Line 3, Hanoi Metro
|Văn Miếu Line |
Line 3: Nhổn - Hà Nội Station
Viaduct pillar on Line 3
|Native name||Tuyến Văn Miếu (số 3 Nhổn - ga Hà Nội)|
Hanoi Railway Station
|Stations||Phase 1: 12|
|Operator(s)||Hanoi Metro Company (HMC)|
|Rolling stock||10 4-carriage Alstom Metropolis trains (40 carriages) |
|Line length||Phase 1: 12.5 km (7.8 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Electrification||Third rail, 750V DC|
|Operating speed||80 km/hour maximum|
The Hanoi Metro Rail System Project Line 3: Nhon - Hanoi Station section, Văn Miếu Line, is in line with the Prime Minister's Decision approving the transport development of Hanoi by 2030 and vision to 2050 (519/QD-TTg dated 31/03/2016). The project has the Hanoi Metropolitan Railway Management Board as its investor. It is 12.5 km long in total, with 8.5 km elevated and 4 km underground, stretching from the city's western suburbs - Nhon - to the city center on Tran Hung Dao Street. Its services are scheduled for completion in 2021.
20% of Hanoi's people in 6 districts Ba Dinh, Cau Giay, Dong Da, Hoan Kiem, North Tu Liem and South Tu Liem can benefit from this line.
Beside 276 million euros from the Hanoi city's budget, the project also receives 726 million euros from the four donors - the French government (DGT), Agence française de développement (AFD), Asian Development Bank (ADB), and European Investment Bank (EIB).
Implementation of the project is delayed by four years compared to the original schedule with completion expected in 2021. As of March 2017, the project has achieved 30% physical progress over the elapsed project life of 9 years. However, due to land clearance issues, the project completion is expected to be delayed to 2023
Line 3: Nhon - Hanoi Station section starts from Nhon - to National Highway 32 - Cau Dien - Mai Dich - Ring road 3 intersection - Cau Giay (ring road 2 intersection) - Kim Ma - Giang Vo - Cat Linh - Quoc Tu Giam and ends at Tran Hung Dao Street, in front of Hanoi Station.
12 stations including 8 elevated stations (Nhon, Minh Khai, Phu Dien, Cau Dien, Le Duc Tho, Vietnam National University, Chua Ha, Cau Giay) and 4 underground stations (Kim Ma, Cat Linh, Van Mieu, Hanoi Station), with concourse level, elevators and lifts. The railway platform is 109 m long.
1,435mm double-track European standard type-B rail; the trains will be 2.75–3 m wide, 20 m long and 3.69 m high. The capacity of each 4-wagon train is 916 passengers maximum, with a density of 6 passengers per meter square. The underground section, dug by Tunnel Boring Machine, consists of 2 single tubes.
Social and environmental impacts
- Land acquisition and resettlement: To transform Hanoi's transport system, the government may acquire some land along segments of the line, and around Nhon depot. A Resettlement Plan has been prepared and updated for the project, which is consistent with the Asian Development Bank's Safeguards Policy Statement, and the updated Resettlement and Compensation Policies of the government of Vietnam.
- Environmental management: The development of the line involves significant construction works, which can generate adverse environmental impacts. These have been assessed in an international standard environmental impact assessment. The most significant impacts affecting Hanoi citizens during construction may include excessive dust and noise, traffic disturbances, and the relocation of mature trees along the metro alignment. All contractors have developed and are implementing robust environmental management plans and engineering solutions to minimize environmental impacts, and respond to any event. Overall, environmental benefits including improved air quality, reduced greenhouse gas emission and enhanced community health and safety will significantly outweigh the adverse environmental impacts.
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