Line 1 (Madrid Metro)

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Line 1
Pinar de Chamartín Madrid MetroLigero1.svg Madrid-MetroLinea4.svg
Bambú
Chamartín Madrid-MetroRENFE.svg Cercanias Logo.svg Madrid-MetroLinea10.svg
Plaza de Castilla Madrid-MetroLinea9.svg Madrid-MetroLinea10.svg
Valdeacederas
Tetuán
Estrecho
Alvarado
Cuatro Caminos Madrid-MetroLinea2.svg Madrid-MetroLinea6.svg
Ríos Rosas
Iglesia
Chamberí (closed)[1]
Bilbao Madrid-MetroLinea4.svg
Tribunal Madrid-MetroLinea10.svg
Gran Vía Madrid-MetroLinea5.svg
Sol Cercanias Logo.svg Madrid-MetroLinea2.svg Madrid-MetroLinea3.svg
Tirso de Molina
Antón Martín
Atocha
Atocha Renfe Cercanias Logo.svg Madrid-MetroRENFE.svg
Menéndez Pelayo
Pacífico Madrid-MetroLinea6.svg
Puente de Vallecas
Nueva Numancia
Portazgo
Buenos Aires
Alto del Arenal
Miguel Hernández
Sierra de Guadalupe Cercanias Logo.svg
Villa de Vallecas
Congosto
La Gavia
Las Suertes
Valdecarros

Line 1 of the Madrid Metro runs entirely underground from Pinar de Chamartín in the north to Valdecarros in the southeast, via Vodafone Sol. Today it has 33 stations (with 60-metre-long platforms) and spans 24 km (14.9 mi) from end to end. When it was initially constructed however, the line contained only 8 stops connecting Cuatro Caminos in the north to the city center at Puerta del Sol. Line 1 marks the start of the Madrid Metro with its inauguration on October 17th, 1919 and public service beginning 14 days later on 31 October.[2] There have been various extensions to the line since it opened including the most recent northern extension to Pinar de Chamartin on 11 April 2007 and a southern extension on 16 May 2007 to Valdecarros.

Line 1 is the second busiest line on the Madrid Metro, behind Line 6, with more than 7.5 million monthly trips.[3]

History[edit]

Line 1 of the Madrid Metro was opened on 17 October 1919 between Cuatro Caminos and Sol. It was extended from Sol to Atocha in 1921, Atocha to Puente de Vallecas in 1923,[4] Cuatro Caminos to Tetuán in 1929,[5] Tetuán to Plaza de Castilla in 1961 and Puente de Vallecas to Portazgo in 1962.[6]

Between 1964 and 1966, station platforms were lengthened from 60 metres to 90 metres in order to allow 6-car train compositions, due to heavy increasing passenger flow. Chamberí station had to be closed because it didn't allow platform lengthening due to its sharp curve and its closeness to Iglesia station. The old Chamberí station however is still open to the public as part of the Madrid Metro's Platform 0 project and now functions primarily as a historic exhibition.[1]

In recent years, the line has been extended both north and south. Firstly, in 1988 Atocha Renfe was added between the stations of Atocha and Menéndez Pelayo to serve the new long-distance rail station of Atocha. On 1 April 1994, it was extended from Portazgo to Miguel Hernández and on 4 March 1999 from Miguel Hernández to Congosto.

In 2007, the line was extended to Pinar de Chamartin in two stages. First, on 30 March 2007, the line was extended from Plaza de Castilla to Chamartin, which provides interchange with Line 10 and RENFE services. The new metro complex has line 1 and in the future, line 11 on the lower level and line 10 on the upper level. On 11 April 2007 the extension to Pinar de Chamartin was completed. Here, there is interchange available to Line 4. There are two side platforms for arrivals and an island platform for departures. In May 2007, interchange to Metro Ligero 1 was available, which terminates one level higher.

On 16 May 2007, the line was extended south from Congosto to Valdecarros with two intermediate stations.

Since summer 2007, the line uses class 2000A stock. Chamberí station, after more than 40 years of abandonment, was refurbished and open in 2008 as an exhibition place to show how Metro stations were when opened in 1919.

Beginning 3 July 2016, 25 of the 33 stations were closed for a €70 million refurbishment project meant to modernize the line, the oldest in the system, and repair tunnel linings and replacing power cables. The project will last until November, with replacement buses offered to patrons.[7][8]

Engineering work on Line 1 to be followed by shutdown of route to Barajas Airport OtrosGuardarEnviar por correoImprimir FRAN SERRATO Twitter BRUNO GARCÍA GALLO Twitter Madrid 1 MAR 2016 - 09:19 CET

Map[edit]

Map of the line 1.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Andén 0" [Platform 0] (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 July 2015. 
  2. ^ "History 1919". Retrieved 5 July 2015. 
  3. ^ Cite error: The named reference Pais-Jul2016_Metro_Madrid_is_investing_over_69.8_million_euros_in_the_improvement_works_of_Metro_Line_1_tunnel_between_Plaza_de_Castilla_and_Sierra_de_Guadalupe_stations._The_works.2C_which_will_affect_13.5_kilometres_and_23_stations.2C_started_on_3_July_2016_and_will_last_until_12_November_2016. was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  4. ^ "Map of the network 1925". 
  5. ^ "Map of the network 1932". 
  6. ^ "Map of the network 1964". 
  7. ^ Pérez-Lanzac, Carmen (4 July 2016). "The long journey of the Vallecanos". El País. Retrieved 4 July 2016. 
  8. ^ Serrato, Fran; García Gallo, Bruno (1 March 2016). "Upcoming Madrid subway line closures set to spark travel chaos". El País. Retrieved 4 July 2016. 

Coordinates: 40°24′45″N 3°41′58″W / 40.4125°N 3.6994°W / 40.4125; -3.6994