Line 5 (Shanghai Metro)

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Line 5
SHM Line 5 icon.svg
Zhuanqiao Station Platforms.jpg
Zhuanqiao Station
Other name(s)R1a (planned name);
Xinmin line (Chinese: 莘闵线);
Xinmin light rail (Chinese: 莘闵轻轨)
Native name上海地铁5号线
StatusOperational; Reserved southern extension to Pingzhuang Highway
OwnerShanghai Xinmin Rail Transit Line Development Co., Ltd. (phase 1)
Shanghai Rail Transit Line 5 South Extension Development Co., Ltd. (phase 2)
LocaleMinhang and Fengxian districts, Shanghai, China
TypeUrban rail transit in China Rapid transit
SystemShanghai Metro Shanghai Metro
ServicesMainline: XinzhuangFengxian Xincheng
Branchline: XinzhuangMinhang Development Zone
Operator(s)Shanghai No. 1 Metro Operation Co. Ltd.
Depot(s)Jianchuan Road Depot;
Xinzhuang parking lot
Rolling stock50 Type C (33 6-car & 17 4-car) trains
Daily ridership222,000 (2019 peak)[1]
CommencedFebruary 28, 1999; 24 years ago (1999-02-28)
OpenedNovember 25, 2003; 19 years ago (2003-11-25)
Last extensionDecember 30, 2018; 4 years ago (2018-12-30)
Line length32.7 km (20.32 mi)
Number of tracks2
CharacterElevated & Underground
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in)
ElectrificationOverhead lines (1500 volts)
Operating speed80 km/h (50 mph)
Average speed: 36.3 km/h (23 mph) (mainline); 35.5 km/h (22 mph) (branchline)
SignallingThales, Shanghai Electric TSTCBTC2.0
Route map
Route on the Shanghai map:
  • Shanghai Metro Line5 Map.png
To scale geographic map:
  • Shanghai Metro Line 5.svg

Line 5 is a north–south rapid transit line of the Shanghai Metro network, running from Xinzhuang station in Minhang District in the north to Fengxian Xincheng in Fengxian District was originally planned as the Minhang and Fengxian sections of line 1 extending south to Minhang. Despite its numeric designation, it was the fourth Shanghai Metro line to enter passenger service, opening on 25 November 2003. The line is colored violet on system maps.


Line 5 was originally built under the direction of Minhang District and remains the only line in Shanghai Metro system that was originally built under the supervision of a county-level government.[2]

In 1998, Minhang District authorities signed a contract with Shanghai Jiushi Group to build the line.[3] In 2000, Shanghai Jiushi Group signed a contract between Alstom to purchase trains[3] and started its construction.[4] In 2002, Shanghai Modern Rail Transit Incorporated, a subsidiary of former Shanghai Bashi (Group) [zh], was given management of the line. The line entered passenger operations on 25 November 2003, on an initial segment between Xinzhuang and Minhang Development Zone stations, entirely within Minhang District.[5]

Prior to integration with the rest of the Shanghai Metro network, it used its own ticketing system. In 2005, it was integrated with Shanghai Metro's ticketing system, which enabled an in-station interchange to line 1 at Xinzhuang station. At the same time, management and operation of the line was taken over by Shanghai No. 1 Metro Operation Co. Ltd.[6]

Phase II extension and renovation[edit]

Phase two of the line, which would extend the line further south into Fengxian District, began construction on 30 July 2014. On 1 April 2015, a feasibility study for the extending of line 5 platforms, upgrading signals to support the use of higher-capacity six-car trains and renovation of tail tracks at Xinzhuang was approved.[7] Due to these system upgrades, service on the existing line was cut back from Minhang Development Zone station to Jinping Road on 20 August 2018. Full service was restored on 20 October 2018. At the same time, the line began to operate as two separate services, being split at Dongchuan Road station, due to the anticipated opening of the phase two extension of line 5, which would create two branches of the line. Six-car trains began to run on the service between Xinzhuang and Dongchuan Road station. Passengers wishing to travel the entire length of the line needed to interchange at Dongchuan Road station.[8][9]

