Line 1 (Beijing Subway)

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Line 1
 1 
Beijing Metro Type SFM04.JPG
Line 1 train at Xidan station (before the construction of the screen doors)
Overview
Other name(s)M1 (planned name)
Fuba line (Chinese: 复八线)
TypeRapid transit
SystemBeijing Subway
StatusOperational
LocaleChaoyang, Dongcheng, Xicheng, Haidian, and Shijingshan districts
Beijing
TerminiPingguoyuan
Sihui East
Stations23
Daily ridership1,234,900 (2014 Avg.)[1]
1,536,900 (2014 Peak)[2][3]
Operation
OpenedJanuary 15, 1971; 49 years ago (1971-01-15)
Operator(s)Beijing Mass Transit Railway Operation Corp., Ltd.
CharacterUnderground, at-grade[a]
Depot(s)Guchenglu, Sihui Depots [4][5]
Rolling stock6-car Type B (DKZ4, SFM04)
Technical
Line length31.04 km (19.29 mi)[6]
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Operating speed80 km/h (maximum service speed)
Route map

101 Gaojing
102 Fushouling (proposed to be re-opened[7])
Yongding River diversion canal
S1 line (to be opened Dec 28, 2020)
Line 6 (
line opened 30 Dec 2018,
but station remains under construction
)
103 Pingguoyuan (under renovation)
Gucheng deopt
104 Gucheng
101 railway (for military purpose only)
105 Bajiao Amusement Park
106 Babaoshan
107 Yuquanlu
108 Wukesong
109 Wanshoulu
110 Gongzhufen
Left arrow outer – inner Right arrow
111 Military Museum
Yongding River diversion canal
112 Muxidi
Line 16 (to be opened 2021)
113 Nanlishilu
connects Line 2
114 Fuxingmen
Left arrow outer – inner Right arrow
Line 19 crossing
115 Xidan
116 Tian'anmen West
117 Tian'anmen East
118 Wangfujing
Line 8 phase 3
(to be opened 2021)
connects Line 5
119 Dongdan
120 Jianguomen
Left arrow inner – outer Right arrow
connects Line 2
121 Yong'anli
Line 17 (to be opened 2022)
122 Guomao
Left arrow inner – outer Right arrow
123 Dawanglu
124 Sihui
connects Batong line (for depot trains only)
Sihui depot
planned train-operating connection
with Batong line
125 Sihui East

Line 1 of the Beijing Subway (Chinese: 北京地铁1号线; pinyin: běijīng dìtiě yīhào xiàn) is the oldest and one of the busiest lines of Beijing's mass transit rail network. Line 1 runs underneath Chang'an Avenue, the city's grand east–west thoroughfare, right through the heart of Beijing with stops on either side of Tiananmen Square. Line 1's color is      red. As the oldest line of the Beijing Subway, Line 1 was also the most heavily used from the time the subway opened in 1969 until January 2013, when the near-completion of the Line 10 loop caused ridership on that line to surge past Line 1. Recent traffic relief efforts have been completed in recent years. The opening of the first phase of the parallel Line 6, caused an 8.46% decrease in daily demand and a 10-20% reduction in peak flow during rush hour.[8] In addition Beijing BRT line 2 parallels the eastern section of Line 1. However, during peak hours, sections of the line were reported in 2013 to still operate above 100% capacity.[8]

Hours of operation[edit]

The first east-bound trains departs from Gucheng at 4:58am and Pingguoyuan at 5:10am. The first west-bound train departs Sihui at 4:56am and Sihui East at 5:05am. The last east-bound train leaves Pingguoyuan at 10:55pm. The last west-bound train leaves Sihui East at 11:15pm. For the official timetable, see.[9]

Route[edit]

Line 1's western terminus is Pingguoyuan, located in Shijingshan District. The line heads southeast to its second stop at Gucheng and from there runs straight east, following Chang'an Avenue all the way to its eastern terminus, Sihui East in Chaoyang District, just beyond the 4th Ring Road. The line passes through Xidan, Wangfujing and Dongdan, among other important commercial centers of Xicheng and Dongcheng Districts, as well as the Beijing CBD near the China World Trade Center. The line is 31.04 km (19.29 mi)[6] in length with 23 stations in operation. All stations except for Sihui and Sihui East are underground.

