Line 11 (Shenzhen Metro)

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Line 11
 11 
11号线商务车厢.jpg
The interior of a Business Class carriage
Overview
Other name(s)Airport line
(机场线; 機場線; Jīchǎng xiàn)
Native name十一号线; 十一號線; Shíyī hào xiàn
TypeRapid transit
SystemShenzhen Metro
StatusOperational
LocaleShenzhen, China
TerminiFutian
Bitou
Stations18
Operation
Opened28 June 2016
Operator(s)SZMC (Shenzhen Metro Group)
CharacterUnderground and elevated
Depot(s)Songgang depot
Airport North stabling yard
Rolling stockCRRC Zhuzhou (1101-1133)(8A)
Technical
Line length51.94 km (32.27 mi)
Number of tracks2
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
ElectrificationOverhead lines (1500 volts)
Operating speed120 km/h (75 mph) designed, currently limited to 80 km/h (50 mph)
Route map

Songgang Depot
Bitou
Songgang
 6 
G4(China Expwy).svg
Jinggang'ao Expressway
(BeijingHong KongMacau)
Houting
Shajing
Ma'an Hill
Tangwei
Qiaotou
Fuyong
 12 
 12 
Left arrow to Haishangtianyuan East
to Zuopaotai Right arrow
Airport North Stabling Yard
 20  to International Convention Center
Airport North
 20 
Airport
Bihaiwan
Bao'an
Qianhaiwan
 1   5 
 1  to Luohu
 5  to Chiwan
Nanshan
 12 
 12 
Left arrow to Zuopaotai
to Haishangtianyuan East Right arrow
 9 
Left arrow to Qianwan
to WenjinRight arrow
 2 
Left arrow to Chiwan
to Xinxiu Right arrow
Houhai
 2   13 
 13 
Left arrow to Shenzhen Bay Checkpoint
to Shangwu Right arrow
 9  to Qianwan
Hongshuwan South
 9 
 9  to Wenjin
Chegongmiao
 1   7   9 
 7   9 
 1  to Luohu
 2  to Chiwan
Futian
 2   3  Futian station
 3 
Left arrow to Yitian
to Shuanglong Right arrow
Future extension
 2  to Xinxiu

Shenzhen Metro Line 11 opened on 28 June 2016.[1] Line 11 has a length of 51.7 km (32.1 mi) and a total of 18 stations. It connects the CBDs of Futian, Nanshan and Qianhai to Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport and onward to Fuyong, Shajing and Songgang suburban areas. It serves as both a regional express line from the west coast of Shenzhen to the city core area and an airport rail link.[2] Compared with the other lines of Shenzhen Metro, Line 11 has a longer spacing between stops for a higher speed service. Trains of Line 11 were designed to run at 120 km/h (75 mph), up to 50% faster than other lines,[3] but currently limited to 80 km/h (50 mph) for infrastructure, tunnel wind pressure and noise reasons. Construction of Line 11 started in April 2012 and test running begun at the end of March 2016. Trains run at a 4-minute frequency between Futian and Airport North, 8-minute frequency for full length trains during morning rush hours, 5-minute interval for full length during evening rush hours, and 6-minute interval for non-peak hours. Currently it takes slightly more than half an hour to travel from Futian to the Airport. Line 11's color is violet.[4]

History[edit]

In 2007, the "Shenzhen City Rail Transit Construction Plan (2011 to 2020)" was publicly announced for the first time, which included the plans for Line 11.[2] The plan calls for an express metro line running along the western coast of Shenzhen with through services to Dongguan, Guangzhou and beyond via the Guangzhou–Dongguan–Shenzhen intercity railway which was then envisioned to be an intercity metro line.[5] On December 2008, a ground breaking ceremony was held for the project, attended by Party Secretary Wang Yang and Governor Huang Huahua.[6] However, design changes started immediately after due to disagreements on how to integrate the metro project with the intercity line. Subsequently, the project was postponed.[7]

In July 2010, China Railway Minister Liu Zhijun and Guangdong Executive Vice Governor Zhu Xiaodan held talks to speed up railway construction in Guangdong. The result was a new plan to construct a Pearl River Delta Rapid Transit network. The Guangzhou-Dongguan-Shenzhen intercity railway was redesigned from a rapid transit line to a regional rail line and will no longer enter the central area of Shenzhen. Instead the Guangzhou-Dongguan-Shenzhen intercity railway shall terminate at Airport station with interchange for Line 11 but no through services.[8]

Timeline[edit]

Segment Commencement Length Station(s) Name
Bitou — Futian 28 June 2016 51.94 km (32.27 mi) 18 (initial phase)

Service routes[edit]

Stations[edit]