On 30 December 2018, the extension from Dongchuan Road station to Fengxian Xincheng station opened, becoming the first Shanghai Metro line to provide access to Fengxian District. The extension crosses the Huangpu River using the Minpu Second Bridge, the first Shanghai Metro line which crosses the river by bridge. The total length of the extension is 19.505 kilometres (12.120 mi) in length, with 7.74 kilometres (4.81 mi) underground and the remainder being elevated.[10] As a result of the extension, the segment of line 5 between Dongchuan Road and Minhang Development Zone stations was designated as a branch service, while the main service ran from Xinzhuang to Fengxian Xincheng stations. The branch line was operated as a separate service from the main line, thus still necessitating a transfer at Dongchuan Road station. This was due to the fact that four-car trains ran on the branch service, while six-car trains ran on the main line. This arrangement ended on 26 December 2020, now service on the branch line continues straight through to Xinzhuang With four-car trains from the branch line and six-car trains from the mainline running in mixed operation in the joint section between Xinzhuang and Dongchuan Road stations. Additionally, the fare system of the line reverted to a pricing similar to other Shanghai Metro Lines.[11][12][13]

Shanghai Metro Line 5 opening history
Segment Commencement Opened Length Station(s) Name Investment
Xinzhuang — Minhang Development Zone 28 Feb 1999 25 Nov 2003 16.61 km (10.32 mi) 11 Initial phase ¥3.437 billion
Dongchuan Road — Fengxian Xincheng 30 Jun 2014 30 Dec 2018 16.1 km (10.00 mi) 8 Southern extension (phase two) ¥10.619 billion


During the trial operation of the southern extension section Shanghai Metro received complaints from residents of Pujiang Building on noise.[14] In order to effectively control the impact of the noise caused by the train operation, on the premise of not affecting the overall capacity of line 5, a speed limit of 20 km/h (12 mph) was implemented between Dongchuan Road Station and Xidu Station.[15]


Service routes[edit]

Shanghai Metro Line 5 service routes
Routes Station name Connections Distance Location Open-
M P English Chinese km min
Xinzhuang 莘庄  1   Jinshan  Xinzhuang railway station (Shanghai) XZH[i] 0.00 0.00 0 Minhang 25 Nov 2003[17] At-grade Side
Chunshen Road 春申路 1.58 1.58 3 Elevated Side
Yindu Road 银都路 1.08 2.66 5
Zhuanqiao 颛桥 2.70 5.36 9
Beiqiao 北桥 2.55 7.91 12
Jianchuan Road 剑川路 2.17 10.08 16
Dongchuan Road 东川路 0.97 11.05 18 Elevated Double Island
Jinping Road 金平路 1.47 12.52 20 Minhang 25 Nov 2003[17] Elevated Side
Huaning Road 华宁路 1.48 14.00 23
Wenjing Road 文井路 1.45 15.45 25
Minhang Development Zone 闵行开发区 1.10 16.55 28
Jiangchuan Road 江川路 1.50 18.05 22 Minhang 30 Dec 2018[18] Elevated Side
Xidu 西渡 2.04 20.09 28 Fengxian
Xiaotang 萧塘 2.69 22.78 32
Fengpu Avenue 奉浦大道 2.99 25.77 35 Elevated Island
Huanchengdong Road 环城东路 2.28 28.05 38 Underground Island
Wangyuan Road 望园路 1.85 29.90 41
Jinhai Lake 金海湖 1.35 31.25 43
Fengxian Xincheng 奉贤新城 1.48 32.73 45
Pingzhuang Highway[ii] 平庄公路 3.06 35.79
  1. ^ Xinzhuang station on the Jinshan line is currently under reconstruction. Expected reopening: 2024.
  2. ^ Pingzhuang Highway is a reserved station, it didn't open with the rest of the southern extension.

