Line 1, Beijing Subway

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Line 1, Beijing Subway
 1 
Beijing Metro Type SFM04.JPG
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System Beijing Subway
Status Operational
Termini Pingguoyuan
Sihui East
Stations 23
Daily ridership 1,234,900 (2014 Avg.)[1]
1,536,900 (2014 Peak)[2][3]
Operation
Opened 1971
Operator(s) Beijing Mass Transit Railway Operation Corp., Ltd
Depot(s) Guchenglu, Sihui Depots [4][5]
Technical
Line length 30.3 km (18.8 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Operating speed 80 km/h (maximum service speed)
Route map
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Pingguoyuan
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Gucheng
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Bajiao Amusement Park
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Babaoshan
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Yuquanlu
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Wukesong
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Wanshoulu
Lines 1, 10
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Gongzhufen
Lines 1, 9
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Military Museum
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Muxidi
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Nanlishilu
Lines 1, 2
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Fuxingmen
Lines 1, 4
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Xidan
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Tian'anmen West
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Tian'anmen East
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Wangfujing
Lines 1, 5
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Dongdan
Lines 1, 2
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Jianguomen
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Yonganli
Lines 1, 10
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Guomao
Lines 1, 14
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Dawanglu
Lines 1, Batong
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Sihui
Lines 1, Batong
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Sihui East

Line 1 of the Beijing Subway (Chinese: 北京地铁1号线; pinyin: běijīng dìtiě yīhào xiàn) is the oldest and one of the busiest lines of Beijing's mass transit rail network. Line 1 runs underneath Chang'an Avenue, the city's grand east–west thoroughfare, right through the heart of Beijing with stops on either side of Tiananmen Square. Line 1's color is      red.

Hours of operation[edit]

The first east-bound trains departs from Guchenglu at 4:58am and Pingguoyuan at 5:10am. The first west-bound train departs Sihui at 4:56am and Sihui East at 5:05am. The last east-bound train leaves Pingguoyuan at 10:55pm. The last west-bound train leaves Sihui East at 11:15pm. For the official timetable, see.[6]

Route[edit]

Line 1's western terminus is Pingguoyuan, located in the Western Hills of Shijingshan District. The line heads southeast to its second stop at Gucheng and from there runs straight east, following Chang'an Avenue all the way to its eastern terminus, Sihui East in Chaoyang District, just beyond the 4th Ring Road. The line passes through Xidan, Wangfujing and Dongdan, among other important commercial centers of Xicheng and Dongcheng Districts, as well as the Beijing CBD near the China World Trade Center. Line 1 intersects twice with the Line 2 loop, at Fuxingmen and Jian'guomen, once with Line 4 at Xidan, once with Line 5 at Dongdan, and twice with Line 10 at Gongzhufen and Guomao. From Sihui and Sihui East, passengers can transfer to Batong Line which runs further east, to Tongzhou District. The line's total operational length is 30.4 km. It has 23 stations in operation; all except for Sihui and Sihui East are underground.

Stations (from west to east)[edit]

