Line 14 (Beijing Subway)

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Line 14
BJS Line 14 icon.svg
北京地铁14号线列车.JPG
Line 14 train approaching Garden Expo Park station
Beijing MTR
Overview
Other name(s)M14 (planned name)
StatusOperational
LocaleChaoyang, Fengtai, and Dongcheng districts
Beijing
Termini
Stations36 (33 in operation)
Websitewww.mtr.bj.cn
Service
TypeRapid transit
SystemBeijing Subway
Operator(s)Beijing MTR Corporation Limited
Depot(s)Zhangyicun, Maquanying
Rolling stock6-car Type A (DKZ53, SFM18)
Daily ridership65,000 (2016 West section Peak)
538,000 (2016 East section Peak)[1]
History
OpenedMay 5, 2013; 9 years ago (2013-05-05)
Technical
Line length47.3 km (29.4 mi)
CharacterUnderground, Elevated
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Electrification1,500 V DC from overhead catenary
Operating speed80 km/h (50 mph)
Route map

Zhangguozhuang
Xiaoqing river
Garden Expo Park
Yongding river bridge cross Yongding River
Zhangyicun yard
Dawayao
Guozhuangzi
Dajing
Qilizhuang
Xiju
Left arrow outer – inner Right arrow
Dongguantou
Lize Shangwuqu
Line 16 (to be opened 2023)
Daxing Airport Express (to be opened 2023)
Lianhua river
Caihuying
Jingjiu railway Xihuang connection
Liangshui river
Xitieying
Liangshui river
Jingfengmen
Beijing South railway station
Taoranqiao
(opens 2024)
Yongdingmenwai
Jingtai
Puhuangyu
Fangzhuang
Left arrow line 10 inner
Shilihe
line 10 outer Right arrow
Beijing Univ. of Tech. West Gate
Pingleyuan
Jiulongshan
Tonghui river
Dawang Lu
Line 28 (to be opened 2025)
Hongmiao
Pinggu line (to be opened 2025)
Erdaogou canal
Jintai Lu
Chaoyang Park
Line 3 (to be opened 2023)
Chaoyang Park South lake
Zaoying
Chaoyang Park Shuizhui lake and Liangma river
Dongfeng Beiqiao
Ba river
Jiangtai
Gaojiayuan
(not open)
Line 12 (to be opened 2023)
Wangjingnan
Futong
Wangjing
Beixiao river
Donghuqu
Laiguangying
Shangezhuang
Maquanying depot

Line 14 of the Beijing Subway (Chinese: 北京地铁14号线; pinyin: běijīng dìtiě shísì hàoxiàn) is a rapid transit rail line in the south and east of Beijing. The line is operated by the Beijing MTR Corporation Limited.[2]

It runs across the southern and eastern fringes of urban Beijing from Zhangguozhuang west of the Yongding River in the southwest corner of the city to Shangezhuang in the northeast corner. Line 14 will be 47.3 km (29.4 mi)[3] in length and have 36 stations (33 in operation).[4]

Description[edit]

West section: The stations from Zhangguozhuang to Xiju, on the southwest corner of the Line 10 loop, opened on May 5, 2013. The infill Qilizhuang station opened on February 15, 2014.

Middle section (also known as the Lize section): The stations in between Xiju and Beijing South railway station opened on December 31, 2021.[5]

East section: The east section opened in two phases. Stations from Shangezhuang to Jintai Lu opened on December 28, 2014; and the stations from Jintai Lu to Beijing South railway station opened on December 26, 2015.[4][6][7] Infills Chaoyang Park station and Pingleyuan station opened on 31 December 2016 and 30 December 2017 respectively.[8] Hongmiao, Gaojiayuan, and Taoranqiao are not yet operational.

Rolling Stock[edit]

Line 14 uses DKZ53 and SFM18 trains. They are the first high-capacity wide-body A-Type trains in the Beijing Subway.[9][10] These trains were designed in nine months by Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd. and there are now 63 six-car A-Type trains operating on Line 14. These trains entered revenue service 15 months after contract award.

