Line 7, Beijing Subway

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Line 7, Beijing Subway
 7 
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System Beijing Subway
Stations 19
Daily ridership 182,800 (2014 Avg.)[1]
485,200 (2016 Peak)[2]
Operation
Operator(s) Beijing Mass Transit Railway Operation Corp., Ltd
Technical
Line length 23.7 km (14.7 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Route map
Lines 7, 9
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Beijing West
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Wanzi
Lines 16, 7
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Daguanying
Line 16 opens 2017
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Guang'anmennei
Lines 4, 7
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Caishikou
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Hufangqiao
Lines 7, 8
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Zhushikou
Line 8 opens 2017
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Qiaowan
Lines 5, 7
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Ciqikou
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Guangqumennei
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Guangqumenwai
Lines 7, 10
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Shuangjing
Lines 14, 7
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Jiulongshan
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Dajiaoting
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Baiziwan
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Huagong
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Nanlouzizhuang
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Happy Valley Scenic Area
Fatou
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Shuanghe
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Jiaohuachang

Line 7 of the Beijing Subway (Chinese: 北京地铁7号线; pinyin: běijīng dìtiě qīhàoxiàn) is a rapid transit rail line in Beijing. It runs parallel and to the south of Line 1 and Batong Line, from the Beijing West Railway Station in Xuanwu District to Jiaohuachang (Coking Plant) in Tongzhou District. Construction began in January 2010.[3] It started test runs in September 2014 with full operation beginning on December 28, 2014.[4] Like Line 6, Line 7 provides additional relief to the overcapacity Line 1 adding another east-west trunk line to the Beijing Subway network.[5]

Route[edit]

Line 7 to scale

Line 7 currently has 19 operational stations and is planned to have a total of 23 stations. The stations have longer platforms that accommodate 8-train cars, longer than existing Beijing subway station platforms which can only accommodate 6-train cars.[6] The line was originally slated to have 17 stations, from the Beijing West Station to Baiziwan.[7] A revised plan approved by the Planning Committee of the Beijing Municipal government called for 22 stations over 23.9 km, ending in Jiaohuachang (Coking Plant) further east.[8] A 23rd station was added at the eastern 4th Ring Road to accommodate nearby residents.[9]

Planning[edit]

Line 6 was originally conceived in 1973 as a "pan-handle" shaped route incorporating the central sections of today's Lines 6 and 7.[10] In 1983 Line 6 was dissolved into two distinct lines. The section under Guang'anmen, Luomashi, Zhushikou and Guangqumen Streets and the "handle" branch to Fengtai became Line 7. The rest of the loop with a new south eastern extension to what was at the time the Beijing Jiaohuachang (Coking Plant) complex became Line 6.[11] Line 7 was later revised westward to terminate at a new major railway station called Beijing West Railway Station and Line 9 taking over servicing Fengtai.[12] When Beijing West Station started construction in the early 1990s space was set aside for a subway station allowing Cross-platform interchange for the future Lines 7 and 9.[13] By 1993 the planned section of Line 6 heading to Coking Plant complex was revised as an eastern extension of Line 7, forming the alignment built today.[14]

In 2013, planners revised the design of Line 7 from using the standard 6 car trains to 8 car trains after performing a detailed transport study of the Fatou area. Fatou's population projections were upgraded from 100,000 to 220,000 people and be a significant employment hub in the future. Planners decided that 6 cars trains would have insufficient capacity for the new demand projections. Line 7 was originally planned to use 1500V DC overhead lines to power the longer subway trains. However, the already completed platforms at Beijing West Station assumed the line would use a 750V DC 3rd rail system like Beijing's legacy subway lines and built with vertical clearance for such. The line ultimately used a 1500V DC 3rd rail system as a compromise.[5]

Future[edit]

Construction will start on the western extension of line 7 coking plant station to a new Universal Studios theme park in 2015 with a 2019 opening date. Th extension will run primarily through Chaoyang and Tongzhou Districts. The project will add seven new stations and approximately 17 km of new line, of which 2.3 km is elevated.[15][16]

Stations[edit]

List of stations from west to east.[17]