Station
Station Name Connections Nearby Bus Stops*[7] Travel Time Distance
km
Location
English Chinese
103 Pingguoyuan 苹果园 325 336 358 370 396 399 472 527 597 664 892 929 931 941快 948 961 972 977 977快 981 992 运通112 运通116 专109 0:00 0.0 0.0 Shijingshan
104 Gucheng 古城 318 327 337 385 399 597 941 958 959 夜5 专108 0:04 2.5 2.5
105 Bajiao Amusement Park 八角游乐园 325 327 337 373 436 472 527 545 574 597 598 663 914 941 958 959 965 夜5 专46 专91 0:07 1.9 4.4
106 Babaoshan 八宝山 1 76 337 373 527 545 546 574 914 941 951 961 979 特10 夜1 运通120 专69 0:10 2.0 6.4
107 Yuquanlu 玉泉路 1 76 78 79 337 338 370 373 389 436 452 472 473 481 507 597 612 736 941 941快 979 特10 夜1 运通114 云通120 专11 专110 0:12 1.4 7.8
108 Wukesong 五棵松 1 64 76 97 337 370 373 436 568 624 740 952 967 982 983 特9 夜1 运通115 运通120 0:15 1.8 9.6 Haidian
109 Wanshoulu 万寿路 1 32 33 64 68 76 77 89 308 335 337 370 373 624 627 夜1 夜5 夜16 运通120 0:18 1.8 11.4
110 Gongzhufen 公主坟  10  1 32 33 40 52 64 68 74 76 77 89 94 99 300 300快 308 323 335 337 370 373 374 437 624 631快 698 977 977快 特6 特8 夜1 夜5 夜30 运通102 运通103 运通120 运通201 0:20 1.3 12.7
111 Military Museum 军事博物馆  9  1 21 40 52 65 68 78 85 94 99 308 414 特18 夜1 夜5 夜8 0:22 1.2 13.9
112 Muxidi 木樨地 1 21 32 52 65 68 78 85 94 99 114 308 717 特5 特18 夜1 夜8 0:23 1.2 15.1 Xicheng
113 Nanlishilu 南礼士路 1 3 10 15 19 42 46 49 52 56 99 843 937 夜1 夜8 夜12 0:25 1.3 16.4
114 Fuxingmen 复兴门  2  1 10 15 44 49 52 84 99 387 395 423 456 662 691 特4 特12 夜1 夜20 0:26 0.3 16.7
115 Xidan 西单  4  1 15 22 52 70 83 88 99 102 105 109 332 特13 夜1 夜4 夜10 0:28 1.7 18.4
116 Tian'anmen West 天安门西 1 5 52 99 观光1 观光2 夜1 0:30 1.3 19.7
117 Tian'anmen East 天安门东 1 2 52 59 82 99 120 观光1 观光2 夜1 夜2 夜17 0:32 0.9 20.6 Dongcheng
118 Wangfujing 王府井 1 41 52 59 99 103 104 120 140 观光2 特11 夜1 夜17 夜18 夜21 0:33 0.8 21.4
119 Dongdan 东单  5  1 39 41 52 99 106 108 110 111 116 120 128 140 684 夜1 夜10 夜17 0:34 0.6 22.0
120 Jianguomen 建国门  2  1 39 43 44 52 58 99 120 122 126 139 140 403 637 638 639 673 804 特2 特12 夜1 夜10 夜19 夜20 夜24 夜28 0:36 1.5 23.5 Dongcheng
[note 1]
121 Yong'anli 永安里 1 9 28 43 58 99 120 126 403 619 639 668 673 夜1 夜24 0:38 1.2 24.7 Chaoyang
122 Guomao 国贸  10  1 9 11 28 57 58 72 91 98 99 113 312 348 402 405 421 488 502 503 619 626 647 648 650 666 667 668 669 673 801 804 805 805快 806 807 808 809 814 816 817 818 818快 846 930 938 938快 976 特8 夜1 夜27 夜30 运通107 专5 专10 专164 0:40 0.9 25.6
123 Dawanglu 大望路  14  1 11 30 31 54 57 58 138 312 405 421 486 502 605 626 647 648 666 667 668 669 677 811 812 815 815快 816 817 818 818快 930 973 985 988 夜1 夜25 夜27 夜34 运通121 专165 0:42 1.4 27.0
124 Sihui 四惠  Batong  1 57 58 322 363 397 405 450 455 468 475 496 506 517 553 605 648 657 666 671 865 988 989 夜1 夜27 专113 专167 0:44 1.6 28.6
125 Sihui East 四惠东  Batong  363 397 450 468 475 506 517 553 666 夜27 运通121 0:47 1.7 30.3

History[edit]

As the oldest line of the Beijing Subway, Line 1 was also the most heavily used from the time the subway opened in 1969 until January 2013, when the near-completion of the Line 10 loop caused ridership on that line to surge past Line 1. Recent traffic relief efforts have been completed in recent years. The opening of the first phase of the parallel Line 6, caused an 8.46% decrease in daily demand and a 10-20% reduction in peak flow during rush hour.[8] In addition Beijing BRT line 2 parallels the eastern section of Line 1. However, during peak hours sections of the line still operate above 100% capacity.[8]

