Line 2A, Hanoi Metro
|Cát Linh line|
Line 2A: Cát Linh–Hà Đông
|Native name||Tuyến Cát Linh (số 2A Cát Linh - Hà Đông)|
|Ridership||28,500 passengers/hour/direction, estimated|
|Operator(s)||Vietnam Tokyo Metro (VTM)|
|Depot(s)||Phú Lương Depot|
|Rolling stock||13 4-carriage trains (52 carriages)|
79 m long, 3.8 m high, 2.8 m wide
|Line length||13.1 km (8.1 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Operating speed||80 km/hour maximum|
Line 2A, Hanoi Metro (Cát Linh–Hà Đông), also known as Cát Linh line, is an elevated mass transit railway line under testing and the part of the Hanoi Metro network, is expected to start operations in 2019. The 12 station line starts at Cat Linh in Dong Da District, passes through Thuong Dinh in Thanh Xuân District and ends at Yen Nghia in Ha Dong District. It will be the first rapid transit line to operate in Vietnam.
Construction of the 13.1-km line started on October 2011 and was initially scheduled to be completed by 2013. The completion has been delayed due to several hurdles including finalizing funding from the government of China. The original cost estimate of $552.86 million has also ballooned to more than $868 million. Most of the funding for the project is financed by preferential loans from the Export Import Bank of China. The rest of funding is from the Vietnamese government.
The stations are built and designed with the concept of station variety. Each station has a distinct color, in which La Khe, the sample station, is light green. All stations have curvy roofs, suitable for hot, humid and rainy climate of Vietnam and consistent with the southeast Asian architecture. The roofs are covered with light-absorbing, wind-protection and radiation-proof materials. Especially Cat Linh Station is specially designed with modern and neighborhood-multifunctional style.
Inside the stations is modern equipment system such as lifts, escalators, stairways, security cameras, people-with-disabilities supporting device, automatic fare collection system, ventilation system, Emergency exits are designed according to international standards to ensure maximum safety for passengers.
|1||Cat Linh||Cát Linh||Đống Đa District|
|2||La Thanh||La Thành|
|3||Thai Ha||Thái Hà|
|5||Thuong Dinh||Thượng Đình||Thanh Xuân District|
|6||Ring Road 3||Vành Đai 3|
|7||Phung Khoang||Phùng Khoang||Hà Đông District|
|8||Van Quan||Văn Quán|
|9||Ha Dong||Hà Đông|
|10||La Khe||La Khê||BRT|
|11||Van Khe||Văn Khê||BRT|
|12||Yen Nghia||Yên Nghĩa||BRT|
Metro line 2A Cat Linh - Ha Dong includes 13 high-technology trains. The trains are run by electricity, which is supplied from the third rail, to ensure safety, stability and urban landscape. The train has a two-way cockpit and is convertible at both ends. The average length is about 20m with four exit doors/side for a carriage. Its capacity is about 1,000 passengers maximum, which is about 6 passengers/m².
The railway is 1,435mm standard, uses on-stream welding technology to ensure high speed, noise protection, vibration and anti-derailment.
The train has automatic controlling system to automatically stop in train in case of excessive speed, thus safety is maintained. Signal information systems using the most modern technology in the world, able to meet the flexible requirements of organizations train operators, to ensure safety and accuracy. The CBTC – Communication Based Train Control" technology helps shorten intervals between trains. It is being applied to modern metro systems in Europe and the world.
Budget and financing
The original cost estimate was $552.86 million. Of that amount $419 million was financed by preferential loans from the Export Import Bank of China including through a preferential export buyer’s credit. The remainder of $133.86 million was funded by the Vietnamese government. Project costs rose and an additional loan of about $250 million was provided by Exim Bank in 2017.
The condition of the ODA is that all contractors providing consultancy, construction or materials are from the donor.
Depot area is located in Phu Luong, Ha Dong District with an area of 19.6 hectares, including main items: Operation Control Center OCC, mtrain parking and maintenance areas, operational building, training area and storage room.
The OCC is responsible for monitoring, supervising and controlling the entire system, ensuring smooth operation and safety. It runs 24/7.
Metro line 2A Cat Linh–Ha Dong is designed to assure connectivity with the other lines in the future and the bus stops along the line in order to allow the public to easily select a route and the appropriate modes of transportation.
- Along the line: connected with BRT 01 at Yen Nghia, Van Khe, La Khe va Cat Linh stations.
- Cat Linh station: linked with the metro line 3, Nhon–Hanoi station section.
- Thuong Dinh station: linked with the metro line 2, Nam Thang Long–Thuong Dinh section.
- Yen Nghia station: connected with Yen Nghia bus station (in the southwest of the city).
- In the future, line 2A will be connected with line 4 (Lien Ha–North Thang Long) and line 8 (Co Nhue–Chau Quy).
- "Cat Linh-Hadong metro line to come into commercial operation in 2018". Vietnam Investment Review. June 1, 2018.
- "HN urban railway told to start operation in 2018". Viet Nam News. March 28, 2017. Archived from the original on March 28, 2017. Retrieved December 6, 2019.
- Đoàn Loan (2017-12-11). "Đường sắt Cát Linh - Hà Đông có thể chậm tiến độ thêm 11 tháng". VnExpress.net (in Vietnamese). Hà Nội: Bộ Khoa học Công nghệ. Retrieved 2018-01-07.
- Doan Loan (2018-12-26). "Four major transport projects on track for completion next year". Hà Nội: VN Express.
- "13 trains of metro line 2A Cat Linh–Ha Dong".
Media related to Line 2A, Hanoi Metro at Wikimedia Commons