Lindt & Sprüngli

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Chocoladefabriken Lindt & Sprüngli AG
Aktiengesellschaft
Traded as SIXLISN
SIXLISP
Industry Confectionery
Founded 1845
Founder David Sprüngli-Schwarz
Rudolf Sprüngli-Ammann
Headquarters Kilchberg, Switzerland
Key people
Ernst Tanner (Exec.Chairman)
Dieter Weisskopf (CEO)[1]
Products Chocolate, confectionery, ice cream
Revenue 4.088 billion CHF (2017)[2][3]
Increase 452.5 million CHF (2017)
Number of employees
13 949 (2017)
Subsidiaries Ghirardelli
Russell Stover
Caffarel
Hofbauer
Küfferle
Website www.lindt.com
www.lindt-spruengli.com/investors/
Headquarters and factory in Kilchberg, Zürich

Chocoladefabriken Lindt & Sprüngli AG, more commonly known as Lindt, is a Swiss chocolatier and confectionery company founded in 1845 and known for its chocolate truffles and chocolate bars, among other sweets.

History[edit]

Founding and early years[edit]

David Sprüngli
Share of the Chocoladefabrik Lindt & Sprüngli AG, issued 1 September 1930

The origins of the company date back to 1836, when David Sprüngli-Schwarz and his son Rudolf Sprüngli-Ammann bought a small confectionery shop in the old town of Zürich, producing chocolates under the name David Sprüngli & Son. Two years later, a small factory was added that produced chocolate in solid form. In 1845, they moved to the Paradeplatz.

With the retirement of Rudolf Sprüngli-Ammann in 1892, the business was divided between his two sons. The younger brother David Robert received two confectionery stores that became known under the name Confiserie Sprüngli. The elder brother Johann Rudolf received the chocolate factory. To raise the necessary finances for his expansion plans, Johann Rudolf converted his private company into "Chocolat Sprüngli AG" in 1899. In that same year, he acquired the chocolate factory of Rodolphe Lindt in Bern, and the company changed its name to "Aktiengesellschaft Vereinigte Berner und Züricher Chocoladefabriken Lindt & Sprüngli" (United Bern and Zurich Lindt and Sprungli Chocolate Factory Ltd.).[4]

Expansion[edit]

In 1994, Lindt & Sprüngli acquired the Austrian chocolatier, Hofbauer Österreich, and integrated it, along with its Küfferle brand, into the company. In 1997 and 1998, respectively, the company acquired the Italian chocolatier Caffarel and the American chocolatier Ghirardelli, and integrated both of them into the company as wholly owned subsidiaries. Since then, Lindt & Sprüngli has expanded the once-regional Ghirardelli to the international market.

On 17 March 2009, Lindt announced the closure of 50 of its 80 retail boutiques in the United States because of weaker demand in the wake of the late-2000s recession.[5]

Recent developments[edit]

On 14 July 2014, Lindt bought Russell Stover Candies, maker of Whitman's Chocolate, for about $1 billion, the company's largest acquisition to date.[6]

Factories[edit]

Lindt & Sprüngli has twelve factories: Kilchberg, Switzerland; Aachen, Germany; Oloron-Sainte-Marie, France; Induno Olona, Italy; Gloggnitz, Austria; and Stratham, New Hampshire, in the United States. The factory in Gloggnitz, Austria, manufactures products under the Hofbauer & Küfferle brand in addition to the Lindt brand. Caffarel's factory is located in Luserna San Giovanni, Italy, and Ghirardelli's factory is located in San Leandro, California, in the United States.[7] Furthermore, there are four more factories of Russell Stover in the United States.

Lindt Chocolate Cafés[edit]

Lindt shop in Leeds

Lindt has opened over 410 Chocolate cafés and shops all over the world.[8][9][10] The cafés' menu offers mostly focuses on chocolate and desserts. They also sell handmade chocolates, macaroons, cakes, and ice cream.

Products[edit]

Lindor[edit]

Lindor milk chocolate truffles in red wrappers
A Lindor dark chocolate truffle in a blue wrapper

Originally, Lindor was introduced as a bar in 1949 and later in 1967 in form of a ball.[4] Lindor is a type of chocolate produced by Lindt, which is now characterized by a hard chocolate shell and a smooth chocolate filling. It comes in both a ball and a bar variety, as well as in a variety of flavours. Each flavour listed below has its own wrapper colour:[11]

Colour Flavour
Black / Silver Extra Dark (60% cocoa outside and dark chocolate filling)
Black with Ghosts;

White and Blue Snowmen;

Lime Green with Pink, Purple, and Yellow Flowers and Butterflies;

Lime Green with White and Yellow Flowers;

