Line 1 (Wuhan Metro)

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Line 1
 1 
WuhanMetroLine1Xunlimen2.JPG
Platform of Xunlimen
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System Wuhan Metro
Status Operational
Locale Wuhan, China
Termini Hankou North
Jinghe
Stations 32
Services 1
Daily ridership 396,000 (peak Dec 2011)[1][2]
210,000 (Daily 2011 Average)[3]
Operation
Opened 28 July 2004
Owner Wuhan
Operator(s) Wuhan Metro Group Co., Ltd.
Character Elevated
Rolling stock Chinese Type B
Technical
Line length 37.788 km (23.48 mi)
Number of tracks 2
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Route map
Route Map of Line 1, Wuhan Metro.png
Line 1, Wuhan Metro
Hankou North Station
Shekouxincheng Station
Tengzigang Station
Dijiao Station
Xinrong StationIntercity Bus Station
Danshuichi Station
Jingguang Railway North-bound line
Hewu Railway
Jingguang Railway South-bound line
Wuhan Second Ring Expressway
Xuzhouxincun Station
Erqi Road Station
Toudao Street Station
Site of Jiang'an rail yard
Second Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge
Abandoned connecting railway
Huangpu Road StationLine 8, Wuhan Metro
Sanyang Road StationLine 7, Wuhan Metro
Dazhi Road StationLine 6, Wuhan Metro
Xunlimen StationLine 2, Wuhan Metro
Youyi Road Station
Liji North Road Station
Chongren Road Station
Qiaokou Road train depot
Qiaokou Road Station
Taipingyang Station
Jingguang railway
Zongguan StationLine 3, Wuhan Metro
Wuhan Second Ring Expressway
Hanxi 1st Road Station
Gutian 4th Road Station
Gutian 3rd Road Station
Gutian 2nd Road Station
Gutian 1st Road Station
Gutian train depot
Duoluokou Station
Handan railway
Hanyi railway
Zhuyehai Station
Wuhan Third Ring Expressway
Etouwan Station
Wuhuan Avenue Station
Dongwu Avenue Station
Jinshan Avenue Station, (planned, unbuilt)
Extension to Jinghe

The Line 1 of Wuhan Metro (Chinese: 武汉地铁一号线) is an elevated metro line in the city of Wuhan, Hubei, China. It is the longest continuous metro viaduct in the world. Line 1 opened on 28 July 2004,[4] making Wuhan the fifth city in mainland China to have a metro system after Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Guangzhou.[5] This is the first Metro line in China wrongly referred to as a light rail (轻轨, qing gui) line in Chinese terminology because it is elevated.[6] Originally a branch line was planned to cross the Yangtze to Wuchang District via the Second Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge.[7] The Second Wuhan River Bridge even had a provision in the central median were Line 1 trains would run down in anticipation for the branch line when it opened in 1995. However by 2003 the reservation was removed to allow for more traffic lanes when the bridge was undergoing renovation.[8]

History[edit]

Segment Commencement Length Station(s) Name
Huangpu Road — Zongguan 28 July 2004 9.769 km (6.07 mi) 10 Phase 1
Dijiao — Huangpu Road 29 July 2010 7.040 km (4.37 mi) 6 Phase 2
Zongguan — Dongwu Boulevard 11.454 km (7.12 mi) 9
Hankou North — Dijiao 28 May 2014 5.555 km (3.45 mi) 3 Hankou North extension
Zhuyehai 17 September 2014 Infill station 1
Dongwu Boulevard — Jinghe 26 December 2017 4.118 km (2.56 mi) 3 Jinghe North extension

Stations[edit]

Phase 1 stations are (from west to east): Zongguan, Taipingyang, Qiaokoulu, Chongrenlu, Lijibeilu, Youyilu, Xunlimen (originally Jianghanlu, connection with future Line 2; not to confuse with the future Jianghanlu station of Line 2), Dazhilu, Sanyanglu, Huangpulu.

Line 1, Phase 2 stations from west to east are Jinshandadao (not open yet), Dongwudadao, Wuhuandadao, Etouwan, Zhuyehai (not open yet), Duoluokou, Gutianyilu, Gutianerlu, Gutiansanlu, Gutiansilu and Hanxiyilu to the West of Zongguan and Toudaojie, Erqilu, Xuzhouxincun, Danshuichi, Xinrong (originally Chalukou) and Dijiao to the East of Huangpulu (station names changed according to official system map and schedule[10]).