Important stations[edit]

Future expansion[edit]

There is currently a reserved and unopened station on the phase two extension of the line, which would be named Pingzhuang Highway station, located south of the current terminus at Fengxian Xincheng station. A further expansion of the second phase may see the line extended further south via Nanqiao town, Zhelin town to Haiwan town.[19]

The branch line between Dongchuan Road and Minhang Development Zone stations is expected to be replaced by Line 23, entirely underground, running to Shanghai Indoor Stadium station.[20][21] Line 23 is expected to extend west from Minhang Development Zone to Chedun on the Jinshan line.

A north extension was planned to Hongqiao Railway Station. Plans have been abandoned as this extension is now part of the under construction Jiamin line.


Shanghai Metro Line 5 headway[22]
Time Xinzhuang - Dongchuan Road Dongchuan Road - Fengxian Xincheng Dongchuan Road - Minhang Development Zone
Monday-Friday (Working days)[23]
AM peak 7:00-9:30 About 2 min and 30 sec About 3 min and 45 sec About 7 min and 30 sec
Off-peak 9:30-17:00 About 4 min and 30 sec About 9 min About 9 min
PM peak 17:00-20:00 About 3 min About 4 min and 30 sec About 9 min
Before 7:00
After 20:00
About 7 min and 30 sec - 10 min
Saturday-Sunday (Weekends)
Peak 7:00-20:00 About 4 min About 8 min About 8 min
Before 7:00
After 20:00
About 7 min and 30 sec - 10 min



Between 2014 and 2018 the signalling system of line 5 has been updated from the Siemens ZUB 200 to Thales SEC Transport TSTCBTC®2.0 (also deployed on Line 14). It is a unique dual CBTC system that features full redundancy and allows higher level of availability. This is China's first metro line that was deployed with a dual CBTC system.[24]

Shanghai Metro line 5 is China's first metro line where operation, renovation and construction were fulfilled at the same time. The project consisted of resignaling and expanding platforms of the existing section and adding a new south extension. To ensure no interruption to normal service, all the resignalling and commissioning was conducted in only a few hours during the night. Both before and after the commissioning, a switchover was made between the old and the new signaling system to ensure normal operation on the next day. After over 500 days, and more than 1,000 switchovers, line 5 had a seamless cutover to the new signalling system with no interruption to normal service at the end of 2018. [25]

Rolling stock[edit]

In 2017, Alstom has modernised 68 metro cars (05C01) in service on the Shanghai metro line 5 and to supplied traction and train control management systems for 198 new metro cars due to circulate on the existing line and its extension for 46 million euros. Alstom had modernised the 68 metro cars that it supplied in 2003 with its Chinese joint venture SATCO (Shanghai Alstom Transport Co. Ltd.). The modernisation will increase the reliability of the cars and adapt them to a new signalling system that will be implemented on the line. Alstom supplied traction systems for 198 new cars that have been ordered for the line and its extension. All traction drives were manufactured by Alstom's joint venture SATEE (Shanghai Alstom Transport Electrical Equipment Co. Ltd.).[26]

The designed speed of the train is 80 km/h, the length (Type A carriages are longer at 23 meters) is 19.49 meters (Tc)/19.44 meters (Mp, M), and the width (Type A carriages are wider at 3.0 meters) is 2.6 meters. It is a VVVF AC drive and has a design life of 30 years. Set 05C01 has 4 carriages with 172 seats which could accommodate 1170 people (compared to a six carriage Type A car which can accommodate 1860 people which is 60% higher than a four carriage Type C car).

