Line 14 (Beijing Subway)

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Line 14
 14 
北京地铁14号线列车.JPG
Beijing MTR
Overview
Other name(s) M14 (planned name)
Type Rapid transit
System Beijing Subway
Status Operational
Termini Zhangguozhuang, Shangezhuang (All)
Zhangguozhuang, Xiju (west)
Beijing South Railway Station, Shangezhuang (east)
Stations 7+21
Daily ridership 65,000 (2016 West Peak)
538,000 (2016 East Peak)[1]
Website www.mtr.bj.cn
Operation
Operator(s) Beijing MTR Corporation Limited
Technical
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 1500 V Overhead line
Route map
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Zhangguozhuang
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Garden Expo Park
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Dawayao
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Guozhuangzi
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Dajing
Line 9, Line 14
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Qilizhuang
Line 10, Line 14
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Xiju
Dongguantou
Line 14, Line 16 Lize Business District
Caihuying
Xitieying
Jingfengmen
Line 4, Line 14
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Beijing South Railway Station
Taoranqiao
Line 8, Line 14
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Yongdingmenwai
Line 8 opens 2018
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Jingtai
Line 5, Line 14
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Puhuangyu
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Fangzhuang
Line 10, Line 14
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Shilihe
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Beigongda Ximen
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Pingleyuan
Line 7, Line 14
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Jiulongshan
Line 1, Line 14
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Dawanglu
Hongmiao
Line 6, Line 14
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Jintailu
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Chaoyang Park
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Zaoying
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Dongfeng Beiqiao
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Jiangtai
Gaojiayuan
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Wangjing South
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Futong
Line 15, Line 14
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Wangjing
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Donghuqu
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Laiguangying
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Shangezhuang

Line 14 of the Beijing Subway (Chinese: 北京地铁14号线; pinyin: běijīng dìtiě shísì hàoxiàn) is a rapid transit rail line in the south and east of Beijing. As of December 28, 2014, the line consists of two discontinuous line segments. The first is 12.4 km in length with seven stations, and the second is 14.8 km in length with 21 stations, and is operated by the Beijing MTR Corporation Limited.[2]

The line is being extended to run across the southern and eastern fringes of urban Beijing from Zhangguozhuang west of the Yongding River in the southwest corner of the city to Shangezhuang in the northeast corner. When fully completed, Line 14 will be 47.7 km in length and have 36 stations.[3]

The first phase of Line 14, from Zhangguozhuang to Xiju on the southwest corner of the Line 10 loop, opened on May 5, 2013. Most of Line 14's eastern portion opened on December 28, 2014. The central east portion of the line, from Jintailu to Beijing South Railway Station, opened on December 26, 2015.[3][4][5] Hongmiao, Gaojiayuan, and Taoranqiao along the L-section were not yet operational. Chaoyang Park Station opened on 31 December, 2016. Pingleyuan Station opened on 30 December, 2017.[6] Line 14 is the first metro line in Beijing to use high-capacity wide-body A-Type trains.[7][8] These trains were designed in nine months by Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd. and there are now 38 six-car A-Type trains operating on Line 14. These trains entered revenue service 15 months after contract award.

List of stations[edit]