Stations (from west to east)[edit]

Station
Station Name Connections Nearby Bus Stops[10] Travel Time Distance
km[11]
Location
English Chinese
103 Pingguoyuan 苹果园 325 336 358 370 396 399 472 527 597 664 876 892 929 931 932 941快 948 961 972 977 977快 981 0:00 0.000 0.000 Shijingshan
104 Gucheng 古城 318 327 337 399 597 941 958 959 992 夜5 专61 专108 0:04 2.606 2.606
105 Bajiao Amusement Park 八角游乐园 325 327 337 373 436 472 527 545 574 597 598 663 914 941 958 959 965 992 夜5 专46 专86 专91 0:07 1.921 4.527
106 Babaoshan 八宝山 1 76 337 373 420 527 545 546 574 597 610 914 941 951 961 979 夜1 专69 专109 0:10 1.953 6.480
107 Yuquanlu 玉泉路 1 76 78 337 338 370 373 389 420 436 452 472 473 481 507 610 612 644 736 941 941快 979 夜1 专11 0:12 1.479 7.959
108 Wukesong 五棵松 1 64 76 97 337 370 420 436 568 624 685 740 952 967 982 983 特9 夜1 专127 0:15 1.810 9.769 Haidian
109 Wanshoulu 万寿路 1 32 33 64 68 76 77 89 308 335 337 370 420 624 627 夜1 夜5 夜16 0:18 1.778 11.547
110 Gongzhufen 公主坟  10  1 32 33 40 52 62 64 68 74 76 77 89 94 300 300快 308 323 335 337 370 374 394 420 437 491 603 624 631快 698 977 977快 特8 夜1 夜5 夜30 0:20 1.313 12.860
111 Military Museum 军事博物馆  9  1 21 40 52 65 68 78 85 94 308 414 夜1 夜5 夜8 0:22 1.172 14.032
112 Muxidi 木樨地 1 21 32 52 65 68 78 85 94 114 308 320 夜1 夜8 0:23 1.166 15.198 Xicheng
113 Nanlishilu 南礼士路 1 3 10 15 19 42 46 49 52 56 夜1 夜8 夜12 0:25 1.291 16.489
114 Fuxingmen 复兴门  2  1 10 15 44 49 52 387 395 423 691 694 特4 特12 夜1 夜20 0:26 0.424 16.913
115 Xidan 西单  4  1 15 22 52 70 83 88 102 105 109 332 特13 夜1 夜4 夜10 0:28 1.590 18.503
116 Tian'anmen West 天安门西 1 5 52 观光1 观光2 夜1 0:30 1.217 19.720
117 Tian'anmen East 天安门东 1 2 52 82 120 观光1 观光2 夜1 夜2 夜17 0:32 0.925 20.645 Dongcheng
118 Wangfujing 王府井 1 41 52 103 120 观光2 特11 夜1 夜17 夜18 夜21 0:33 0.852 21.497
119 Dongdan 东单  5  1 39 41 52 104 106 108 110 111 116 120 128 140 684 夜1 夜10 夜17 0:34 0.774 22.271
120 Jianguomen 建国门  2  1 20 39 43 44 52 58 120 122 126 139 140 403 637 638 639 804 特2 特12 夜1 夜10 夜19 夜20 夜24 夜28 夜29 0:36 1.230 23.501 Dongcheng[b]
121 Yong'anli 永安里 1 9 28 43 58 120 126 140 403 619 639 668 夜1 夜24 0:38 1.377 24.878 Chaoyang
122 Guomao 国贸  10  1 9 11 28 57 58 72 98 113 348 388 402 405 421 488 619 647 650 666 667 668 669 687 804 805快 806 807 808 809 814 816 817 818 818快 846 848 930 938快 976 特8 夜1 夜27 夜30 专5 专10 专164 0:40 0.790 25.668
123 Dawanglu 大望路  14  1 11 30 31 54 57 58 138 388 405 421 486 605 647 666 667 668 812 815 815快 816 817 818 818快 930 973 985 988 夜1 夜25 夜27 夜34 专141 专165 0:42 1.385 27.053
124 Sihui 四惠  Batong  1 57 58 322 363 397 405 455 468 475 496 506 517 553 605 657 666 671 865 988 989 夜1 夜27 专113 专167 0:44 1.673 28.726
125 Sihui East 四惠东  Batong  363 397 468 475 506 517 553 666 夜27 专141 0:47 1.714 30.440
  1. ^ The section from Sihui to Sihui East is at-grade.
  2. ^ The Line 1 platform of Jianguomen Station lies entirely within Dongcheng District. The Line 2 platform straddles the border between Dongcheng and Chaoyang Districts.

History[edit]

Yuquanlu Station, Opened in August 5, 1971. The first phase of the Beijing subway project groundbreaking ceremony was held west of Yuquanlu Road.