Shanghai Metro Line 5 rolling stock
Set Manufacturer Time of
Type No
Assembly[i] Series Number Notes
17 SATCO[ii] 2002-2004 C[iii] 4 Tc+Mp+Mp+Tc 05C01 0501-0513
Original series name: AC11.
Used on the branchline.
Only sets without connection between the carriages.
33 CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd. 2017-2019 C[iii] 6 Tc+Mp+M+M+Mp+Tc 05C02 0519-0551 Used on the mainline.
  1. ^ Tc: Trailer with cab; Mp: EMU with pantograph; M: EMU without pantograph.
  2. ^ SATCO (Shanghai Alstom Transportation Equipment Co., Ltd.) is a joint venture between Alstom Metropolis and Shanghai Electric.
  3. ^ a b Type C carriage: 19.44m in length, 2.6m in width and 3.8m in height; Capacity: about 200 people.


  1. ^ 【 1329.4万人次】3月8日上海地铁客流创历史新高. Shanghai Metro. 9 March 2019. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. ^ Chen Yixin (陈依新) (2003). 上海轨道交通投资建设运营监管四分开体制之探索. 城市公共交通 [Urban Public Transport]. 1. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  3. ^ a b H5上海久事三十周年庆:情贵于久,功成于事. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  4. ^ 轨道交通5号线莘闵线工程. 上海市城乡建设和管理委员会 [Shanghai Urban Construction and Administration Committee]. Archived from the original on 26 April 2015.
  5. ^ 轻轨莘闵线今正午首发 与1号线换乘暂不能一票通. 25 November 2003. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  6. ^ 上海市轨道交通四条线实现“一票换乘”. 26 December 2005. Archived from the original on 21 March 2018. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  7. ^ "上海市轨道交通5号线既有设施改造工程". 14 December 2018. Archived from the original on 14 December 2018. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  8. ^ "六编组列车首次投运 东川路站双向换乘".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. ^ "5号线南延伸工程年底通车 既有线信号系统等同步升级".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. ^ 上海轨道交通5号线南延伸段动工 2017年试通车 (in Simplified Chinese). Chinanews. 30 June 2014. Retrieved 16 August 2014.
  11. ^ 上海轨道交通5号线南延伸段6月底开工 (in Simplified Chinese). 隧道网. 20 June 2014. Archived from the original on 19 August 2014. Retrieved 16 August 2014.
  12. ^ Shanghai Fabu (24 December 2020). 重磅!10号线二期、18号线一期南段本周六起试运营!5号线4、6编列车混跑. Sina Finance (in Chinese). Retrieved 24 December 2020.
  13. ^ "上海地铁". Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  14. ^ The noise of the extension of line 5 in the Pujiang Building is seriously exceeding the standard.
  15. ^ After the opening of the extension section of Line 5, local sections will operate at speed limits.
  16. ^ 乘车指南 > Station信息. Shanghai Metro Official Site. Retrieved 17 December 2015. Instructions: 点击相应线路,选择Station,点击"站层图"可查看相应Station的站台结构。
  17. ^ a b 连接莘庄和闵行 轨道五号线开通试运营. Sina. 25 November 2003.
  18. ^ 5号线南延伸和13号线二、三期12月30日起试运营 (in Chinese). Shanghai Metro. 28 December 2018. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  19. ^ Shanghai Rail Transit Line 5 will set up a total of 12 stations across the Yangtze River to the Fengxian extension section (originally published in "Youth Daily").
  20. ^ Huizhi, Chen (19 December 2020). "Have your say in planning of Metro Line 23". Shine. Shanghai Daily. Retrieved 26 December 2020.
  21. ^ "上海市轨道交通23号线一期选线专项规划 (草案公示)" (PDF).{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  22. ^ "Schedule" (in Chinese). Shanghai Metro. 7 July 2021. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  23. ^ "上海地铁5号线运营时间,地铁5号线首末车时间,地铁5号线时刻表-上海本地宝". Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  24. ^ Thales SEC Transport Awarded New Signalling Contract for Zhengzhou Metro Line 6
  25. ^ Shanghai Metro Line 5 goes smoothly into full line service thanks to TST, Thales JV in China
  26. ^ Alstom to modernise trainsets on Shanghai metro line 5 /