Service
routes
Station name Connections Nearby bus stops Distance
km
Location (District)
English Chinese
Zhangguozhuang 张郭庄 310 565 574 624 830 843 专65 0.00 0.00 Fengtai
Garden Expo Park 园博园 391 565 574 830 897 978 994 专55 1.35 1.35
Dawayao 大瓦窑 546 598 973 专17 4.05 5.40
Guozhuangzi 郭庄子 507 554 634 1.26 6.66
Dajing 大井 458 830 2.03 8.69
Qilizhuang 七里庄  9  77 83 323 458 477 480 483 531 830 839 840 896 958 969 973 998 特7 特9 夜16 夜36 1.51 10.20
Xiju 西局  10  83 323 458 480 483 531 830 958 969 973 夜36 0.83 11.03
Dongguantou 东管头 1.49 12.52
Lize Business District 丽泽商务区  16  1.14 13.66
Caihuying 菜户营 0.90 14.56
Xitieying 西铁营 1.34 15.90
Jingfengmen 景风门 0.97 16.87
Beijing South Railway Station 北京南站  4  Beijing South railway station VNP 20 102 106 133 343 381 458 485 529 652 665 特17 夜15 夜17 夜24 1.08 17.95
Taoranqiao 陶然桥 0.84 18.79 Dongcheng
Yongdingmenwai 永定门外  8  2 7 17 25 40 71 72 93 120 622 828 849 943 997 BRT1(快速公交1) 夜2 1.08 19.87
Jingtai 景泰 7 25 1.14 21.01
Puhuangyu 蒲黄榆  5  25 39 43 53 54 91 122 128 599 821 957 特11 特12 夜24 夜28 专161 专162 1.02 22.03 Fengtai
Fangzhuang 方庄 12 50 51 91 122 139 352 511 684 特12 夜28 专161 专162 1.44 23.47
Shilihe 十里河  10  25 28 53 300 300快 352 378 439 440 513 638 680 846 848 973 975 976 985 986 特8 夜30 运通107 专19 专72 1.59 25.06 Chaoyang
Beigongda Ximen 北工大西门 34 486 513 535 605 973 985 夜25 专10 2.38 27.44
Pingleyuan 平乐园 30 35 41 52 348 402 457 486 513 535 561 605 637 677 973 985 夜7 夜19 夜25 1.20 28.64
Jiulongshan 九龙山  7  11 23 30 35 54 312 348 486 513 605 677 973 985 夜7 夜25 专5 专87 0.95 29.59
Dawanglu 大望路  1  1 11 30 31 54 57 58 138 312 405 421 486 502 595 605 626 647 648 666 667 668 669 677 811 812 815 815快 816 817 818 818快 930 973 985 988 夜1 夜25 夜27 夜34 运通121 专165 1.71 31.30
Hongmiao 红庙 0.70 32.00
Jintailu 金台路  6  9 30 31 75 117 140 306 419 421 486 502 619 635 640 673 682 973 985 988 夜6 夜25 0.85 32.85
Chaoyang Park 朝阳公园 31 117 302 419 421 431 499 502 619 650 672 673 675 677 682 690 973 985 988 特16 夜3 夜25 运通122 1.17 34.02
Zaoying 枣营 419 421 677 682 985 1.21 35.23
Dongfeng Beiqiao 东风北桥 402 413 418 421 503 657 677 701 740 988 特9 夜32 运通107 运通111 2.11 37.34
Jiangtai 将台 401 402 408 418 421 445 516 571 659 677 701 847 973 983 988 991 夜32 运通107 专123 专124 1.57 38.91
Gaojiayuan 高家园 1.03 39.94
Wangjing South 望京南 131 401 403 404 421 593 641 696 夜32 运通101 运通111 0.75 40.69
Futong 阜通 131 404 421 471 593 855 夜32 运通101 运通104 运通107 运通111 1.19 41.88
Wangjing 望京  15  130 131 404 416 421 471 593 621 682 851 855 991 夜32 运通104 运通111 0.89 42.77
Donghuqu 东湖渠 130 311 404 409 416 421 547 593 657 660 677 851 855 939 944 966 夜32 运通110 运通111 运通113 运通117 运通201 专112 1.25 44.02
Laiguangying 来广营 311 404 409 415 416 467 621 660 677 855 939 944 966 991 运通104 运通110 运通111 运通113 运通117 运通201 1.14 45.16
Shangezhuang 善各庄 415 467 660 677 944 1.35 46.51

Route[edit]

The precise route of Line 14 has been revised several times even after construction began.[9] The line is designed to follow an inverted-L shaped route running from the southwestern corner of urban Beijing in Fengtai District to the northeastern corner in Chaoyang District. As of December 28, 2014, the two ends of Line 14 are operational while the central section is still under construction.

The partially completed Line 14 Qilizhuang Station concourse on January 2, 2012

In the west, Line 14 begins at Zhangguozhuang on Yuanboyuan Nan Lu, west of the Yongding River. The line crosses the river to Zhangyi Village and enters the 5th Ring Road. Going due east on Fengtai Nan Lu, Line 14 passes by the Fengtai Sports Center, enters the 4th Ring Road and continues eastward on Fengtai Lu to Xiju on the Line 10 loop.

The central section, now under construction, will continue on Lize Lu inside the 3rd Ring Road and then meet Line 4 at the Beijing South Railway Station, the city’s high-speed rail terminus, near Yongdingmen. Going further east, the central section will cross Line 5 at Puhuangyu and follow the Pufang Lu through the Fangzhuang residential neighborhood. It will leave the 3rd Ring Road at Shilihe and continue eastward until it abruptly turns north at Xidawang Lu. The line will then run due north, between the eastern 3rd and 4th Ring Roads. After passing the Beijing University of Technology, the central section will cross Line 7 at Jiulongshan and Line 1, at Dawanglu.

Further north, where Dawang Lu turns into Jintai Lu, the eastern section of Line 14 begins and runs due north, through the Chaoyang Park. Upon leaving the 4th Ring Road, Line 14 enters the vast Wangjing neighborhood. The line bisects Wangjing from south to north on Guangshun Nan and Bei Dajie and intersects with Line 15 at the heart of Wangjing. After leaving Wangjing, the line emerges north of the 5th Ring Road and terminates at Shangezhuang.[5]

History[edit]

