Walters Democratic
Prosecuting Attorney Leah Askey Democratic
Public Administrator Sandy Jung Republican
Recorder Dottie D. Crenshaw Democratic
Sheriff John Cottle Republican
Surveyor Donald “Tec” Parr Democratic
Treasurer Brenda O'Brien Democratic

State[edit]

Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 58.56% 14,536 37.68% 9,352 3.76% 934
2012 49.29% 11,092 47.64% 10,730 3.12% 703
2008 45.43% 10,589 52.33% 12,197 2.23% 521
2004 53.75% 10,626 44.64% 8,824 1.61% 318
2000 52.12% 8,282 44.26% 7,034 3.62% 575
1996 43.69% 5,507 53.93% 6,797 2.38% 300

Lincoln County is divided into three legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives.

  • District 40 — Jim Hansen (R-Frankford). Consists of the northernmost section of the county.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 40 — Lincoln County (2016)[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jim Hansen 232 100.00% +23.78
Missouri House of Representatives — District 40 — Lincoln County (2014)[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jim Hansen 125 76.22% +17.79
Democratic Lowell Jackson 39 23.78% -17.79
Missouri House of Representatives — District 40 — Lincoln County (2012)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jim Hansen 156 58.43%
Democratic Paul Quinn 111 41.57%
  • District 41 — Randy Pietzman (R-Troy). Consists of most of the entire county and includes the communities of Cave, Elsberry, Foley, Hawk Point, Silex, Troy, Truxton, and Whiteside.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 41 — Lincoln County (2016)[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Randy Pietzman 15,609 100.00% +38.21
Missouri House of Representatives — District 41 — Lincoln County (2014)[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Randy Pietzman 6,243 61.79% +20.10
Democratic Dan Dildine 3,861 38.21% -20.10
Missouri House of Representatives — District 41 — Lincoln County (2012)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ed Schieffer 9,589 58.31%
Republican Beverly Steiniger 6,857 41.69%
  • District 64 — Robert Cornejo (R- St. Peters) Consists of the southeast corner of the county and includes the communities of Chain of Rocks, Fountain N' Lakes, Moscow Mills, Old Monroe, and Winfield.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 64 — Lincoln County (2016)[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Robert Cornejo 4,286 68.92% -0.60
Democratic Mark Routberg 1,933 31.08% +0.60
Missouri House of Representatives — District 64 — Lincoln County (2014)[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Robert Cornejo 2,080 69.52% +23.84
Democratic Linda Castaneda 912 30.48% -23.84
Missouri House of Representatives — District 64 — Lincoln County (2012)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Robert Cornejo 2,472 45.68%
Democratic Wayne Henke 2,940 54.32%

All of Lincoln County is a part of Missouri’s 10th District in the Missouri Senate and is currently represented by Jeanie Riddle (R-Fulton).

Missouri Senate — District 10 — Lincoln County (2014)[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jeanie Riddle 7,542 56.52%
Democratic Ed Scheiffer 5,802 44.48%

Federal[edit]

U.S. Senate — Missouri — (2016)[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Roy Blunt 14,061 56.70% +8.57
Democratic Jason Kander 9,264 37.35% -7.97
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 751 3.03% -3.52
Green Johnathan McFarland 305 1.23% +1.23
Constitution Fred Ryman 419 1.69% +1.69
U.S. Senate — Missouri — (2012)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Claire McCaskill 10,225 45.32%
Republican Todd Akin 10,860 48.13%
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 1.479 6.55%

All of Lincoln County is included in Missouri’s 3rd Congressional District and is currently represented by Blaine Luetkemeyer (R-St. Elizabeth) in the U.S. House of Representatives.

