Green Line (Montreal Metro)

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Green Line / Ligne Verte
Montreal Metro.svg
MontrealMetroPlasDeArts.JPG
A Green Line train arrives at Place-des-Arts station.
Overview
TypeRapid transit
SystemMontreal Metro
LocaleMontreal, Quebec, Canada.
TerminiAngrignon (south)
Honoré-Beaugrand (north)
Stations27
Operation
OpenedOctober 14, 1966
Operator(s)Société de transport de Montréal (STM)
Depot(s)Angrignon, Beaugrand (for MR-73 and MPM-10)
Centre d'attachement Duvernay (connected to line 2), Centre d'attachement Viau (for maintenance of way equipment)
Rolling stockBombardier Transportation MR-73 cars
Bombardier/Alstom MPM-10 (Azur) trains [1]
Technical
Line length22.1 km (13.7 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification"Third rail", 750 V DC on the guide bars at either side of the track
Operating speed40 km/h (25 mph)
Route map
Beaugrand Garage
Honoré-Beaugrand
Radisson
Langelier
Cadillac
Assomption
Viau
Viau sidings
Pie-IX
Joliette
Préfontaine
Frontenac
Papineau
Beaudry
connection to
Orange and Yellow lines
Berri-UQAM
formerly Berri-de Montigny
MtlMetro2.svg MtlMetro4.svg
Saint-Laurent
Place-des-Arts
McGill
Exo.svg
Peel
Guy-Concordia
formerly Guy
Atwater
original tunnel end
Lionel-Groulx
MtlMetro2.svg
connection to
Orange Line
Duvernay sidings
Charlevoix
LaSalle
De L'Église
Verdun
Jolicoeur
Monk
Angrignon
Angrignon Garage

The Green Line (French: Ligne verte), also known as Line 1, is one of the four lines of the Montreal Metro in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. The line runs through the commercial section of downtown Montreal underneath Boulevard de Maisonneuve, formerly Rue de Montigny. It runs mainly on a northeast to southwest axis with a connection to the Orange and Yellow Lines at Berri-UQAM, and with the Orange Line west of downtown at Lionel-Groulx.

The section between Atwater and Frontenac was part of the initial network; the line was extended to Honoré-Beaugrand in 1976 to provide easy access to 1976 Summer Olympics sites. It was extended to Angrignon in 1978. All but three stations — De L'Église, Lionel-Groulx, and Charlevoix — are side platform stations.

History[edit]

The first stations, found on the section between Atwater and Papineau, opened on October 14, 1966. Several smaller sections were delayed by several months. On December 19, 1966, the line was further extended from Papineau to Frontenac, and two days later came the stopover Beaudry between Berri-UQAM and Papineau. On December 20, 1967, Frédéric Back completed his art piece L'histoire de la musique à Montréal (The history of music in Montreal) in Place-des-Arts station. This commissioned piece was the first artwork completed in the Metro system.[2]

The construction of the second phase began in 1971, when Montreal was awarded the bid to host the 1976 Summer Olympics. The goal was to have the ability to transport visitors from downtown to the Olympic Park in the east end. The opening of the section between Frontenac and Honoré-Beaugrand took place on June 6, 1976,[2] six weeks before the start of the Summer Olympics. Green Line trains inaugurated an autopilot feature on November 8, 1976.[2]

The third expansion phase, between Atwater and Angrignon, came into operation on September 3, 1978.[2]

Rolling stock[edit]

From the line's opening in 1966, MR-63 cars were used on the Green Line. Upon the introduction of the MR-73 cars on the Green Line in 1976, the older MR-63 cars were used on the Orange Line. From the early-1980s until 2018, MR-63 cars were once again in use on the Green Line.

With the introduction of the newer MPM-10 trains (also known as Azur) in 2016 on the Orange line, the Green Line is now primarily served by both the MR-73 and MPM-10 cars. The MR-63 trains were fully retired on June 21, 2018. As of September 2018, 48 out of 52 Azur train sets were delivered[3].

