Lincoln Home National Historic Site

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Lincoln Site
Lincoln Home 1.jpg
Map showing the location of Lincoln Site
Map showing the location of Lincoln Site
Map showing the location of Lincoln Site
Map showing the location of Lincoln Site
LocationSpringfield, Illinois, U.S.
Coordinates39°47′50″N 89°38′42″W / 39.79722°N 89.64500°W / 39.79722; -89.64500Coordinates: 39°47′50″N 89°38′42″W / 39.79722°N 89.64500°W / 39.79722; -89.64500
Area12.24 acres (4.95 ha)
EstablishedAugust 18, 1971
Visitors419,552 (in 2005)
Governing bodyNational Park Service
WebsiteLincoln Home National Historic Site

Lincoln Home National Historic Site preserves the Springfield, Illinois home and related historic district where Abraham Lincoln lived from 1844 to 1861, before becoming the 16th President of the United States. The presidential memorial includes the four blocks surrounding the home and a visitor center.

Historic site[edit]

In 1837, Lincoln moved to Springfield from New Salem at the start of his law career. He met his wife, Mary Todd, at her sister's home in Springfield and married there in 1842.

The historic-site house at 413 South Eighth Street at the corner of Jackson Street, bought by Lincoln and his wife in 1844, was the only home that Lincoln ever owned. Three of their children were born there and one, Eddie, died there. The house contains twelve rooms spread over two floors. During the time he lived here, Lincoln was elected to the House of Representatives in 1846, and elected President in 1860.

Lincoln's son, Robert Todd Lincoln donated the family home to the State of Illinois in 1887 under the condition that it would forever be well maintained and open to the public at no charge. This came as a result of tenants who would charge those who wanted to visit Lincoln's home and that many tenants tended to leave the home in disrepair. The home and Lincoln Tomb, also in Springfield, were designated National Historic Landmarks on December 19, 1960, and automatically listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966. The home and adjacent district became a National Historic Site on August 18, 1971 [1] and is owned and administered by the National Park Service. It is one of two National Park Service properties in Illinois.

Other structures[edit]

Julius Rosenwald's father purchased Lyon House in 1868

Along with the Lincoln Home, several other structures within the four-block area are also preserved. All the homes have been restored to their appearance during the time Lincoln lived in the neighborhood. Two of these structures, the Dean House and the Arnold House, are open to visitors and house exhibits on the life and times of Lincoln and his neighbors. In total, the buildings included in the park occupy 12 acres (49,000 m2).

Samuel Rosenwald purchased the Lyon House on Eighth Street across from Lincoln's home in 1868.[2][3] Samuel's son Julius Rosenwald went on to become president of Sears Roebuck and Company and a major philanthropist; the Lyon House was Julius's boyhood home.[2] A plaque was unveiled when the house was renamed in his honor in 2020.[4]


Nearby in Springfield is the Old State Capitol where Lincoln served as a State Legislator, the building which housed the law offices of Lincoln and his partner William Herndon from 1844 until 1852, and the Lincoln Depot from which Lincoln left the city for his 1861 inauguration.

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ The National Parks: Index 2001–2003. Washington: U.S. Department of the Interior. The NPS website for the park lists 1972; however the printed reference and the National Register listing both confirm 1971 as the establishment date.
  2. ^ a b "Lyon House". Lincoln Home. National Park Service. Retrieved August 23, 2020.
  3. ^ "Give While you Live: The Generosity of Julius Rosenwald" (PDF). National Park Service. National Park Service. Retrieved August 23, 2020.
  4. ^ Hansen, Mary (February 12, 2020). "Home In Lincoln Historic Site Renamed For Julius Rosenwald". WGLT Illinois Public Radio. Retrieved August 23, 2020.

External links[edit]