Model Image Manufacturer Year Built Amount in Service Fleet Numbers Depot
DKZ53 A DKZ53 in ZHANGGUOZHUANG Station.jpg CRRC Changchun Railway Vehicles 2012 38 201–238 Maquanying
Zhangyicun
SFM18 A SFM18 in ZHANGGUOZHUANG Station.jpg CRRC Qingdao Sifang 25 239–263

List of stations[edit]

Service
routes
Station name Connections Nearby bus stops Distance
km[11]
Location
A B English Chinese
Zhangguozhuang 张郭庄 310 565 574 624 830 843 专65 专146 专177 专178 0.000 0.000 Fengtai
Garden Expo Park 园博园 391 574 830 903 专33 专55 专115 1.345 1.345
Dawayao 大瓦窑 546 973 专17 4.073 5.418
Guozhuangzi 郭庄子 507 554 634 1.236 6.654
Dajing 大井 458 830 2.044 8.698
Qilizhuang 七里庄  9  77 83 137 323 400快 458 477 480 483 531 830 839 840 896 958 969 973 夜16 夜36 专3 1.579 10.277
Xiju 西局  10  83 323 458 480 483 531 830 958 969 973 夜36 0.845 11.122
Dongguantou 东管头 74 83 134 395 458 631 830 958 977 997 夜15 专27 专138 1.489 12.611
Lize Shangwuqu 丽泽商务区 0.958 13.569
Caihuying 菜户营 5 59 74 83 134 395 458 631 830 958 977 997 夜15 专138 0.828 14.397
Xitieying 西铁营 30 专155 专176 1.462 15.859
Jingfengmen 景风门  19  14 48 88 377 454 474 夜11 夜12 专155 0.883 16.742
Beijing South railway station 北京南站  4  China Railway Beijing South railway station VNP 20 25 102 106 133 200 343 381 414 458 485 529 652 665 夜15 夜17 夜24 专18 专53 专155 1.164 17.906
Taoranqiao 陶然桥 Dongcheng
Yongdingmenwai 永定门外  8  2 7 25 40 71 72 93 120 622 828 849 943 997 BRT1(快速公交1) 夜2 专153 专202 1.950 19.856
Jingtai 景泰 7 17 25 62 141 夜28 专202 1.119 20.975
Puhuangyu 蒲黄榆  5  25 39 43 53 54 91 122 128 141 200 599 821 957 夜24 夜28 专161 专162 专202 1.025 22.000 Fengtai
Fangzhuang 方庄 12 50 51 84 91 122 139 200 352 511 夜28 专161 专162 1.486 23.486
Shilihe 十里河  10   17  28 53 300 300快 352 368 378 439 440 513 638 680 687 846 848 973 975 976 985 986 995 夜30 专19 专72 1.618 25.104 Chaoyang
Beijing Univ. of Tech West Gate 北工大西门 34 513 535 605 973 985 夜25 专10 2.423 27.527
Pingleyuan 平乐园 35 41 52 348 402 457 486 513 535 605 637 973 985 夜7 夜19 夜25 1.128 28.655
Jiulongshan 九龙山  7  11 23 35 54 312 348 486 513 561 605 669 973 985 夜7 夜25 夜29 专87 0.897 29.552
Dawang Lu 大望路  1  1 11 31 54 57 58 138 382 388 405 421 486 595 605 647 666 667 668 804 812 815 815快 816 817 818 818快 823 930 973 985 988 夜1 夜25 夜27 夜34 专141 专165 1.780 31.332
Hongmiao 红庙  Pinggu 
Jintai Lu 金台路  6  9 31 75 117 126 135 140 412 419 421 486 640 682 973 985 988 夜6 夜25 1.602 32.934
Chaoyang Park 朝阳公园 31 117 135 302 406 412 419 421 431 499 650 672 675 682 690 973 988 夜3 夜25 专142 1.085 34.019
Zaoying 枣营 419 421 682 专114 1.221 35.240
Dongfeng Beiqiao 东风北桥 4 400 400快 402 413 418 421 451 657 687 988 夜32 2.173 37.413
Jiangtai 将台 4 401 408 418 421 445 516 571 659 687 847 973 988 991 夜32 专123 专124 专195 1.600 39.013
Gaojiayuan 高家园  12 
Wangjingnan 望京南 359 401 403 404 421 451 593 641 696 850 915 921 935 夜32 1.847 40.860
Futong 阜通 132 404 421 451 593 604 687 855 921 夜32 专15 专212 1.168 42.028
Wangjing 望京  15  130 132 404 416 421 451 593 604 621 851 855 928 991 夜32 专15 0.903 42.931
Donghuqu 东湖渠 130 132 311 404 409 421 450 451 547 593 613 617 657 851 855 939 944 966 夜32 专112 1.283 44.214
Laiguangying 来广营 311 404 409 415 416 450 451 467 604 613 617 621 855 858 859 882 928 936 939 944 966 991 专213 1.100 45.314
Shangezhuang 善各庄 415 467 547 944 991 专14 专116 专122 专140 专213 专219 1.364 46.678

