Line 10, Beijing Subway

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Line 10, Beijing Subway
 10 
金台夕照站D口.JPG
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System Beijing Subway
Status Operational
Stations 45
Daily ridership 1,690,100 (2014 Avg.)[1]
2,076,500 (2014 Peak)[2]
Operation
Opened 19 July 2008 (Phase I)
30 December 2012 (Phase II, minus three stations)
5 May 2013 (remainder of Phase II)
Operator(s) Beijing Mass Transit Railway Operation Corp., Ltd
Character Underground
Depot(s) Bagou, Songjiazhuang, Wulu
Technical
Line length 57.1 km (35.5 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 750 V DC Third rail
Operating speed 80 km/h
Route map
Loop line South to Huoqiying
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Bagou
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Suzhoujie
Lines 4, 10
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Haidian Huangzhuang
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Zhichunli
Lines 10, 13
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Zhichunlu
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Xitucheng
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Mudanyuan
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Jiandemen
Lines 8, 10
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Beitucheng
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Anzhenmen
Lines 5, 10
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Huixinxijie Nankou
Lines 10, 13
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Shaoyaoju
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Taiyanggong
Lines 10,
Airport Express
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Sanyuanqiao
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Liangmaqiao
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Agricultural Exhibition Center
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Tuanjiehu
Lines 6, 10
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Hujialou
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Jintaixizhao
Lines 1, 10
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Guomao
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Shuangjing
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Jinsong
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Panjiayuan
Lines 10, 14
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Shilihe
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Fenzhongsi
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Chengshousi
Lines 5, 10, Yizhuang Line
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Songjiazhuang
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Shiliuzhuang
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Dahongmen
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Jiaomen East
Lines 4, 10
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Jiaomen West
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Caoqiao
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Jijiamiao
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Shoujingmao
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Fengtai Railway
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Niwa
Lines 10, 14
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Xiju
Lines 9, 10
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Liuliqiao
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Lianhuaqiao
Lines 1, 10
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Gongzhufen
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Xidiaoyutai
Lines 6, 10
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Cishousi
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Chedaogou
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Changchunqiao
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Huoqiying
Loop line North to Bagou

Line 10 of the Beijing Subway (Chinese: 北京地铁10号线; pinyin: běijīng dìtiě shíhào xiàn) is the second loop line in Beijing's rapid transit network as well as the longest and most widely used line. The line is 57.1 km in length and runs entirely underground through Haidian, Chaoyang and Fengtai Districts, either directly underneath or just beyond the 3rd Ring Road.[3] The Line 10 loop is situated between two and six kilometers outside of the Line 2 loop, which circumnavigates Beijing's old Inner City. Every subway line through the city centre intersects with Line 10, which has 24 transfer stations along route, and 45 stations in all.[3] Line 10's color is      Capri.

Line 10 is the world's longest subway loop line[4] and one of the longest entirely underground subway lines requiring 104 minutes to complete one full journey in either direction.[5]

History[edit]

Segment Date opened Length
Bagou — Jinsong 19 July 2008 24.680 km (15.34 mi)
Xiju — Bagou 30 December 2012 13.843 km (8.60 mi)
Jinsong — Shoujingmao 15.932 km (9.90 mi)
Shoujingmao — Xiju 5 May 2013 3.420 km (2.13 mi)
Jiaomen East Infill station

Planning[edit]

The Beijing Subway network was originally conceived to have only one ring line.[6] The booming economy and explosive population growth of Beijing has put a huge amount of demand on Line 2, surpassing its designed capacity. In 2001 and 2002, the China Academy of Urban Planning and Design proposed that two "L-shaped" lines named Line 10 and 11. Together they will form a second loop around Beijing and relieve traffic demand on line 2.[7]

Phase I[edit]

On December 27, 2003, in preparation of the 2008 Summer Olympic Games in Beijing, Phase 1 of Line 10 started construction.[8] On July 19, 2008, Phase I of Line 10 entered operation ahead of the opening of the Olympic Games.[9] It was 24.68 km in length and had 22 stations. Phase I consisted of the northern and eastern sides of Line 10's rectangular loop from Bagou to Jinsong forming an inverted "L"-shaped line.