The first section of subway in Beijing officially started trial operation on January 15, 1971. It was 10.7 km (6.6 mi) long and ran between Beijing railway station to Gongzhufen which today is a section of Line 1 and 2.[12] A few months later, on August 15, 1971 the line was extended 3 stations west, to Yuquanlu. The line was extended again to Gucheng in November. On April 23, 1973, the line was extended Pingguoyuan, at this point the line is 23.6 km (14.7 mi) long with 17 stations.[12] On September 15, 1981 the line was again extended westward to Fushouling creating a 27.6 km (17.1 mi) long line with 19 stations. The line was transferred to the newly created Beijing Mass Transit Operation Corporation and was officially opened to the public, ending the decade long trial operation period. By 1981, the annual passenger volume of Beijing Subway was 64.66 million passengers, with a daily average of 177,000 passenger trips.[13]

On August 15, 1986, the second phase of subway construction started and a feasibility study on the construction of the new line between of Fuxingmen to Bawangfen (Today's Beijing CBD) was carried out. A new branch heading east to a new station, Fuxingmen, was completed between Nanlishilu and Changchunjie stations on December 28, 1987. The section between Changchunjie and Beijing Railway Station was transferred to the newly created Line 2 and Line 1 ran between Pingguoyuan and Fuxingmen stations. In January 1991, the feasibility study report on the construction of a new line between Fuxingmen to Bawangfen was approved with construction of the new "Fuba line", starting in June 1992. On December 12, 1992, Line 1 was extended east for one station to Xidan. In 1994, Line 1's signals were upgraded to automatic train protection system.[14] On September 28, 1999, the first section of the Fuba line between Tian'anmen East to Sihui East was opened. On June 28, 2000, the section between Xidan and Tian'anmen East stations opened, merging Line 1 and the Fuba Line to create a 31 km (19 mi) line with 23 stations.[14]

Due to platform congestion and suicides, a proposal was made in 2010 to refit all stations on Line 1 with platform screen doors.[15] However, the ventilation system in the older stations of Line 1 was incompatible with full-height platform screen doors, so half height platform screen doors were chosen instead.[16] In the meantime between 2014 and 2015, Line 1 again upgraded its signals to a communications-based train control system allowing trains to run headways down to 2 minutes during rush hour. In July 2016, the operator began installing platform screen doors on Line 1.[17] In 2016, the platform screen doors was installed at Yong'anli station.[18] By the end of 2017, all stations were retrofitted with half-height platform screen doors, and all the screen doors were put into operation for the first time.[19]

Line 1 train at Wangfujing.
In 1992, Line 1 was extended east one station to Xidan.
Platform of Tian'anmen East station
In 2017, safety doors were installed on the platform of Line 1.
Segment Commencement Length Station(s) Name
Gongzhufen — Beijing Railway Station 1 October 1969[a] 10.7 km (6.65 mi) 10 Phase 1 (initial section)
Yuquanlu — Gongzhufen 5 August 1971 4.9 km (3.04 mi) 3 Yuquanlu extension
Gucheng — Yuquanlu 7 November 1971 5.4 km (3.36 mi) 3 Gucheng extension
Pingguoyuan — Gucheng 23 April 1973 3.7 km (2.30 mi) 1 Pingguoyuan extension
Nanlishilu — Fuxingmen 28 December 1987 0.4 km (0.25 mi) 1 Line 1 & 2 realignment project
Changchunjie — Beijing Railway Station −6.1 km (−3.79 mi) -6
Fuxingmen — Xidan 12 December 1992 1.6 km (0.99 mi) 1 Xidan extension
Tian'anmen West — Sihui East 28 September 1999 10.1 km (6.28 mi) 10 Fuba line
Xidan — Tian'anmen West 28 June 2000 1.3 km (0.81 mi) 2 Line 1 & Fuba line merging project
  1. ^ 15 January 1971 - Initial line began operation on a trial basis.

Other facilities[edit]

Rolling stock for Line 1 is maintained at Gucheng and Sihui.

Restricted stations[edit]

Beyond Pingguoyuan, Line 1 extends further northwest where it has several other stations including 54# Heishitou (黑石头), 53#/No. 101 Gaojing (高井) and 52#/No. 102 Fushouling (福寿岭). Gaojing and Heishitou are in the military region. Fushouling is actually outside the military region. These stations are not open for public use.

