Metro Line M3 (Budapest Metro)

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Metro Line M3
Budapest M3 Metro.svg
Overview
StatusOperational
Line numberLine 3 ("Blue metro")
TerminiNagyvárad tér
Újpest-Központ
Stations20 (9 closed)
Service
TypeRapid transit
SystemBudapest Metro
Operator(s)BKK
History
OpenedDecember 31, 1976 (1976-12-31)
Technical
Line length16.5 km (10 mi)[1]
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification825 V DC
Operating speed80 km/h[2]
Route map
Budapest metro network 3.svg
Metro 3
Újpest-központ
Újpest-városkapu
Hungarian State Railways
Gyöngyösi utca
Forgách utca
Göncz Árpád városközpont
Dózsa György út
Lehel tér
Nyugati pályaudvar
Hungarian State Railways
Arany János utca
Deák Ferenc tér
BKV m 1 jms.svgBKV m 2 jms.svg
Ferenciek tere
Kálvin tér
BKV m 4 jms.svg
Corvin-negyed
Semmelweis Klinikák
Nagyvárad tér
Népliget
Ecseri út
Pöttyös utca
Határ út
Kőbánya-Kispest
Hungarian State Railways
Detailed track map
0
31
Újpest-központ
1
29
Újpest-városkapu
Hungarian State Railways
3
27
Gyöngyösi utca
5
25
Forgách utca
7
24
Göncz Árpád városközpont
8
22
Dózsa György út
10
21
Lehel tér
11
19
Nyugati pályaudvar
Hungarian State Railways
13
17
Arany János utca
15
16
Deák Ferenc tér
BKV m 1 jms.svgBKV m 2 jms.svg
16
14
Ferenciek tere
17
13
Kálvin tér
BKV m 4 jms.svg
19
11
Corvin-negyed
20
10
Semmelweis Klinikák
22
8
Nagyvárad tér
24
7
Népliget
26
5
Ecseri út
27
4
Pöttyös utca
29
2
Határ út
31
0
Kőbánya-Kispest
Hungarian State Railways
Refurbished train coming into the Kőbánya-Kispest terminus

Line 3 (Officially: North-South Line, Metro 3 or M3, and unofficially: Blue Line) is the third and longest line of the Budapest Metro. It runs in a general north-south direction parallel to the Danube on the Pest side, roughly following Váci út south from Újpest to the city center, then following the route of Üllői út southeast to Kőbánya-Kispest. Its daily ridership is estimated at 500,000.[3] Like Line 1, it does not serve Buda.

History[edit]

The first decree for the third line was made in 1968.[4] Construction started in 1970, and the first section was opened in 1976 with six stations. It was extended five stations to the south in 1980, and to the north in 1981, 1984 and 1990 with eventually nine extra stations, reaching its current length of 20 stations and 16.5 km (10 mi), the longest line in Budapest.[2][4] Soviet-made 81-717/714 carriages (as in many Eastern Bloc metro systems) operate on this line. Operation started with 4-car trains in 1976, expanded to 6-car trains in 1984.[5] Six-car trains provide space for 1,097 people.[1] It was planned for a daily ridership of 800,000 people.[1]

Line 3 runs in a north-south direction (more exactly, from north-northeast to southeast) through the city and connects several populous microraion with the downtown.[6] It has a transfer station with Line 1 and Line 2 at Deák Ferenc tér, and a transfer station for Line 4 at Kálvin tér.

Ongoing reconstruction[edit]

The Mayor of Budapest Gábor Demszky was warned in 2006[7] by BKV that the line would soon need reconstruction, but no steps towards this were made before the new mayor István Tarlós took office in 2010. Some trains were prone to burning or smoking issues, but this has caused neither fatalities nor serious injuries so far. Tarlós reacted by ordering the retirement of all trains that were more than 40 years old. He also started the reconstruction of the tracks, because they were reported as hazardous. In 2014 the mayor's administration published the plans for the complete reconstruction of the line and Viktor Orbán's government allowed the local government to finance the reconstruction of the trains by taking up loans. Repayment of the loans was guaranteed by the national government in case the municipal government was not able to pay. The municipal government requested EU funds to finance the reconstruction of the underground infrastructure (tunnels and stations), and the national government guaranteed that it would provide additional financing in case insufficient EU funds were obtained.

In January 2016 the first train for reconstruction was handed over to the Russian Metrowagonmash (the original manufacturer).[8] Tarlós had preferred buying new trains, but was overruled by the Orbán government.[9] The prototype of the reconstructed trains entered service on March 20, 2017.[10] From then on, the number of reconstructed trains serving the line was scheduled to increase by 2 trains every month.

