Line 3 (Guangzhou Metro)

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Line 3
 3 
Tiyu Xilu Station.JPG
Platform of Tiyu Xilu
Overview
Other name(s)M3 (5 lines plan name)
M6 (7 lines plan name)
M3 (2000 plan name)
Southern-Northern express line (南北快线)
Shiqiao line (市桥线)
Airport line (机场线)
TypeRapid transit
SystemGuangzhou Metro
StatusOperational
LocalePanyu, Haizhu, Tianhe, Baiyun, and Huadu districts
Guangzhou, Guangdong
TerminiTiyu Xilu/Panyu Square
Airport North (Terminal 2)/Tianhe Coach Terminal
Stations30
Services2
Daily ridership1.765 million (May 2015 Avg.)[1][2] 2.54 million (2017 Peak)[3]
Operation
Opened26 December 2005; 13 years ago (2005-12-26)
OwnerCity of Guangzhou
Operator(s)Guangzhou Metro Corporation
CharacterUnderground
Rolling stock120 Siemens Mobility-CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive Modular Metro cars[4]
Technical
Line length68.53 km (42.58 mi)
Number of tracks2
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
ElectrificationOverhead lines, 1,500 V DC
Route map

planned East extension

 4  to Huangcun │ to Nansha Passenger Port

Haibang
 4 
Qianfengcun
Guangzhou New Town West
Yanzhou Yard
Panyu Coach Terminal
Bus interchange
Panyu Square
 17   18   22 
Shiqiao
Hanxi Changlong
 7 
 7 
Left arrow to Higher Education Mega Center South
to GZ South railway station Right arrow
Dashi
original Line 7
alignment
Sanzhixiang Creek
Xiajiao
Xiajiao Depot
Lijiao
 Guangfo  to Kuiqi Lu
Datang
 11 
 8  to Fenghuang Xincun
Kecun
 8 
 8  to Wanshengwei
Chigang Pagoda Yard
Canton Tower
Tram interchange  APM 
 5  to Wenchong
Zhujiang New Town
 5 
 5  to Jiaokou
 1  to Xilang
Tiyu Xilu
 1   10  via Tianhe Lu
Linhexi
Tram interchange  APM 
East Railway Station
China Railway  1   11   18 
branch line
Gangding
South China Normal University
 11 
Wushan
 6  to Xunfenggang
Yantang
 6 
Tianhe Coach Terminal
Bus interchange
 6 
 6  to Xiangxue
Meihuayuan
Jingxi Nanfang Hospital
Tonghe
Yongtai
Baiyundadaobei
Jiahewanggang
 2   14 
Jiahe Depot
Longgui
Liuxi River
Renhe
connection to Line 9
Gaozeng
 9 
 9  to Fei'eling
Airport South (Terminal 1)
Airport North (Terminal 2)
Line 3
Simplified Chinese广州地铁3号线
Traditional Chinese廣州地鐵3號線
Shiqiao line
Simplified Chinese市桥线
Traditional Chinese市橋線
Airport line
Simplified Chinese机场线
Traditional Chinese機場線

Line 3 of the Guangzhou Metro is a 67.3-kilometer (41.8 mi) rapid transit line connecting Panyu Square to Tianhe Coach Terminal. The entire line, including all track and stations, is located in tunnels.[5] Its 60.4 km (37.5 mi) main branch, excluding the 6.9 km (4.3 mi) branch between Tianhe Coach Terminal and Tiyu Xilu, is the longest continuous subway tunnel in the world, and the longest rail tunnel of any kind (surpassing the Gotthard Base Tunnel in Switzerland).

Line 3 is split into two sections, Shiqiao line (main line, from Panyu Square to Tianhe Coach Terminal) and Airport line (northern branch, Tiyu Xilu to Airport North), and are branded with the colour orange.

History[edit]

Line 3 drawn to scale.

Line 3 was built in four main stages, opened over a five-year period:[6]

