Line 2A (Hanoi Metro)

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Cát Linh line
Line 2A: Cát Linh–Hà Đông
 C 
Line 2A Cat Linh Station
Overview
Native nameTuyến Cát Linh (số 2A Cát Linh - Hà Đông)
OwnerVietnam Railways
Line number 2A 
Termini
Stations12
Websitehanoimetro.net.vn
Service
TypeRapid transit
SystemHanoi Metro
Operator(s)Hanoi Metro Company (HMC)
Depot(s)Phú Lương Depot
Rolling stock13 4-carriage trains (52 carriages)
79 m long, 3.8 m high, 2.8 m wide
Ridership10.7 million (2023)[1][2]
History
Opened6 November 2021; 2 years ago (2021-11-06)
Technical
Line length13.1 km (8.1 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
ElectrificationThird rail
Operating speed80 km/hour maximum

Line 2A, Hanoi Metro (Cát Linh–Hà Đông), also known as Cát Linh line, is an elevated mass transit railway line, and part of the Hanoi Metro network. It is the first rapid transit line to operate in Vietnam, and was opened for service on 6 November 2021.[3]

The 12-station line starts at Cat Linh in Dong Da District, passes through Thuong Dinh in Thanh Xuân District and ends at Yen Nghia in Ha Dong District.

History[edit]

Construction of the 13.1 km (8.1 mi) line started in October 2011 and was initially scheduled to be completed by 2013. The completion has been delayed due to several hurdles including finalizing funding from the government of China. The original cost estimate of $552.86 million has also ballooned to more than $868 million. Most of the funding for the project is financed by preferential loans from the Export Import Bank of China.[4] The rest of funding is from the Vietnamese government.[5]

The line was constructed by China Railway Engineering Corporation.[6][7] The bulk of the construction was completed by the fourth quarter of 2018.[8] Operational tests were conducted at the end of 2018 and again in 2019.[9][10] After delays, Line 2A eventually opened to the public on 6 November 2021.[11]

Stations[edit]

The stations are built and designed with the concept of station variety. Each station has a distinct color. For example, La Khe station has a light green theme. All stations have curvy roofs, suitable for the hot, humid and rainy climate of Vietnam and consistent with Southeast Asian architecture. The roofs are covered with light-absorbing, wind-protection and radiation-proof materials. Some stations, such as Cat Linh Station, are designed with modern and neighborhood-multifunctional styles.

Stations are equipped with facilities such as lifts, escalators, stairways, security cameras, wheelchair accessibility, automatic fare collection systems, and ventilation systems. Emergency exits are designed according to international standards to ensure maximum safety for passengers.[citation needed]

Line 2A of Hanoi Metro over Tran Phu street, near Van Quan station
Thượng Đình station at night
Code
 C 
Station Name
(English)
Station Name
(Vietnamese)
Transfers Location
Districts Wards
1 Cat Linh Cát Linh  V  (under construction) Đống Đa District Cát Linh
2 La Thanh La Thành Ô Chợ Dừa
3 Thai Ha Thái Hà Trung Liệt
4 Lang Láng Thịnh Quang
5 Thuong Dinh Thượng Đình  H  (planned) Thanh Xuân District Thượng Đình
6 Vanh Dai 3 Vành Đai 3 Thanh Xuân Trung
7 Phung Khoang Phùng Khoang Hà Đông District Mộ Lao
8 Van Quan Văn Quán Văn Quán
9 Ha Dong Hà Đông Quang Trung
10 La Khe La Khê Hanoi BRT BRT Phú La
11 Van Khe Văn Khê Hanoi BRT BRT La Khê
12 Yen Nghia Yên Nghĩa Hanoi BRT BRT Yên Nghĩa

Rolling stock[edit]

A train entering at Vành Đai 3 station
Cat Linh line train interior

13 4-car trainsets will be supplied by CRRC, with the first train delivered in March 2017.[12] Electricity is supplied via third rail, to ensure safety, stability and urban landscape. The train has a two-way cockpit and is convertible at both ends. Each car is approximately 20 m (66 ft) long, with four doors on each side. One train has a maximum capacity of about 1,000 passengers, or approximately 6 passengers/m2.

