Line 4 (Beijing Subway)

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Line 4
BJS Line 4 icon.svg
010 entering Anheqiao North (20210218155436).jpg
Line 4 train entering Anheqiao Bei (N) station in 2021
Beijing MTR
Overview
Other name(s)M4 (planned name)
StatusOperational
LocaleHaidian, Xicheng and Fengtai districts
Beijing
TerminiAnheqiao Bei (N)
Gongyi Xiqiao
Stations24
Service
TypeRapid transit
SystemBeijing Subway
Operator(s)Beijing MTR Corporation Limited
Depot(s)Longbeicun, Majiapu
Rolling stock6-car Type B (SFM05)
Daily ridership1,187,000 (2014 Avg. Line 4 only)[1][2]
1,574,000 (2014 Peak Line 4 only)[3]
Ridership351 million (2012 annual)[4]
History
Opened28 September 2009; 12 years ago (2009-09-28)
Technical
Line length28.165 km (17.501 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Electrification750 V DC, third rail
Route map

Longbeicun yard
Anheqiao Bei (N)
Qing river
Beigongmen
Xi Yuan
Yuanmingyuan Park
Wanquan river
Peking Univ. East Gate
Zhongguancun
Haidian Huangzhuang
Left arrow outer – inner Right arrow
connects Line 10
Renmin Univ.
Line 12 (to be opened 2021)
Weigongcun
connects Line 9
National Library
Left arrow line 16 Bei'anhe
Nanchang river
Left arrow line 16 Ganjia Kou
Beijing Zoo
Xizhi Men
Left arrow outer – inner Right arrow
Beijing North railway station
line 19 Mudan Yuan Right arrow
Xinjie Kou
Ping'an Li
Line 6 and Line 19 (to be opened 2021)
Left arrow line 6 Jin'an QiaoLucheng Right arrow
Down arrow line 19 Xin Gong
Xisi
Lingjing Hutong
Xidan
Xuanwu Men
Left arrow inner – outer Right arrow
Caishi Kou
Taoranting
South Hucheng river
Beijing South railway station
Left arrow Zhangguozhuang (to be opened 2021)Shan'gezhuang Right arrow
Liangshui river
Ma'cao river
Majiapu
Jiaomen Xi (W)
Left arrow inner – outer Right arrow
Gongyi Xiqiao
Majiapu depot
Connects Daxing line
Inside the train compartment of Line 4. It shares many design features with MTR trains

Line 4 of the Beijing Subway (Chinese: 北京地铁4号线; pinyin: běijīng dìtiě sìhào xiàn) is a subway line in Beijing's mass transit network. It entered into operation on 28 September 2009,[5] and runs from north to south, parallel and to the west of Line 5, through Haidian, Xicheng, and Fengtai Districts in the western half of the city. It runs from Anheqiao North in the north and ends at Gongyixiqiao in the south, but the 4-Daxing connected line runs all the way to Tiangongyuan in Daxing. All stations are underground except Anheqiao North. It is 28.2 km (17.5 mi)[6] long with 24 stations.[7] Riding on this line starts from a fare of RMB(¥) 3.00 depending on the distance traveled. Line 4's color is teal.

Line 4 and Daxing line operate as a single line although they are classified as separate lines.[8] Two different services are run during the day: A full service covering both Line 4 and Daxing line and a shorter service that ends at Xin'gong station, the first station of Daxing line. Combined, the Line 4/Daxing Corridor carries an average of 1.24 million passengers every day in 2017,[9] growing to about 1.4 million passengers per day by 2019.[10]

Hours of operation[edit]

The first south-bound trains departs from Anheqiao North at 5:00 AM. The first northbound train departs from Gongyixiqiao at 5:10 AM. The last northbound train leaves Anheqiao North at 10:45 PM. The last southbound train leaves Gongyixiqiao at 11:10 PM.[11] Each train completes the entire journey in 48 minutes.

