Line 4 (Beijing Subway)

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Line 4
 4 
魏公村站站台.jpg
Beijing MTR
Overview
Other name(s)M4 (planned name)
TypeRapid transit
SystemBeijing Subway
StatusOperational
LocaleHaidian, Xicheng and Fengtai districts
Beijing
TerminiAnheqiao North
Gongyixiqiao
Stations24
Daily ridership1,187,000 (2014 Avg. Line 4 only)[1][2]
1,574,000 (2014 Peak Line 4 only)[3]
Ridership351 million (2012 annual)[4]
Operation
OpenedSeptember 28, 2009
Operator(s)Beijing MTR Corporation Limited
Depot(s)Longbeicun, Majiapu
Technical
Line length28.165 km (17.501 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification750 V DC, third rail
Route map

Longbeicun yard
Anheqiao North
Qing river
Beigongmen
Xiyuan
Yuanmingyuan Park
Wanquan river
East Gate of Peking University
Zhongguancun
Haidianhuangzhuang
Left arrow outer – inner Right arrow
connects Line 10
Renmin University
Line 12 (to be opened 2020)
Weigongcun
connects Line 9
National Library
Line 16 (to be opened 2019)
Left arrow line 16 Bei'anhe
Nanchang river
Left arrow line 16 Wanpingcheng
Beijing Zoo
Xizhimen
Left arrow outer – inner Right arrow
Beijing North railway station
line 19 Mudanyuan Right arrow
Xinjiekou
Ping'anli
Line 19 (to be opened 2020)
Line 6
Left arrow line 6 Haidian WulujuLucheng Right arrow
Down arrow line 19 Xingong
Xisi
Lingjing Hutong
Xidan
Xuanwumen
Left arrow inner – outer Right arrow
Caishikou
Taoranting
South Hucheng river
Beijing South railway station
Liangshui river
Ma'cao river
Majiapu
Jiaomen West
Left arrow inner – outer Right arrow
Gongyixiqiao
Majiapu depot
Connects Daxing line
Inside the train compartment of Line 4. It shares many design features with MTR trains

Line 4 of the Beijing Subway (Chinese: 北京地铁4号线; pinyin: běijīng dìtiě sìhào xiàn) is a subway line in Beijing's mass transit network. It entered into operation on September 28, 2009,[5] and runs from north to south, parallel and to the west of Line 5, through Haidian, Xicheng, and Fengtai Districts in the western half of the city. It runs from Anheqiao North in the north and ends at Gongyixiqiao in the south, but the 4-Daxing connected line runs all the way to Tiangongyuan in Daxing. All stations were underground except Anheqiao North. It is 28.2 km (17.5 mi) long with 24 stations.[6] Riding on this line starts from a fare of RMB(¥) 3.00 depending on the distance traveled. Line 4's color is      teal.

Line 4 and Daxing line operate as a single line although they are classified as separate lines.[7] Two different routes are ran during the day: 1. A full line connecting both Line 4 and Daxing line. 2. A shorter line that ends at Xingong station, the first station of Daxing line. Combined, the Line 4/Daxing Corridor carries an average of 1.24 million passengers every day.[8]

Hours of operation[edit]

The first south-bound trains departs from Anheqiao North at 5:00 AM. The first northbound train departs from Gongyixiqiao at 5:10 AM. The last northbound train leaves Anheqiao North at 10:45 PM. The last southbound train leaves Gongyixiqiao at 11:10 PM.[9] Each train completes the entire journey in 48 minutes.