Station name Connections Distance
km
Location
English Chinese
Hankou North 汉口北 --- 0.000 Huangpi
Shekou­xincheng 滠口新城 3.410 3.410 Jiang'an
Tengzigang 滕子岗 1.120 4.530
Dijiao 堤角 1.025 5.555
Xinrong 新荣 1.165 6.720
Danshuichi 丹水池 1.437 8.157
Xuzhou­xincun 徐州新村 1.525 9.682
Erqi Road 二七路 0.795 10.477
Toudao Street 头道街 0.915 11.392
Huangpu Road 黄浦路  8  1.203 12.595
Sanyang Road 三阳路 1.155 13.750
Dazhi Road 大智路  6  1.010 14.760
Xunlimen 循礼门  2  1.083 15.843 Jianghan
Youyi Road 友谊路 0.986 16.829
Liji North Road 利济北路 0.888 17.717 Qiaokou
Chongren Road 崇仁路 0.880 18.597
Qiaokou Road 硚口路 1.142 19.739
Taipingyang 太平洋 1.045 20.784
Zongguan 宗关  3  1.580 22.364
Hanxi 1st Road 汉西一路 0.921 23.285
Gutian 4th Road 古田四路 0.820 24.105
Gutian 3rd Road 古田三路 0.795 24.900
Gutian 2nd Road 古田二路 0.907 25.807
Gutian 1st Road 古田一路 1.518 27.325
Duoluokou 舵落口 1.435 28.760
Zhuyehai 竹叶海 0.807 29.567
Etouwan 额头湾 0.944 30.511 Dongxihu
Wuhuan Avenue 五环大道 1.655 32.166
Dongwu Boulevard 东吴大道 1.652 33.818
Matoutan Park 码头潭公园 1.037 34.855
Sandian 三店 1.971 36.826
Jinghe 径河 1.110 37.936

All translation of station names are according to official translation.[13]

Operation[edit]

Beginning May 28, 2014, every other train will reach Hankou North Station as the northern terminus; others will terminate at Dijiao Station.[14]

Future development[edit]

The western side of Line 1 will be extended 4 km to the Jing River.[15] Both extensions were expected to be completed in late 2017.

Rolling stock[edit]

Type Time of manufacturing Lines operated Cars Assembly Notes
Type B 200?-2004 Line 1, Wuhan Metro 48 Tc+M+M+Tc Manufactured by Changchun Railway Vehicles[16]
Type B 2010-2011 Line 1, Wuhan Metro 84 Tc+M+M+Tc Manufactured by Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive Co., Ltd.[17]

The rolling stock for Line 1 is a uses 4 car Type B trains, with 100 km/h of max speed, 80 km/h of operation max speed, and 36.6 km/h average speed. Traction power is provided by a third rail collected by bottom contact contact shoes on the train. A full train provides 176 seats, and can carry 1276 passengers by Chinese regulation of 9 people per square meter.[18]

Left: Phase 2 rolling stock.
Right: Phase 1 rolling stock.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 轻轨高峰发车间隔缩短半分钟 Archived 2011-12-30 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ 武汉轻轨今迎第1亿名乘客 (in Chinese). 楚天都市报. 2011-04-09. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2013-04-10. 
  3. ^ "圣诞季成商家摇钱树". Archived from the original on 2013-04-25. Retrieved 2013-04-10. 
  4. ^ (Chinese) "武汉轻轨今迎第1亿名乘客" 荆楚网-楚天都市报 Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine. Apr. 9, 2011
  5. ^ (English) "Urbanrail--Wuhan Apr. 9, 2011
  6. ^ Wuhan, along with other three Chinese cities, has been the first batch to be approved to build so-called "light rail" system in China since 2000, see 2000年,国家批准长春、大连、武汉和重庆4个城市为首批轻轨建设示范城市。 Archived 2014-01-08 at the Wayback Machine.. However, Changchun built a true light-rail system, Dalian built a metro-style commuter rail system (and is referred to as "kuai-gui 快轨", not "qing-gui 轻轨"), and Chongqing opted for a monorail system, whereas Wuhan was the only one to build an elevated metro system. See "Urbanrail--Wuhan and affiliated Wikipedia pages. See also a comment from He Jibin, an Urban Planning official from Wuhan Municipality: "Do not assume only underground lines are metro, Line 1 is also a type of metro..." (“不要认为地下的才是地铁,1号线也是地铁的一种方式……”何继斌开门见山地纠正概念,他是武汉市国土规划局交通市政处处长……) 李斐 (March 2012). "那些年,我们一起追的地铁". 大武汉. 148: 33. Archived from the original on 2012-10-14. 
  7. ^ "武汉规划网-武汉市规划研究院". www.whplan.cn. Retrieved 2017-12-10. 
  8. ^ 大汉网络. "长江二桥:二千万元做"美容"". www.cnhubei.com. Retrieved 2017-12-10. 
  9. ^ "Wuhan light rail starts test run". China Daily. Retrieved 2010-07-31. 
  10. ^ a b 武汉轻轨1号线开通 (in Chinese). Wuhan Metro. Retrieved 2010-08-05. 
  11. ^ 武汉地铁1号线汉口北延长线明日开通
  12. ^ 竹叶海站宜家联廊桥投入使用 (Zhuyehai Station opened) Archived 2014-11-06 at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ Official Map of Operation
  14. ^ 记者体验轻轨汉口北延长线 半小时可达循礼门
  15. ^ 楚天都市报 (2011-05-28). 武汉轻轨1号线向西延伸4公里 今年开工2013年通车 (in Chinese). 网易. Retrieved 2011-05-28. 
  16. ^ changj (2009-10-27). 一号线一期工程车辆车体外表油漆涂装改造工程二次招标公告 (in Chinese). 武汉地铁. Retrieved 2010-01-31. [permanent dead link]
  17. ^ 中国南车进入武汉地铁市场 株机公司中标84辆地铁 (in Chinese). 中国南车. 2008-11-17. Retrieved 2010-01-31. [permanent dead link]
  18. ^ 武汉市轨道交通一号线车辆 (in Chinese). 长客轨道. 2010-02-04. Retrieved 2010-07-04. [permanent dead link]