Linden, Alabama

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Linden
Linden, Alabama
Marengo County Courthouse in Linden
Marengo County Courthouse in Linden
Official seal of Linden
Seal
Location of Linden in Marengo County, Alabama.
Location of Linden in Marengo County, Alabama.
Coordinates: 32°18′4″N 87°47′34″W / 32.30111°N 87.79278°W / 32.30111; -87.79278
CountryUnited States
StateAlabama
CountyMarengo
Area
 • Total3.61 sq mi (9.36 km2)
 • Land3.58 sq mi (9.27 km2)
 • Water0.03 sq mi (0.09 km2)
Elevation
161 ft (49 m)
Population
 • Total2,123
 • Estimate 
(2017)[3]
1,936
 • Density540.93/sq mi (208.88/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
36748
Area code(s)334
FIPS code01-43240
GNIS feature ID0152070
WebsiteCity of Linden

Linden is a city in and the county seat of Marengo County, Alabama, United States.[4] The population was 2,123 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Settled prior to 1818, the community was first known as Screamersville, since the cry of wild animals could still be heard during the night. It became the county seat in 1819 and was then known as the Town of Marengo. This was changed to Hohenlinden in 1823, to honor the county's earliest European settlers, French Bonapartist refugees to the Vine and Olive Colony.[5] The name commemorated the battle in 1800 at Hohenlinden, Bavaria, where the French defeated the armis of both Austria and Bavaria. The spelling was later shorten to just to Linden.[6]

Geography[edit]

Linden is located at 32°18′4″N 87°47′34″W / 32.30111°N 87.79278°W / 32.30111; -87.79278 (32.301154, −87.792650).[7] According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.6 square miles (9.3 km2), of which 3.6 square miles (9.3 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (0.83%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860171
187030075.4%
1910600
192070016.7%
193098240.3%
19401,20322.5%
19501,36313.3%
19602,51684.6%
19702,6977.2%
19802,7732.8%
19902,548−8.1%
20002,424−4.9%
20102,123−12.4%
Est. 20171,936[3]−8.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2013 Estimate[9]

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,424 people, 938 households, and 662 families residing in the city. The population density was 675.6 people per square mile (260.7/km²). There were 1,084 housing units at an average density of 302.1 per square mile (116.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 52.43% White, 46.20% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.33% Asian, and 0.87% from two or more races. 1.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[10]

There were 938 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 22.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.4% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.98.[10]

In the city, the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 19.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 81.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.3 males.[10]

The median income for a household in the city was $22,303, and the median income for a family was $30,733. Males had a median income of $38,964 versus $17,857 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,536. About 23.8% of families and 29.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 46.8% of those under age 18 and 19.0% of those age 65 or over.[10]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,123 people, 877 households, and 555 families residing in the city. The population density was 589.7 people per square mile (228.3/km²). There were 1,013 housing units at an average density of 281.4 per square mile (108.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 51.1% White, 46.7% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.2% Asian, and 0.9% from two or more races. 2.0% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[11]

There were 877 households out of which 23.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.7% were married couples living together, 21.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.7% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city, the population was spread out with 20.8% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 21.2% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, and 22.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $20,145, and the median income for a family was $35,714. Males had a median income of $30,833 versus $25,000 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,701. About 31.1% of families and 31.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.1% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those age 65 or over.

Media[edit]

The Democrat-Reporter, a weekly newspaper, is based in Linden.[12]

Education[edit]

The city runs its own citywide school system, Linden City Schools. It also has one private school, Marengo Academy, founded in 1969; one of many segregation academies as they are known, which cropped up in the South after segregation was made illegal.[13][14][15][16]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 7, 2018.
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-09-08.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. ^ "Alabama Counties: Marengo County". "Alabama Department of Archives and History". Retrieved 2007-11-30.
  6. ^ Marengo County Heritage Book Committee. The Heritage of Marengo County, Alabama, pages 1-4. Clanton, Alabama: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 2000. ISBN 1-891647-58-X
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 8, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2014-05-22. Retrieved 2014-09-08.
  10. ^ a b c d "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-08-02.
  12. ^ "About The Democrat-reporter. (Linden, Ala.)". Library of Congress. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  13. ^ https://www.cbcfinc.org/thevillage/2014/05/15/brown-60-years-later-segregation-academies-in-the-deep-south/
  14. ^ Marengo County Heritage Book Committee. The Heritage of Marengo County, Alabama, page 29. Clanton, Alabama: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 2000. ISBN 1-891647-58-X
  15. ^ Scarborough, Alex (September 25, 2011). "Linden school transfer policy ensures segregation". The Tuscaloosa News. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
  16. ^ Scarborough, Alex (September 25, 2011). "Linden, a town divided by race". The Tuscaloosa News. Retrieved March 3, 2013.

External links[edit]