Beitucheng line101st.jpg MUDANYUAN Station Platform 20130819.JPG 北京地铁知春里站.jpg
Beitucheng Station Mudanyuan station Station sign showing Exits
A, B & D of Zhichunli Station

Phase II[edit]

Construction on Phase II began on December 28, 2007. which means the original plan of Line 11 was not incorporated into the final network design and was absorbed into the Line 10. Line 10 formed the second full loop around Beijing.[10] In 2010, the Ministry of Railways proposed that Fengtai Railway Station is to be renovated and expanded to become a bigger intercity rail terminal for Beijing, with access to the Beijing-Guangzhou high-speed railway. The rational was to ease intercity traffic pressure on Beijing West Railway Station.[11] Due to the need to reorganize the stations on Line 10 to better serve the new rail terminal, work stopped on 2 stations, namely Mengjiacun (孟家村) and Niwa (泥洼).[12] The planning department proposed that the original Mengjiacun and Niwa subway stations be merged into the new Fengtai Railway Station, known as the "three stops into one" program. Local residents, after realizing their travel to a subway station would be greatly lengthened, quickly opposed the plan.[13] Planners reconsidered and moved Niwa Station 300m north to its current position and Mengjiacun 100m north to be renamed as Fengtai Railway Station.[14] The original station shells were demolished and new stations built in their respective new locations. Niwa station started reconstruction in February 2012,[15] while Fengtai Railway Station started on April 11, 2012.[16] This made the late 2012 opening date for that section of Line 10 highly unlikely and was postponed to the next year.[17] On December 30, 2012, the first section of Phase II, consisting of the southern and western sides of the loop opened. With the opening of Phase I and Phase II, Line 10 became a "C" shape.[18]

Signs on Line 10 trains (above) and on the platforms (below) prior to the opening of the Fengtai Railway Station and Niwa Station on May 5, 2013.

With the opening, the rapid growth in Line 10's ridership, coupled with some traffic from Line 1 diverting to the parallel and newly opened Line 6, allowed Line 10 to overtake Line 1 as Beijing's busiest subway line.[19] The Beijing Subway started operating express trains that ran non-stop between Songjiazhuang to Jinsong to alleviate traffic in the southeastern section of Line 10. These trains stopped operation after the completion of the loop.[20]

The loop was fully enclosed on May 5, 2013 with the opening of Niwa, Jiaomen East, and Fengtai Railway Stations.[3][9][21][22] Service on the Line 10 now consists of "full-loop" trains that make the journey through all 45 stations in 104 minutes, and "partial-loop" trains that run from Chedaogou in the northwest to Songjiazhuang in the southeast before turning back.[3]

潘家园站站厅.JPG 地铁10号线丰台站站厅.JPG 公主坟站10号线站厅天花板.JPG
Hall of Panjiayuan station FENGTAI Railway station Hall Ceiling of Gongzhufen station, Line 10

Operation[edit]

Line 10 to scale

From Bagou near Wanliu Park in Haidian District, Line 10 runs straight east, between the northern 3rd and 4th Ring Roads. At Xitucheng, the line meets the northern section of the Yuan dynasty earthen city wall, called tucheng. The Jiandemen and Anzhenmen stops are named after former gates in the wall. At Beitucheng, Olympic Branch Line extends off Line 10 and provides access to the Beijing Olympic Green. Farther east, Line 10 turns south after the Sanyuanqiao and follows the eastern 3rd Ring Road straight south to Jinsong in Chaoyang District. The Bagou-Jinsong section constituted Phase I of Line 10, which first opened in July 2008, and connects the university district in Haidian with the embassy district and Beijing CBD. A trip from Bagou to Jinsong takes about 40 minutes.

Fare[edit]

Starting fare of RMB(¥) 3.00 that increases according to the distance fare scheme introduced in December 2014.