Fushouling station will open to public in several years.[20] The station will also serve the nearby Beijing Banking & Insurance Business Park (北京银行保险产业园).[21]

Future plans[edit]

Through operations with the Batong Line[edit]

In 2010, a CPPCC member Chen Dingwang, proposed that services on Line 1 and the Batong Line should directly link, with through operations, reducing travel times and removing the unnecessary forced transfers at Sihui East or Sihui.[22] However, the Beijing Subway responded that Line 1's and Batong's signal systems are completely different, so through-operation will be more difficult to achieve, from an engineering standpoint. As of 2016, preliminary design and feasibility studies are underway to allow for through operations between Line 1 and Batong.[23]

The through operation will be started in 2021.[24]

Increasing capacity[edit]

The platforms of some Line 1 stations are much longer than the trains used on the line.

Due to Line 1's severe overcapacity problem, there are plans to introduce seven-car or longer trains.[25] In order for this plan to proceed the oldest section of Line 1 between Pingguoyuan and Nanlishilu, which only has platforms long enough to accommodate six-car trains, will need to be lengthened. The newer section between Fuxingmen and Sihui East has platforms long enough for 8 car trains. Due to the high cost of extending the platforms of the underground stations the plan is currently put on hold. In the future a parallel express line called Line 18 will run beside or under Line 1 stopping only at major stations.

Rolling stock[edit]

Current[edit]

Former[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ 客流信息. Beijing Subway. Retrieved 2015-03-20.
  2. ^ "Ridership". Sina. Retrieved 2012-05-03.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "Official Ridership". Beijing Subway. Archived from the original on 2012-05-02. Retrieved 2012-05-04.
  4. ^ Gao Yucai (高毓才) (1999). 建设中的北京地铁——地铁"复一八"线. Beijing: China Railways Press (中国铁道出版社). p. 13. ISBN 7-113-03381-4.
  5. ^ Pan Xiaojun (潘晓军) (2013). 北京地铁1号线运输能力挖掘研究. 交通运输系统工程与信息. 13 (4): 200–204.
  6. ^ a b "八通线与1号线贯通?年底见分晓". bjnews.com.cn. 2016-11-16.
  7. ^ "北京地铁1号线福寿岭站将开放使用". Qianlongwang. 2018-09-28. Retrieved 2018-09-28.
  8. ^ a b 我市轨道交通网络化运营效果凸显. Beijing Municipal Transportation Committee (北京市交通委员会). 2013-02-07. Archived from the original on 2014-01-09. Retrieved 2013-09-15.
  9. ^ [1] Archived October 24, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ 北京地铁. Beijing Subway.
  11. ^ "站间公里数 北京地铁官方网站".
  12. ^ a b 地铁公司大事记1971--1980年. Beijing Subway.
  13. ^ 地铁公司1981--1990年地铁大事记. Retrieved 2011-02-03.
  14. ^ a b 地铁公司1991--2000年大事记. Beijing Subway. Archived from the original on 2011-01-31. Retrieved 2011-02-03.
  15. ^ 北京地铁1号2号13号线和八通线将装站台安全门. Sohu. 2010-04-06.
  16. ^ 北京地铁老线加装站台安全门已进入论证阶段. Archived from the original on 2013-04-10. Retrieved 2013-03-09. 大众网 2010-07-04
  17. ^ "Beijing begins installing platform barriers on subway Line 1". China Daily. Xinhua. 2016-07-19. Retrieved 2019-07-11.
  18. ^ 北京地铁1号线站台门 开关2000次后"上岗" - 财经新闻 - 中国网•东海资讯. jiangsu.china.com.cn. Archived from the original on 2016-08-21. Retrieved 2016-08-18.
  19. ^ 1号线全线安全门今日投用 北京地铁全线安全门全部启用. news.sina.com.cn. 2017-09-10. Retrieved 2017-11-09.
  20. ^ "北京市石景山区人民政府办公室关于印发《石景山区2019年交通综合治理行动计划》的通知". 2019-07-17.
  21. ^ "重磅 1号线福寿岭站即将启用 建设北京·银行保险产业园至中关村西区、金融街半小时交通圈". 2019-07-31.
  22. ^ 北京地铁八通线一号线有望贯通. 中国网. 2011-09-16.
  23. ^ 北京八通线南延工程初步设计顺利通过评审-千龙网·中国首都网. finance.qianlong.com. Retrieved 2016-11-17.
  24. ^ "地铁八通线问题". 2019-06-28. Retrieved 2019-12-04.
  25. ^ 北京地铁1号线6节车厢将扩至7节. 凤凰网. 2010-12-31.

External links[edit]