Lincoln Highway (Omaha)
Lincoln Highway (Omaha)
Brick-paved section of Lincoln Highway in West Omaha near Elkhorn.
|NRHP Reference #||03000104|
|Added to NRHP||2003|
The Lincoln Highway in Omaha, Nebraska runs east–west from near North 183rd Street and West Dodge Road in towards North 192nd Street outside of Elkhorn. This section of the Lincoln Highway, one of only twenty miles that were paved with brick in Nebraska, is one of the most well-preserved in the country. The roadway was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984. The Lincoln Highway was the first road across the United States of America, traversing coast-to-coast from Times Square in New York City to Lincoln Park in San Francisco, California.
The original Lincoln Highway was built from Omaha to Elkhorn in 1913. The Lincoln Highway crossed the Missouri River into Omaha on the old Douglas Street Bridge and traveled west on Dodge Street, from which point it began meandering across the state following section lines. However, after the Abraham Lincoln Memorial Bridge was built at Blair in 1929, the following year Lincoln Highway was rerouted for the last time onto U.S. 30 through Blair. Soon after the rerouting was completed, local officials from Blair came to Omaha and dug up the Lincoln Highway markers that lined the road, only to re-insert them in their town. This infuriated Omahans and incited a long-standing resentment against Blair.
The elimination of the Omaha section managed to preserve the roadway from too much usage, effectively securing its usage and appreciation today.
According to the National Park Service, important buildings on the Lincoln Highway in Omaha included the Nash Block at 902-912 Farnam and 901-911 Douglas streets, as well as the Blackstone Hotel at Farnam Street and 36th Street. Additionally, the Rose Blumkin Performance Arts Center at 20th and Farnam Street and the Farnam Street Automobile Row, from 30th to 40th Streets were both important landmarks.
There were several other attractions on the Lincoln Highway in Omaha. They included Jobber's Canyon, a warehousing district in the downtown area that once outfitted the Old West, and Peony Park, an amusement park that was home to Lawrence Welk's orchestra in the 1930s. Other important landmarks along the highway included the Guy Barton Mansion, built in 1892 and demolished in 1982; the Hupmobile dealership at 25th and Farnam, which is the last preserved Hupmobile dealership in the United States, and; John Sutter's Mill, built in 1847 and the intersection of Saddle Creek Road and Dodge Street, immediately east of the Saddle Creek Underpass, was a landmark during the entire life of the Highway, and predated the incorporation of the neighboring towns of Dundee and Benson.
In 1975 the Douglas County Board of Commissioners passed a resolution to maintain and preserve the roadway. In the 1980s preservationists pushed for the highway to be restored after plans were revealed that covered the road with asphalt. The section was eventually restored with original bricks that were laid in 1920. To protect the brickwork, vehicles weighing 6 tons or more are now banned from the highway.
The highway is currently marked by an interpretive pull-off maintained by the Omaha Public Power District, and there is a reconstructed pony truss bridge over the West Papillion Creek. There are seven historical markers lining the roadway, including a monument was erected by the Elkhorn Lincoln Highway Diamond Jubilee Committee in 1987. It includes an historic plaque and two replica 1928 Lincoln Highway markers.
The city of Omaha proposed an approximately $633,000 plan to enhance the roadway with a 0.75-mile (1.21 km) paved trail to the south of the highway and informational kiosks. This would be the farthest west trail in Omaha, although it would not connect with any other trails in the city. The Omaha government has already acquired the land needed for the trail.
According to the Lincoln Highway Association, the Lincoln Highway in Omaha can still be followed through the city. The route begins by exiting I-480 at Dodge Street and following it westward, past when it becomes West Dodge Road. The actual route is Douglas St. from the river west to 18th or 24th (depending on the year). South to Farnam St. West on Farnam St. to 40th St. North on 40th to Dodge St. West to 78th St. North to West Dodge Rd. West on West Dodge Road to 180th. North to the longest stretch of original Lincoln Highway bricks in the country. Two and a half miles west of Boys Town the route turns right at the Lincoln Highway sign at North 183 Street. The following section of the highway was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2003.
- "National Register of Historic Places Listings April 3, 2003, National Park Service. Retrieved 9/21/07.
- (2002) "Chapter 12: Lincoln Highway in Nebraska," The Lincoln Highway Resource Guide. p 157. Retrieved 9/21/07.
- Sloan, K. (September 18, 2007) "Trail proposed alongside Old Lincoln Highway," Omaha World-Herald. Retrieved 9/21/07.
- "Lincoln Highway in Blair Nebraska". Blair History. Retrieved 9/21/07.
- (2002) "Chapter 12.1: Nebraska Lincoln Highway Historic and Cultural Resources," The Lincoln Highway Resource Guide. p 161. Retrieved 9/21/07.
- (2002) "Chapter 12.1: Nebraska Lincoln Highway Historic and Cultural Resources," The Lincoln Highway Resource Guide. p 163. Retrieved 9/21/07.
- Gerber, K. and Spencer, J.S. (2003) Building for the ages: Omaha's architectural landmarks. Landmarks, Inc. p 22.
- "The Endangered List," Landmark News. April 2007. Retrieved 5/12/08.
- "Sutter's Mill", Lincoln Highway in Nebraska. Retrieved 5/12/08.
- Grace, E. (1999) "History Runs Into Bump in Road," Omaha World-Herald. November 29, 1999.
- "The Lincoln Highway in Nebraska", Lincoln Highway Association. Retrieved 9/21/07.
- National Register of Historic Places Listings April 3, 2003, National Park Service. Retrieved 9/21/07.
- (1928) Lincoln Highway Souvenir Guide Through Iowa and Nebraska.
- Historic map of Lincoln Highway in Eastern Nebraska.
- Historic postcard of the Lincoln Highway "Welcome" sign in downtown Omaha.
- Koster, G. (1986) A Story of Highway Development in Nebraska. Lincoln, NE: Department of Roads. p. 15.
- Omaha World-Herald (1988) "The Lincoln Highway United the States," Magazine of the Midlands. December 25, 1988.