Hours of Operation[edit]

The first train on the inner (clockwise) loop departs from Xiju towards Shoujingmao at 5:20am. The first train on the outer (counter-clockwise) loop departs from Shoujingmao towards Xiju at 6:12am. The last inner loop train leaves Xiju for Bagou at 11:29pm. The last outer loop train leaves Shoujingmao for Chedaogou at 11:06pm. For the official timetable, see.[23]

Safety[edit]

There are subway public security bureaus (police stations) located in the Bagou, Beitucheng and Liangmaqiao stations. Emergencies can be reported by calling 110 or 64011327.[24]

Stations[edit]

Service
routes
Station Name Connections Nearby Bus Stops Travel
Time
Distance
km
Location
English Chinese
— ↑ loop line - towards Huoqiying ↑ — 1.41 1.41
Bagou 巴沟 74 302 304 307 361 386 481 528 534 539 611 614 630 664 夜9 运通114 运通124 0:00 0.00 0.00 Haidian
Suzhoujie 苏州街 26 302 304 307 361 374 386 528 611 630 634 671 夜9 运通109 运通110 运通114 运通118 运通124 0:01 1.10 1.10
Haidian Huangzhuang 海淀黄庄  4  302 304 307 320 332 355 365 386 584 611 614 630 634 653 671 681 特4 特15 夜8 夜9 运通105 运通106 运通109 0:03 0.99 2.09
Zhichunli 知春里 304 323 386 549 579 611 630 634 653 671 夜9 运通109 0:05 0.99 3.08
Zhichunlu 知春路  13  79 88 304 311 386 579 601 630 653 671 751 夜9 0:07 1.04 4.12
Xitucheng 西土城 21 79 94 304 375 386 392 478 498 579 601 653 658 671 夜9 夜14 运通103 0:09 1.02 5.14
Mudanyuan 牡丹园 16 21 22 47 92 304 331 345快 425 508 510 579 601 606 618 620 635 645 653 658 夜4 夜9 0:11 1.37 6.51
Jiandemen 健德门 21 55 92 315 344 345 510 601 618 620 625 653 658 695 特13 夜2 夜9 夜38 0:13 0.97 7.48 Haidian/Chaoyang[a]
Beitucheng 北土城  8  5 21 81 82 92 113 380 409 515 607 620 653 694 特2 夜6 夜9 专8 0:15 1.08 8.56 Chaoyang
Anzhenmen 安贞门 108 117 124 301 380 409 515 944 BRT3(快速公交3) BRT3区(快速公交3区) 夜9 夜34 专8 0:17 1.01 9.57
Huixinxijie Nankou 惠新西街南口  5  95 125 361 430 464 515 944 夜26 运通101 运通201 0:19 0.99 10.56
Shaoyaoju 芍药居  13  119 515 547 567 696 942快 专22 0:22 1.75 12.31
Taiyanggong 太阳宫 130 132 467 515 567 939 966 985 0:24 0.93 13.24
Sanyuanqiao 三元桥  Airport  18 95 104 131 132 300 300快 302 359 379 401 403 404 419 536 641 671 847 850 850快 852 866 867 915 915快 916 916快 918 935 935快 936 939 980 980快 985 特8 夜18 夜30 运通104 0:27 1.80 15.04
Liangmaqiao 亮马桥 95 402 403 405 413 416 418 419 450 499 503 516 536 672 675 701 985 夜30 夜32 运通107 0:29 1.49 16.53
Agricultural Exhibition Center 农业展览馆 95 300 300快 302 402 405 416 450 499 503 516 635 671 672 675 690 701 特8 夜30 夜32 运通107 运通122 0:31 0.86 17.39
Tuanjiehu 团结湖 43 95 113 115 117 302 431 450 499 650 690 701 特16 夜3 夜30 夜34 运通107 运通122 0:33 0.84 18.23