Red with Hearts

Milk outside with smooth white filling (seasonal flavour)
Black with Green Dark Peppermint (Limited Edition)
Blue Dark Chocolate
Brown Hazelnut
Brown and Gold Milk chocolate shell filled with sugared hazelnut chunks
Dark Brown (with print 'Café') Mocha
Dark Green Peppermint
Gold and White White Chocolate
Red Milk Chocolate
Light Blue Stracciatella: white chocolate shell with cocoa pieces with a smooth white filling
Light Pink Irish Cream
Light Pink Strawberries and Cream
Light Purple Almond Case
Lime Green Lemon (Limited Edition)
Amber Mango and Cream (Limited Edition)
Orange Dark chocolate shell filled with orange chocolate filling
Deep Pink Raspberry
Green Mint
Purple Vanilla
Turquoise Coconut
White with Gold Marc De Champagne
Sky Blue Sea Salt
Sky Blue with White Stripe (with print 'Latte') Milk and Cereal Crunch
Bronze (with print 'Caramel') Caramel
Dark Aqua Sea Salt & Caramel

Most of the US Lindor truffles are manufactured in Stratham, New Hampshire.[4]

In 2009, Swiss tennis star Roger Federer was named as Lindt's "global brand ambassador", and began appearing in a series of commercials endorsing Lindor.[12][unreliable source]

Seasonal confectioneries[edit]

Display of Lindt chocolate bunnies
Gold Bunny (Goldhase) advertisement on the Zürichsee-Schifffahrtsgesellschaft (ZSG) ship Wädenswil in Zürich

Lindt also produces the Gold Bunny, a hollow milk chocolate rabbit in a variety of sizes available every Easter since 1952.[13][14] Each bunny wears a small coloured ribbon bow around its neck identifying the type of chocolate contained within. The milk chocolate bunny wears a red ribbon, the dark chocolate bunny wears a dark brown ribbon, the hazelnut bunny wears a green ribbon, and the white chocolate bunny wears a white ribbon. Other chocolates are wrapped to look like carrots, chicks, or lambs. The lambs are packaged with four white lambs and one black lamb.

During the Christmas season, Lindt produces a variety of items, including chocolate reindeer (which somewhat resemble the classic bunny), Santa, snowmen figures of various sizes, bears, bells, advent calendars, and chocolate ornaments. Various tins and boxes are available in the Lindt stores, the most popular colour schemes being the red and blue. Other seasonal items include Lindt chocolate novelty golf balls.[15]

For Valentine's Day, Lindt sells a boxed version of the Gold Bunny, which comes as a set of two kissing bunnies.[16] Other Valentine's Day seasonal items include a selection of heart-shaped boxes of Lindor chocolate truffles.

Chocolate bars[edit]

Lindt sells a variety of chocolate bars. Flavours from the Excellence range include:[17]

  • Mint Intense: dark chocolate infused with mint
  • Orange Intense: dark chocolate infused with orange essence and almond flakes
  • Black Currant: dark chocolate infused with pieces of black currant and almond slivers
  • White Coconut: white chocolate with crisp flakes of fine coconut
  • Coconut: dark chocolate with crisp flakes of coconut
  • Almond: white chocolate with whole roasted almonds and caramelised almond pieces
  • Poire Intense: pear flavoured chocolate with almond flakes
  • Pineapple: dark chocolate with pineapple pieces and caramelised hazelnut pieces
  • Cherry Intense
  • Regular Dark Chocolate: available in 50%, 60%, 70%, 78%, 85%, 90%, or 99% cocoa varieties
  • Extra Creamy: milk chocolate
  • Toffee Crunch: crunchy toffee bits wrapped in milk chocolate
  • Caramel Crunchy: studded with crunchy caramel
  • Lindor: the famous balls but in cube form
  • Wasabi: an East Asian-inspired dark chocolate mixed with wasabi
  • Pistachio: milk chocolate with creamy pistachio filling
  • Mandarin: milk chocolate with creamy mandarin filling
  • Strawberry: milk chocolate with creamy white chocolate strawberry filling
  • Strawberry Margarita: capsule form with strawberry and margarita filling
  • White Strawberry: white chocolate with strawberry pieces
  • Orange: milk chocolate with creamy orange-flavoured filling
  • Cuba: 55% cocoa, single-origin Cuban cocoa
  • Madagascar: 70% cocoa, single-origin Madagascan cocoa
  • Ecuador: 75% cocoa, single-origin Ecuadoran cocoa
  • Vanilla: white chocolate with vanilla beans
  • Coffee
  • Chili: 70%-cocoa dark chocolate with red chili extract
  • Raspberry Intense Dark: dark chocolate with pieces of raspberries and almond slivers
  • A Touch of Sea Salt: dark chocolate seasoned with fleur de sel

Petits desserts[edit]

Lindt's "Petits Desserts" range embodies famous European desserts in a small cube of chocolate. Flavours include: Tarte au Chocolat, Crème Brulée, Tiramisu, Creme Caramel, Tarte Citron, Meringue, and Noir Orange.[18]

Lindt makes a "Creation" range of chocolate-filled cubes: Milk Mousse, Dark Milk Mousse, White Milk Mousse, Chocolate Mousse, Orange Mousse, Pistachio and Cherry/Chili.[19]

Liqueurs[edit]

Bâtons Kirsch are Lindt Kirsch liqueur-filled, chocolate-enclosed tubes dusted in cocoa powder.[20]

Ice cream[edit]

In Australia, Lindt manufactures ice cream in various flavours:[21]