Route[edit]

In the north, Line 4 begins in Anheqiao, just beyond the Summer Palace, and heads south past the Old Summer Palace, through the university district and Zhongguancun, Beijing's high-tech silicon village, before turning east at the National Library of China and passing the Beijing Zoo en route to Xizhimen. After entering the 2nd Ring Road at Xizhimen, Line 4 resumes southwards at Xinjiekou and traverses the old city through Xisi, Xidan, Xuanwumen, Caishikou, and Taoranting Park. It passes the city's high-speed rail link at the Beijing South railway station before reaching the terminus at Gongyixiqiao. Construction began 2004 but delays have pushed back the opening date by two years to September 28, 2009.[10]

Service routes[edit]

List of Stations[edit]

The following is the list of stations, from north to south (with transfers to other lines):

Service
routes
Station Name Connections Nearby Bus Stops Distance
km
Location
English Chinese
Anheqiao North 安河桥北 437 575 专28 0.00 0.00 Haidian
Beigongmen 北宫门 303 331 332 346 384 394 563 584 594 601 观光3 夜8 1.40 1.40
Xiyuan 西苑  16  303 331 332 333 346 384 393 394 432 437 438 476 498 508 534 563 579 584 594 601 610 636 671 特19 夜8 运通106 运通108 运通114 运通118 1.19 2.59
Yuanmingyuan Park 圆明园 331 432 438 498 508 579 594 601 664 观光3 特19 运通124 1.73 4.32
East Gate of Peking University 北京大学东门 307 320 331 355 365 375 438 498 549 579 594 601 614 681 982 观光3 特4 特19 运通105 运通110 运通126 1.22 5.54
Zhongguancun 中关村 26 302 307 320 332 355 365 384 392 466 498 549 579 584 601 614 681 740 982 983 特4 特9 夜8 运通105 运通106 运通110 运通113 0.88 6.42
Haidianhuangzhuang 海淀黄庄  10  302 304 307 320 332 355 365 386 584 611 614 630 634 653 671 681 特4 特15 夜8 夜9 运通105 运通106 运通109 0.89 7.31
Renmin University 人民大学 26 79 300 300快 302 320 323 332 355 361 365 425 549 584 614 651 653 658 660 695 特4 特8 特15 夜8 夜30 运通101 运通105 运通106 运通201 1.05 8.36
Weigongcun 魏公村 26 320 332 563 645 651 653 658 660 695 特4 特15 夜8 运通103 运通105 运通106 1.05 9.41
National Library 国家图书馆  9  86 92 320 332 481 563 653 658 695 特4 特19 夜8 运通105 运通106 1.62 11.03
Beijing Zoo 动物园 7 15 16 19 27 45 65 87 102 103 105 107 111 332 334 347 360 360快 362 534 563 632 695 特4 特19 夜8 运通104 运通105 运通106 1.43 12.46 Xicheng
Xizhimen 西直门  2   13  Beijing North railway station VAP 7 16 21 26 27 44 80 87 105 111 332 347 360 362 375 387 438 534 563 618 632 651 691 693 694 特12 特15 夜8 夜14 夜20 夜21 运通104 运通105 运通106 专6 1.51 13.97
Xinjiekou 新街口 7 47 105 111 508 夜36 1.03 15.00
Ping'anli 平安里  6  3 13 22 38 42 88 105 107 111 118 332 409 701 特13 夜3 夜4 夜10 夜21 1.17 16.17
Xisi 西四 3 13 22 38 42 88 101 102 103 105 109 124 332 409 612 特13 夜4 夜10 夜13 1.07 17.24
Lingjing Hutong 灵境胡同 22 38 46 68 88 102 105 109 特13 夜4 夜10 0.90 18.14
Xidan 西单  1  1 15 22 52 70 83 88 102 105 109 332 特13 夜1 夜4 夜10 0.97 19.11
Xuanwumen 宣武门  2  7 9 15 22 44 67 70 83 102 105 109 332 特2 特4 特7 特13 特14 夜4 夜5 夜10 0.83 19.94
Caishikou 菜市口  7  5 6 48 57 70 83 102 105 109 381 特14 夜4 夜7 夜10 夜18 专13 1.16 21.10
Taoranting 陶然亭 40 59 83 133 381 特14 夜4 夜18 夜23 专13 1.20 22.30
Beijing South Railway Station 北京南站  14  Beijing South railway station VNP  Jingjin  20 102 106 133 343 381 458 485 529 652 665 特17 夜15 夜17 夜24 1.66 23.96 Fengtai
Majiapu 马家堡 51 66 72 485 501 529 998 特14 夜18 运通103 运通125 1.47 25.43
Jiaomen West 角门西  10  51 72 474 501 529 556 646 998 特14 夜18 运通125 专26 0.81 26.24
Gongyixiqiao 公益西桥 377 474 511 556 646 825 990 运通125 运通129 专26 0.95 27.19
Xingong 新宫 343 353 369 474 556 827 829 954 运通115 运通129 专59 专67 see
Daxing line
Xihongmen 西红门 381 454 470 474 483 646 829 993 专84 专97 专169 Daxing
Gaomidian North 高米店北 631
Gaomidian South 高米店南 937 专24
Zaoyuan 枣园 410 631快 829 841 842 844 937 940 954 968
Qingyuanlu 清源路 456 631 631快 829 841 940 947 954 968 969 专23
Huangcun Xidajie 黄村西大街 456 631 631快 829 840 940 947 954 968
Huangcun Railway Station 黄村火车站 Huangcun railway station HCP 366 366快 369 631 631快 827 829 840 947 957 968 969
Yihezhuang 义和庄 456
Biomedical Base 生物医药基地 456 827 842
Tiangongyuan 天宫院 456 827 829 842