Station Name Connections Nearby Bus Stops* Distance
km
Location
English Chinese
Beijing West Railway Station 北京西站  9  China Railway China Railway High-speed Beijingxi 3 9 21 40 52 53 65 67 89 96 109 122 309 349 373 374 387 410 414 616 661 662 663 673 694 741 820 821 843 890 901快 941 941快 968 982 997 特2 特6 特13 特14 特17 特18 特19 夜5 夜8 夜14 夜15 夜22 夜23 夜36 运通102 专3 0.00 0.00 Fengtai
Wanzi 湾子 6 38 45 46 53 57 76 85 89 109 122 133 390 410 414 477 691 特7 夜7 夜22 0.87 0.87 Xicheng
Daguanying 达官营 6 38 42 45 46 53 57 76 80 85 109 122 133 390 410 477 691 特7 夜7 夜22 专27 0.68 1.55
Guang'anmennei 广安门内 5 6 19 38 40 57 76 78 109 133 381 676 717 741 835 835快 836 838 895 917 917快 特5 夜7 1.89 3.44
Caishikou 菜市口  4  5 6 48 57 70 83 102 105 109 381 特5 特14 夜4 夜7 夜10 夜18 专13 1.39 4.83
Hufangqiao 虎坊桥 5 6 7 14 15 23 34 48 57 66 70 102 105 特5 夜7 夜10 夜18 0.87 5.70
Zhushikou 珠市口 5 17 20 23 48 57 59 66 93 120 622 观光1 特11 夜2 夜7 夜10 夜17 夜18 1.07 6.77 Xicheng /
Dongcheng
Qiaowan 桥湾 23 57 夜7 夜10 1.07 7.84 Dongcheng
Ciqikou 磁器口  5  23 39 41 43 57 60 106 116 128 525 623 684 特7 夜7 夜10 夜24 夜28 0.96 8.80
Guangqumennei 广渠门内 8 12 23 57 夜7 1.23 10.03
Guangqumenwai 广渠门外 23 57 637 夜7 专164 专165 1.28 11.31
Shuangjing 双井  10  1.05 12.36 Chaoyang
Jiulongshan 九龙山  14  11 23 30 35 54 312 348 486 513 541 605 677 973 985 夜7 夜25 专5 专87 1.49 13.85 Chaoyang
Dajiaoting 大郊亭 11 23 31 35 138 312 348 439 455 513 541 657 740 810快 865 特9 夜34 0.77 14.62
Baiziwan 百子湾 11 23 31 35 138 312 439 455 513 541 810快 专71 0.87 15.49
Huagong 化工 0.91 16.40
Nanlouzizhuang 南楼梓庄 8 30 31 34 41 348 457 535 561 637 657 677 夜19 夜34 1.47 17.87
Happy Valley Scenic Area 欢乐谷景区 31 41 夜34 专166 0.90 18.77
Fatou 垡头 1.50 20.27
Shuanghe 双合 348 457 561 637 677 夜19 1.28 21.55
Jiaohuachang 焦化厂 348 457 637 638 677 夜19 1.18 22.73

Shuangjing Station and Fatou Station are not in operation.

History[edit]

  • January 8, 2008: Plans for Line 7 reported in the media. Construction scheduled to begin by the end of the year.[7]
  • Oct. 30, 2008: Line 7 route plan with 23 stations receive regulatory approval. Construction still scheduled to begin by end of the year.[18]
  • July 19, 2009: Construction on Line 7 announced to begin in late August 2009.[19]
  • Nov. 6, 2009: Commencement of Line 7 construction deferred to 2010.[3]
  • Jan. 19, 2010: Construction reportedly begun along Guangqu Road near the eastern most section of the line.[9]
  • Dec. 28, 2014: Operations of Line 7 begin, except for Shuangjing Station and Fatou Station.[4]
Segment Date opened Length
Beijing West — Jiaohuachang 28 December 2014 23.7 km (14.73 mi)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "晚高峰加小圈车 地铁6号线满载率降12%". 首都之窗. 2014-08-22. Retrieved 2014-09-14. 
  2. ^ "北京地铁全网客流再创历史纪录 逼近1270万". 中国新闻社. May 1, 2016. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 
  3. ^ a b (Chinese) 北京地铁“南北大动脉”2010底前打通 Nov. 6, 2009
  4. ^ a b http://baike.baidu.com/view/1720195.htm
  5. ^ a b http://www.bjjtw.gov.cn/xxgk/dtxx/201411/t20141119_97206.html
  6. ^ (Chinese) “4条地铁线将装屏蔽门” ‘’法制晚报’’ Archived 2011-07-21 at the Wayback Machine. Jan. 20, 2010
  7. ^ a b "Beijing Subway Line 7 and Line 14 will begin construction this year" People's Daily Online Jan. 8, 2008
  8. ^ (Chinese) "轨道交通7号线规划方案通过专家评审" 轨道协调组 Aug. 7, 2008
  9. ^ a b (Chinese) “北京地铁7号线悄然开工 全长23.7公里工期4年” ‘’法制晚报’’ Jan. 19, 2010
  10. ^ 北京市地铁运营有限公司 (December 2011). 北京地铁发展史. 北京: 北京出版社. pp. 162–164. 
  11. ^ 北京市地铁运营有限公司 (December 2011). 北京地铁发展史. 北京: 北京出版社. pp. 222–225. 
  12. ^ 施仲衡主编 (1997). 地下铁道设计与施工. 西安: 陕西科学技术出版社. pp. 44–45. 
  13. ^ 荆永波. "地铁北京西站改造大规模病害治理技术". 铁道建筑技术 (7): 61–65. 
  14. ^ 北京市地铁运营有限公司 (December 2011). 北京地铁发展史. 北京: 北京出版社. p. 355. 
  15. ^ http://bj.people.com.cn/n/2015/0825/c82840-26113822.html
  16. ^ http://www.cee.cn/7/2/10593/
  17. ^ (Chinese)"Line 7 Information Page" BII accessed Oct. 31, 2008
  18. ^ (Chinese) "北京地铁7号线与14号线方案获批" 京华时报 Oct. 30, 2008
  19. ^ (Chinese) Guo, Kun. "北京地铁7号线下个月开工" 京华时报 July 19, 2009