Line 2, Wuhan Metro

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Line 2, Wuhan Metro
 2 
中山公园.jpg
Platform of Zhongshan Park
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System Wuhan Metro
Status Operational
Locale Wuhan, China
Termini Tianhe International Airport
Optics Valley Square
Stations 28
Services 1
Daily ridership 383,600 (2013 Avg.)[1]
799,913 (May 2014 Peak)[2]
Operation
Opened December 28, 2012.[3]
Owner Wuhan
Operator(s) Wuhan Metro Group Co., Ltd.
Character Underground
Rolling stock Chinese Type B
Technical
Line length 47 km (29.20 mi)
Number of tracks 2
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Route map
Route Map of Line 2, Wuhan Metro.png

The Line 2 of Wuhan Metro (Chinese: 武汉地铁二号线) is the first underground metro line crossing the Yangtze River. This line has started trial run on September 25, 2012,[4][5] and has opened on December 28, 2012.[3][6][7] It is Wuhan's second metro line after Line 1, and the city's first underground line, since Line 1 is mostly elevated. Line 2 runs in a northwest-southeast direction, connecting Hankou and Wuchang, including Hankou Railway Station and major commercial districts.

The number of single day passengers on Line 2 has exceeded 500,000 on Jan 1, 2013, the first weekday after its opening, excluding elders holding free passes.[8] When more lines interchangeable with Line 2 open around 2015, the passenger volume could reach 1 million per day. To accommodate such huge traffic, all stations on Line 2 have been extended to the length of 8-car trains for future use.[9]

Line 2 might be the most important metro line in the Wuhan Metro system for being able to carry the heavy cross-Yangtze traffic in Wuhan.

Overview[edit]

  • Length: 47 kilometres (29 mi)
  • Gauge: 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
  • Stations: 28.
  • Double track: full line.
  • Electrified: full line.
  • Underground: full line.
  • Traffic direction: right-hand side.[10]

History[edit]

On the first day of the system's operations, 132,000 passengers were counted entering or exiting the system at the line's last station in Wuchang, Optics Valley Square Station (Guanggu Guangchang). By the early 2013, the weekday daily ridership (entries + exits) at the same station was counted at 95,000.[14] As of April 2013 the daily ridership of Line 2 averages 383,600 people per day.[1]

Segment Date opened Length
Jinyintan — Optics Valley Square 28 December 2012 27.152 km (16.87 mi)
Tianhe International Airport — Jinyintan 28 December 2016 19.957 km (12.40 mi)

Stations[edit]

Station name Connections Distance
km
Location
English Chinese
Tianhe International Airport 天河机场 Airport interchange WUH 0.000 0.000 Huangpi
Hangkongzongbu 航空总部 6.004 6.004
Songjiagang 宋家岗 1.427 7.431
Julong Boulevard 巨龙大道 2.039 9.470
Panlongcheng 盘龙城 1.643 11.113
Hongtu Boulevard 宏图大道  3  3.946 15.059 Dongxihu
Changqingcheng 常青城 2.886 17.945
Jinyintan 金银潭 2.012 19.957
Changqing Huayuan 常青花园  6  1.092 21.049
Changgang Rd 长港路 1.725 22.774 Jianghan
Hankou Railway Station 汉口火车站 China Railway China Railway High-speed HKN 1.407 24.181
Fanhu 范湖  3  1.216 25.397
Wangjiadun East 王家墩东 1.410 26.807
Qingnian Rd 青年路 1.002 27.809
Zhongshan Park 中山公园 0.946 28.755
Xunlimen 循礼门  1  1.543 30.298
Jianghan Rd 江汉路  6  0.897 31.195
Jiyuqiao 积玉桥 3.292 34.487 Wuchang
Pangxiejia 螃蟹岬 1.579 36.066
Xiaoguishan 小龟山 0.930 36.996
Hongshan Square 洪山广场  4  1.168 38.164
Zhongnan Rd 中南路  4  0.966 39.130
Baotong Temple 宝通寺 1.418 40.548
Jiedaokou 街道口 1.238 41.786 Hongshan
Guangbutun 广埠屯 0.951 42.737
Huquan 虎泉 1.613 44.350
Yangjiawan 杨家湾 1.442 45.792
Optics Valley Square 光谷广场 1.317 47.109

Change of Names[edit]

On August 23, 2012, five stations were renamed according to the result of a poll.

