Line 2 (Wuhan Metro)
Platform of Zhongshan Park
|Other name(s)||Line 2n or Airport line (机场线)|
|Termini||Tianhe International Airport|
Optics Valley Square
|Daily ridership||383,600 (2013 Avg.) |
799,913 (May 2014 Peak)
|Opened||December 28, 2012.|
|Operator(s)||Wuhan Metro Group Co., Ltd.|
|Rolling stock||Chinese Type B|
|Line length||47 km (29.20 mi) (in operation) 60 km (37.28 mi) (total length planned)|
|Number of tracks||2|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
The Line 2 of Wuhan Metro (Chinese: 武汉地铁二号线) is the first underground metro line crossing the Yangtze River. This line has started trial run on September 25, 2012, and has opened on December 28, 2012. It is Wuhan's second metro line after Line 1, and the city's first underground line, since Line 1 is mostly elevated. Line 2 runs in a northwest-southeast direction, connecting Hankou and Wuchang, including Hankou Railway Station and major commercial districts.
The number of single day passengers on Line 2 has exceeded 500,000 on Jan 1, 2013, the first weekday after its opening, excluding elders holding free passes. When more lines interchangeable with Line 2 open around 2015, the passenger volume could reach 1 million per day. To accommodate such huge traffic, all stations on Line 2 have been extended to the length of 8-car trains for future use.
- Length: 47 kilometres (29 mi)
- Gauge: 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge
- Stations: 28.
- Double track: full line.
- Electrified: full line.
- Underground: full line.
- Traffic direction: right-hand side.
Construction initially began on November 16, 2006 at Fanhu Station under a test-initiative program. and the National Development and Reform Commission approved all construction of the line on September 1, 2007. The tunnels were completed on February 26, 2012, and the line started revenue service on December 28, 2012. It was extended to Wuhan Tianhe International Airport on December 28, 2016. An extension further to the south in Donghu New Technology Development Zone is currently under construction and is scheduled to be opened in 2018.
On the first day of the system's operations, 132,000 passengers were counted entering or exiting the system at the line's last station in Wuchang, Optics Valley Square (Guanggu Guangchang). By the early 2013, the weekday daily ridership (entries + exits) at the same station was counted at 95,000. As of April 2013 the daily ridership of Line 2 averaged 383,600 people per day.
|Jinyintan — Optics Valley Square||28 December 2012||27.152 km (16.87 mi)||21||Phase 1|
|Tianhe International Airport — Jinyintan||28 December 2016||19.957 km (12.40 mi)||7||Airport extension|
|Optics Valley Square — Fozuling||Scheduled to be 2018||13.35 km (8.30 mi)||10||Southern extension|
Change of Names
On August 23, 2012, five stations were renamed according to the result of a poll.
- Jinse Yayuan and Mingdu Stations were firstly named after nearby real estate development, and was subsequently renamed as "Changgang Road" and "Yangjiawan" respectively to avoid advertising for the development.
- "Hankou Railway Station Station" has been renamed "Hankou Railway Station" to avoid unnecessary repetition and pronunciation challenges.
- "Jia" in Pangxiejia has a homophone that tells the story of history as the site of Metro station was once a section of the ancient city walls of Wuchang that were built along the Pangxiejia ridge.
- "Xiaoguishan" replaced Tiyu South Road (Tiyunanlu) to make the historical places more easily recognizable.
Paired Cross-Platform Transfer
Hongshan Square Station and Zhongnan Road Station offer paired cross-platform interchange for passengers riding between 4 directions of the two lines. The configuration for the two stations is similar to that of Mong Kok and Prince Edward stations in Hong Kong's Mass Transit Railway.
Passengers riding on Line 2 from Hankou wishing to reach Wuchang railway station, can transfer at Zhongnan Road Station by crossing the platform. Those who going to Wuhan railway station, can transfer at Hongshan Square Station by crossing the platform, and vice versa.
