Lincoln County, Missouri
|Founded||December 14, 1818|
|Named for||Benjamin Lincoln|
|• Total||640 sq mi (1,700 km2)|
|• Land||627 sq mi (1,620 km2)|
|• Water||14 sq mi (40 km2) 2.2%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||82/sq mi (32/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Lincoln County is located in the eastern part of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 52,566. Its county seat is Troy. The county was founded December 14, 1818, and named for Major General Benjamin Lincoln of the American Revolutionary War.
According to Goodspeed's History of Lincoln County, Missouri (1888), Lincoln County was named by Major Christopher Clark, the first permanent white settler in an address to the Territorial Legislature. He said, "I was born, sir, in Link-Horn County, N.C., I lived for many years in Link-Horn County in old Kain-tuck. I wish to die in Link-Horn County, in Missouri; and I move, therefore, that the blank in the bill be filled with the name Link-Horn." The motion was carried unanimously and the clerk, not adopting the frontier parlance of the Major, wrote "Lincoln" in the blank space of the bill. Others[who?] say it was named for Major General Benjamin Lincoln, who served in the Continental Army during the American Revolution.
- Frederick Gilmer Bonfils - Denver Post publisher
- Clarence Cannon - Congressmember and notable U.S. House Parliamentarian from Elsberry, Missouri
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 640 square miles (1,700 km2), of which 627 square miles (1,620 km2) is land and 14 square miles (36 km2) (2.2%) is water. The county's eastern border with Illinois is formed by the Mississippi River.
- Pike County (north)
- Calhoun County, Illinois (east)
- St. Charles County (southeast)
- Warren County (southwest)
- Montgomery County (west)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 38,944 people, 13,851 households, and 10,554 families residing in the county. The population density was 62 people per square mile (24/km2). There were 15,511 housing units at an average density of 25 per square mile (10/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.13% White, 1.74% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, and 1.14% from two or more races. Approximately 1.14% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 37.7% were of German, 17.0% American, 10.9% Irish and 7.4% English ancestry.
There were 13,851 households, out of which 40.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.50% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.80% were non-families. 19.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.17.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 30.00% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 30.20% from 25 to 44, 21.00% from 45 to 64, and 10.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 98.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $42,592, and the median income for a family was $47,747. Males had a median income of $35,564 versus $23,270 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,149. About 6.20% of families and 8.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.60% of those under age 18 and 9.00% of those age 65 or over.
- Silex R-I School District – Silex
- Silex Elementary School (K-06)
- Silex High School (07-12)
- Elsberry R-II School District – Elsberry
- Clarence Cannon Elementary School (PK-04)
- Ida Cannon Middle School (05-08)
- Elsberry High School (09-12)
- Troy R-III School District – Troy
- Early Childhood Education Center (Pre-K & PAT)
- Boone Elementary School (K-05)
- Claude Brown Elementary School (K-05)
- Cuivre Park Elementary School (K-05)
- Hawk Point Elementary School (K-05)
- Lincoln Elementary School (K-05)
- Main Street Elementary School (K-05)
- William R. Cappel Elementary School (K-05)
- Troy Middle School (06-08)
- Troy South Middle School (06-08)
- Ninth Grade Center (09)
- Troy Buchanan High School (10-12)
- New Horizons High School (10-12)
- Winfield R-IV School District – Winfield
- Winfield Elementary School (PK-02)
- Winfield Intermediate School (03-05)
- Winfield Middle School (06-08)
- Winfield High School (09-12)
- Wright City R-II - Wright City
- Additionally, the Wright City R-II serves southern portions of Lincoln County.
- Calvary Christian School – Winfield (01-12) – Pentecostal
- First Baptist Christian Academy - Troy (K-08) - Baptist
- Immaculate Conception School – Old Monroe (K-08) – Roman Catholic
- Sacred Heart School – Troy (K-08) – Roman Catholic
- St. Alphonsus School – Silex (PK-08) – Roman Catholic
- Troy Holiness School – Troy (K-12) – Methodist
- Powell Memorial Library
The Republican Party mostly controls politics at the local level in Lincoln County. Republicans hold all but five of the elected positions in the county.
|Lincoln County, Missouri|
|Elected countywide officials|
|Assessor||Kevin L. Bishop||Republican|
|Circuit Clerk||Karla Allsberry||Republican|
|County Clerk||Crystal Hall||Democratic|
|Prosecuting Attorney||Michael L. Wood||Republican|
|Public Administrator||Sandy Jung||Republican|
|Recorder||Dottie D. Crenshaw||Democratic|
|Surveyor||Donald “Tec” Parr||Democratic|
|2020||72.70% 21,014||24.62% 7,116||2.68% 775|
|2016||58.56% 14,536||37.68% 9,352||3.76% 934|
|2012||49.29% 11,092||47.64% 10,730||3.12% 703|
|2008||45.43% 10,589||52.33% 12,197||2.23% 521|
|2004||53.75% 10,626||44.64% 8,824||1.61% 318|
|2000||52.12% 8,282||44.26% 7,034||3.62% 575|
|1996||43.69% 5,507||53.93% 6,797||2.38% 300|
Lincoln County is divided into three legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives.
- District 41 — Randy Pietzman (R-Troy). Consists of most of the entire county and includes the communities of Cave, Elsberry, Foley, Hawk Point, Silex, Troy, Truxton, and Whiteside.
- District 64 — Tony Lovasco (R- O'Fallon) Includes the southeast corner of the county and the communities of Chain of Rocks, Fountain N' Lakes, Moscow Mills, Old Monroe, and Winfield.
Cities and villages
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. pp. 185–186.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 13, 2014. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved November 18, 2019.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- Breeding, Marshall. "Powell Memorial Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- "Lincoln County - General Election - November 8, 2016". Lincoln County Clerk. November 14, 2016. Retrieved April 15, 2017.
- "Lincoln County, Missouri Official Results General Election". Lincoln County Clerk. November 4, 2014. Retrieved April 7, 2016.
- "Lincoln County, Missouri Official Results". Lincoln County Clerk. November 6, 2012. Retrieved April 7, 2016.
- "Lincoln County, Missouri Official Results General Election". Lincoln County Clerk. November 12, 2018. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 25, 2018.
- History of Lincoln County, Missouri, from the earliest time to the present: including a department devoted to the preservation of sundry personal, business, professional and private records, besides a valuable fund of notes original observation.... (1888) full text
- Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Lincoln County Archived August 16, 2011, at the Wayback Machine from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections, Archives, and Rare Books