  • Jinse Yayuan and Mingdu Stations were firstly named after nearby real estate development, and was subsequently renamed as "Changgang Road" and "Yangjiawan" respectively to avoid advertising for the development.
  • "Hankou Railway Station Station" has been renamed "Hankou Railway Station" to avoid unnecessary repetition and pronunciation challenges.
  • "Jia" in Pangxiejia has a homophone that tells the story of history as the site of Metro station was once a section of the ancient city walls of Wuchang that were built along the Pangxiejia ridge.
  • "Xiaoguishan" replaced Tiyu South Road (Tiyunanlu) to make the historical places more easily recognizable.[15]

Paired Cross-Platform Transfer[edit]

3D map 
2D map 

Hongshan Square Station and Zhongnan Road Station offer paired cross-platform interchange for passengers riding between 4 directions of the two lines. The configuration for the two stations is similar to that of Mong Kok and Prince Edward stations in Hong Kong's Mass Transit Railway.[16]

Passengers riding on Line 2 from Hankou wishing to reach Wuchang Railway Station, can transfer at Zhongnan Road Station by crossing the platform. Those who going to Wuhan Railway Station, can transfer at Hongshan Square Station by crossing the platform, and vice versa.[17]

Female Waiting Area[edit]

Female Waiting Area in Zhongshan Park Station

Stations of Line 2 provides female only waiting area during hours of operation, following the example of Tokyo, Osaka, Nagoya, Tehran and Mexico City, to protect female riders from sexual harassment.[18][19] Wuhan became the first city to set up female only waiting area in China.[20]

Starbucks Metro Store[edit]

China's first Starbucks Metro store is opened in Hongshan Square Station.[21]

Sale of Partial Naming Rights[edit]

Partial naming rights of Jianghan Road Station of this line was sold to a local snack producer, Zhouheiya (Zhou's dark duck), and has aroused public discontent with the Wuhan Metro Group company.[22] Some are upset by the fact that Metro company sold the rights without public input; some are because the product is not of high taste, and might affect the image of the city; some think it is fine, for selling partial naming rights is a good way to attract funding from the private sector, and does not materially affect the quality of the service.[23]

As of November 23, 2012, all sale of partial naming rights are canceled.[24]

Rolling stock[edit]

 
 
Type Time of manufacturing Lines operated Cars Assembly Notes
Type B 2011-2012 Line 2, Wuhan Metro 180 Tc+M+M+M+M+Tc Manufactured by Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive Co., Ltd.[25]

The rolling stock for Line 2 is currently 6-car trains, with 100 km/h max speed, 80 km/h operational max speed and 36.6 km/h average running speed. The collection shoe is installed on the lower part of the vehicle. The third rail is a mix of steel and aluminum. A full train provides 176 seats, and can carry 1276 passengers by Chinese regulation of 9 people per square meter. In the future 8-car trains will be used.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 轨道交通2号线一期共开行列车41288列次,累计运送乘客4181.48万人次,日均运送量达到38.36万人次 Archived 2013-06-03 at the Wayback Machine. (Wuhan Line 2 average daily ridership of 383,600. 41,814,800 passengers transported so far), 2013-04-29
  2. ^ "129万人次挤地铁". Retrieved 2014-07-08. 
  3. ^ a b "Subway ticket price hearing held". Retrieved October 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Subway line NO.2 takes 48 minutes for one trip". Retrieved September 27, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Wuhan Metro Line 2 starts trial run, first cross-Yangtze subway in the country". Retrieved September 25, 2012. 
  6. ^ a b 1st subway across Yangtze River starts test run
  7. ^ (Chinese) 年底确保地铁2号线开通 Jan. 31, 2012
  8. ^ "武汉地铁2号线开通首个全工作日,客流量突破50万人次". Retrieved January 6, 2013. 
  9. ^ a b "武汉地铁2号线 范湖地铁站初现雏形(图文)". Retrieved March 16, 2012. 
  10. ^ a b 武汉机场地铁线开通 47公里路只花7元钱
  11. ^ "武汉地铁2号线开建 预计将于2012年建成(组图)". Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  12. ^ "国务院批复22城市地铁建设规划 总投资8820亿". Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  13. ^ 2号线地铁隧道贯通 (in Chinese). 长江商报. 2012-02-27. Retrieved 2012-02-27. 
  14. ^ 武汉:地铁新年首个工作日客流锐减三成 (Wuhan: on the first business day of the year, the subway's ridership drops by 30%), 2013-01-05
  15. ^ "Stations of Metro Line 2 renamed". Retrieved September 26, 2012. 
  16. ^ "武汉地铁2号4号线将采取"连续同站台换乘"模式". Retrieved 2012-09-26. 
  17. ^ 颜波 (2011-12-17). 2号线最宽地铁站 4条隧道贯通一半 (in Chinese). 长江日报. Retrieved 2011-12-17. 
  18. ^ "Female subway waiting areas to open in Wuhan". Retrieved September 26, 2012. 
  19. ^ "武汉地铁设女性专用候车区引热议". Retrieved September 26, 2012. 
  20. ^ "New in China: 'Wolf-blocking' subway platforms planned in Wuhan". Retrieved October 26, 2013. 
  21. ^ "The first Starbucks Metro shop in China to open in Wuhan". Retrieved September 26, 2012. 
  22. ^ "Snack maker pays to put name on subway station". Retrieved November 16, 2012. 
  23. ^ "Naming rights to Wuhan subway stations sold to corporate sponsors". Retrieved November 16, 2012. 
  24. ^ "武汉地铁站点冠名全部取消"周黑鸭"称没办法评论". Retrieved November 23, 2012. 
  25. ^ dachu (2012-02-22). 武汉地铁2号线"粉色谍照"萌翻网友 实为梅花红 (in Chinese). 武汉地铁. Retrieved 2012-02-22.