On September 4, 2017 contracts for reconstructing the tunnel and stations of the northern section were signed. The stations were to be finished by December 31, 2018, but in fact they were only reopened on March 30, 2019. The reconstruction of the southern section (NépligetKőbánya–Kispest) was started on April 6, 2019. On October 22, 2020, the southern, renovated section of Metro 3 was handed over. The Népliget station has become barrier-free, in 2021 Pöttyös utca and Ecseri út will also be barrier-free. The plan is to upgrade the metro at Arany János utca and Ferenciek tere from 9 March 2020,[11] and from July 2020 at Corvin Negyed and Semmelweis Klinikák stations. Reconstruction between the Nyugati Pályaudvar and Semmelweis klinikák will begin after the southern section has been commissioned. At these stops, the underground trains pass non-stop while work continues. Overhauling the tunnel is set to be completed by August 24, 2020. After this reconstruction, the renewed trains will probably stay in service for more than 20 years before having to be replaced.[12]

Criticism[edit]

Civil groups voiced their concerns over the lack of accessibility and air-conditioning.[13] In response, Tarlós promised modular AC units would be installed on the trains and the government agreed to make 18 out of the 20 stations accessible.[14][15]

Timeline[edit]

Segment[2][4] Date opened Length
Deák Ferenc térNagyvárad tér 31 December 1976 4.1 km
Nagyvárad térKőbánya–Kispest 29 March 1980 4.9 km
Deák Ferenc térLehel tér 30 December 1981 2.4 km
Lehel térÁrpád híd 5 November 1984 1.7 km
Árpád hídÚjpest–Központ 14 December 1990 3.4 km
Total 20 Stations 16.5 km

Reconstructions[edit]

Stations Closing stations Opening stations
Gyöngyösi-utcaÚjpest-Központ 4 November 2017 30 March 2019
NépligetKőbánya-Kispest 6 April 2019 22 October 2020
Ferenciek tere, Arany János utca 7 March 2020 2022 (planned)
Semmelweis Klinikák, Corvin-negyed 11 July 2020 2022 (planned)
Semmelweis KlinikákNyugati pályaudvar 7 November 2020 2022 (planned)
Nagyvárad tér, Lehel tér 2021 (planned) 2023 (planned)

Rolling stock[edit]

Time period Name
1976 – 2018 Metrovagonmash Ev3
1980 – 2018 Metrovagonmash 81-717.2/714.2
2017 – present Metrovagonmash 81-717.2k/714.2k

Stations and connections[edit]

Stations and connections of metro line M3[16][17][18]
BKV metro.svg BKV m 3 jms.svg Kőbánya-Kispest – Újpest-Központ
Travel Time
minutes
Station Travel Time
minutes
Connection Buildings / Monuments
0 Kőbánya-Kispest

8 BKV busz symbol.svg 68, 85, 85E, 93, 93A, 98, 98E, 136E, 148, 151, 182, 184, 193E, 200E, 201E, 202E, 282E, 284E
Volán regional bus logo.svg 575, 576, 577, 580, 581
Hungarian State Railways (MÁV)
2 Határ út
6 Logo tramway-budapest.svg 42, 50, 52
BKV busz symbol.svg 194M, 200E, 66, 66B, 66E, 84E, 89E, 94E, 99, 123, 123A, 194, 194B, 199, 294E
4 Pöttyös utca
4
5 Ecseri út
3 Logo tramway-budapest.svg 3
BKV busz symbol.svg 181, 281
7 Népliget
1 Logo tramway-budapest.svg 1
Volán regional bus logo.svg 607, 608, 626, 628, 629, 630, 631, 632, 633, 635, 636, 654, 655, 660, 661, 705
Volán regional bus logo.svg (Volánbusz)
Népliget, Groupama Arena, Planetarium
8 Nagyvárad tér
0 BKV busz symbol.svgBKV metro.svg M3 to Lehel tér
Logo tramway-budapest.svg 24, 24G
BKV busz symbol.svg 281
Semmelweis University Nagyvárad Téri Elméleti Tömb (NET), Hungarian Natural History Museum, Ludovika Military Academy
Semmelweis Klinikák
Closed station
BKV busz symbol.svgBKV metro.svg M3 Semmelweis University Clinic
Corvin-negyed
Closed station
Logo tramway-budapest.svg 4, 6
Logo trolleybus-budapest.svg 83
BKV busz symbol.svgBKV metro.svg M3
Museum of Applied Arts
Kálvin tér
Closed station
BKV metro.svgBKV m 4 jms.svg
BKV busz symbol.svgBKV metro.svg M3
Logo tramway-budapest.svg 47, 47B, 48, 49
Logo trolleybus-budapest.svg 83
BKV busz symbol.svg 9, 15, 100E, 115
Fővárosi Szabó Ervin Könyvtár, Hungarian National Museum
Ferenciek tere
Closed station
Logo tramway-budapest.svg 2
BKV busz symbol.svg 5, 7, 8E, 108E, 110, 112, 133E, 178
Deák Ferenc tér
Closed station
BKV metro.svgBKV m 1 jms.svg BKV m 2 jms.svg
BKV busz symbol.svgBKV metro.svg M3
Logo tramway-budapest.svg 47, 48, 49
BKV busz symbol.svg 9, 16, 100E, 105
Deák Ferenc tér, Town Hall, Metro Museum (Földalatti Vasúti Múzeum)
Arany János utca
Closed station
BKV busz symbol.svgBKV metro.svg M3
Logo trolleybus-budapest.svg 72, 73
BKV busz symbol.svg 9
St. Stephen's Basilica
Nyugati pályaudvar
Closed station
BKV busz symbol.svgBKV metro.svg M3
Logo tramway-budapest.svg 4, 6
Logo trolleybus-budapest.svg 72, 73
BKV busz symbol.svg 9, 26, 91, 191, 291
Hungarian State Railways (MÁV)
Nyugati pályaudvar, WestEnd City Center
0 Lehel tér 10 Logo tramway-budapest.svg 14
Logo trolleybus-budapest.svg 76
BKV busz symbol.svgBKV metro.svg M3 to Nagyvárad tér
BKV busz symbol.svg 15, 115
Lehel csarnok
1 Dózsa György út 9 Logo trolleybus-budapest.svg 75, 79
3 Göncz Árpád városközpont 1
7 Logo tramway-budapest.svg 1
BKV busz symbol.svg 26, 32, 34, 106, 115, 120
Volán regional bus logo.svg 800, 801, 805, 810, 815, 820, 830, 831, 832, 840
5 Forgách utca
5 BKV busz symbol.svg 32
6 Gyöngyösi utca
4 BKV busz symbol.svg 15, 105
BKK hajo symbol.svg D11 budapest.svg
8 Újpest-városkapu
2 BKV busz symbol.svg 104, 104A, 121, 122, 196, 196A, 204
Volán regional bus logo.svg 300, 302, 303, 305, 306, 308, 309, 310, 312, 313, 314, 315, 316, 318, 319, 320, 872, 880, 882, 883, 884, 889, 890, 893
BKK hajo symbol.svg D11 budapest.svg
Hungarian State Railways (MÁV)
10 Újpest-központ
0 Logo tramway-budapest.svg 12, 14
BKV busz symbol.svg 25, 30, 30A, 104, 104A, 120, 147, 170, 196, 196A, 204, 220, 230, 270