Segment Commencement Length Station(s) Name
Zhangguozhuang — Xiju 5 May 2013 11.152 km (6.93 mi) 6 (western section)
Qilizhuang 15 February 2014 Infill station 1
Jintailu — Shangezhuang 28 December 2014 6.494 km (4.04 mi) 10 (eastern section)
Beijing South Railway Station — Jintailu 26 December 2015 11.158 km (6.93 mi) 9 (1st middle section)
Chaoyang Park 31 December 2016 Infill station 1
Pingleyuan 30 December 2017 Infill station 1

Controversy[edit]

Western terminal[edit]

The proposed final routing of Line 14 headed through Zhangyi Village, near Marco Polo Bridge. However, residents of Dujiakan and nearby Wanpingcheng wanted the subway to be routed south and terminating in their neighborhoods instead. Wanpingcheng residents argued that the neighborhood's more than 60,000 residents as well as a sculpture park, a war memorial, Wanping Fortress and many other attractions need better public transport options. In addition roads going through Dujiakan are severely congested with traffic.[15] The terrain, rivers and railways going through the area have made it difficult to construct new roads to the surrounding areas. The end of 2008, residents gathered thousands of signatures.[16] Finally, the Planning Commission explained that building a subway to Wanpingcheng is more difficult, Line 14 will run via Zhangyi Village as originally planned.[17] Ultimately, Wanpingcheng will be served by Line 16 which started construction in 2013.

Northern terminal[edit]

By the end of 2009, Tiantongyuan and Wangjing residents disputed the proposed alignment of Line 14's northern portion. Tiantongyuan is a large residential area within Beijing's northern Changping District. Due poor external connections Tiantongyuan is extremely dependent on Beiyuan road and Subway Line 5. Both the road and the Metro line are extremely congested. The existing Line 5 only serves the west side of Tiantongyuan and is over capacity. The Tiantongyuan online community launched a petition to extend Line 14 into Tiantongyuan. Tiantongyuan and its periphery argue that with the new developments being built in the area, traffic demand will be large. The extension of Line 14 into the area will improve access and transport capacity. Wangjing residents opposed the proposal put forward by Tiantongyuan residents believing that the huge passenger flow from an extension to Tiantongyuan will overwhelm Line 14 which is already slated to serve their neighborhood. Wangjing is a large community with significant commercial areas close to Chaoyang District north east of the fourth ring road. Although numerous buses connect Wangjing with its vicinity and the city center, it is still suffering from traffic congestion. The existing Subway Line 13 Wangjing West Station is too far from the commercial center of the Wangjing, making access not convenient. Wangjing residents proposed Line 14 to terminate at Wangjing as originally planned.[18] The proposal by Tiantongyuan residents has been rejected by planning authorities. Instead authorities proposed to construct a new north south express subway line called Line 17 (formerly R2 line) through eastern Tiantongyuan to better serve the area. Construction of Line 17 began in 2015.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "北京地铁日客流创纪录 首破1200万大关". 搜狐. 2016-03-27. Retrieved 2016-03-26. 
  2. ^ "京港地铁经营14号线 北京地铁首次使用A型车" (in Chinese). 千龙网. 2012-11-06. Archived from the original on 2014-01-12. Retrieved 2012-11-06. 
  3. ^ a b c (Chinese) 北京地铁14号线开工 计划2014年底竣工通车 l 《北京晚报》[permanent dead link] Apr. 29, 2010
  4. ^ (Chinese) 丁静, "北京地铁14号线中段、昌平线二期开通试运营" 新华网 2015-12-26
  5. ^ a b c (Chinese) 北京地铁14号线1期及地铁7号线有望年底开建北京晚报 Sept. 23, 2008
  6. ^ "About BJL14" mtr.bj.cn 2018-01-03
  7. ^ (Chinese) "首列北京地铁14号线A型地铁车辆在青岛下线" people.com Archived 2014-01-12 at the Wayback Machine. 2012-12-12
  8. ^ (Chinese) "北京地铁十四号线工程列车编组7B改6A方案专题报告论证会召开" 北京市重大项目建设指挥部办公室 2010-12-30
  9. ^ For a map of Line 14’s planned route, as of late September 2008, see [1].
  10. ^ (Chinese) 北京地铁“南北大动脉”2010底前打通 Nov. 6, 2009.
  11. ^ (Chinese) "北京地铁7号线、14号线、S1线及西郊线年内开工" Jan. 7, 2010
  12. ^ "New subway lines to get Beijing on fast track" China Daily 2013-03-11
  13. ^ (Chinese) 北京地铁14号线七里庄站将于2月15日正式启用 2014-02-13
  14. ^ 刘冕 (2014-12-28). "4条地铁新线今日开通". 北京日报. Archived from the original on 2014-12-28. Retrieved 2014-12-28. 
  15. ^ "北京斥5亿改造杜家坎收费站 舆论建议将其取消". 2010-10-20. Retrieved 2011-02-02. 
  16. ^ "北京丰台区居民4千人签名呼吁地铁14号线南迁". 
  17. ^ "地铁14号线确定不经宛平城". 
  18. ^ "北京地铁14号线争夺战".