|Other name(s)||R1 (planned name)|
|Status||Operational; Extension to Chongming Island previously planned|
|Owner||Shentong Metro Line 1 Development Co., Ltd. (south of Shanghai Circus World);|
Shanghai Gonghexin Road Elevated Development Co., Ltd. (north of Shanghai Circus World)
|Locale||Minhang, Xuhui, Huangpu, Jing'an, and Baoshan districts, Shanghai, China|
|Operator(s)||Shanghai No. 1 Metro Operation Co. Ltd.|
|Depot(s)||Fujin Road Depot;|
|Rolling stock||84 Type A 8 car trains|
|Daily ridership||1.507 million (2019 peak)|
|Commenced||January 19, 1990|
|Opened||May 28, 1993|
|Last extension||December 29, 2007|
|Line length||36.39 km (22.61 mi)|
|Number of tracks||2|
|Character||Underground: Shanghai South Railway Station ↔ Wenshui Road|
Elevated: Xinzhuang ↔ Jinjiang Park
At grade: Wenshui Road ↔ Fujin Road
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Electrification||Overhead lines (1500 volts)|
|Operating speed||80 km/h (50 mph)|
Average speed: 33.9 km/h (21 mph)
Line 1 is a north-south line of the Shanghai Metro. It runs from Fujin Road in the north, via Shanghai Railway Station to Xinzhuang in the south. The first line to open in the Shanghai Metro system, line 1 serves many important points in Shanghai, including People's Square and Xujiahui. Due to the large number of important locations served, this line is extremely busy, with a daily ridership of over 1,000,000 passengers. Generally, the line runs at grade beside the Shanghai–Hangzhou railway in the south, underground in the city center and elevated on the second deck of the North–South Elevated Road in the North. The line is colored red on system maps.
The required investment for the project was US$620 million (including domestic supporting RMB investment). In August 1988 and May 1989, the program of loans to the Federal Republic of Germany, France and the United States was approved by the State Planning Commission.
- The Federal Government of Germany has a loan of 460 million marks, an annual interest rate of 0.75%, a committed rate of 0.25%, a repayment period of 30 years, and a grace period of 10 years.
- French mixed loan of 132 million francs, of which 54% of government soft loans, annual interest rate of 2%, loan repayment period of 19 years, grace period of 11 years; export credit 46%, annual interest rate of 8.3%, loan repayment period of 10 years, grace period of 22 month.
- The US loaned USD 23.18 million, of which 45% were government grants and 55% were commercial loans. The annual interest rate fluctuates, the loan repayment period is 10 years, and the grace period is 5 years.
With the start of construction of the project, the cost has also increased. In August 1993, the budgetary estimate was adjusted to 3.974 billion yuan, of which domestic supporting funds increased by 1.086 billion yuan. In January 1995, the total budget was adjusted for the second time to 5.39 billion yuan, of which 3.961 billion yuan was domestic supporting funds.
- May 28, 1993 - The first 4.4 km (2.7 mi) long section of the line, from Xujiahui to Shanghai South Railway Station (formerly known as Xinlonghua), opens.
- April 10, 1995 - The entire 16.1 km (10.0 mi) long original line, from Shanghai Railway Station to Jinjiang Park, opens.
- December 28, 1996 - Separate southern section from Jinjiang Park (formerly known as Hongmei Road South) to Xinzhuang opens. Northern extension continues to operate to Shanghai Railway Station.
- July 1, 1997 - The northern and southern sections are connected, forming one complete line from Shanghai Railway Station - Xinzhuang.
- December 28, 2004 - Line runs from Gongfu Xincun - Xinzhuang after northern extension opens.