Route[edit]

The precise route of Line 14 has been revised several times even after construction began.

The line is designed to follow an inverted-L shaped route running from the southwestern corner of urban Beijing in Fengtai District to the northeastern corner in Chaoyang District. Currently, the west section and east section of Line 14 are operated separately, while the middle section is still under construction.

In the west section, Line 14 begins at Zhangguozhuang on Yuanboyuan South Road, west of the Yongding River. The line crosses the river to Zhangyi Village and enters the 5th Ring Road. Going east on Fengtai South Road, Line 14 passes by the Fengtai Sports Center, enters the 4th Ring Road and continues eastward on Fengtai Road to Xiju on the Line 10 loop.

The middle section continues on Lize Road inside the 3rd Ring Road and then meets Line 4 at the Beijing South railway station.

The east section runs east from Beijing South railway station. It crosses Line 5 at Puhuangyu and follows the Pufang Road through the Fangzhuang residential neighborhood. It leaves the 3rd Ring Road at Shilihe and continues eastward until it abruptly turns north at Xidawang Road. Then it runs north, between the eastern 3rd and 4th Ring Roads. After passing the Beijing University of Technology, the line crosses Line 7 at Jiulongshan and Line 1 at Dawang Lu. Further north, the Xidawang Road turns into Jintai Road. The line crosses Line 6 at Jintailu and runs north through Chaoyang Park. Upon leaving the 4th Ring Road, Line 14 enters the vast Wangjing sub-district. The line bisects Wangjing from south to north on Guangshun South and North Streets and intersects with Line 15 at the heart of Wangjing. After leaving Wangjing, the line emerges north of the 5th Ring Road and terminates at Shangezhuang.[7]

History[edit]

Opening timeline[edit]

Segment Commencement Length Station(s) Name
Zhangguozhuang — Xiju 5 May 2013 12.4 km (7.71 mi)[3] 6 western section
Qilizhuang 15 February 2014 Infill station 1
Jintai Lu — Shangezhuang 28 December 2014 14.8 km (9.20 mi)[3] 10 1st part of eastern section
Beijing South Railway Station — Jintai Lu 26 December 2015 16.6 km (10.31 mi)[3] 9 2nd part of eastern section
Chaoyang Park 31 December 2016 Infill station 1
Pingleyuan 30 December 2017 Infill station 1
Beijing South Railway Station — Xiju 31 December 2021 4 km (2.5 mi)[17] 5 central section

West extension[edit]

There was a plan to extended Line 14 from its western terminus, Zhangguozhuang station. However in July 2022, it was announced the western extension of Line 14 is replaced by the branch of Line 1.[18]

Controversy[edit]

Western terminal[edit]

The proposed final routing of Line 14 headed through Zhangyicun, near Marco Polo Bridge. However, residents of Dujiakan and nearby Wanpingcheng wanted the subway to be routed south and terminating in their neighborhoods instead. Wanpingcheng residents argued that the neighborhood's more than 60,000 residents as well as a sculpture park, a war memorial, Wanping Fortress (Wanpingcheng) and many other attractions need better public transport options. In addition roads going through Dujiakan are severely congested with traffic.[19] The terrain, rivers and railways going through the area have made it difficult to construct new roads to the surrounding areas. The end of 2008, residents gathered thousands of signatures.[20] Finally, the Planning Commission explained that building a subway to Wanpingcheng is more difficult, Line 14 will run via Zhangyicun as originally planned.[21] Ultimately, Wanpingcheng will be served by Wanpingcheng station on Line 16 which started construction in 2013.