Since December 2018, nine Azur trains are also running on the Green Line,[1] with additional trains expected to be added in coming months.

List of stations[edit]

Station Inauguration date Odonym Namesake Transfers/Connections Location
Angrignon September 3, 1978 Angrignon Boulevard
Angrignon Park
Jean-Baptiste Angrignon
(Councillor of Montreal)
Autobusmontréal.svg Terminus Angrignon Le Sud-Ouest
Monk Monk Boulevard James Monk
(Attorney-General of Quebec)
Jolicoeur Jolicœur Street Joseph-Moïse Jolicœur (parish priest)
Verdun De Verdun Street Notre-Dame-de-Saverdun, France
(hometown of Seigneur Zacharie Dupuis)
Verdun
De l'Église De l'Église Avenue Église Saint-Paul
LaSalle LaSalle Boulevard Robert Cavelier de La Salle
(French explorer)
Charlevoix Charlevoix Street Pierre François Xavier de Charlevoix
(French historian and explorer)
Le Sud-Ouest
Lionel-Groulx Lionel-Groulx Avenue Lionel Groulx (Quebec historian) MtlMetro2.svg Orange Line
Atwater October 14, 1966 Atwater Avenue Edwin Atwater
(Councillor of Montreal)
Ville-Marie
Guy-Concordia Guy Street
Concordia University
Étienne Guy (landowner)
Concordia salus
(motto of Montreal; Prosperity Through Concord)
Peel Rue Peel Sir Robert Peel
(28th Prime Minister of the United Kingdom)
McGill McGill College Avenue
McGill University
James McGill
(Scottish-Canadian businessman)
Réseau express métropolitain (planned)
Place-des-Arts Place des Arts Cultural complex
Saint-Laurent Saint Laurent Boulevard Saint Lawrence or Saint Lawrence River
Berri-UQAM Berri Street
Université du Québec à Montréal
De Montigny Street
Simon Després dit Le Berry
Testard de Montigny family
(name given by Migeon de Branssat in 1669)
Beaudry December 21, 1966 Beaudry Street Pierre Beaudry (landowner)
Papineau October 14, 1966 Papineau Avenue Joseph Papineau
(Quebec politician; father of Louis-Joseph Papineau)
Frontenac December 19, 1966 Frontenac Street Louis de Buade de Frontenac
(Governor-General of New France)
Préfontaine June 6, 1976 Préfontaine Street
Raymond-Préfontaine Park
Raymond-Fournier Préfontaine
(mayor of Montreal)
Mercier–
Hochelaga–
Maisonneuve
Joliette Joliette Street Barthélemy Joliette
(founder of Joliette, Quebec)
Pie-IX Pie-IX Boulevard Pope Pius IX
Viau Viau Street Charles-Théodore Viau
(Quebec cookie magnate/parish volunteer)
Assomption De l'Assomption Boulevard Dogma of the Assumption of Mary
(proclaimed by Pope Pius XII in 1950)
Cadillac De Cadillac Street Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac
(French explorer)
Langelier Langelier Boulevard François-Charles-Stanislas Langelier
(mayor of Quebec City/Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec)
Radisson Radisson Street Pierre-Esprit Radisson
(French explorer)
Autobusmontréal.svg Terminus Radisson
Honoré-Beaugrand Handicapped/disabled access Honoré-Beaugrand Street Honoré Beaugrand
(Quebec author and mayor of Montreal)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "New AZUR métro cars". Société de transport de Montréal. 2018. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d Guimont, Marc (2007). Montréal en métro (in French) (2 ed.). Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Guides de voyage Ulysse inc. p. 8. ISBN 978-2-89464-782-0.
  3. ^ "New AZUR métro cars". Société de transport de Montréal. Retrieved June 22, 2018.

External links[edit]