Lindesnes Lighthouse

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Lindesnes Lighthouse
Lighthouse Lindesnes.jpg
Lindesnes lighthouse
Lindesnes Lighthouse is located in Vest-Agder
Lindesnes Lighthouse
Vest-Agder
Location Lindesnes
Vest-Agder
Norway
Coordinates 57°58′57″N 7°02′48″E / 57.982539°N 7.046787°E / 57.982539; 7.046787Coordinates: 57°58′57″N 7°02′48″E / 57.982539°N 7.046787°E / 57.982539; 7.046787
Year first constructed 1655 (first)
Year first lit 1915 (current)
Automated 2003
Foundation granite basement
Construction cast iron tower
Tower shape cylindrical tower with balcony and lantern
Markings / pattern white tower, red lantern
Height 16.1 metres (53 ft)
Focal height 50.1 metres (164 ft)
Current lens Fresnel lens
Range 19.4 nautical miles (35.9 km; 22.3 mi)
Characteristic Q W 20s.
Admiralty number B3058.1
NGA number 1676
ARLHS number NOR-028[1]

Lindesnes Lighthouse was first built in 1655 in Lindesnes, Vest-Agder, Norway. In 1822, it was refitted with a coal lamp, and in 1854 a new lamp was installed with the current lens. The current cast iron tower was set up in 1915 and fitted with the old Fresnel lens. In 1920 the lighthouse station got its first fog signal, a siren. The fog signal and its machinery is placed in a building beside the tower.

During World War II the lighthouse was taken over by the Germans. Being an important watchpoint, the Germans built a small fortress with four guns and, after a while, a radar antenna. The traces from World War II are visible as trenches, tunnels, and other fortifications.

In the 1950s the lighthouse station was electrified and the fog signal was replaced with a powerful Diaphone. The fog signal was closed as a navigational aid in 1988, but it is still operational and is used on special occasions.

Lindesnes Lighthouse is owned by the Norwegian Coastal Administration and is still active. It is also a museum, operated by the non-profit Lindesnes Lighthouse Museum Foundation.[2] In addition to the buildings belonging to the lighthouse, keeper's cottages, sheds and boathouses, Lindesnes Lighthouse has a visitor centre inside the nearby mountain with exhibitions, a cinema hall and a cafeteria. There is also a museum shop.

Lindesnes Lighthouse Museum is a part of the National Museums of Coastal Infrastructure, Kystmusea, together with Tungenes lighthouse outside Stavanger, Dalsfjord lighthouse museum at Sunnmøre and the Lofoten Museum in Kabelvåg.[3] Kystmusea cooperates closely with the Norwegian Coastal Administration.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lindesnes Lighthouse The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved March 8, 2016
  2. ^ Stiftelsen Lindesnes Fyrmuseum Kulturnett.no. Retrieved December 7, 2012.
  3. ^ Om kystverkmusea Kystverket.no. Retrieved December 7, 2012

External links[edit]