Linda P. Fried

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Linda P. Fried
Dean of Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health
Assumed office
2008–present
Preceded by Allan Rosenfield
Personal details
Born 1949
Alma mater University of Wisconsin–Madison (B.A.)
Rush Medical College (M.D.)
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (M.P.H.)
Profession Geriatrician and Epidemiologist
Website Linda Fried

Linda P. Fried (born 1949) is an American geriatrician and epidemiologist and dean of Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health. Her research career has focused on frailty, healthy aging, and how society can successfully transition to benefit from an aging population. In 2008, Fried became the first woman to hold the position of dean at Columbia's School of Public Health.

Early life and education[edit]

A native New Yorker, Fried attended Hunter College High School. She received her bachelor’s degree in history from the University of Wisconsin–Madison in 1970. She received her MD from Rush Medical College in Chicago in 1979 and her MPH from Johns Hopkins in 1984. She trained in internal medicine at Rush Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center in Chicago. After fellowship training in internal medicine, she soon expanded her focus to the aging population and received a fellowship in Hopkin’s geriatrics program.[1]

Career[edit]

In 1985, Fried accepted joint faculty appointments in the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine and the School of Hygiene and Public Health. She went on to serve as director of geriatric medicine and the founding director of the Johns Hopkins Center on Aging and Health which studies the epidemiology of aging, relationships between aging and health, and interventions to improve health with aging. In 2008, Fried moved to Columbia University as dean of the Mailman School of Public Health, DeLamar Professor of Epidemiology, professor of medicine at Columbia’s College of Physicians and Surgeons; and senior vice president of Columbia University Medical Center.[2]

Aging Research and Programs[edit]

Prior to Fried’s work, frailty was an ambiguous medical term commonly referring to a number of ailments and disabilities. Fried developed biologically-based theory regarding the clinical presentation or phenotype of frailty and hypotheses regarding its etiology in dysregulation of genes and some physiologic systems. She has led scientific teams that developed an assessment tool and created a more concrete definition of frailty.[3] Fried also instigated a number of key studies on the cause of frailty and has proposed and developed the idea of a frailty syndrome. Dr. Christine K. Cassel, president and chief executive officer of the American Board of Internal Medicine noted that Fried’s work, “has become core knowledge and core teaching in every geriatric program” in the country.[4]

In the early 1990s, Fried collaborated with the social activist Marc Freedman and others to design and develop a nationwide volunteer program called Experience Corps. The program trains adult volunteers, ages 55 and older, to improve the academic success of students in economically disadvantaged public elementary schools. Fried and Freedman codesigned the program to have a social impact with children and schools and as a public health intervention to improve the health of volunteers.[5] A 2009 study using functional magnetic resonance imaging showed that participants experienced short-term gains in executive cognitive function compared with a control group.[6] The program now exists in 19 cities across the United States under the aegis of AARP.

In 2010, Fried was listed as the third most highly cited author in the field of geriatrics and gerontology. Her 2001 paper Frailty in older adults: Evidence for a phenotype, for example, has been cited 570 times.[7]

Mailman School of Public Health[edit]

As dean, Fried has led a major redesign of the School’s MPH curriculum to reflect a new emphasis on healthy aging - health preservation and prevention for every stage of life.[4] The revised curriculum, which includes leadership training and case-study based instruction in applying theory to practice, debuted in the fall of 2012.[8] In 2011, she was instrumental in bringing the International Longevity Center, a research and advocacy center on aging that was founded by the late Robert N. Butler, to Columbia University. Fried has led the school in creation of research and educational initiatives on obesity prevention, system science,[9] and public health approaches to preventing incarceration.

Fried is a member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Aging[10] and the MacArthur Network on an Aging Society.

Awards[edit]

2001–present, Elected Member, National Academy of Sciences Institute of Medicine
2001–present, Elected Member, Association of American Physicians
2001 Merit Award, National Institute on Aging
2011 Silver Innovator’s Award, Alliance for Aging Research
2011 Enrico Greppi Prize, Italian Society of Gerontology and Geriatrics
2012, Silver Scholar Award, Alliance for Aging Research
2012, Longevity Prize, Fondation Ipsen

References[edit]

  1. ^ Columbia's Linda P. Fried: Robust Research on Frailty”. Sciencewatch.com. January 2011.
  2. ^ Solomont, E. B. "Columbia Names Mailman School Dean" The New York Sun 7 January 2008.
  3. ^ Fried, L. P., Ferrucci, L., Darer, J., Williamson, J. D. and Anderson G.(2004). "Untangling the Concepts of Disability, Frailty, and Comorbidity: Implications for Improved Targeting and Care." Journal of Gerontology: MEDICAL SCIENCES 59(3): 255–263.
  4. ^ a b Pennar, Karen. “Unafraid of Aging” The New York Times. 25 June 2012.
  5. ^ Fried, L. P., Carlson, M. C., Freedman, M., et al. (2004). “A Social Model for Health Promotion for an Aging Population: Initial Evidence on the Experience Corps Model.” Journal of Urban Health 81(1): 64-78.
  6. ^ “Evidence for Neurocognitive Plasticity in At-Risk Older Adults: The Experience Corps Program”. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences 2009, 64A(12): 1275–1282.
  7. ^ "Where Everything Old is News" Sciencewatch.org. July 2010.
  8. ^ Marcus, Jon, “U.S. changes does to treat public health malaise.” The Times Higher Education. 6 September 2012.
  9. ^ Columbia Engineering. “Breaking Down Complex Systems in Public Health” Posted Nov. 12, 2012
  10. ^ John R. Beard, Simon Biggs, David E. Bloom, Linda P. Fried, Paul Hogan, Alexandre Kalache, and S. Jay Olshansky, eds., Global Population Ageing: Peril or Promise, Geneva: World Economic Forum, 2011.