Route[edit]

In the north, Line 4 begins in Anheqiao, just beyond the Summer Palace, and heads south past the Old Summer Palace, through the university district and Zhongguancun, Beijing's high-tech silicon village, before turning east at the National Library of China and passing the Beijing Zoo en route to Xizhimen. After entering the 2nd Ring Road at Xizhimen, Line 4 resumes southwards at Xinjiekou and traverses the old city through Xisi, Xidan, Xuanwumen, Caishikou, and Taoranting Park. It passes the city's high-speed rail link at the Beijing South railway station before reaching the terminus at Gongyixiqiao. Construction began in 2004 but delays have pushed back the opening date by two years to 28 September 2009.[12]

Service routes[edit]

List of Stations[edit]

Line 4 and Daxing line stations, from north to south:

Line Name Service
routes
Station Name Connections Nearby Bus Stops Distance
km[14]
Location
English Chinese
Line 4 Anheqiao Bei (N) 安河桥北 437 575 专28 0.000 0.000 Haidian
Beigongmen 北宫门 303 332 346 384 394 563 584 601 观光3 夜8 1.363 1.363
Xi Yuan 西苑  16  129 303 331 332 333 346 384 393 394 432 437 438 476 508 534 563 579 584 601 608 610 636 644 671 686 688 夜8 1.251 2.614
Yuanmingyuan Park 圆明园 129 331 424 432 438 508 579 601 664 观光3 1.672 4.286
Peking Univ. East Gate 北京大学东门 129 305 307 320 331 355 365 375 438 450 549 579 601 614 681 982 观光3 1.295 5.581
Zhongguancun 中关村 26 145 302 305 307 320 332 355 365 384 392 400 400快 450 466 549 579 584 601 613 614 681 686 982 983 夜8 0.887 6.468
Haidian Huangzhuang 海淀黄庄  10  145 302 304 305 307 320 332 355 365 386 584 614 630 634 653 671 681 夜8 夜9 0.900 7.368
Renmin Univ. 人民大学 26 145 300 300快 302 305 320 323 332 355 361 365 368 425 549 584 614 651 653 658 695 921 夜8 夜30 1.063 8.431
Weigongcun 魏公村 26 145 305 320 332 563 603 609 645 651 653 658 695 夜8 1.051 9.482
National Library 国家图书馆  9   16  86 92 129 305 320 332 481 563 609 653 658 695 夜8 1.658 11.140
Beijing Zoo 动物园 7 15 16 19 27 56 65 87 102 103 105 107 111 129 305 332 334 347 360 360快 362 534 563 604 632 695 夜8 1.517 12.657 Xicheng
Xizhi Men 西直门  2   13 
China Railway VAP
7 16 21 26 27 44 69 80 87 105 111 145 200 305 332 347 360 362 375 387 438 534 563 604 618 632 651 686 693 694 夜8 夜14 夜20 夜21 专6 1.441 14.098
Xinjie Kou 新街口 7 47 105 111 508 夜36 1.025 15.123
Ping'an Li 平安里  6 
 19  (U/C)
3 4 13 22 38 42 88 105 107 111 118 143 409 夜3 夜4 夜10 夜21 1.100 16.223
Xisi 西四 3 13 22 38 42 88 101 102 103 105 109 124 143 409 612 夜4 夜10 夜13 1.100 17.323
Lingjing Hutong 灵境胡同 22 38 46 68 88 102 105 109 143 夜4 夜10 0.869 18.192
Xidan 西单  1  1 15 22 52 70 83 88 102 105 109 143 夜1 夜4 夜10 1.011 19.203
Xuanwu Men 宣武门  2  7 9 15 22 44 67 70 83 102 105 109 137 142 143 144 332 夜4 夜5 夜10 0.815 20.018
Caishi Kou 菜市口  7  5 6 48 57 70 83 102 105 109 144 381 夜4 夜7 夜10 夜18 专13 1.152 21.170
Taoranting 陶然亭 40 59 83 133 381 144 414 夜4 夜18 夜23 专13 1.200 22.370
Beijing South railway station 北京南站  14 
China Railway VNP  Jingjin 
20 25 102 106 133 200 343 381 414 458 485 529 652 665 夜15 夜17 夜24 专18 专53 专155 1.643 24.013 Fengtai
Majiapu 马家堡 51 66 72 134 144 485 501 529 夜18 专145 1.480 25.493
Jiaomen Xi (W) 角门西  10  51 72 144 474 501 529 646 夜18 专26 专145 专156 专209 0.827 26.320
Gongyi Xiqiao 公益西桥 377 400 474 511 556 602 646 685 825 990 专26 专145 专209 0.989 27.309
Daxing line Xin Gong 新宫  19  (U/C) 343 353 354 369 474 556 827 829 946 954 专59 专67 专190 2.798 30.107
Xihong Men 西红门 381 454 470 474 483 646 829 937 993 兴13北 兴14 兴14区 兴53 专84 专97 专169 5.102 35.209 Daxing
Gaomidian Bei (N) 高米店北 631 937 兴1 兴12 兴13北 兴34 兴53 1.810 37.019
Gaomidian Nan (S) 高米店南 937 兴11 兴36 兴42 兴53 专24 1.128 38.147
Zaoyuan 枣园 410 631快 829 937 954 968 兴47 X101 X102 X104 X105 1.096 39.243
Qingyuan Lu 清源路 456 631 631快 829 934 954 968 969 兴13北 兴23 兴24 兴26 兴27 兴28 兴28区 兴30 兴35 兴37 兴48 兴53 兴54 X101 X105 X107 专23 1.200 40.443
Huangcun Xidajie 黄村西大街 456 631 631快 829 840 934 954 968 兴11 兴13北 兴13南 兴14 兴17 兴19 兴20 兴21支 兴22 兴28 兴28区 兴29 兴30支 兴31 兴33 兴35 兴37 兴45 兴46 兴48 兴52 兴54 兴55 兴59 兴61 X105 X107 1.214 41.657
Huangcun railway station 黄村火车站 Huangcun railway station HCP 366 366快 369 631 631快 829 957 968 969 兴1 兴12 兴15 兴16 兴18 兴20 兴21 兴22 兴25 兴25支 兴29 兴30支 兴33 兴36 兴37 兴45 兴46 兴55 兴59 X107 0.987 42.644
Yihezhuang 义和庄 456 934 兴15 兴16 兴30支 兴37 兴45 兴46 兴48 兴55 2.035 44.679
Biomedical Base 生物医药基地 456 827 兴15 兴16 兴21 兴21支 兴27 兴28 兴28区 兴30 兴30支 兴39 兴41 兴46 兴48 兴52 兴54 兴55 兴61 X102 2.918 47.597
Tiangong Yuan 天宫院 456 827 829 兴11 兴21 兴27 兴28 兴28区 兴30 兴30支 兴39 兴40 兴41 兴44 兴46 兴48 兴54 兴55 兴61 X102 X108 1.811 49.408