  • 26 December 2001 - Construction of Line 3 phase 1 officially commenced with an experimental section at Datang.
  • 26 January 2003 - Construction work at Datang was completed and capped.
  • 8 February 2003 - Tunnel boring machine beginning boring tunnels on first and third section of Line 3 phase 1.
  • 18 May 2003 - Tunnel boring machine beginning boring tunnels on the second section of Line 2 at Tiyu Xilu.
  • 30 May 2003 - Construction work at Shiqiao was completed and capped one year ahead of schedule. At the same time, Lijiao begin construction works.
  • 3 August 2004 - Tunnel boring machine finish boring across the Pearl River.
  • 9 August 2004 - Boring works was completed on Dashi to Hanxi Changlong.
  • 22 October 2004 - First section of Line 3 phase 1 was completed also Gangding was completed and capped.
  • 26 November 2004 - Interior works at Kecun was completed.
  • 28 February 2005 - Boring works was completed on Hanxi Changlong to Shiqiao.
  • 22 May 2005 - Purchase of Seltrac S40 control system from Alcatel.
  • 30 July 2005 - Purchase of 99 sets of escalator from Hitachi.
  • 18 November 2005 - Train set from Zhuzhou CSR Group was delivered.
  • 26 December 2005 - The first section of Line 3 phase 1 enter operation.
  • 6 June 2006 - Boring works was completed on Line 3 phase 1.
  • 25 September 2006 - Starting operation on the second section of Line 3 phase 1 was delayed.
  • 20 November 2006 - Temporarily suspension of operation on Line 3 for 40 days.
  • 30 December 2006 - The second and third section of Line 3 phase 1 was completed and entire Line 3 phase 1 resumed operation with new service routes: Tianhe Coach Terminal to Panyu Square and Tiyu Xilu to Guangzhou East.
  • 14 May 2007 - Original Airport Express plan was merged into Line 3 as Line 3 phase 2 with it entire length underground instead of elevated line like the original plan.
  • 24 June 2008 - One additional station (current: Yongtai) were added into Line 3 phase 2.
  • 8 December 2008 - Construction of Line 3 phase 2 officially commenced.
  • 16 February 2009 - Tunnel boring machine beginning boring tunnels on Line 3 phase 2.
  • 30 October 2010 - Line 3 phase 2 enter operation.
  • 28 December 2017 - Gaozeng station added.
  • 26 April 2018 - Extended from Airport South to Airport North.
Segment Commencement Length Station(s) Name
Kecun — Guangzhou East 26 December 2005 7.8 km (4.85 mi) 5 (northern section)
Panyu Square — Kecun 30 December 2006 19.6 km (12.18 mi) 7 (southern section)
Tiyu Xilu — Tianhe Coach Terminal 7.5 km (4.66 mi) 5 (spur section)
Airport South — Guangzhou East 30 October 2010 29.3 km (18.21 mi) 10 Northern extension
Gaozeng 28 December 2017 Infill station 1 Line 9 connector
Airport North — Airport South 26 April 2018 1.23 km (0.76 mi) 1 Airport extension

Train service[edit]

There are 4 types of train services offered on the metro line 3:

Stations[edit]

  • N - Northern extension
  • M - Main line
  • MN - Main + Northern services (Trial operation)
  • S - Short line services
N M MN S Station
No.
Station name Connections Distance
km
Location
English Chinese
3 01 Panyu Square 番禺广场  17   18   22  0.00 0.00 Panyu
3 02 Shiqiao 市桥 3.86 3.86
3 03 Hanxi Changlong 汉溪长隆  7  6.27 10.13
3 04 Dashi 大石 2.44 12.57
3 05 Xiajiao 厦滘 2.85 15.42
3 06 Lijiao 沥滘  Guangfo  1.85 17.27 Haizhu
3 07 Datang 大塘  11  2.57 19.84
3 08 Kecun 客村  8  2.02 21.86
3 09 Canton Tower 广州塔  APM  Guangzhou Trams  THZ1  1.15 23.01
3 10 Zhujiang New Town 珠江新城  5  1.51 24.52 Tianhe
3 11 Tiyu Xilu 体育西路  1   10  (via Tianhe Lu) Guangzhou Bus Rapid Transit GBRT 1.31 25.83
3 12 Shipaiqiao 石牌桥 Guangzhou Bus Rapid Transit GBRT 1.34 27.17
3 13 Gangding 岗顶 Guangzhou Bus Rapid Transit GBRT 0.85 28.02
3 14 South China Normal University 华师  11  0.88 28.90
3 15 Wushan 五山 1.59 30.49
3 16 Tianhe Coach Terminal 天河客运站  6  2.59 33.08
3 17 Linhexi 林和西  APM  1.15 34.23 Tianhe
3 18 Guangzhou East Railway Station 广州东站  1   GS  Guangzhou East railway station GGQ 1.09 35.32
3 19 Yantang 燕塘  6  1.07 36.39
3 20 Meihuayuan 梅花园 1.90 38.29 Baiyun
3 21 Jingxi Nanfang Hospital 京溪南方医院 1.36 39.65
3 22 Tonghe 同和 1.39 41.04
3 23 Yongtai 永泰 3.34 44.38
3 24 Baiyundadaobei 白云大道北 0.85 45.23
3 25 Jiahewanggang 嘉禾望岗  2   14  2.25 47.48
3 26 Longgui 龙归 6.30 53.78
3 27 Renhe 人和 5.37 59.15
3 28 Gaozeng 高增  9  2.46 61.61
3 29 Airport South (Terminal 1) 机场南(1号航站楼) Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport CAN 3.81 65.42 Huadu
3 30 Airport North (Terminal 2) 机场北(2号航站楼) Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport CAN 1.23 66.65

Eastern extension[edit]

A eastern extension to Haibang is currently under construction with opening scheduled in 2022.

Station
no.
Station name Connections Distance
km
Location
English Chinese
3 ?? Haibang 海傍  4  Panyu
3 ?? Jinguang Dadao 金光大道
3 ?? Guangzhou Xinchengxi 广州新城西
3 ?? Panyu Coach Terminal 番禺客运站

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://help.3g.163.com/16/1115/20/C5UL5L2500964J4O.html
  2. ^ Yao Jiamin (姚佳敏), ed. (2015-09-03). 广州地铁为缓解客流压力将座椅拆除_广州新闻_南方网. Gz.southcn.com. Retrieved 2016-09-17.
  3. ^ 1024.1万!春运收官日广州地铁客流再创新高 (in Chinese). Guangzhou Metro. 2019-03-04. Retrieved 2019-03-13.
  4. ^ http://www.railway-technology.com/projects/guangzhou/
  5. ^ "Fastest advanced metro starts service". Chinadaily.com.cn. 2005-12-26. Retrieved 2016-09-17.
  6. ^ "Dates fixed for opening of six new metro lines". NEWSGD.com. Retrieved 1 August 2012.