Hujialou 呼家楼  6  75 113 126 140 350 402 405 650 671 673 BRT2(快速公交2) 特8 夜6 夜30 夜34 运通107 0:35 1.16 19.39
Jintaixizhao 金台夕照 9 98 101 112 113 118 350 402 405 488 615 619 650 671 BRT2(快速公交2) 特8 夜13 夜30 夜34 运通107 0:37 0.72 20.11
Guomao 国贸  1  1 9 11 28 57 58 72 91 98 113 312 348 402 405 421 488 502 503 619 626 647 648 650 666 667 668 669 804 805 805快 806 807 808 809 814 816 817 818 818快 846 848 930 938 938快 976 特8 夜1 夜27 夜30 运通107 专5 专10 专164 0:38 0.85 20.96
Shuangjing 双井 23 28 54 57 72 91 98 300 300快 348 402 637 846 848 976 特8 夜7 夜30 运通107 专10 专87 专164 专165 0:41 1.74 22.70
Jinsong 劲松 8 28 29 35 41 52 54 72 91 98 352 402 457 535 561 637 638 特3 特8 夜19 夜30 运通107 0:42 0.99 23.69
Panjiayuan 潘家园 28 34 300 300快 378 535 638 674 846 848 976 特8 夜30 运通107 0.92 24.61
Shilihe 十里河  14  25 28 53 300 300快 352 378 439 440 513 638 680 846 848 973 975 976 985 986 特8 夜30 运通107 专19 专72 1.18 25.79
Fenzhongsi 分钟寺 352 1.58 27.37
Chengshousi 成寿寺 25 93 128 665 680 821 985 990 夜23 0.97 28.34 Fengtai
Songjiazhuang 宋家庄  5   Yizhuang  17 39 139 366 511 524 555 576 684 990 特11 夜28 专62 专73 专74 1.67 30.01
Shiliuzhuang 石榴庄 120 525 820 829 特11 夜28 专76 1.28 31.29
Dahongmen 大红门 54 324 343 526 622 827 954 997 BRT1(快速公交1) 运通107 专13 专76 1.25 32.54
Jiaomen East 角门东 14 54 70 343 501 511 957 运通107 运通125 专13 1.14 33.68
Jiaomen West 角门西  4  51 72 474 501 529 556 646 998 特14 夜18 运通125 专26 1.23 34.91
Caoqiao 草桥 381 410 423 434 456 483 497 529 676 679 夜22 1.63 36.54
Jijiamiao 纪家庙 1.62 38.16
Shoujingmao 首经贸 67 1.16 39.32
Fengtai Railway Station 丰台站 China Railway China Railway High-speed FTP 专4 1.63 40.95
Niwa 泥洼 349 395 459 678 845 0.99 41.94
Xiju 西局  14  83 323 458 480 483 531 830 958 969 973 夜36 0.75 42.69
Liuliqiao 六里桥  9  57 133 477 554 568 941 941快 982 运通201 1.62 44.31
Lianhuaqiao 莲花桥 323 373 890 977 夜30 运通102 运通103 运通120 2.27 46.58 Haidian
Gongzhufen 公主坟  1  1 32 33 40 52 64 68 74 76 77 89 94 300 300快 308 323 335 337 370 373 374 394 437 624 631快 698 977 977快 特8 夜1 夜5 夜30 运通102 运通103 运通120 运通201 1.11 47.69
Xidiaoyutai 西钓鱼台 27 33 40 56 85 87 92 97 121 335 414 481 612 627 632 634 653 693 698 701 967 977 977快 BRT4(快速公交4) 夜13 夜16 运通102 运通106 2.21 49.90
Cishousi 慈寿寺  6  27 33 40 61 73 85 481 507 588 632 夜3 专98 1.18 51.08
Chedaogou 车道沟 27 33 40 85 87 114 334 347 360 360快 437 469 481 588 610 632 658 夜12 运通104 运通109 运通110 运通124 1.56 52.64
Changchunqiao 长春桥 33 74 79 355 360 365 425 437 481 539 611 664 运通101 运通114 运通118 运通124 1.24 53.88
Huoqiying 火器营 74 437 481 运通124 专75 0.88 54.76
— ↓ Loop line - towards Bagou ↓ — 1.41 56.17
  1. ^ The Jiandemen Station straddles the border between Haidian and Chaoyang Districts.