Female Waiting Area
Stations of Line 2 provides female only waiting area during hours of operation, following the example of Tokyo, Osaka, Nagoya, Tehran and Mexico City, to protect female riders from sexual harassment. Wuhan became the first city to set up female only waiting area in China.
Starbucks Metro Store
Sale of Partial Naming Rights
Partial naming rights of Jianghan Road Station of this line was sold to a local snack producer, Zhouheiya (Zhou's dark duck), and has aroused public discontent with the Wuhan Metro Group company. Some are upset by the fact that Metro company sold the rights without public input; some are because the product is not of high taste, and might affect the image of the city; some think it is fine, for selling partial naming rights is a good way to attract funding from the private sector, and does not materially affect the quality of the service.
As of November 23, 2012, all sale of partial naming rights are canceled.
|Type||Time of manufacturing||Lines operated||Cars||Assembly||Notes|
|Type B||2011-2012||Line 2, Wuhan Metro||180||Tc+M+M+M+M+Tc||Manufactured by Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive Co., Ltd.。|
The rolling stock for Line 2 is currently 6-car trains, with 100 km/h (62 mph) max speed, 80 km/h (50 mph) operational max speed and 36.6 km/h (22.7 mph) average running speed. The collection shoe is installed on the lower part of the vehicle. The third rail is a mix of steel and aluminum. A full train provides 176 seats, and can carry 1276 passengers by Chinese regulation of 9 people per square meter. In the future 8-car trains will be used.
- 轨道交通2号线一期共开行列车41288列次，累计运送乘客4181.48万人次，日均运送量达到38.36万人次 Archived June 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. (Wuhan Line 2 average daily ridership of 383,600. 41,814,800 passengers transported so far), April 29, 2013
- "129万人次挤地铁". Retrieved 2014-07-08.
- "Subway ticket price hearing held". Retrieved October 29, 2012.
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- 1st subway across Yangtze River starts test run
- 年底确保地铁2号线开通 (in Chinese). 2012-01-31.
- 武汉地铁2号线开通首个全工作日，客流量突破50万人次. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
- 武汉地铁2号线 范湖地铁站初现雏形（图文）. Retrieved March 16, 2012.
- 武汉机场地铁线开通 47公里路只花7元钱
- "武汉地铁2号线开建 预计将于2012年建成(组图)". Retrieved March 3, 2012.
- "国务院批复22城市地铁建设规划 总投资8820亿". Retrieved March 16, 2012.
- 2号线地铁隧道贯通 (in Chinese). 长江商报. February 27, 2012. Archived from the original on 21 January 2013. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
- 武汉：地铁新年首个工作日客流锐减三成 (Wuhan: on the first business day of the year, the subway's ridership drops by 30%), 2013-01-05
- "Stations of Metro Line 2 renamed". Retrieved September 26, 2012.
- "武汉地铁2号4号线将采取"连续同站台换乘"模式". Retrieved 2012-09-26.[permanent dead link]
- 颜波 (2011-12-17). 2号线最宽地铁站 4条隧道贯通一半 (in Chinese). 长江日报. Archived from the original on 2012-12-06. Retrieved 2011-12-17.
- "Female subway waiting areas to open in Wuhan". Retrieved September 26, 2012.
- "武汉地铁设女性专用候车区引热议". Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved September 26, 2012.
- "New in China: 'Wolf-blocking' subway platforms planned in Wuhan". Retrieved October 26, 2013.
- "The first Starbucks Metro shop in China to open in Wuhan". Retrieved September 26, 2012.
- "Snack maker pays to put name on subway station". Retrieved November 16, 2012.
- "Naming rights to Wuhan subway stations sold to corporate sponsors". Retrieved November 16, 2012.
- "武汉地铁站点冠名全部取消"周黑鸭"称没办法评论". Retrieved November 23, 2012.
- dachu (2012-02-22). 武汉地铁2号线"粉色谍照"萌翻网友 实为梅花红 (in Chinese). Wuhan Metro. Retrieved 2012-02-22.