- December 29, 2007 - Second northern extension opens; full line runs from Fujin Road - Xinzhuang.
|Shanghai Metro Line 1 opening history|
|Jinjiang Park — Xujiahui||19 Jan 1990||28 May 1993||4.4 km (2.73 mi)||4||Initial phase (1st section)||¥5.39 billion|
|Xujiahui — Shanghai Railway Station||19 Jan 1990||10 Apr 1995||11.7 km (7.27 mi)||8||Initial phase (2nd section)|
|Xinzhuang — Jinjiang Park||10 Dec 1994||28 Dec 1996||5.3 km (3.29 mi)||4||Southern extension||¥620 million|
|Shanghai Railway Station — Gongfu Xincun||28 Dec 2004||12.4 km (7.71 mi)||9||1st Northern extension||¥4.62 billion|
|Gongfu Xincun — Fujin Road||29 Dec 2007||4.3 km (2.67 mi)||3||2nd Northern extension||¥1.5339 billion|
|Shanghai Metro Line 1 service routes|
|●||●||Xinzhuang||莘庄||[i] XZH||0.00||0.00||0||Minhang||28 Dec 1996||At-grade |
|●||●||Lianhua Road||莲花路||1.46||2.77||5||28 Dec 1996[ii]|
|●||●||Jinjiang Park||锦江乐园||1.63||4.40||8||Xuhui||10 April 1995|
|●||●||Shanghai South Railway Station||上海南站||SNH||2.09||6.49||11||28 May 1993[iii]||Underground |
|●||●||Caobao Road||漕宝路||1.60||8.09||14||28 May 1993|
|●||●||Shanghai Indoor Stadium||上海体育馆||1.57||9.66||16|
|●||●||Hengshan Road||衡山路||1.58||12.44||21||10 April 1995|
|●||●||South Shaanxi Road||陕西南路||0.93||14.46||24||Huangpu|
|●||●||Site of the First CPC National Congress · South Huangpi Road||一大会址·黄陂南路||1.32||15.78||26|
|●||●||Shanghai Railway Station||上海火车站||[iv] SHH||0.82||20.11||35|
|●||North Zhongshan Road||中山北路||1.37||21.48||38||28 Dec 2004|
|●||Shanghai Circus World||上海马戏城||0.93||23.93||42|
|●||Wenshui Road||汶水路||1.44||25.37||45||Elevated |
|●||Bao'an Highway||宝安公路||1.64||34.17||60||29 Dec|
|●||West Youyi Road||友谊西路||1.32||35.49||62|
|●||Fujin Road||富锦路||1.27||36.76||65||Elevated |
Side & Island
- Shanghai Railway Station - Connects the metro with the main railway station in the city, allowing rail transport to and from other provinces. Virtual Interchange with lines 3 and 4.
- People's Square - This station serves a business and shopping area, and is also close to multiple tourist attractions making the station busy all day long. Interchange with lines 2 and 8.
- Xujiahui - This is a business and commercial area, also with tourist attractions such as the Xujiahui Cathedral. Interchange with lines 9 and 11.
- Shanghai Indoor Stadium - This station is located at the sports stadium of the same name and the biggest regional and long distance bus station in the city. Interchange with line 4.
- Shanghai South Railway Station - This station serves the second railway station of the city, which accommodates trains serving cities mainly to the south. Interchange with lines 3 and 15.
- Xinzhuang - The southern terminus of line 1; interchange with line 5.
West extension of line 1
A 1.2 km (0.75 mi) extension to Humin road (North Xinzhuang Station) has been approved as part of the National Development and Reform Commission has approved the 2018-2023 construction planning of the city's Metro network. Work is expected to begin before 2023 and will take 4 years at acost of US$518. The extension will connect to the under construction Jiamin line.
|Shanghai Metro Line 1 headway|
Shanghai Railway Station
|Shanghai Railway Station - |
|Monday - Thursday|
|AM peak||7:00–9:00||About 2 min and 30 sec|
|Off-peak||9:00–17:00||About 4 min||About 6 min|
|PM peak||17:00–19:00||About 3 min|
|About 4 – 9 min|
|AM peak||7:00–9:00||2 min and 30 sec|
|Off-peak||9:00–14:30||About 4 min||About 6 min|
|PM peak||14:30–17:00||About 4 min|
|17:00–19:00||About 3 min|
|About 4 - 9 min|
|Saturday and Sunday (Weekends)|
|Peak||9:00–20:00||About 4 min|
|About 6 - 12 min|
As the first line in the system, Shanghai Metro was conceived and designed during 1980s, when fixed block signalling and track circuit based train control (TBTC) was still considered a state-of-art approach to automatic train operation. The signalling system was designed by CASCO, a signalling manufacturer owned jointly by China Railway Signal & Communication Group Corporation (CRSC) and General Railway Signal (GRS), and was largely based on the system designed by GRS for the Washington Metro. Coded audio-frequency (AF) track circuits are used for both train detection and transmission of speed commands, as well as limited train-to-wayside communication (TWC) for automatic train supervision (ATS). Train operation between stations and station stop can be automatic, while doors are controlled manually by train operators.