Planning and construction[edit]

Plans for Line 4 date back to the 1950s when Beijing's first subway line was still under construction. It was planned to run from the Summer Palace, east towards Xizhimen, southeast to Zhongshan Park, terminating at the Beijing Stadium, which near today's Tiantandongmen Station.[11] Ultimately, the section between Summer Palace to Xizhimen was built as planned. However, construction only formally started in 2004.[12]

On December 3, 2004 Hong Kong's MTR Corporation, Beijing Infrastructure Investment Co., Ltd., and Beijing Capital Group Co., Ltd. signed the Beijing Metro Line 4, investment, construction, operation principle of cooperation agreement, making Line 4 the Mainland China's first rail transit line financed using a public-private partnership framework. Subsequently, on November 8, 2005, a joint venture among the 3 companies was established. The Hong Kong MTRC will invest 735 million RMB to the construction of Line 4 and in return have the right to operate Line 4 for 30 years.[13]

On February 11, 2009, the construction of Line 4 is nearing completion with all tunnels bored.[14] In March 6, four subway trains begin testing while Hong Kong's then Chief Executive, Donald Tsang, visited the project.[15] On September 28, 2009, Beijing Subway Line 4 is officially opened for trial operation. Bringing the number of subway lines in Beijing to 9.[16] On December 30, 2010, the Daxing line started trial operation, with direct service into Line 4. Creating a 35 station 50 km (31 mi) long line.[17]

In 2008, planners in Haidian District have proposed extending the line to the north by 8 km (5.0 mi) with four additional stations.[18] The planned stations have been identified as Baiwangshan (百旺山), Xibeiwang (西北旺), Aerospace City West (航天城西), and Yongfeng (永丰).[19] However, by June 2010, Line 4's northern extension was cancelled and replaced by the northern extension of Line 16 which opened in 2016.[20]

Segment Commencement Length Station(s) Name
Anheqiao North — Gongyixiqiao 28 September 2009 28.2 km (17.52 mi) 24 (initial phase)
Gongyixiqiao — Tiangongyuan 30 December 2010 see Daxing line (through services)

Operation[edit]

Unlike the other lines of the Beijing Subway, which are completely state-owned and operated, Line 4 was built and is managed by the Beijing MTR Corp. Ltd., a three-way joint-venture among the Hong Kong MTR Corporation, the Beijing Capital Group ("BCG"), and the Beijing Infrastructure Investment Co. ("BIIC").[21] The Hong Kong MTR, which operates the Hong Kong Mass Transit Railway, and the state-owned BCG each holds a 49% stake in the venture and the BIIC has 2%.[21] The JV is responsible for 30% of the investment capital to build Line 4, mainly to finance the purchase of electrical and mechanical equipment, while the Beijing Municipal Government provided the remaining 70%, to cover civil engineering, station, and track work costs.[22]