Line 1 train at Wangfujing.
Platform of Tian'anmen East Station
Segment Date opened Length
Gongzhufen — Nanlishilu 1 October 1969[note 2] 3.7 km (2.30 mi)
Yuquanlu — Gongzhufen 5 August 1971 4.9 km (3.04 mi)
Gucheng — Yuquanlu 7 November 1971 5.4 km (3.36 mi)
Pingguoyuan — Gucheng 23 April 1973 3.7 km (2.30 mi)
Nanlishilu — Fuxingmen 28 December 1987 0.4 km (0.25 mi)
Fuxingmen — Xidan 12 December 1992 1.6 km (0.99 mi)
Tian'anmen West — Sihui East 28 September 1999 10.1 km (6.28 mi)
Xidan — Tian'anmen West 28 June 2000 1.3 km (0.81 mi)
  1. ^ The Line 1 platform of Jiangguomen Station lies entirely within Dongcheng District. The Line 2 platform straddles the border between Dongcheng and Chaoyang Districts.
  2. ^ 15 January 1971 - Initial line began operation on a trial basis.

Other facilities[edit]

Rolling stock for Line 1 are maintained at Guchenglu and Sihui.

Beyond Pingguoyuan, Line 1 extends further west into a military base where it has several other stations including 54# Heishitou/Wulituo (黑石头/五里坨), 53#/No. 101 Gaojing/Beijing Military Region (高井/北京军区) and 52#/No. 102 Fushouling/Metro Drivers' Vocational School (福寿岭/地铁驾校). These stations are not open for public use.[citation needed]

Future plans[edit]

Increasing capacity[edit]

Due to Line 1's severe overcapacity problem there are plans to introduce seven-car trains.[9] In order for this plan to proceed the oldest section of line 1 between Pingguoyuan and Nanlishilu, which only has platforms long enough to accommodate six-car trains, will have to be lengthened. However the section between Fuxingmen and Sihui East has platforms long enough for 8 car trains. Due to the high cost of extending the platforms of the underground stations the plan is currently put on hold.

Through operations with the Batong Line[edit]

In 2010, a CPPCC member Chending Wang, proposed that Line 1 and the Batong Line directly link, with through operations, reducing travel times by removing the unnecessary forced transfers at Sihui East or Sihui.[10] However, the Beijing Subway responded that Line 1's and Batong's signal systems are completely different, so through-operation will be more difficult to achieve, from an engineering standpoint. As of 2016, preliminary design and feasibility studies are underway to allow for through operations between Line 1 and Batong.[11]

Platform screen gates[edit]

Due to platform congestion and suicides there is a proposal to refit all stations on Line 1 with platform screen doors.[12] However, the arrangement of ventilation in the older stations of Line 1 is incompatible with full-height platform screen doors, so half-height gates will be used.[13] The first screen door was built at Yong'anli Station.[14] Several days later, screen doors was built at Guomao Station.

Rolling stock[edit]

Current[edit]

Former[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "客流信息". Beijing Subway. Retrieved 2015-03-20. 
  2. ^ "Ridership". Sina. Retrieved 2012-05-03. 
  3. ^ "Official Ridership". Beijing Subway. Retrieved 2012-05-04. 
  4. ^ 高毓才 (1999). 建设中的北京地铁——地铁"复一八"线. 北京: 中国铁道出版社. p. 13. ISBN 7-113-03381-4. 
  5. ^ 潘晓军 (2013). "北京地铁1号线运输能力挖掘研究". 交通运输系统工程与信息. 13 (4): 200–204. 
  6. ^ [1] Archived October 24, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ 北京地铁
  8. ^ a b "我市轨道交通网络化运营效果凸显". 北京市交通委员会. 2013-02-07. Retrieved 2013-09-15. 
  9. ^ 北京地铁1号线6节车厢将扩至7节 凤凰网2010年12月31日
  10. ^ 北京地铁八通线一号线有望贯通 中国网 2011-09-16
  11. ^ 46. "北京八通线南延工程初步设计顺利通过评审-千龙网·中国首都网". finance.qianlong.com. Retrieved 2016-11-17. 
  12. ^ 北京地铁1号2号13号线和八通线将装站台安全门 搜狐网 2010年04月06日
  13. ^ 北京地铁老线加装站台安全门已进入论证阶段 大众网 2010-07-04
  14. ^ "北京地铁1号线站台门 开关2000次后"上岗" - 财经新闻 - 中国网•东海资讯". jiangsu.china.com.cn. Retrieved 2016-08-18. 

External links[edit]