U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 3rd Congressional District — Lincoln County (2016)[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Blaine Luetkemeyer 16,826 69.05% +0.87
Democratic Kevin Miller 6,429 26.38% -0.52
Libertarian Dan Hogan 775 3.18% -1.74
Constitution Doanita Simmons 338 1.39% +1.39
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri’s 3rd Congressional District — Lincoln County (2014)[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Blaine Luetkemeyer 8,804 68.18% +7.45
Democratic Courtney Denton 3,473 26.90% -8.15
Libertarian Steven Hedrick 635 4.92% +0.70
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 3rd Congressional District — Lincoln County (2012)[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Blaine Luetkemeyer 13,171 60.73%
Democratic Eric Mayer 7,601 35.05%
Libertarian Steven Wilson 916 4.22%

Political culture[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 72.3% 18,159 22.2% 5,575 5.5% 1,380
2012 62.9% 14,332 34.0% 7,734 3.1% 710
2008 54.7% 12,924 43.3% 10,234 2.0% 461
2004 57.0% 11,316 42.2% 8,368 0.8% 155
2000 53.7% 8,549 43.7% 6,961 2.5% 403
1996 38.8% 4,897 44.8% 5,644 16.4% 2,070
1992 29.1% 3,718 42.7% 5,453 28.2% 3,594
1988 53.4% 5,305 46.3% 4,605 0.3% 28
1984 65.1% 6,137 34.9% 3,290
1980 53.2% 4,963 44.0% 4,110 2.8% 262
1976 44.0% 3,581 55.0% 4,473 1.1% 86
1972 64.8% 5,127 35.2% 2,784
1968 41.8% 3,185 41.2% 3,142 17.0% 1,297
1964 31.3% 2,271 68.7% 4,993
1960 47.8% 3,471 52.2% 3,793
1956 43.8% 3,114 56.2% 3,990
1952 46.2% 3,458 53.7% 4,020 0.1% 9
1948 33.7% 2,135 66.1% 4,190 0.2% 11
1944 43.5% 2,910 56.3% 3,773 0.2% 15
1940 40.6% 3,035 59.1% 4,420 0.3% 25
1936 32.6% 2,258 66.8% 4,625 0.6% 41
1932 26.5% 1,604 73.1% 4,428 0.5% 29
1928 44.7% 2,722 55.1% 3,356 0.2% 10
1924 41.6% 2,563 55.5% 3,419 2.8% 175
1920 46.5% 3,209 53.0% 3,660 0.6% 40
1916 39.7% 1,642 59.6% 2,468 0.7% 30
1912 33.2% 1,258 61.3% 2,326 5.5% 209
1908 38.5% 1,620 60.7% 2,555 0.8% 32
1904 38.1% 1,462 59.8% 2,295 2.0% 78
1900 35.5% 1,563 62.7% 2,761 1.9% 83
1896 34.1% 1,564 65.5% 3,003 0.4% 17
1892 35.2% 1,380 63.9% 2,508 1.0% 38
1888 40.6% 1,628 59.3% 2,380 0.1% 5

Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008)[edit]

  • Former U.S. Senator Hillary Clinton (D-New York) received more votes, a total of 3,490, than any candidate from either party in Lincoln County during the 2008 presidential primary.
Lincoln County, Missouri
2008 Republican primary in Missouri
John McCain 1,412 (30.82%)
Mike Huckabee 1,484 (32.39%)
Mitt Romney 1,400 (30.55%)
Ron Paul 216 (4.71%)
Lincoln County, Missouri
2008 Democratic primary in Missouri
Hillary Clinton 3,490 (61.35%)
Barack Obama 1,963 (34.51%)
John Edwards (withdrawn) 190 (3.34%)

Communities[edit]

Cities and villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 10, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  3. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. pp. 185–186. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  11. ^ Breeding, Marshall. "Powell Memorial Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017. 
  12. ^ a b c d e "Lincoln County - General Election - November 8, 2016". Lincoln County Clerk. November 14, 2016. Retrieved April 15, 2017. 
  13. ^ a b c d e "Lincoln County, Missouri Official Results General Election". Lincoln County Clerk. November 4, 2014. Retrieved April 7, 2016. 
  14. ^ a b c d e "Lincoln County, Missouri Official Results". Lincoln County Clerk. November 6, 2012. Retrieved April 7, 2016. 
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

Further reading[edit]

  • History of Lincoln County, Missouri, from the earliest time to the present: including a department devoted to the preservation of sundry personal, business, professional and private records, besides a valuable fund of notes original observation.... (1888) full text

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°04′N 90°58′W / 39.06°N 90.96°W / 39.06; -90.96