1Free-barrier only the Tram line 1, On January 30, 2020, the Árpád híd metro station was renamed Göncz Árpád városközpont.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c András Koós - Tamás Szirmay - Jenő Tiborcz: A budapesti 3-as metróvonal új szakasza ("The new section of Budapest Metro Line 3"), Városi Közlekedés, Year XXXI, Vol. 1, pp. 126-127, Budapest, 1991
  2. ^ a b c Árpád Bodnár: A budapesti metró két évtizede ("Two decades of the Budapest Metro"), Városi Közlekedés, Year XXXI, Vol. 3, pp. 119-121, Budapest, 1991
  3. ^ "BKK in numbers". bkk.hu. Retrieved 2021-02-10.
  4. ^ a b c Ágnes Medveczky Kovácsyné: 25 éves a budapesti metró ("Budapest Metro is 25 years old"), BKV, Budapest, 1995
  5. ^ Botond Aba: 30 éves a budapesti metró ("Budapest Metro is 30 years old"), Városi Közlekedés, Year XL, Vol. 2, pp. 71, Budapest, 2000
  6. ^ Budapest City Atlas, Dimap-Szarvas, Budapest, 2011, ISBN 978-963-03-9124-5
  7. ^ "Announcement about the state of Metro Line 3 by Budapest Mass Transport Company˝".
  8. ^ "Reconstruction of Metro Line 3's trains starts". 2016-02-02.
  9. ^ "Tarlós: reconstruction of the trains of Metro Line 3 can start". 2014-09-25.
  10. ^ "The first reconstructed train on Line M3 enters service". 2017-03-20.
  11. ^ "Két belvárosi állomás lezárásával folytatódik tavasszal az M3-as metró felújítása" (in Hungarian). Budapesti Közlekedési Központ. 2020-02-24. Retrieved 2020-03-03.
  12. ^ "Contracts of Metro Line 3 reconstruction signed". 2017-09-04.
  13. ^ Szabó, Zsolt. "Nem mind lift, ami annak látszik a metróban". mno.hu (in Hungarian).
  14. ^ "A kormány és a főváros a teljes körű akadálymentesítés mellé állt". meosz.hu (in Hungarian).
  15. ^ "Átadták a hármas metró felújított szakaszát, és még klíma is lehet benne". hvg.hu (in Hungarian).
  16. ^ "Stops, journey times and timetable of M3 (Nagyvárad tér → Újpest-központ)" (PDF) (in Hungarian and English). BKK. 2019-04-27. Retrieved 2019-08-19.
  17. ^ "Stops, journey times and timetable of M3 (Újpest-központ → Nagyvárad tér)" (PDF) (in Hungarian and English). BKK. 2019-04-27. Retrieved 2019-08-19.
  18. ^ "Route map of M3" (PDF) (in Hungarian and English). BKK. 2019-04-27. Retrieved 2019-08-19.