Planning and construction[edit]

Plans for Line 4 date back to the 1950s when Beijing's first subway line was still under construction. It was planned to run from the Summer Palace, east towards Xizhimen, southeast to Zhongshan Park, terminating at the Beijing Stadium, which near today's Tiantandongmen Station.[15] Ultimately, the section between Summer Palace to Xizhimen was built as planned. However, construction only formally started in 2004.[16]

On 3 December 2004 Hong Kong's MTR Corporation, Beijing Infrastructure Investment Co., Ltd., and Beijing Capital Group Co., Ltd. signed the Beijing Metro Line 4, investment, construction, operation principle of cooperation agreement, making Line 4 the Mainland China's first rail transit line financed using a public-private partnership framework. Subsequently, on 8 November 2005, a joint venture among the 3 companies was established. The Hong Kong MTRC will invest 735 million RMB to the construction of Line 4 and in return have the right to operate Line 4 for 30 years.[17]

On 11 February 2009, the construction of Line 4 is nearing completion with all tunnels bored.[18] On 6 March, four subway trains begin testing while Hong Kong's then Chief Executive, Donald Tsang, visited the project.[19] On 28 September 2009, Line 4 was officially opened for trial operation. Bringing the number of subway lines in Beijing to 9.[20] On 30 December 2010, the Daxing line started trial operation, with direct service into Line 4. Creating a 50 km (31 mi) long line with 35 stations.[21]

In 2008, planners in Haidian District have proposed extending the line to the north by 8 km (5.0 mi) with four additional stations.[22] The planned stations have been identified as Baiwangshan (百旺山), Xibeiwang (西北旺), Aerospace City West (航天城西), and Yongfeng (永丰).[23] However, by June 2010, Line 4's northern extension was cancelled and replaced by the northern extension of Line 16 which opened in 2016.[24]

Segment Commencement Length Station(s) Name
Anheqiao North — Gongyixiqiao 28 September 2009 28.2 km (17.52 mi)[6] 24 (initial phase)
Gongyixiqiao — Tian'gongyuan 30 December 2010 see Daxing line (through services)

Operation[edit]

Unlike the other lines of the Beijing Subway, which are completely state-owned and operated, Line 4 was built and is managed by the Beijing MTR Corp. Ltd., a three-way joint-venture among the Hong Kong MTR Corporation, the Beijing Capital Group ("BCG"), and the Beijing Infrastructure Investment Co. ("BIIC").[25] The Hong Kong MTR, which operates the Hong Kong Mass Transit Railway, and the state-owned BCG each holds a 49% stake in the venture and the BIIC has 2%.[25] The JV is responsible for 30% of the investment capital to build Line 4, mainly to finance the purchase of electrical and mechanical equipment, while the Beijing Municipal Government provided the remaining 70%, to cover civil engineering, station, and track work costs.[26]