Technology[edit]

Rolling stock[edit]

A mockup of the front car of a DKZ15 train, November 2011

Line 10 utilizes a fleet of 6-car DKZ15 trains manufactured by Changchun Railway Vehicles. Initially when Phase I opened the line was operated with a fleet of only 40 trainsets (240 cars).[25] Some sets operated on the Olympic section of Line 8 before Line 8 was extended and acquired its own dedicated rolling stock.[26] When Line 10 Phase II opened the fleet was expanded to 84 trains.[27] However the two existing depots serving Line 10 had insufficient capacity for the entire fleet. Therefore, only 76 trainsets could operate on the line with 8 being temporary stored in other Beijing Subway depots.[28] With the opening of the new depot in Songjiazhuang and the need to reduce the headway on line to decrease crowding, an additional 32 trainsets have been ordered. The fleet will grow to 116 trainsets allowing Line 10 to operate at a headway of every 2 minutes throughout the line during rush hour.[29]

Signaling system[edit]

Siemens Transportation Systems and China Railway Signaling & Communication Corp. have equipped the entire line with Siemens's Trainguard MT Communication Based Train Control (CBTC) system.[30] As a fallback, ETCS Level 1 is also available.[31]

Notes[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "北京地铁10号线贯通一个月客流增近八成". chinanews. Retrieved 2013-06-06. 
  2. ^ "2014年4月30日综合交通总体运行情况". 北京市交通信息中心 北京市交通运行监测调度中心. 2014-05-01. Retrieved 2014-05-02. 
  3. ^ a b c d (Chinese) 陈琳, 刘洋, 张璐 "北京地铁10号线贯通全长57公里 跑一圈近2小时" 北京晨报 2013-05-06
  4. ^ "Beijing Subway Line 10: "If you like it then you should have put a ring round it"". Explore Metro. Retrieved 2013-05-06. 
  5. ^ 陈琳 (2013-04-30). "北京地铁10号线将"成环" 全程57公里104分钟". Retrieved 2013-05-05. 
  6. ^ "北京地铁诞生记:周总理称筹建地铁是为备战(第一部分)". 北京日报. 新华网. 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2009-01-23. 
  7. ^ "北京城市轨道交通线网调整规划". 郭春安. Retrieved 2009-07-29. 
  8. ^ "北京地铁10号线一期奥运前竣工 解读全部站点". 搜狐. 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2009-07-29. 
  9. ^ a b (Chinese) 北京地铁10号线二期12月28日开工 京华时报 Nov. 4, 2008
  10. ^ "北京:地铁10号线二期12月28日开工 2013年竣工". Retrieved 2009-07-29. 
  11. ^ 李贵民 (2010-03-29). "北京丰台火车站改造扩建工程提上日程". Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  12. ^ 梁琦 (2011-01-05). "丰台站改扩建 启动拆迁前期准备". Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  13. ^ 林阿珍 (2010-06-12). "七千人签名反对地铁"三站合一"". Archived from the original on 2013-12-24. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  14. ^ 耿诺 (2010-07-30). "北京地铁10号线两车站北移与丰台火车站接驳". Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  15. ^ "北京地铁10号线将于明年6月全线贯通运行". 2012-12-09. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  16. ^ "10号线二期提前"C"型贯通". 2012-04-19. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  17. ^ 罗源源. "地铁丰台站有望下月封顶". Archived from the original on 2013-12-24. Retrieved 2013-01-21. 
  18. ^ "4条地铁新线12月30日试运营". 北京市重大项目建设指挥部办公室. 2013-01-08. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  19. ^ "日均客流超过1号线 地铁10号线变得最拥挤". 2013-01-07. Retrieved 2013-01-07. 
  20. ^ 李秋萌 (2013-05-02). "环线运营后 10号线东段将取消大站快车". Retrieved 2013-05-05. 
  21. ^ (Chinese)"北京地铁10号线拟明年5月全线"O"形贯通". 北京晨报. Retrieved 19 December 2012. 
  22. ^ (Chinese) BII Line 10 Phase II page last accessed July 30, 2009
  23. ^ 10号线列车时刻表 | 北京地铁官方网站 Archived 2012-12-27 at the Wayback Machine.. Bjsubway.com (2013-05-21). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  24. ^ (Chinese) "北京地铁地铁10号线三个派出所正式挂牌办公". 竞报. July 20, 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-22. 
  25. ^ 孟环 (2007-12-03). "北京地铁10号线首批车辆进驻万柳车辆段". Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  26. ^ "北京地铁8号线二期北段通车 回龙观25分钟进城". 2011-12-31. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  27. ^ "10号线二期将于年底开通试运营". 2012-11-22. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2013-01-19. 
  28. ^ 陈琳 (2013-04-03). "北京地铁10号线13日起试跑整圈". Retrieved 2013-07-22. 
  29. ^ 李博 (2013-05-06). "10号线昨日终成"环"" (pdf). 首都建设报. Retrieved 2013-07-22. 
  30. ^ "Beijing opens world's longest CBTC-based metro line". Siemens AG. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  31. ^ "Metro Line 10 (Olympic Line), Wanliu - Jinsong, Beijing". Siemens AG. Retrieved 2008-07-06. 

External links[edit]