Line 3 (Shanghai Metro)

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Line 3
SHM Line 3 icon.svg
Caoxi Road Station.jpg
An AC03 series train at Caoxi Road station.
Overview
Other name(s) M3 (planned name)
Pearl line (Chinese: 明珠线)
Type Rapid transit
System Shanghai Metro
Status Operational
Locale Xuhui, Changning, Putuo, Jing'an, Hongkou, and Baoshan districts
Shanghai
Termini North Jiangyang Road
Shanghai South Railway Station
Stations 29
Daily ridership 642,000 (2014 Peak)[1]
Operation
Opened December 26, 2000
Operator(s) Shanghai No.3 Metro Operation Co. Ltd.
Character Elevated
Technical
Line length 40.23 km (25.00 mi)[2]
Number of tracks 2
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification Overhead wires (1500 volts)
Operating speed 80 km/h
Route map
Line 3

Line 3 is a north-south line of the Shanghai Metro network. Its rolling stock carry a bright yellow colour belt to differentiate them from Line 4 trains which share a portion of its track. Unlike the majority of the lines in the Shanghai Metro system, Line 3 is primarily elevated, entirely above ground except for its Tieli Road, located at the entrance to Baosteel Group Corporation. The line runs from North Jiangyang Road in the north to Shanghai South Railway Station in the southwest of the city, where it meets Line 1. While Line 1 goes straight through the city center, Line 3 roughly follows the Inner Ring Road around the city from Caoxi Road to Zhongtan Road (where it turns eastwards to join the route of the Shanghai–Nanjing railway). The line is colored yellow on system maps.

To scale map of Shanghai Metro Line 3

Service routes[edit]

Stations[edit]

Service
routes
Station name  4  Connections Distance
km
Location
English Chinese
Shanghai South Railway Station 上海南站  1   Jinshan  China Railway Shanghai South railway station SNH 0.00 0.00 Xuhui
Shilong Road 石龙路 1.25 1.25
Longcao Road 龙漕路  12  1.48 2.73
Caoxi Road 漕溪路 1.03 3.76
Yishan Road 宜山路  4   9  1.54 5.30
Hongqiao Road 虹桥路  10  1.37 6.67 Changning
West Yan'an Road 延安西路 Trolleybuses in Shanghai Yan'an BRT 1.41 8.08
Zhongshan Park 中山公园  2  0.96 9.04
Jinshajiang Road 金沙江路  13  1.66 10.70 Putuo
Caoyang Road 曹杨路  11  0.90 11.60
Zhenping Road 镇坪路  7  1.40 13.00
Zhongtan Road 中潭路 1.44 14.44
Shanghai Railway Station 上海火车站  1 [note 1] China Railway Shanghai railway station SHH 1.72 16.16 Jing'an
Baoshan Road 宝山路 2.03 18.19
Dongbaoxing Road 东宝兴路 1.11 19.30 Hongkou
Hongkou Football Stadium 虹口足球场  8  1.28 20.58
Chifeng Road 赤峰路 1.15 21.73
Dabaishu 大柏树 0.91 22.64
Jiangwan Town 江湾镇 1.79 24.43
West Yingao Road 殷高西路 1.60 26.03 Baoshan
South Changjiang Road 长江南路 1.51 27.54
Songfa Road 淞发路 1.69 29.23
Zhanghuabang 张华浜 1.52 30.75
Songbin Road 淞滨路 1.55 32.30
Shuichan Road 水产路 1.24 33.54
Baoyang Road 宝杨路 1.75 35.29
Youyi Road 友谊路 1.03 36.32
Tieli Road 铁力路 1.70 38.02
North Jiangyang Road 江杨北路 2.10 40.12

Important stations[edit]

History[edit]

This line followed the route of historic railway lines Shanghai-Hangzhou Railway Inner Circle Line from Shanghai South Railway Station to Shanghai Railway Station, and Songhu Railway from Baoshan Road station to Jiangwan Town station.

  • December 26, 2000: Shanghai South-Jiangwan Town (trial opening)
  • August 2001: Shanghai South-Jiangwan Town (official opening)
  • January 2004: As part of the Shanghai South reconstruction scheme, Line 3 suspended service at the station, operating between Shilong Road and Jiangwan Town.
  • June 10, 2004: Service suspended at Shilong Road, Longcao Road and Caoxi Road for automatic signal system testing and restoration of land subsidence at these three stations. Service was restored at these stations on July 24.
  • October 15, 2005: Service to Shanghai South Railway Station was restored after the completion of the reconstruction scheme.
  • December 18, 2006: Line 3 was extended from Jiangwan Town 15 km further north to Jiangyang North Road, providing rapid transit service to neighbourhoods in Baoshan, as well as to the Baosteel Group Corporation.[3]

In October 2006, according to a new naming scheme, East Wenshui Road station was renamed Dabaishu station. The scheme stressed naming stations after existing toponyms, sights and attractions (if any) rather than simply after neighbouring vertical streets, making it easier for visitors to find these places.[4] In this particular case, the renaming aimed also to eliminate possible confusion between Wenshui East Road and Wenshui Road, a newer station of line 1. However, in a more recent case, the same type of confusion occurred at West Yingao Road station of line 3 and East Yingao Road station of line 10.

Segment Date opened Length Station(s) Name
Shanghai South — Jiangwan Town 26 December 2000 24.6 km (15.29 mi) 19 Pearl line
Baoshan Road — Hongqiao Road 31 December 2005 tracks sharing 9 Line 3 & 4 realignment project
Jiangwan Town — North Jiangyang Road 18 December 2006 15.7 km (9.76 mi) 10 Northern extension

Current operation[edit]

Because it shares tracks with Line 4, Line 3 operates on a comparatively looser schedule, with an average interval of around 7 minutes (5 minutes in the peak hours).[citation needed] However, riders can expect a 2-minute train interval at any one of the shared-line stations during rush hour. To avoid confusion, Line 3 trains have the number 3 painted on the sides of trains, and Line 4 trains the number 4.

Not all trains serve the whole line. Because Baoshan District is largely suburban, some trains stop service at Changjiang South Road, while others continue to Jiangyang North Road, the northernmost station. Therefore, service between Changjiang South Road and Jiangyang North Road operates on a 10-to-12-minute basis, compared to the rest of the line which operates on a 5-to-7-minute basis. An LED screen in front of a train will indicate its terminal station, in addition to the station broadcast and the arrival board.

Because Line 3 is elevated, transferring to other underground stations typically takes more walking. In-system transfer has been introduced to all interchange stations except Shanghai Railway Station (where Lines 3 and 4 meets Line 1). Virtual interchange is offered at both stations for Public Transportation Card holders.

Rolling Stock[edit]

Type Time of manufacturing Series Sets Assembly Notes
Type A 2002–2004 03A01 28 Tc+Mp+M+M+Mp+Tc Manufactured by Alstom and CSR Puzhen
Type A 2014–2015 03A02 21 Tc+Mp+M+M+Mp+Tc Manufactured by Alstom and CNR Changchun; runs both on Lines 3 and 4

References[edit]

  1. ^ Out of system transfer with Line 1.
  1. ^ 上海地铁日客流再创新高 达938.1万人次 (in Chinese). People's Daily. 2014-05-01. Retrieved 2014-05-01.
  2. ^ "Operations Overview". Shanghai Metro Operation Co, Ltd. Archived from the original on 2007-08-31. Retrieved 2007-09-22.
  3. ^ "Shanghai's metro line 3 extension to open next monday _Transport—China Economic Net". en.ce.cn.
  4. ^ Three Metro station names will be changed (Shanghai Daily)