The Beijing government has also awarded the JV a concession to manage Line 4 for 30 years.[22] The PPP JV model was designed to introduce private capital as well as advanced metro management methods to the growing Beijing Subway.[21] Among the most visible differences in management of Line 4 is a ban on food and beverage consumption inside Line 4 trains and stations.[23]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-04-02. Retrieved 2015-03-20.
  2. ^ 4号线早高峰1分43秒一趟车 (in Chinese). 2013-03-15. Retrieved 2013-03-15.
  3. ^ 2014年4月30日综合交通总体运行情况. 北京市交通信息中心 北京市交通运行监测调度中心. 2014-05-01. Retrieved 2014-05-02.
  4. ^ 案例1:北京地铁四号线项目 (in Chinese). 北京市发展与改革委员会. Archived from the original on 2013-08-22.
  5. ^ 北京地铁4号线9月28日开通 (in Chinese). Archived 2009-10-01 at the Wayback Machine. Sept. 28, 2009
  6. ^ 地铁四号线通过验收 (in Chinese). Beijing Evening News. September 25, 2009.
  7. ^ 北京地铁4号线今年年底将与大兴线贯通运营. news.china.com.cn (in Chinese). 23 May 2010. Retrieved 4 July 2010.
  8. ^ 缓解客流压力,北京地铁4号线、大兴线调整运营措施-新华网. Xinhua News. Retrieved 2017-12-28.
  9. ^ "Line 4 timetable" (in Chinese). Beijing Subway. Archived from the original on 2009-12-31.
  10. ^ 北京地铁4号线确定于明年9月试运营 (in Chinese). The Beijing News. August 28, 2008.
  11. ^ 北京地铁诞生记:周总理称筹建地铁是为备战 (in Chinese). 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
  12. ^ 北京地铁4号线5车站开工 残疾人有专用电梯 (in Chinese). 2004-08-10. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
  13. ^ 七亿港资注入北京地铁4号线 首创公私合营模式 (in Chinese). 2005-02-08. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
  14. ^ 北京地铁4号线今日全线贯通 9月开始运营 (in Chinese). 2009-02-10. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
  15. ^ 北京地铁4号线全线实现电通 装修进展顺利 主打地域特色 (in Chinese). Retrieved 2009-11-27.
  16. ^ 北京地铁4号线开通试运营 下午3时起载客运营 (in Chinese). 2009-09-28. Retrieved 2009-09-28.
  17. ^ 大兴线12月30日两点开门迎客 (in Chinese). Beijing MTR. 2010-12-30. Archived from the original on 2011-01-09. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
  18. ^ 北京地铁明年有望通香山 西长安街沿线道路扩宽_CCTV.com_中国中央电视台. CCTV News. Retrieved 2018-06-16.
  19. ^ chinanews. 北京地铁4号线拟向北延长8公里 增设四座车站. www.chinanews.com. Retrieved 2018-06-16.
  20. ^ 北京地铁16号线城西贯通南北 (in Chinese). 法制晚报. 2010-06-29.Archived 2011-07-07 at the Wayback Machine. 2010-06-29
  21. ^ a b c "Hong Kong MTR Corp wins 30-year operation of new Beijing metro line" People's Daily Apr. 15, 2006
  22. ^ a b "Beijing Metro Line 4" Hong Kong MTR Corporate Site Accessed on Jan. 6, 2009
  23. ^ Chen Si; Yan Xinhong (June 1, 2009). 北京地铁4号线禁吃零食喝饮料 站厅能隔毒气 (in Chinese). 法制晚报.

External links[edit]