From 2013 to 2019, the system was completely renewed, with obsolete components such as relay interlockings replaced by modern microprocessor-based ones, but the general operation of the signaling system remained unchanged. As of 2020, the original design is expected to serve two additional decades.
In the summer of 2006 after poor cooling effect of the 16 subway DC trains on Line 1 in summer and the high temperature of the carriages had long been a problem, 96 ice cubes have been put into a one-meter-high waste container to alleviate the high temperature of the 16 subway DC trains on Line 1. In order to make up for the defects in the refrigeration power and design of the 16 DC trains, emergency measures must be taken whenever the temperature reaches 33 °C (91 °F) or more. With the transformation between 2006 and 2008 from 6 carriages to 8 carriages the air conditioners of the trains were improved and modernized, making ice waste containers a thing of the past.
The line was initially operated by trains built by the German Shanghai Metro Group which included Adtranz (now Bombardier) and Siemens together with AEG Westinghouse and Düwag.
All are type A[i] trains 8 cars in length.
|Shanghai Metro Line 1 rolling stock|
|11||ADtranz[iii] and Siemens||1992-1994||A[i]||8||Tc+Mp+M+Mp+M+Mp+M+Tc||01A01||0101-0110
|In 2008-2009 expanded DC01 series by CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive Co., Ltd. using the middle carriages of the old 0111-0113, 0115, 0116 trains.|
|In 2008-2009 expanded DC01 series by CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive Co., Ltd. Trains are a combination of the Tc carriages of the original DC01 train and the middle six carriages are newly produced by CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive Co., Ltd. (30 newly produced carriages similar to 04A01).|
|9||1998-2001||A[i]||8||Tc+Mp+M+Mp+M+Mp+M+Tc||01A03||0117-0125||Train 0117 used to be AC01 and was damaged in a train collision in 2009, two carriages were scrapped. In 2011 these were replaced by two new carriages of CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive Co., Ltd. Another two new carriages were added to expand it.|
Trains 0118-0125 are an extension of the original AC01 train by adding two newly produced CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive Co., Ltd. Tc carriages to six old middle AC01 carriages (using the 48 middle carriages from AC01).
|12||1998-2001||A[i]||8||Tc+Mp+M+M+Mp+M+Mp+Tc||01A04||0126-0137||In 2008-2009 expanded AC01 series by CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive Co., Ltd.|
Trains are a combination of the Tc carriages of the original AC01 and six CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive Co., Ltd. carriages (42 newly produced carriages similar to 04A01). The Tc carriages of trains 0130-0137 were returned from line 2 (set AC02, trains 0217-0224).
|16||Even numbers: SATCO[iv] (and 0155)
Odd numbers CRRC Nanjing Puzhen Co., Ltd. (and 0140)
|11||CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive Co., Ltd.||2016-2018||A[i]||8||Tc+Mp+M+Mp+M+M+Mp+Tc||01A06||0156-0166|
Former Rolling Stock
All were 6-car type A rolling stock.
|Shanghai Metro Line 1 former rolling stock|
|10||Bombardier Movia 456||15/12/2004–28/09/2007||A[ii]||6||Tc+Mp+M+M+Mp+Tc||AC04||0130-0139||Seconded to line 9 (set 09A01; number 0901-0910).|
|16||ADtranz[iii] and Siemens||28/05/1993–28/12/2009||A[ii]||6||Tc+Mp+M+Mp+M+Tc||DC01||0101-0116||Expanded into 8 carriages (01A01 & 01A02) using new CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive carriage (01A02). While 01A01 (101-110 and 114) used M and Mp carriages from 111 112 113 115 116.|
|13||ADtranz[iii] and Siemens||1999–22/12/2009||A[ii]||6||Tc+Mp+M+Mp+M+Tc||AC01||0117-0129||Expanded into 8 car sets:|
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