Northern terminal[edit]

By the end of 2009, Tiantongyuan and Wangjing residents disputed the proposed alignment of Line 14's northern portion. Tiantongyuan is a large residential area within Beijing's northern Changping District. Tiantongyuan is heavily dependent on Beiyuan road, Anli Road and Subway Line 5. Both roads and the Metro line suffer from congestion. The existing Line 5 only serves the west side of Tiantongyuan and is over capacity. The Tiantongyuan online community launched a petition to extend Line 14 into Tiantongyuan. Tiantongyuan and its periphery argue that with the new developments being built in the area, traffic demand will be large. The extension of Line 14 into the area will improve access and transport capacity. Wangjing residents opposed the proposal put forward by Tiantongyuan residents believing that the huge passenger flow from an extension to Tiantongyuan will overwhelm Line 14 which is already slated to serve their neighborhood. Wangjing is a large community with significant commercial areas in Chaoyang District north east of the fourth ring road. Although numerous buses connect Wangjing with its vicinity and the city center, it is still suffering from traffic congestion. The existing Line 13 Wangjing West station is too far from the commercial center of Wangjing, making access inconvenient. Wangjing residents proposed Line 14 to terminate at Wangjing as originally planned.[22] The proposal by Tiantongyuan residents was rejected by planning authorities. Instead authorities proposed to construct a new north south express subway line called Line 17 (formerly R2 line) through eastern Tiantongyuan to better serve the area. Construction of Line 17 began in 2015.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 北京地铁日客流创纪录 首破1200万大关. Sohu. 27 March 2016. Retrieved 26 March 2016.
  2. ^ 京港地铁经营14号线 北京地铁首次使用A型车 (in Simplified Chinese). 千龙网. 6 November 2012. Archived from the original on 12 January 2014. Retrieved 6 November 2012.
  3. ^ a b c d "14号线 - 北京京港地铁有限公司".
  4. ^ a b c (Chinese) 北京地铁14号线开工 计划2014年底竣工通车 l 《北京晚报》[permanent dead link] Apr. 29, 2010
  5. ^ "地铁14号线今年年底可实现全线贯通运营". 29 May 2021.
  6. ^ Ding Jing (丁静) (26 December 2015). 北京地铁14号线中段、昌平线二期开通试运营. Xinhua News. Archived from the original on 5 January 2016.
  7. ^ a b c (Chinese) 北京地铁14号线1期及地铁7号线有望年底开建北京晚报[dead link] Sept. 23, 2008
  8. ^ "About BJL14". mtr.bj.cn. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
  9. ^ 首列北京地铁14号线A型地铁车辆在青岛下线. people.com Fujian. 9 December 2012. Archived from the original on 12 January 2014. Retrieved 12 December 2012.
  10. ^ 北京地铁十四号线工程列车编组7B改6A方案专题报告论证会召开. 北京市重大项目建设指挥部办公室. Archived from the original on 15 December 2013. Retrieved 12 December 2012.
  11. ^ "14号线路网车站站间距信息". Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  12. ^ (Chinese) 北京地铁“南北大动脉”2010底前打通 Nov. 6, 2009.
  13. ^ (Chinese) "北京地铁7号线、14号线、S1线及西郊线年内开工" Jan. 7, 2010
  14. ^ "New subway lines to get Beijing on fast track" China Daily 2013-03-11
  15. ^ "北京地铁14号线七里庄站将于2月15日正式启用" (in Simplified Chinese). Sohu News. 13 February 2014.
  16. ^ Liu Mian (刘冕) (28 December 2014). 4条地铁新线今日开通. Beijing Daily. Archived from the original on 3 January 2015. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  17. ^ "地铁14号线剩余段、17号线南段、11号线西段进入空载试运行".
  18. ^ "附件1:北京市轨道交通第三期建设规划(2022-2027年)环境影响报告书(征求意见稿).pdf" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  19. ^ "北京斥5亿改造杜家坎收费站 舆论建议将其取消". 20 October 2010. Retrieved 2 February 2011.
  20. ^ "北京丰台区居民4千人签名呼吁地铁14号线南迁". Archived from the original on 26 June 2015. Retrieved 25 June 2015.
  21. ^ "地铁14号线确定不经宛平城".
  22. ^ "北京地铁14号线争夺战". Archived from the original on 31 December 2009. Retrieved 25 June 2015.