Lindon Eaves

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Lindon John Eaves
Born (1944-09-23) 23 September 1944 (age 74)
ResidenceUnited States
Alma materUniversity of Birmingham, Ripon College Cuddesdon
Known forDevelopment of field of behavioral genetics, statistical modeling, genetical theory, genetics of personality and social attitudes
Scientific career
FieldsBehavioural genetics
InstitutionsVirginia Commonwealth University
Doctoral advisorJohn L. Jinks
Doctoral studentsAndrew C. Heath, Nick Martin
InfluencesRonald Fisher, Hans Eysenck

Lindon J. Eaves (born 23 September 1944) is a behavior geneticist who has published on topics as diverse as the heritability of religion and psychopathology. His research encompasses the development of mathematical models reflecting competing theories of the causes and familial transmission of human human differences, the design of studies for the resolution, analytical methods for parameter estimation and hypothesis-testing and application to substantive questions about specific (human) traits.[1] He was the first to consider standardized variance components for heritability estimates[2][3] and was the first (at least in the human context) to consider the effects of living with a relative (with a different genotype or, in the case of monozygotic twins, the same genotype) on the behavior of a person.[4] Furthermore, he was the first to think about genotype x age interaction[5] and set up the algebra to study the effects of genes working in males as well as females, making it possible to use twins pairs of opposite-sex (dizygotic opposite sex).[6] Together with Nick Martin, he wrote many classical papers, one of which is "The genetic analysis of covariance structure".[7] They also wrote the book, Genes, culture and personality: An empirical approach. In 2012, a Festschrift was held in Edinburgh dedicated to Eaves' work; the proceedings were subsequently published in Behavior Genetics.[8]

Early life[edit]

Eaves studied genetics at the University of Birmingham and theology at Ripon College Cuddesdon. He was professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Oxford until 1981, when he moved to Virginia Commonwealth University where Walter Nance and Linda Corey had established the Virginia Twin Registry. In 1996, he and Kenneth Kendler founded the Virginia Institute for Psychiatric and Behavioral Genetics, where he is currently professor emeritus and actively engaged in research and training.


  • 1966: First class honors in Genetics, University of Birmingham
  • 1981: James Shields Award for Twin Research
  • 1989: Mead-Swing Lecturer, Oberlin College
  • 1991: President, Behavior Genetics Association
  • 1993: Paul Hoch Award, American Psychopathological Association
  • 1993-1995: President, International Society for Study of Twins
  • 1996: McNair Lecturer, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  • 1999: Dobzhansky Award, Behavioral Genetics Association
  • 1999: Nobel Lecturer, Gustavus Adolphus College, Saint Peter, MN 'Genetics in the New Millennium'
  • 2000: Doctor Honoris Causa, VU University, Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • 2000: Root Lecturer, Washing & Lee University, Lexington, VA
  • 2001: VCU School of Medicine Outstanding Research Achievement Award
  • 2001: VCU Distinguished Scholarship Award
  • 2001: VCU School of Medicine Outstanding Departmental Teacher Award


  1. ^ Eaves, LJ; Gale, JS (1974). "A method for analyzing the genetic basis of covariation". Behav Genet. 4 (3): 253–267. doi:10.1007/bf01074158.
  2. ^ Eaves, LJ (1969). "The genetic analysis of continuous variation: A comparison of experimental designs applicable to human data". Br J Math Stat Psychol. 22 (2): 131–147. doi:10.1111/j.2044-8317.1969.tb00426.x.
  3. ^ Eaves, LJ (1970). "The genetic analysis of continuous variation: A comparison of experimental designs applicable to human data. 11. Estimation of heritability and comparison of environmental components". Br J Math Stat Psychol. 23 (2): 189–198. doi:10.1111/j.2044-8317.1970.tb00443.x.
  4. ^ Eaves, LJ (1976). "A model for sibling effects in man". Heredity. 36 (2): 205–214. doi:10.1038/hdy.1976.25.
  5. ^ Eaves, LJ; Eysenck, H (1976). "Genotype X age interaction for neuroticism". Behav Genet. 6 (3): 359–362. doi:10.1007/bf01065731.
  6. ^ Eaves, LJ (1977). "Inferring the causes of human variation (with discussion)". J R Stat Soc Ser A. 140 (3): 324–355. doi:10.2307/2344924. JSTOR 2344924.
  7. ^ Martin, NG; Eaves, LJ (1977). "The genetical analysis of covariance structure". Heredity. 38 (1): 79–95. doi:10.1038/hdy.1977.9. PMID 268313.
  8. ^ "Special Issue: A Festschrift for Lindon J. Eaves". Behavior Genetics. 44 (3). May 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-26.

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