Service
routes
Station name Connections Nearby bus stops Distance
km
Location
English Chinese
Bitou 碧头 长安26 656 M495 0.00 0.00 Bao'an
Songgang 松岗  6  656 B641 M255 M291 M490 M512 1.90 1.90
Houting 后亭 652 656 779 782 B774 B867 B895 M442 2.30 4.20
Shajing 沙井 639 656 780 782 B716 B776 B894 M284 M333 M387 M397 2.40 6.60
Ma'an Hill 马安山 782 M284 M387 M397 1.75 8.35
Tangwei 塘尾 327 866 868区间2 B893 M237 M251 M252 M367 M387 1.75 10.10
Qiaotou 桥头 866 868区间2 B876 B892 M291 M310 M387 1.70 11.80
Fuyong 福永  12  338 639 866 868区间2 B898 M251 M252 M291 M310 M351 M387 M472 M514 1.75 13.55
Airport North 机场北  20  2.65 16.20
Airport 机场 Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport SZX 330/Airport 1(机场1)330B 330C 790 E16 E21 M416 M371 M387 M387区间 M416 Airport 2(机场2) Airport 4(机场4) Airport 6(机场6) Airport 7(机场7) Airport 8(机场8) Airport 9(机场9) Airport 10(机场10) 3.65 19.85
Bihaiwan 碧海湾 320 718 797 B847 B887 B910 M200 M473 7.00 26.85
Bao'an 宝安 631 797 B630 B828 E15 M200 M210 M376 M473 M507 3.40 30.25
Qianhaiwan 前海湾  1   5  2.70 32.95 Nanshan
Nanshan 南山  12  58 74 79 204 331 332 337 369 382 390 B682 M206 M222 M241 M242 M347 M370 M371 M463 M483 M506 N4 Peak-time 12(高峰12) European City Line 4.20 37.15
Houhai 后海  2   13  M299 M429 M467 M474 M483 M493 N24 Peak-time 10(高峰10) 1.90 39.05
Hongshuwan South 红树湾南  9  3.25 42.30
Chegongmiao 车公庙  1   7   9  21 26 28 79 101 113 123 202 204 209 213 222 223 234 303 324 326 338 365 372 M191 M372 M391 M392 M413 M414 M435 M447 M448 M500 N4 N6 Peak-time 18(高峰18) Peak-time 62(高峰62) Peak-time 119(高峰119) 5.75 48.05 Futian
Futian 福田  2   3  Futian railway station Futian 32 101 113 123 204 223 234 327 330/Airport 1(机场1) B613 E18 E28 K204 M221 M413 N4 Peak-time 15(高峰15) Peak-time 18(高峰18) Peak-time 38(高峰38) Peak-time 49(高峰49) Peak-time 62(高峰62) Peak-time 119(高峰119) 3.10 51.15
Gangxia North 岗厦北  2   10   14 
Shanghai Hotel 上海宾馆
Grand Theater 大剧院  2   1  Luohu

Planned extension[edit]

Line 11 is planned to have an east extension to Grand Theater Station.[9]

Additional proposals include a northern extension into Chang'an, Dongguan with transfers to Dongguan Rail Transit and through train service with the proposed Shenzhen Metro Line 14.

Rolling stock[edit]

The airport line will use 33 sets of Size A subway trains in eight car sets (no. 1101-1133) with a maximum speed of 120 km/h (75 mph), including two six standard class carriages and two Business Class carriages. On 4 July 2015, the first train completed eight months of commissioning work,[10] and 10 trains have been delivered from CRRC Zhuzhou as of March 2016. The maximum train capacity is 2564 people.

Business Class[edit]

Business Class has transverse seating and curtains[11] for comfort and luggage racks for airport passengers.[12] To ride Business Class passengers have to pay a premium for their ticket, similar to First Class on the MTR East Rail Line. Business Class carriages are marked by dark grey floor tiles and yellow panels above the platform screen doors. Standard class carriages are marked by light grey floor tiles and white panels above the doors.[13]

Type Date of manufacture Series Sets Serial number Assembly Notes
Type A 2015 – 2016 A-size stock 33 1101-1133 Tc+Mp+M+Mp+M+M+Mp+Tc Manufactured by CRRC Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive Works

Fares[edit]

Two kinds of fares are charged on Line 11. In standard class, the fare is equivalent to other metro lines. Business Class is three times as expensive as standard class. Standard class fares range between 2 and 10 yuan, with Business Class ranging between 6 and 30 yuan. Because of the possibility of transfers, this makes the maximum possible fare on the Shenzhen Metro 35 yuan. Business Class can be accessed through placing the Shenzhen Tong on a validator or through purchasing a yellow token (standard tokens are green).[14] 11% of passengers travel by Business Class.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wang Nian (王念). 深圳地铁11号线28日起试运营 11点后可购票体验_广州日报大洋网. news.dayoo.com. Retrieved 2016-06-28.
  2. ^ a b 轨道交通近期建设线路线站位初步方案 (in Chinese). 深圳市规划和国土资源委员会. July 9, 2007.
  3. ^ 深圳地铁11号线动态新闻. weibo.com. Retrieved 2016-06-11.
  4. ^ #新线online# #深圳地铁11号线#. www.weibo.com. Retrieved 2016-06-11.
  5. ^ "深圳市轨道交通规划简要报告(3)". February 21, 2008.
  6. ^ "穗莞深城际轨道干线在深圳开工全程1小时_深圳新闻网". news.sznews.com. Retrieved 2016-12-11.
  7. ^ "深莞惠交通运输一体化提速---深圳特区报". sztqb.sznews.com. Retrieved 2016-12-11.
  8. ^ "【图文】珠三角城际轨道交通线网技术标准调整情况_百度文库". wenku.baidu.com. Retrieved 2016-12-11.
  9. ^ 深圳东莞地铁实现无缝接驳 四条接驳线路初定_新闻中心_赢商网. sz.winshang.com. Retrieved 2016-12-11.
  10. ^ #新线online# #深圳地铁11号线#. www.weibo.com. Retrieved 2016-06-11.
  11. ^ #新线online# #深圳地铁11号线#. www.weibo.com. Retrieved 2016-06-11.
  12. ^ "11号线从中心区到机场不超半小时". 深圳特区报. April 24, 2012.
  13. ^ 新线直击 | 这个"庙"好特别. www.weibo.com. Retrieved 2016-06-11.
  14. ^ "新线直击 | 商务车厢乘车指引get√".
  15. ^ CCTV English (2016-08-21), Business class in Shenzhen metro draws controversy, retrieved 2017-02-18