  • 70% Dark Chocolate
  • White Chocolate Framboise
  • Sable Cookies and Cream
  • Chocolate Chip Hazelnut
  • White Chocolate and Vanilla Bean

Criticism[edit]

In September 2017, an investigation[22] conducted by NGO Mighty Earth found that a large amount of the cocoa used in chocolate produced by Lindt and other major chocolate companies was grown illegally in national parks and other protected areas in Ivory Coast and Ghana.[23][24] The countries are the world’s two largest cocoa producers.[25][26]

The report documents how in several national parks and other protected areas, 90% or more of the land mass has been converted to cocoa.[27] Less than four percent of Ivory Coast remains densely forested, and the chocolate companies' laissez-faire approach to sourcing has driven extensive deforestation in Ghana, as well.[28]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Group Management" (in German). Lindt Sprüngli AG. 10 October 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 
  2. ^ "Key Figures" (in German). Lindt Sprüngli AG. 3 August 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 
  3. ^ Lindt & Sprüngli Annual Report 2017 (PDF). 
  4. ^ a b c "Story of Lindt". LindtUSA. Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  5. ^ Wiggins, Jenny (17 March 2009). "Lindt closes lid on most of its US stores". Financial Times. Retrieved 3 January 2016. (subscription required)
  6. ^ MacLucas, Neil (14 July 2014). "Lindt & Spruengli to Buy Russell Stover Candies". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 24 October 2017. (subscription required)
  7. ^ "Contact Us for Ghirardelli". Ghirardelli. Retrieved 24 October 2017. 
  8. ^ "More Than 410 Own Shops Worldwide". Retrieved 7 May 2018. 
  9. ^ "Police storm Sydney cafe to end hostage siege, 3 dead". AsiaOne. 15 December 2014. Retrieved 6 June 2017. 
  10. ^ Marc Pallisco (31 May 2009). "Flagship Lindt Chocolat Cafe to Open in Collins Street, Melbourne". Real Estate Source. Retrieved 25 November 2015. 
  11. ^ "LINDOR". Lindt Chocolate. Retrieved 24 October 2017. 
  12. ^ Tennis-X.com. "Roger Federer Loses His Bag For Lindt Chocolate [Video]". Tennis-x.com. Retrieved 30 March 2015. 
  13. ^ "The LINDT GOLD BUNNY Story > History of chocolate > Secrets of Chocolate > Lindt & Sprüngli, Master Chocolatier since 1845". Lindt.com. 17 August 2010. Archived from the original on 6 September 2012. Retrieved 25 November 2015. 
  14. ^ Charles Forelle (11 June 2008). "Europe's High Court tries on a chocolate bunny suit". The Australian. Retrieved 25 November 2015. 
  15. ^ "Golf Balls 110g". Lindt. Retrieved 25 November 2015. 
  16. ^ "Lindt Kissing Gold Bunny 100g". Lindt Shop. Wayback Machine. Archived from the original on 16 February 2012. Retrieved 13 November 2016. 
  17. ^ "EXCELLENCE Bars". LindtUSA. Retrieved 8 December 2015. 
  18. ^ "Boxed Chocolates". LindtUSA. Retrieved 25 November 2015. 
  19. ^ "Popular Chocolate Sellers". Lindt. Wayback Machine. Archived from the original on November 21, 2015. Retrieved November 25, 2015. 
  20. ^ "Single masterpieces... > Lindt & Sprüngli, Maître chocolatier suisse depuis 1845". Lindt.com. Wayback Machine. March 12, 2012. Archived from the original on December 15, 2014. Retrieved March 30, 2015. 
  21. ^ "Ice Cream". Lindt Australia. Retrieved 8 December 2015. 
  22. ^ Higonett, Etelle; Bellantonio, Marisa; Hurowitz, Glenn (15 September 2017). "Chocloate's Dark Secret" (PDF). Mighty. Retrieved 2 November 2017. 
  23. ^ "Olam to acquire global cocoa business of Archer Daniels Midland for $1.7 billion". The Straits Times. 16 December 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2017. 
  24. ^ "Olam Livelihood Charter 2016" (PDF). Olam. September 2017. Retrieved 2 November 2017. 
  25. ^ Wessel, Marius; Quist-Wessel, P.M. Foluke (December 2015). "Cocoa production in West Africa, a review and analysis of recent developments". NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences. pp. 1–7. doi:10.1016/j.njas.2015.09.001. Retrieved 2 November 2017. 
  26. ^ Harris, Nancy; Payne, Octavia; Alix Mann, Sarah (6 August 2015). "How Much Rainforest Is in That Chocolate Bar?". World Resources Institute. Retrieved 2 November 2017. 
  27. ^ Bitty, E. Anderson; Bi, Sery Gonedele; Bene, Jean-Claude Koffi; Kouassi, Philippe K.; McGraw, W. Scott (1 March 2015). "Cocoa Farming and Primate Extirpation Inside Cote D'ivoire's Protected Areas". Tropical Conservation Science. pp. 95–113. doi:10.1177/194008291500800110. Retrieved 2 November 2017. 
  28. ^ "Analyse qualitative des facteurs de" (PDF). 10 November 2016. Retrieved 2 November 2017. 

External links[edit]