The Beijing government has also awarded the JV a concession to manage Line 4 for 30 years.[26] The PPP JV model was designed to introduce private capital as well as advanced metro management methods to the growing Beijing Subway.[25] Among the most visible differences in management of Line 4 is a ban on food and beverage consumption inside Line 4 trains and stations.[27]

Rolling Stock[edit]

Model Image Manufacturer Year Built Amount in Service Fleet Numbers Depot
SFM05 046 entering Anheqiao North (20210218151153).jpg CRRC Qingdao Sifang 2008, 2010 73 001–040
061–093
Longbeicun
Majiapu
Nanzhaolu

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "In the 3 Moon Festival Holidays, Total Patronage is 4.434 Million for BJL4&DXL and 136K for BJL14". mtr.bj.cn. 9 September 2014. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2021.
  2. ^ 4号线早高峰1分43秒一趟车 (in Chinese). 15 March 2013. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  3. ^ "Archived copy" 2014年4月30日综合交通总体运行情况. 北京市交通信息中心 北京市交通运行监测调度中心. 1 May 2014. Archived from the original on 2 May 2014. Retrieved 2 May 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ 案例1:北京地铁四号线项目 (in Chinese). 北京市发展与改革委员会. Archived from the original on 22 August 2013.
  5. ^ "Archived copy" 北京地铁4号线9月28日开通 (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 1 October 2009. Retrieved 28 September 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) 28 Sept. 2009
  6. ^ a b "4号线-大兴线". Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  7. ^ 地铁四号线通过验收 (in Chinese). Beijing Evening News. 25 September 2009.
  8. ^ 北京地铁4号线今年年底将与大兴线贯通运营. news.china.com.cn (in Chinese). 23 May 2010. Retrieved 4 July 2010.
  9. ^ 缓解客流压力,北京地铁4号线、大兴线调整运营措施-新华网. Xinhua News. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
  10. ^ 孙福亮, 马毅林. "纵观北京地铁十年客流变化(2010-2019)". Weixin Official Accounts Platform. Retrieved 24 May 2021.
  11. ^ "Line 4 timetable" (in Chinese). Beijing Subway. Archived from the original on 31 December 2009.
  12. ^ 北京地铁4号线确定于明年9月试运营 (in Chinese). The Beijing News. 28 August 2008.
  13. ^ "明天起,地铁大兴线工作日早高峰最小行车间隔将缩至2分钟". 7 May 2021.
  14. ^ "站间公里数 北京地铁官方网站".
  15. ^ 北京地铁诞生记:周总理称筹建地铁是为备战 (in Chinese). 28 September 2007. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
  16. ^ 北京地铁4号线5车站开工 残疾人有专用电梯 (in Chinese). 10 August 2004. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
  17. ^ 七亿港资注入北京地铁4号线 首创公私合营模式 (in Chinese). 8 February 2005. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
  18. ^ 北京地铁4号线今日全线贯通 9月开始运营 (in Chinese). 10 February 2009. Retrieved 3 May 2009.
  19. ^ 北京地铁4号线全线实现电通 装修进展顺利 主打地域特色 (in Chinese). Retrieved 27 November 2009.
  20. ^ 北京地铁4号线开通试运营 下午3时起载客运营 (in Chinese). 28 September 2009. Retrieved 28 September 2009.
  21. ^ 大兴线12月30日两点开门迎客 (in Chinese). Beijing MTR. 30 December 2010. Archived from the original on 9 January 2011. Retrieved 14 January 2011.
  22. ^ 北京地铁明年有望通香山 西长安街沿线道路扩宽_CCTV.com_中国中央电视台. CCTV News. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  23. ^ chinanews. 北京地铁4号线拟向北延长8公里 增设四座车站. www.chinanews.com. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  24. ^ "Archived copy" 北京地铁16号线城西贯通南北 (in Chinese). 法制晚报. 29 June 2010. Archived from the original on 7 July 2011. Retrieved 8 May 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) 2010-06-29
  25. ^ a b c "Hong Kong MTR Corp wins 30-year operation of new Beijing metro line" People's Daily 15 Apr. 2006
  26. ^ a b "Beijing Metro Line 4" Hong Kong MTR Corporate Site Accessed on 6 Jan. 2009
  27. ^ Chen Si; Yan Xinhong (1 June 2009). 北京地铁4号线禁吃零食喝饮料 站厅能隔毒气 (in Chinese). 法制晚报.

External links[edit]