The track has a 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge, and is on-stream welded to ensure high speed, noise protection, vibration and anti-derailment.

A modern automated signalling system (CBTC) ensures safety by governing the speed of the trains, and shortens train intervals.

Depot[edit]

The depot is located in Phu Luong, Ha Dong District with an area of 19.6 hectares (48 acres).[13] The depot contains an Operation Control Center (OCC), train stabling and maintenance areas, an operational building, a training area and a storage room.

The OCC operates round the clock, and is responsible for monitoring, supervising and controlling the entire system, ensuring smooth operation and safety.

Connections[edit]

Line 2A is designed to ensure connectivity with other lines in the future and bus stops along the line to allow the public flexibility in selecting a route and the appropriate modes of transportation.

  • Along the line: connected with BRT 01 at Yen Nghia, Van Khe, La Khe and Cat Linh stations.
  • Cat Linh station: linked with Line 3, Nhon - Hanoi section.
  • Thuong Dinh station: linked with Line 2, Nam Thang Long - Thuong Dinh section.
  • Yen Nghia station: connected with Yen Nghia bus station (in the southwest of the city).
  • In the future, line 2A will be connected with line 4 (Lien Ha - Me Linh) and line 8 (Son Dong - Duong Xa).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Đinh, Luyện (2024-01-09). "Đường sắt đô thị Cát Linh - Hà Đông vận chuyển được 10,7 triệu lượt khách". Lao động thủ đô. Archived from the original on 2024-01-11. Retrieved 2024-01-11.
  2. ^ Bích Phương (2024-01-09). "Hà Nội đặt mục tiêu kiềm chế, kéo giảm tai nạn giao thông năm 2024". Vietnam Government Portal. Archived from the original on 2024-01-11. Retrieved 2024-01-11.
  3. ^ Burroughs, David (9 November 2021). "Hanoi opens Vietnam's first metro line". IRJ.
  4. ^ "Cat Linh-Hadong metro line to come into commercial operation in 2018". Vietnam Investment Review. June 1, 2018.
  5. ^ "HN urban railway told to start operation in 2018". Viet Nam News. March 28, 2017. Archived from the original on March 28, 2017. Retrieved December 6, 2019.
  6. ^ Lâm Hoài (25 September 2010). "Khởi công tuyến đường sắt đô thị đầu tiên tại Hà Nội". Tuổi Trẻ (in Vietnamese). Đoàn Thanh niên Cộng sản Hồ Chí Minh Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
  7. ^ 赵青 (10 October 2011). "中铁六局承建河内城市轨道建设项目开工". 中国经济网. 河内: 经济日报社. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
  8. ^ Đoàn Loan (2017-12-11). "Đường sắt Cát Linh - Hà Đông có thể chậm tiến độ thêm 11 tháng". VnExpress.net (in Vietnamese). Hà Nội: Bộ Khoa học Công nghệ. Retrieved 2018-01-07.
  9. ^ "Hanoi's First Metro Line Begins 20-Day Trial Run". Urbanist Hanoi. 29 October 2019. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  10. ^ Doan Loan (2018-12-26). "Four major transport projects on track for completion next year". Hà Nội: VN Express.
  11. ^ "Hanoi metro receives safety clearance from French consultant". 2021-04-30. Hanoi's first metro has been awarded a safety certificate by a French consultant and is set to begin commercial operations next month.
  12. ^ "First metro train arrives in Hanoi". Metro Report International. Railway Gazette. 11 March 2017. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  13. ^ "Last railway beams of Hanoi's first railway inserted". hanoitimes.vn. 12 October 2016. Retrieved 1 March 2020.

External links[edit]

Media related to Line 2A, Hanoi Metro at Wikimedia Commons